100 Anatomy Mcqs

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     󰁁󰁎󰁁󰁔󰁏󰁍󰁙 󰁍󰁃󰁑󲀙󰁓 󰀱 󰁒󰁸󰁄󰁅󰁎󰁔󰁉󰁓󰁔󰁒󰁙  󰁒󰁘 󰁄󰁅󰁎󰁔󰁉󰁓󰁔󰁒󰁙 󰁐󰁒󰁅󰁓󰁅󰁎󰁔󰁓 󰁙󰁏󰁕 󰁗󰁉󰁔󰁈 󰁎󰁅󰁗 󰁍󰁃󰁑󲀙󰁓 󰁓󰁅󰁒󰁉󰁅󰁓 󰀮 󰁔󰁏 󰁓󰁔󰁁󰁒󰁔 󰁗󰁉󰁔󰁈 󰁈󰁅󰁒󰁅 󰁉󰁓 󰁁󰁎󰁁󰁔󰁏󰁍󰁙 󰁄󰁲󰀮 󰁍󰁁󰁄󰁁󰁁󰁎 󰀲󰀯󰀱󰀸󰀯󰀲󰀰󰀰󰀹   󰁁󰁎󰁁󰁔󰁏󰁍󰁙 󰁍󰁃󰁑󲀙󰁓 󰀱 2 | Page   WWW.RXDENTISTRY.CO.CC  1. The subodontoblastic plexus of Raschkow occurs: a. Below the cell bodies of odontoblasts b. In the root region of the pulp c. Within the central pulp core d. Within the cell-rich zone of Weil 2. Uppermost structure seen at the hilum of the left lung is:  a. Pulmonary artery b. Pulmonary vein c. Bronchus d. Bronchial artery 3. Ulnar injury in the arm leads to all except:  a. Sensory loss of the medial 1/3rd of the hand b. Weakness of the hypothenar muscles c. Claw hand d. adduction of thumb 4. Left renal vein crosses the Aorta:  a. Anteriorly, above the superior mesenteric artery b. Anteriorly, below the superior mesenteric artery c. Posteriorly, at the level of superior mesenteric artery d. Anteriorly, below the inferior mesenteric artery 5. What are intrinsic fibers of cementum? a. Fibers produced by cementoblasts b. Noncalcified fibers associated with the attachment of periodontal ligament fibers c. Principal fibers of the PDL d. None of the above 6. In post-ductal coarctation of the aorta, blood flow to the   lower limbs in maintained by increased blood flow through:  a. Inferior Phrenic and pericardio phrenic vessels b. Intercostal and Superior epigastric c. Sub costal and Umbilical d. Umbilical and superior gastric 7. Seen in agenesis of corpus callosum is:  a. Astereognosis b. Hemiparesis c. Hemi sensory loss d. No neurological deficit 8. One of the following is the watershed area of the colon between the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries:  a. Ascending colon b. Hepatic flexure c. Splenic flexure d. Descending colon 9. Gall bladder epithelium is:  a. Simple squamous b. Simple cuboidal with stereocilia c. Simple columnar d. Simple columnar with brush border 10. Perforating fibers consisting of collagen fibers embedded in alveolar bone proper are known as:  a. Gingival fibers b. Sharpey’s fibers c. Transseptal fibers d. Alveolar fibers 11. Which muscle is not punctured while doing a thoracic procedure in the mid-axillary line:  a. Innermost intercostals b. Transverses thoracis c. External intercostals d. Internal intercostals 12. Dangerous area of the eye is:  a. Ciliary body b. Sclera c. Optic nerve d. Retina 13. Urothelium does not line:  a. Collecting ducts b. Minor calyx c. Ureter d. Urinary bladder 14. Which type of gingival fibers attaches to cementum of adjacent teeth and is present over the alveolar crest?  a. Alveolar crest fibers b. Alveologingival fibers c. Transseptal fibers d. Circular fibers 15. The secretory product of odontoblasts is: a. Topocollagen. b. Calcium salts. c. Mantle dentin. d. Hydroxyapatite. 16. The escapement spaces between teeth and the interdental   spaces are called:  a. Marginal ridges. b. Contact areas. c. Embrasures. d. Developmental grooves 17. Basement membrane consists of all except:  a. Laminin b. Nidogenin c. Entactin d. Rhodopsin 18. Perforators are not present at the:  a. Ankle b. Distal calf c. Mid thigh d. Below the inguinal ligament 19. Tongue muscles develops from:  a. Occipital somites b. Mesoderm of the pharyngeal pouch c. Cervical somites d. Endoderm of pharyngeal pouch 20. A female come with complaints of chest pain. On examination she is found to have pericarditis with pericardial effusion. The pain is mediated by:  a. Deep cardiac plexus b. Superficial cardiac plexus c. Phrenic nerve d. Subcostal nerve 21. Meiosis occurs at which of the following transformation:  a. Primary spermatocyte to intermediate spermatocyte b. Primary spermatocyte to secondary spermatocyte c. Secondary spermatocyte to round spermatid d. Round spermatid to elongated spermatid 22. The ureter develops from:  a. Metanephros b. Mesonephros c. Mesonephric duct d. Paramesonephric duct 23. Inflammation of a retrocaecal appendix will produce pain when there is which of the following movements at the hip:  a. Flexion b. Extension c. Medial rotation d. Lateral rotation 24. In Hyaline cartilage, type of collagen present is:  a. Type 1 b. Type 2 c. Type 3 d. Type 4 25. All of the following statements are true for metaphysis of bone, except - a. It is the strongest part of bone.   󰁁󰁎󰁁󰁔󰁏󰁍󰁙 󰁍󰁃󰁑󲀙󰁓 󰀱 3 | Page   WWW.RXDENTISTRY.CO.CC  b. It is the most vascular part of bone. c. Growth activity50 is maximized here. d. It is the region favoring hematogenous spread of infection. 26. All of the following muscles are grouped together as ‘muscles of mastication’ except - a. Buccinator. b.Masseter. c.Temporalis. d.Pterygoids. 27. In emergency tracheostomy the following structures are damaged except:  a. Isthmus of the thyroid b. Inferior thyroid artery c. Thyroidea ima d. Inferior thyroid vein 28. Vidian Nerve is formed by  a. Deep Petrosal & Greater Superficial Petrosal nerve b. Greater Superficial Petrosal Nerve and Lesser Superficial Petrosal Nerve. c. Deep Petrosal Nerve and Lesser Superficial Petrosal Nerve d. None of the above 29. Kanavel’s sign is seen in:  a. Tenosynovitis b. Dupuyteren’s contracture c. Carpal tunnel syndrome d. Trigger finger 30. Which of the following is correctly matched:  a. B cells – Somatostain b. D cells – Insulin c. G cells – Gastrin d. A cells - renin 31. Internal spermatic fascia is derived from  a. Transversalis facia b. Internal abdominis muscle c. External Oblique Abdominis Muscle d. Internal Oblique Abdominis Muscle 32. Sertoli cells in the testis have receptors for:  a. FSH b. LH c. Inhibin d. testosterone 33. External laryngeal nerve supplies  a. Superior Constrictor. b. Middle Constrictor. c. Inferior constrictor. d. None of the above 34. Most common site of spinal tumour  a. Extramedullary intradural b. Extra dural c. Intra medullary d. Extra meduralary extradural 35. All are essential components of TOF except:  a. Valvular pulmonic stenosis b. Right ventricular hypertrophy c. Infundibular stenosis d. Aorta overriding 36. When stem cell transforms to form other tissues, the process is called as:  a. Dedifferentiation b. Redifferentiation c. Transdifferentiation d. Subdifferentiation 37. The communicating vein responsible for spread of infection from the Dangerous area of the face.  a. Superior ophthalmic Vein b. Inferior Ophthalmic Vein c. Maxillary Vein d. Lingual Vein 38. Artery to vas deferens is a branch of   a. Inferior epigastric b. Superior vesical c. Cremasteric d. Middle rectal 39. What is the srcin of the definitive myocardium of the adult heart? a. Endoderm b. Somatopleuric mesoderm c. Hypoblast d. Splanchnopleuric mesoderm 40. an infarct causing bilateral infarction of the occipital lobes is likely to be secondary to occlusion in the territory of the : a. The Posterior Cerebral Artery b. The Basilar Artery c. The superior cerebellar artery d. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery 41. Most fascia of the body that attach to bones attach by which of the   following mechanisms?  a. Blending with the covering periosteum b. Inserting deeply into the cancellous bone c. Inserting deeply into the cartilage d. Inserting deeply into the diaphysis 42. Which of these statements about Scalenus anterior is true a. Is an accessory muscle of respiration b. Lies anterior to the suprascapular artery c. Is pierced by the phrenic nerve d. Inserts into the scalene tubercle on the second rib 43. Which of the following respiratory system components is derived   from neural crest?  a. Endothelial cells b. Epithelium of primary bronchi c. Laryngeal cartilage d. Tracheal glands 44. An infarct involving the seventh nerve and nucleus is likely to be secondary to occlusion in the territory of the: a. The Posterior Cerebral Artery b. The Basilar Artery c. The superior cerebellar artery d. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery 45. A patient has a tumour based in an enlarged jugular foramen , what is the most likely presentation? a. Eight cranial nerve palsy b. Ninth cranial nerve palsy c. Tenth cranial nerve palsy d. Eleventh cranial nerve palsy   󰁁󰁎󰁁󰁔󰁏󰁍󰁙 󰁍󰁃󰁑󲀙󰁓 󰀱 4 | Page   WWW.RXDENTISTRY.CO.CC  46. True about diaphragm is a. Develops from the septum transversum and cervical myotomes b. Receives a nerve supply from phrenic nerve only c. The inferior vena cava passes through the diaphragm at the level of the T12 vertebra d. The aorta passes through the diaphragm at the level of the T8 vertebra 47. Which cranial nerve exits the skull base at the pars nervosa of the jugular foramen ? a. Eight cranial nerve palsy b. Ninth cranial nerve palsy c. Tenth cranial nerve palsy d. Eleventh cranial nerve palsy 48. The following structures pass under the inguinal ligament a. The tendon of psoas major b. The femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve c. The long saphenous vein d. The superficial epigastric vein 49. The axilla contains all except a. The cords of the brachial plexus b. The superior thoracic artery c. The latissimus dorsi muscle in its medial wall d. The thoracodorsal nerve in its posterior wall 50. What suspensory ligaments connect the outer edge of the lens of the eye with the ciliary processes? a. Zonnules of Zinn b. Zonnules of Schlemm c. Cruciate ligaments d. Ligaments of Treitz 51. Closure of the neural tube occurs on around which day of the embryonic life period? a. 26 b. 38 c. 56 d. 74 52. Which of the following is true of the optic disc? a. No arteries pass through it b. No veins pass through it c. It appears dark red on fundoscopy d. It is normally less than 1cm in diameter 53. An infarct causes a pure motor herniparesis . This infarct is likely to be secondary to occlusion in the territory of the : a. The Posterior Cerebral Artery b. Deep penetrating lacunar artery c. The superior cerebellar artery d. The anterior inferior cerebellar artery 54. The most common sex chromosomal aneuploidy in males is a. XX karyotype b. XXY karyotype c. XO karyotype d. XXX karyotype 55. The buccinator muscle:  a. Is attached to both jaws opposite the molar teeth b. Is supplied by the V nerve c. Is continuous with the superior constrictor of the pharynx d. Is a muscle of mastication 56. Nerves that pass in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus include: a. The ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve b. The sixth cranial nerve c. The anterior ethmoidal nerve d. The optic nerve 57. The nerve supplying submandibular gland is a. V b. VII c. IX d. XII 58. The muscle least related to pterygomandibular raphe is a. Superior pharyngeal constrictor b. Medial pterygoid c. Lateral pterygoid d. Buccinator 59. The radial nerve a. Is the principal branch of the posterior cord of the brachial plexus b. Is derived from the posterior primary rami of the C5 to T1 nerve roots c. Is the main nerve supply to the flexor compartments of the arm and forearm d. Supplies sensation to the extensor aspect of the radial three and a half digits 60. The heart of an embryo first begins beating at which of the following ages?  a. 2 weeks b. 3 weeks c. 4 weeks d. 6 weeks 61. Which of these statements about oesophagus is true a. Is 40 cm in length b. Is lined by stratified squamous epithelium in the upper two-thirds c. Is lined by transitional epithelium in the lower one-third d. Drains all of its blood into the azygos and hemiazygos veins 62. A 36-year-old Asian male complains of difficulty   swallowing. Esophagoscopy reveals a polypoid mass that is subsequently biopsied. In addition to tumor cells, the esophageal biopsy show normal smooth muscle and striated muscle in the same section. Which portion of the esophagus was the source of this biopsy?  a. Lower esophageal sphincter b. Lower third of the esophagus c. Middle third of the esophagus d. Upper esophageal sphincter 63. Contraction of which of the following muscles contributes most to the backward movement of the lower jaw during the process of mastication? a. Digastric b. Lateral pterygoid c. Medial pterygoid d. Temporalis 64. Which of the following hormones is secreted by anterior pituitary cells that stain with acidic dyes?
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