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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2014 Successful People Read The Post 4000 RIEL I S S U E N U M B E R 2 0 1 9 INJURIES RIFE FOR CHILD LABOURERS NATIONAL – PAGE 2 HALF OF WILDLIFE LOST SINCE 1970, WWF SAYS WORLD – PAGE 14 THE PERNICIOUS HISTORY OF GONE WITH THE WIND LIFESTYLE – PAGE 17 Buth Reaksmey Kongkea TWO members of “hacktivist” group Anonymous Cambodia convicted of computer hack- ing yesterday will be spared further jail time. Instead, they have been ordered to put their “excel
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  WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2014 Successful People Read The  Post  4000 RIEL     I    S    S    U    E    N    U    M    B    E    R    2    0    1    9 INJURIES RIFE FOR CHILD LABOURERS NATIONAL – PAGE 2 HALF OF WILDLIFE LOST SINCE 1970, WWF SAYS WORLD – PAGE 14 THE PERNICIOUS HISTORY OF GONE WITH THE WIND  LIFESTYLE – PAGE 17 Buth Reaksmey Kongkea TWO members of “hacktivist” group Anonymous Cambodia convicted of computer hack-ing yesterday will be spared further jail time. Instead, they have been ordered to put their “excellent” IT skills to use combating cybercrime in the Ministry of Interior.Bun King Mongkolpanha, 21, alias “Black Cyber”, and Chou Songheng, 20, alias “Zoro”, were found guilty of IT offences under two articles of the crimi-nal code at Phnom Penh Municipal Court yesterday morning and sentenced to two  years in prison.But their sentences were reduced to five months and 20 days – the amount of time they have already spent in prison since being arrested in  April – and they will be released today.The two former SETEC Insti-tute students will soon begin paid work fighting cybercrime  with the same Interior Ministry department that worked with the FBI to arrest them after an eight-month investigation.  Anonymous Cambodia – the local arm of the international collective – had hacked 30 gov-ernment websites following last year’s disputed national election as part of what it called “Operation Cambodia Freedom”.“Because they were IT stu-dents and have excellent knowledge in IT, the court has decided to allow them to begin  work as IT police officers with the Internal Security Depart-ment of the Ministry of Interior Hackers cut deal to work for gov’t CONTINUED – PAGE 4 Cheang Sokha O NE Cambodian sol-dier was shot three times and a Thai sol-dier was reportedly injured in a brief exchange of gunfire on the Cambodian-Thai border in the vicinity of Preah  Vihear temple on Monday, mil-itary officials said yesterday. According to Colonel Meas  Yoeun, deputy military com-mander for Preah Vihear, the soldier in question – who sur-vived the shooting – was fired upon as he was patrolling alone at about 1pm near the  An Ses border crossing, east of the 11th-century temple. The top military command-ers in the area, General Chea Tara and General Srey Doek, had gone to visit the area to determine the cause of the incident yesterday morning, but the situation at the border  was normal, he added. Preap Theurt, an informa-tion official with the military in Preah Vihear province, said that victim Var Savuth, 35, was shot in both legs and once in the back at about 12:50pm. “He is currently in a military health centre for treatment,” he said. “He was shot while patrolling alone, as usual, then got fired upon.”One military official in Preah  Vihear province, who asked to be identified only as Cham-roeun, said he believed it was Soldier shot on border CONTINUED – PAGE 2 Thai troops hit victim in legs, back, says RCAF; loggers slain nearby  She ain’t heavy Syrian Kurdish refugees arrive at the border between Syria and Turkey yesterday. Tens of thousands of Syrian Kurds flooded into Turkey fleeing an on-slaught by the Islamic State group that has prompted an appeal for international intervention. AFP STORY > 12  National 2 THE PHNOM PENH POST OCTOBER 1, 2014 Continued from page 1 unlikely that the incident was an accident. “Normally, we have regu-lar meetings [with the Thais] and inform each other about patrols, so I think it was pre-pared in advance,” he said. However, while command-ers Tara and Doek could not be reached for comment  yesterday, Tara reportedly attributed the incident to “confusion”.“A brave Cambodian soldier from Unit 405 of the military in Preah Vihear province and a Thai soldier got injured yes-terday as there was some con-fusion,” he was quoted as say-ing. “The situation is normal; soldiers always obey their or-ders from superiors.”Cambodia and Thailand have never fully demarcated their 805-kilometre border, and the two countries’ troops have exchanged fire, including artillery bombardments, sev-eral times around a disputed patch of land surrounding the Preah Vihear temple, leading to dozens of deaths and in- juries since the complex was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008. The two countries have yet to implement a 2013 ruling from the International Court of Justice awarding Cambo-dia the temple’s immediate vicinity, though both sides have repeatedly insisted that they will maintain peace and implement the ruling once the Thai political situation has stabilised.Koy Kuong, a spokesman for Cambodia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, said yesterday that he had not yet received  word of the shooting and could not speak as to how it might affect diplomatic rela-tions between the countries.“We cannot comment right now,” Kuong said. “We will check with our consulate general in Sakeo province in Thailand first.”Two officials within the Thai Foreign Ministry had no information regarding the shooting as of press time yes-terday, and multiple others could not be reached.In an unrelated incident, two Cambodian loggers were shot to death in the same area just a day before the military shooting, according to Theurt, the military in-formation officer. The bod-ies remain in Thailand while Cambodian officials attempt to repatriate them.“They will not allow us to get inside their land,” he said, adding that since early September there had already been several instances of Thai soldiers shooting loggers who had illegally crossed over from Cambodia. The report of the shooting comes just days after Thai-land released widely disputed figures saying that “there have been no reports of clashes or losses of life” among loggers on either side of the border. An emailed request for comment that was sent to Thailand’s Foreign Ministry regarding the shootings and the allegedly conflicting fig-ures had not returned as of press time. ADDITIONAL REPORTING BY STUART WHITE Soldier shot 3 times in border incident He is currently in a military health centre for treatment. He was shot while patrolling alone as usual Child labourer injuries rife Laignee Barron and Sen David  O  VER 85 per cent of child domestic  workers in Phnom Penh are injured in the course of their employment, research into child labour released yester-day revealed.The Cambodian Develop-ment Research Institute and  World Vision International are  jointly examining child labour practices in the Kingdom, and the preliminary findings of their four-year study indicate an under-regulated and ill-de-fined employment sector that is exposing minors to abusive and hazardous conditions.Roughly 10 per cent of Cam-bodian children age 5 to 17  work, according to govern-ment estimates, but so far, there has been little investi-gation into the extent of the problem in the various sectors employing youth.“Children in rural areas are more likely to fall into the child labour trap than children in the cities, and most of the chil-dren working are engaged in agricultural work,” said Phann Dalis, a research associate at CDRI and contributor to the project’s subtopic on landless-ness and child labour.Though smaller in number than the agriculture youth  workforce, some 28,000 youth are estimated to labour in the domestic sector, 10 per cent of whom are employed in Phnom Penh. Nearly 85 per cent of the 441 Phnom Penh households interviewed for the study said they had hired a child, though most (87 per cent) added that they would not allow their own children to work.Minors as young as 12 are permitted to work in Cam-bodia provided that the job is “light”, does not prevent get-ting an education and does not have hazardous conditions. But with a lack of regulations  within the industry, the kinds of employment appropriate for children remain contentious.Cambodia’s child workers are typically not under any formal contract, making them vulnerable to physical and sexual abuse, exploitation and poor working conditions. “Cambodia needs to have [sector]-specific guidelines delineating the kind of work and number of hours that are acceptable,” said Imelda Ochavilla, project coordinator at World Vision. “Without specific defini-tions, enforcement against exploitation is tricky; employ-ers can claim they were doing nothing wrong by the law.” A young child fills a customer’s fuel tank with petrol yesterday in Phnom Penh.  VIREAK MAI www.phnompenhpost.com CHECK THE POST WEBSITE FOR BREAKING NEWS  National 3 THE PHNOM PENH POST OCTOBER 1, 2014 Khouth Sophak Chakrya THE father of a 20-year-old girl who was allegedly driv-ing a Range Rover when it hit and killed an Irish national early on Sunday morning ar-rived at the Phnom Penh Mu-nicipal Traffic Police office  yesterday to tell the authori-ties that he could not locate his daughter.Chev Hak, director of the city’s traffic police, said yes-terday that the victim was Tomas Edmond Beecher, 30. Beecher was killed while taking his bicycle across the street around 1:30am on Sunday at the intersection of Monivong Boulevard and Street 278 in Boeung Keng Kang 1 commune.The driver subsequently fled the scene and the car  was seized. According to re-ports, several people in the vehicle also emptied out of it and ran away. Beecher’s body  was initially sent to Stung Meanchey pagoda.“Right now, we are organis-ing the report of an accident  with the details of the Irish-man to the UK Embassy in Cambodia to help and find his family or relatives to bring his body back to his county,” Hak said. He said the father of the driver was a tourist police of-ficer and that yesterday he “came to our office to resolve the problem and asked us to help him to find his daughter, because until now she has not come back home”. When asked for the identity of the driver and the tourist police officer, Hak demurred. “I am sorry that now I am not in the office; I am busy driving on the road. However,  we are resolving it with care,” he said. Fearing mob violence and lacking proper driving docu-ments, motorists flee crash sites frequently. Of all the crashes record-ed by the government from 2006 to 2012, an average of 27 per cent involved hit-and-runs, and of all the fatalities from those crashes, hit-and-runs occurred in 43 per cent of cases. May Titthara T HE Ministry of Mines and Energy has de-nied that the pro-posed Stung Cheay  Areng hydropower dam in Koh Kong province will have as wide-ranging environmen-tal and social impacts as pre-dicted by activists, saying that the forests will be replaced by ecotourism resorts.Speaking to reporters yester-day in Phnom Penh, ministry secretary of state Ith Praing said the reservoir would cover only 10,000 hectares and that the dam was slated for com-pletion by 2020 at a cost of $400 million.“In reality, the project is un-der study. The claims that forest is being logged are exaggerated.  We do not log the forest. We are aiming at hydropower produc-tion,” he said. “If we log the forest, where can we get water resources? I pity people who are lied to. They are seeking funding and support for their organisa-tions. If they did not do so, how  would they get the money?”Praing’s comments followed local media reports earlier this  week that the Chinese state-owned firm contracted to oversee the dam’s construc-tion, Sinohydro Resources, a subsidiary of Powerchina, had already signed an engineering, procurement and construc-tion agreement with a subcon-tractor, Cambodia Lancangji-ang Engineering.The news prompted activists to suggest that the green light may have already been given for construction of the highly controversial project, but Pra-ing claimed yesterday that their fears were overblown.“They always say what we do causes people to shed tears,  which is an exaggeration,” he said. “Will they cry when the project is completed? It will transform the area into eco-tourism resorts.“If they say it will affect 20,000 hectares [of forest], we do not know where they get that figure from,” he added.  At least 1,318 people will be forced to relocate under the project, Praing said.Earlier this year, the Post   re-ported that Sinohydro had tak-en over the project to construct the Areng dam with the help of Cambodian People’s Party sen-ator Lao Meng Khin, and later, that clearances had been given for it to prospect for possible mining projects in the area.Major international conser-vation groups have opposed the project, along with community activists, who have repeatedly blocked the access road into the site since March.  Accused hit-and-run driver on lam: father  Areng dam a boon: ministry  Locals watch as Chinese engineers prepare to undertake a feasibility study for the Stung Cheay Areng dam in November 2012. INTERNATIONAL RIVERS [He] asked us to help him find his daughter because . . . she has not come back home  National 4 THE PHNOM PENH POST OCTOBER 1, 2014 Child rape alleged Cops doubt pimping accusations A MOTHER was arrested for allegedly pimping her 9-year-old daughter to a Vietnamese man in Kampong Cham town on Monday.The girl’s grandmother, 51, filed a complaint with Kampong Cham police on Sunday, saying her daughter-in-law, a 34-year-old beer promoter, allowed a 34-year-old man to rape her daughter, deputy provincial police chief Iem Vanny said.However, since police arrested the pair on Monday, the investiga-tion hasn’t validated the claims.“A medical examination showed the girl was not raped, as she remains a virgin. What the girl claimed is not believable either,” said Vanny, adding that revenge could be behind the accusation.The girl was being raised by her grandmother after her parents were jailed for dealing drugs, but the daughter paid her mother a visit following her release.Hang Vannthon, deputy police chief of Kampong Cham town, said the pair was ques-tioned yesterday and would be questioned again today. PHAK SEANGLY Unions unite across ideologies Sean Teehan  I NDEPENDENT garment unions have experienced unprecedented coop-eration from pro-govern-ment unions during garment sector minimum wage talks this year, but some unionists and observers fear the conge-niality is only for show.In a stark departure from other years when the Ministry of Labour’s Labour Advisory Committee (LAC) raised the garment sector’s floor wage, the five pro-government unions on the LAC are now actively engaging with the two independent unions on the committee and concerned unions outside the process.“We try to get consensus, be-cause for the workers group [on the LAC] to succeed, we need to be united,” said Chuon Mom Thol, president of government-leaning Cambodian Union Federation. “When we are unit-ed, we get what we want.”The 21-member LAC in-cludes seven representatives from the government, seven from employers and seven from labour unions. Within the union group, two are inde-pendent and five are typically government-aligned.In past years, pro-government unions never engaged with ei-ther of the independent unions on the LAC – the Coalition of Cambodian Apparel Workers’ Democratic Union (C.CAWDU) and the National Independent Federation Textile Union of Cambodia (NIFTUC) – to find common ground on a wage de-mand, Free Trade Union secre-tary-general Say Sokny said.Leadership from C.CAWDU and NIFTUC could not be reached yesterday.  All government-aligned LAC unions last year favoured a $95 minimum monthly wage –  which Labour Minister Ith Sam Heng later hiked to $100 – rath-er than the $160 that C.CAWDU and NIFTUC requested. The de-cision was followed by a 10-day nationwide garment worker strike that ended on January 3,  when military authorities shot dead at least five demonstrators on Veng Sreng Boulevard.The fact that the LAC unions have collectively decided on $150 as an acceptable mini-mum monthly wage – though independent unions are pub-licly campaigning for $177 – is unheard of, said Dave Welsh, country director for labour rights group Solidarity Center.“Unlike previous years, there actually has been real discus-sion between unions across the spectrum,” Welsh said. The tilt towards negotiations came from advice out of Welsh’s group, as well as international unions, the International La-bour Organization and others, pro-government unionist Mom Thol said.But the Free Trade Union’s Sokny said she doubted the government-associated unions’ solidarity with independent unions amounts to much more than a public relations effort.“[Government-leaning unions] never ever support the minimum wage increase beyond what the government offers,” Sokny said.Community Legal Educa-tion Center labour depart-ment head Moeun Tola shared Sokny’s doubts that the unity between typically pro-govern-ment unions and independent ones would hold if the other two LAC groups reject their agreed-upon wage.“I used to have optimism for them, that they would join hands,” Tola said. “I don’t see that there is a real heavy com-mitment.” ADDITIONAL REPORTING BY TAING VIDA Ath Thorn, president of the Coalition of Cambodian Apparel Workers’ Democratic Union, talks to garment workers during a demonstration on Veng Sreng Boulevard last month.  HONG MENEA Phak Seangly  PAILIN provincial authorities are searching for a suspect who allegedly commissioned the ex-cavation of a gold mine on land the protection of which is fund-ed by the foundation of Ameri-can actress Angelina Jolie. Provincial environmental police are holding three men at a spot where they were found guarding an excavator and 10,000 square metres of land in Boyakha commune on Sun-day, said Kim Sokha, director of Pailin’s environment office.  All three said they were hired to guard the machine and area, but insisted they did not know the identity of their employer.“Workers were illegally sur-rounding land near a gold mine to dig with the excava-tor [on protected land] near the Cambodian-Thai border,” Sokha said. “We are searching for the per-son behind this illegal activity, and if we cannot find whoever is responsible for it, the excava-tor will be impounded at a bor-der military police station.”Since the questioning on Sunday, environmental police have detained the three guards at the site, Sokha said, though they have not been charged.This is the second time Sokha’s department has cracked down on people dig-ging or attempting to dig on the land owned by the Mad-dox Jolie-Pitt Foundation, run by Jolie and her husband, Brad Pitt. They started the organi-sation in 2003 after adopting a child from Cambodia. At the foundation’s creation, the actress pledged an ini-tial $1.3 million to fund pro-tection efforts in Pailin and Battambang provinces, said Chan Socheat, its operational officer. Only two companies have been granted licences to explore the area, one of which is Vietnamese, he said. A 1993 royal decree desig-nated 60,000 hectares of forest land in Battambang and Pailin as a protected area, Socheat said. Since then, 20,000 hect-ares has been used by people  who farm and live on it. Illegal mining op halted in preserve Hackers to go to work for ministry Continued from page 1 in order to help police work in combating information tech-nology crimes,” judge Ros Pis-eth said.“But they will be put under the supervision of the munici-pal court’s prosecutor for a period of two years.” The decision to give the pair government positions was made after a request from inter-nal security department chief Dy Vichea, a son-in-law of Prime Minister Hun Sen and son of former police chief Hok Lundy, Piseth said. Vichea could not be reached  yesterday, but Chhay Sinarith,  who oversees internal secu-rity as deputy general director of the National Police, said that the authorities wanted to take advantage of the young-sters’ skills. “These two youths have com-mitted cyber crimes, which are sophisticated technology crimes that many people in Cambodia do not know how to do, but they have the abilities and skills to do it. We are really very proud of their abilities and skills,” he said.Sinarith added that police  wanted the pair to “change their attitude” and use their knowl-edge for good.“When they work with us, we  will train and educate them and turn their direction to use their abilities and skills in the interest of our society and country.”He said the case was the first time police had taken in con-victed youth for training.But Niklas Femerstrand, a Phnom Penh-based cybersecu-rity and networking consultant, said the methods of cyberat-tacks Anonymous Cambodia had used suggested they pos-sessed limited skills and would be of little use to the police.“The [Distributed Denial of Service] that they performed  was not impressive in any way and does not demonstrate ‘excellent skills’, as the police put it,” he said, adding that  when the group had copied data from systems they had only used “automated tools”.“Equally, Anonymous Cam-bodia did not understand the basic principles of internet ano-nymity. They were committing crimes directly from their own networks registered to them in their own names and they were communicating with journal-ists using American services  with no protection. Judging by their demonstrated reckless-ness, they did not understand  what they were doing and how they would be discovered.”Femerstrand – who works in a consulting capacity with the Post   – questioned whether it  was a wise move to allow con-victed cybercriminals who had targeted the government into the police force.“Anonymous Cambodia cop-ied and put online as much sen-sitive data [as] they could acquire. Are we now going to trust them to keep sensitive information confidential, after completely disregarding the confidentiality of the data which they acquired criminally?” At the court yesterday, the pair were all smiles after the rul-ing but declined to comment at length.“I am very pleased that the court has given me a chance to rehabilitate and work with police,” Mongkolpanha said.Their lawyer, Dim Chaoseng, said he was mostly happy with the verdict, although he had  wanted the charges dropped.He said he did not yet know how long they were required to  work for the police. During their hearing on Sep-tember 7, the pair had both confessed to the hacking.Three other alleged Anony-mous Cambodia members  were also arrested and charged earlier this year. Since the arrest of a high school student who used the online nickname “Attacker Fiber” in June, the previously defiant group has gone quiet on social media. Duch Piseth, head of trial monitoring at the Cambodian Center for Human Rights, described the court’s decision as strange and unprecedented.“It’s a very strange decision for me and it’s the discretion of  judges to make such a decision. But I don’t think the convicted person will appeal against this decision – they are free and they have a good position in the gov-ernment.” ADDITIONAL REPORTING BY KEVIN PONNIAH SETEC Institute students Chou Songheng (centre) and Bun King Mongkolpanha (right) leave Phnom Penh Municipal Court yesterday after being convicted of attacking various websites. PHA LINA
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