Economy & Finance

Copenhagen Congestion Charging

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Copenhagen Congestion Charging The Copenhagen Case Start- og afklaringsmøde 26. januar 2006 Henrik Sylvan Oplæg v/ Henrik Sylvan City of Copenhagen Impacts Conference Stockholm June International
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Copenhagen Congestion Charging The Copenhagen Case Start- og afklaringsmøde 26. januar 2006 Henrik Sylvan Oplæg v/ Henrik Sylvan City of Copenhagen Impacts Conference Stockholm June 2006 International transport corridor Copenhagen conurbation Copenhagen City = 0.5 mill inhabitants Øresund Region = 3.5 mill inhabitants Economic Growth 3.2% Activity Case I: - Øresund Bridge 15.7% -CphAirport 7.5% Activity Case II: Ørestad New Town Development Area Øresund Integration = road traffic Øresund Bridge Ferry Lines 0 Transport generating actions New urban structures Ørestad Development Construction activity: 4 mill m will work will study will live in ØRESTAD City 7 min Airport 5 min Ørestad Ørestad / Daniel Libeskin WTC Urban structure development I City centre used to serve 1.8 mill people Now it serves 3.5 mill people Urban cultural development II New Royal Library 1998 New National Theatre opens in 2007 New Danish National Gallery 1997 New Opera house 2005 Copenhagen Airport Europe s no million passengers destinations Main challenges Mobility Average speed down to km/h on the road network in Copenhagen Environment To early death of Copenhageners every year as a consequence of pollution Socio economy Congestion in the Copenhagen region gives an economic welfare loss equal to 800 mill per year due to the waste of time Road capacity bottlenecks critical congested acceptable Transport growth Car traffic +25% Vehicles in rush hours in/out Copenhagen: 1995 = = Car ownership +45% Private cars registered in Copenhagen town: 1995 = = Reduced average speed Km/h Antal biler, der krydser Vehicle kommunegrænsen volume pr. døgn Cars/d Gennemsnitlig hastighed for Vehicle biler i myldretiden speed Parking circle time 50% of the car drivers are searching mn s 25% of trip time is circle time when parking Parking restrictions Residents Commuters/busines s Visitors Higher P-charges Better regulation and utilisation of P-facilities Parking restrictions Latest approved P-strategy: Extra 4000 P-lots in construction inside Copenhagen But this generate more traffic! Improving mobility Making daily life easier when I am in town with my car: More regulations Improving transport infrastructure Toll ring around Copenhagen Could reduce traffic congestion problems In principle easy to establish Gives a revenue to accelerate transport infrastructure investments Clever congestion charging Fiscal reasons? Mobility improvement? 3 models investigated A little toll ring A big toll ring GPS-solution Main results of the studies I Congestion charging improves mobility - All models reduce congestion problems - Present time waste of 120,000 hrs/d reduced - Anticipated 15% traffic reduction - Extra 75,000 metro passengers Main results of the studies II Environmental improvement - Freight transport less influenced -CO2 emissions reduced - NOx etc. not reduced so much - Noise emissions reduced by 1-3 db. Revenue substantial 100 mill (Little Ring) 200 mill (Big Ring) 500 mill (GPS in the Region) But problem of Danish Government s Tax Stop policy Trip behaviour In the City of Copenhagen: 1/3 commute by public transport 1/3 commute by car and 1/3 commute by bicycle Trip behaviour Ture inden for Lille Ring Ture mellem Stor Ring og området uden for Stor Ring Car traffic already reduced Antal ture Pendlere Erhverv Andre Antal ture Pendlere Erhverv Andre Could public transport do more? Ture mellem Lille Ring og området uden for Stor Ring Antal ture Kollektiv Cykel + gang Bil 0 Pendlere Erhverv Andre Ture inden for området mellem Stor Ring og Lille Ring Ture mellem Lille Ring Stor Ring Antal ture Antal ture Pendlere Erhverv Andre 0 Pendlere Erhverv Andre Market share Walk Cycle Car Bus S-train Train Metro More public transport Train Market development Personbil Car Tog Train Bus Model 1: Little Ring Blå Lille Ring Grøn Veje hvor trafikken falder i forhold til i dag Rød Veje hvor der kommer mere trafik 30% decrease in car traffic Unexpected effects 3,700 3,700 3,700 3,700 3,700 3,700 3,700 3,700 3,700 Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej 4,700 Hulgårdsvej -7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500 Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade 4,000 Jagtvej -13,500-13,500-13,500-13,500-13,500-13,500-13,500-13,500-13,500-32,600-32,600-32,600-32,600-32,600-32,600-32,600-32,600-32,600 Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro 1,200 Vesterbrogade -9,300-9,300-9,300 Amagerbrogade Amagerbrogade Amagerbrogade -10,300-10,300-10,300-10,300-10,300-10,300-10,300-10,300-10,300 0 Englandsvej Model 2: Big Ring Blå Store Ring Grøn Veje hvor trafikken falder i forhold til i dag Rød Veje hvor der kommer mere trafik 15% decrease in car traffic Better distribution of traffic -9,400-9,400-9,400-9,400-9,400-9,400-9,400-9,400-9,400 Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej -900 Hulgårdsvej Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Øster Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Søgade Jagtvej -5,900-5,900-5,900-5,900-5,900-5,900-5,900-5,900-5,900-10,500-10,500-10,500-10,500-10,500-10,500-10,500-10,500-10,500 Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro -3,200 Vesterbrogade -3,900-3,900-3,900 Amagerbrogade Amagerbrogade Amagerbrogade -7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-7,500-5,600 Englandsvej Model 3: GPS km based Blå De forskellige betalingszoner Grøn Veje hvor trafikken falder i forhold til i dag Rød Veje hvor der kommer mere trafik 15% decrease in car traffic in the whole region Long term solution -4,500-4,500-4,500-4,500-4,500-4,500-4,500-4,500-4,500 Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej Tagensvej -5,100 Hulgårdsvej Progress project -5,000 Øster Søgade Jagtvej -3,900-7,100-7,100-7,100-7,100-7,100-7,100-7,100-7,100-7,100-21,000-21,000-21,000-21,000-21,000-21,000-21,000-21,000-21,000 Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro Langebro -5,900 Vesterbrogade -1,200-1,200-1,200 Amagerbrogade Amagerbrogade Amagerbrogade -19,400-19,400-19,400-19,400-19,400-19,400-19,400-19,400-19,400-3,300 Englandsvej Debate Topics: more and better cycle lanes (3m) better public transport road expansion (tunnel circle line) Alternative: improve public transport Metro S-train Inter regional Metro 1+2 Metro Cityring Metro Cityring PLAN Metro bill New railway line 1 bill New main road tunnel 3 bill - but the new projects do not alone help reducing the congestion problem Congestion charging? Is it a good idea...? No Yes Time schedule 2007 Planning 2008 Implementing 2009 Start Thanks for your attention!
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