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29-Pakistan Trade Liberalization Sectoral Study on Plastic Industry

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details about plastic industry in Pakistan
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    Draft Report II Plastics Industry By   Anam Ayesha Mubashir    2 Acknowledgment This Sector analysis was done on the instruction of Ministry of Commerce. While finalizing this analysis, the author gratefully acknowledges the kind supervision of Dr. Adil Khan Miankhel, Director Research, Pakistan Institute of Trade and Development who provided his effective and highly experienced guidance in writing this analysis. The author also gratefully acknowledges the assistance of PITAD Research Team who helped in writing this analysis through their fruitful suggestions and support.    3 Table of Contents Acknowledgment ........................................................................................................................... 2   Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 4   Classification of Plastic Products by Type of process used  ...................................................................... 4 Plastics Production Process  ....................................................................................................................... 5 Objectives  ................................................................................................................................................. 6 Scope and Methodology  ........................................................................................................................... 6 Section I: Trade Analysis ............................................................................................................. 7   1.1   Pakistan‟s Imports from India  ....................................................................................................... 7 1.2   Pakistan‟s Exports to India and Potential Products of Pakistan in Indian Market  ........................ 8 1.3   Plastics Sector   —  Threats and Opportunities ................................................................................ 10 1.4   Anti-dumping Duty on Phthalic Anhydrate:  ............................................................................... 11 1.5    Non Tariffs Barriers to Trade applied by India  ........................................................................... 12 Section II: Plastic Industry of India ......................................................................................... 14   2.1 Domestic Demand of Polyester and Polymers in India  .................................................................. 15 Section III: Plastics Industry of Pakistan ............................................................................... 17   3.1 Plastic Resin Industry of Pakistan  ................................................................................................... 18 3.2 Domestic Demand of Polymers in Pakistan  ................................................................................... 21 Conclusion ................................................................................................................................... 22   Recommendations ....................................................................................................................... 24   Bibliography ................................................................................................................................ 25   Appendix ...................................................................................................................................... 26    4 Introduction The plastics processing industry is prominent in every aspect of modern life, e.g. transportation (aerospace, automotive, aircraft, marine), building and construction (building material), Furniture (bedding, house furnishing) and consumer goods(cutlery, luggage, lawn and garden). As new  polymers and composite materials were introduced by the chemical industry due to research and development 1 , so the industry was constantly refining and adding products to those that have  been made over many decades. In its early years, the plastics industry greatly benefited from the substitution of plastic for other materials including various metals, wood, paper, glass, cardboard and natural fibers, etc. However, as a mature industry, the possibilities for substitution are limited, leading to greater dependence on economic growth and the expansion of demand in  plastic's existing markets. The industry is also vulnerable to volatility in the global price of oil and gas feed stocks, used by the chemical industry to produce its raw and semi-finished materials. The Plastic industry chain can be classified into two primary segments, these are; the Upstream which is the manufacturing of polymers and the Downstream  which is the conversion of  polymers into plastic articles. The upstream Polymer manufacturers have commissioned globally competitive size plants with imported state-of-art technology from the world leaders. The upstream petrochemicals industries have also witnessed consolidation to remain globally competitive. The downstream plastic processing industry is highly fragmented and consists of micro, small and medium units. Presently, 75% are in the small-scale sector. The small-scale sector, however, accounts for only about 25% of polymer consumption. The industry also consumes recycled plastic, which constitutes about 30% of total consumption. Classification of Plastic Products by Type of process used Table 1    P   l  a  s   t   i  c   P  r  o   d  u  c   t  s Extrusion Films and Sheets, Fibre and Filaments Pipes, Conduits and profiles, Miscellaneous applications  Injection Moulding Industrial Injection Moulding, Household Injection Moulding and Thermo-ware/ Moulded luggage Blow Moulding Bottles, containers, Toys and Housewares Rotomoulding Large circular tanks such as water tanks Source: Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology 1 http://dartways.com/sectors/11 
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