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A Brief History of Cleburne County, Alabama

Named for Irish-born Confederate general Patrick R. Cleburne, killed at the Battle regarding
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   A Brief History of Cleburne County, Alabama Named for Irish-born Confederate general Patrick R. Cleburne, killed at the Battle regardingFranklin,Cleburne County ended up being formally proven in November 1866, when the state associated with Alabama carvedit from Benton County, which had included today's Cleburne, Calhoun, Talladega, as well asRandolphCounties. An 1855 census showed a population associated with 20,010 in Benton County.Before white men came into Cleburne County from Georgia and the Carolinas, Native Americans lived within the territory, as well as the boundary for that Upper Creek and alsoCherokee Indiansran by means of a portion with the county. Oakfuskee, considered the largest neighborhood of theCreek Confederacy, was positioned about theTallapoosa River inside CleburneCounty. A Couple Of other significantCreek towns within Cleburne County had beenNiufaka and Atchinalgi across theTallapoosa River. Atchinalgiwas destroyed through the Creek War of 1813.The oldest white settlement inside thecounty ended up being Ranburne. Early settler Thomas Blake found thearea in 1825 using a quantity of slaves and hang about farming. Settlers vacationing the McIntoshTrailestablished your communities of Muscadine, Palestine, Bordens Mill, Kemps Creek, and Arbacoochee.Families included Towsends, Bowlins, Parkers, Roberts, Steeds, Wheelers, and Bordens.In 1832, a new treaty opened significantly in the former Native American property pertaining to  settlement,and efforts were made to take away the Native Americans in the area throughout 1838. Priortowards the 1849California Gold Rush, numerous eastern Alabama counties had yielded a quantity of 50,000 ouncesof gold.From 1838 to 1860, coins had been minted at the U.S. Mint within Dahlonega, Georgia, via Alabamagold. one regarding those early gold mining towns had been Arbacoochee, situated in CleburneCounty andconsidered the actual gold center associated with the world inside 1840. This produced over $5million throughout gold. HistorianGeorge Yarbrough described the actual Arbacoochee Mine as probably one of the most profitablegold mine in Alabama's history, and it had been here that will Alabama gold was initial discovered inside CleburneCounty, gold is discovered via Muscadine about the northeastern side southward in to Coosa County. Arbacoochee has been amongst with regards to one hundred mining towns throughout Alabamalocated in or near the Upper GoldBelt, as well as Dahlonega Belt, which in turn ran from northern Georgia on to Alabama. Arbacoochee was through a range of accounts Alabama's greatest city within 1845, having apopulation of around 5,000, 5 saloons, a new school, two churches, two hotels, a pair of mining provide stores, anew firedepartment, a race track, and also over one hundred homes along with tents. However the actualrush to be able to California's goldfieldsleft Arbacoochee any ghost city simply by 1849. Several fascination with gold-mining had beenreignited inside 1853, whensome Cornish miners from Ducktown, Tennessee, found gold whilst looking for copper. Because lateas the 1930s, gold-panning provided a new livelihood regarding local residents. Overall, practically30,000 ouncesof gold were uncovered in Cleburne County. Deposits involving copper and also mica in additiondrew miners tothe county's southern half.  But miners weren't the only fortune seekers to always be able to Cleburne County. Throughout theparticular late 1800s, settlerswere attracted to the north Cleburne County neighborhood of Zidonia, exactly where these peoplego about buildinga town and also renamed it Fruithurst. Your town became internationally noted for its wines and ashaving certainly one of the actual finest hotels in the South. Notable Fruithurst leaders includedErnest RudolphCarlson as well as George Washington Morris. Born inside Sweden, Carlson ended up beingpresident along with managerof your Fruithurst Winery, any councilman, as well as later on the mayor involving Fruithurst.George Morris came from Michigan by simply method of Minnesota where he had operate a lumberbusinessbefore getting named director in the Fruithurst Vineyard and also Item Company. He in addition hadinterestin the actual Reliance Gold Mining company regarding Washington, D.C., which operatedthroughout Cleburne Countyalong the actual Tallapoosa River. both Carlson along with Morris served as councilmen, asFruithurst's mayor,and as members in the Cleburne County Democratic Executive Committee.Gradually, the actual market for wines as well as grapes soured, and a harsh winter and plantdiseases killedthe vines. Right now there had been in addition rumors involving mismanagement, as well as insidethe end, inside April 1898, your C. S.Curtiss company of Ny paid out $15,455 for the city and all of the property (including thefamous hotel) belonging to the Alabama Fruit Developing along with Winery Association.The county, like the nation, was split in its loyalties during the Civil War, with sharp divisionsbetween those living within the northern finish with the county as well as individuals within thesouthern end. Somehistorians estimate there were under 100 slaves within the whole county, as there were few slaveowners.The Stone Hill neighborhood suffered several Union raids, yet nearly just about all of the particularcounty saw simply no conflict.  In 1867, Cleburne County had its initial election. the South Carolina-born Edwards brothers,who had arrived at Cane Creek within 1835, donated land upon which for you to create acourthouse. The Actual firstcourt had been held the subsequent 12 months within the rough log structure, which usually stood a jail, four corner offices,and one significant room. Meanwhile, Edwardsville ended up being creating around it. in 1905, nexteffortsto transfer the county seat through Edwardsville in order to Heflin, a new county-wide election hadbeen held, and also Heflinwon by means of a tiny majority. Your residents regarding Edwardsville failed to give up withouthaving a fight, plus a longlegal battle followed, using the Alabama Supreme Court ruling within 1906 to maneuver the actualcourthouseto Heflin. The next year, construction began on a fresh facility. The Actual cornerstone had been laidon July 4, 1907, having an estimated 3,000 going to the particular ceremony. All across Cleburne County, the variety of communities had sprung up, many together with smallone-room schools which sometimes served each as university and church. 1 of these locales ended upbeing BordenSprings, situated in the far northern finish associated with Cleburne County. Only prior to 1900, abunch associated with 12men via Atlanta, Newnan, as well as Carrollton, Georgia, had formed the Borden-Wheeler Companyand purchased terrain from your Wheeler family members in which the mineral spring had beenlocated. Your grouppurchased the existing Townhomes Vs Homes Eastern Market DC Fruithurst Inn and employed theactual J. C. Bass Business associated with Carrollton, Georgia,to take it apart, piece by piece, and also make it 16 miles over the mountain with mules and alsowagons andreassemble it because the Borden-Wheeler Hotel.The finished item consisted regarding 125 rooms using nine concert pianos, operating hot along withcoldwater, a big outdoor swimming pool, electricity, a new dance pavilion, plus a 14-hole golf course.
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