A Formação Do Professor de Educação Física Na

A Formação Do Professor de Educação Física Na
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C󰁯󰁭 󰁯 a󰁵󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 da󰁳 ca󰁲󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 da 󰁳󰁯c󰁩edade 󰁲e󰁬ac󰁩󰁯󰁮ada󰁳 󰃠 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰃣󰁯 󰁳󰁯c󰁩a󰁬 de 󰁰e󰁳󰁳󰁯a󰁳 c󰁯󰁭 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁩󰁳, c󰁲e󰁳ce󰁵 a 󰁰󰁲e󰁯c󰁵󰁰a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁳󰁯b󰁲e a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de󰁳󰁳e󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 a󰁴󰁵a󰁮󰁴e󰁳. A󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁭, 󰁰e󰁬a󰁳 󰁲a󰁺󰃵e󰁳 e󰁬e󰁮cada󰁳, e󰁳󰁴abe󰁬ece󰁭󰁯󰁳 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁯b󰁪e󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁯󰁳 de󰁳󰁳e 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨󰁯: a) A󰁮a󰁬󰁩󰁳a󰁲 a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁲 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶a; b) Ve󰁲󰁩󰁦󰁩ca󰁲 a󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁵󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 da 󰁳󰁵a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁮a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰃭d󰁵󰁯󰁳 c󰁯󰁭 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁩󰁳. F󰁯󰁩 󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁺ad󰁯 󰁰a󰁲a a c󰁯󰁬e󰁴a de dad󰁯󰁳 󰁵󰁭 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰃡󰁲󰁩󰁯 c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁯 de 12 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰃵e󰁳 abe󰁲󰁴a󰁳 e 󰁦ec󰁨ada󰁳 a󰁰󰁬󰁩cada󰁳 a 20 󰁳󰁵󰁪e󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e a󰁴󰁵a󰁭 󰁯󰁵 a󰁴󰁵a󰁲a󰁭 c󰁯󰁭 Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca I󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶a E󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁲. C󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁲e󰁳󰁵󰁬󰁴ad󰁯, 󰁯b󰁳e󰁲󰁶a󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e: a) a 󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁬a󰁮󰁴a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁮󰁯󰁶a󰁳 d󰁩󰁲e󰁴󰁲󰁩󰁺e󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a a 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰃣󰁯 󰁳󰁯c󰁩a󰁬 aca󰁲󰁲e󰁴a 󰁮a 󰁯b󰁲󰁩󰁧a󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩edade da a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 󰁮e󰁳󰁳a 󰃡󰁲ea, 󰁰󰁯de󰁮d󰁯 c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁭e󰁴e󰁲 󰁯 de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 d󰁯 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁩󰁳 e a 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁴a 󰁰eda󰁧󰃳󰁧󰁩ca; b) a d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca Ada󰁰󰁴ada 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁭󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁵󰀭󰁳e c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁦a󰁴󰁯󰁲 de󰁴e󰁲󰁭󰁩󰁮a󰁮󰁴e 󰁰a󰁲a a 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁲󰁶e󰁮󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁮a󰁳 a󰁵󰁬a󰁳; c) a󰁴󰁵a󰁬󰁭e󰁮󰁴e a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁵ada 󰃩 󰁭a󰁩󰁳 󰁲e󰁬e󰁶a󰁮󰁴e 󰁰a󰁲a a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁮󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁴e󰁸󰁴󰁯 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶󰁯; d) a d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a de󰁶e 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁲c󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁲 a󰁯󰁳 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯󰁳 de 󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁶󰁩󰁶󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩ca󰁳 a 󰁦󰁩󰁭 de d󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁵󰁩󰁲 󰁯 d󰁩󰁳󰁴a󰁮c󰁩a󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 e󰁮󰁴󰁲e 󰁴e󰁯󰁲󰁩a e 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩ca 󰁰󰁯󰁴e󰁮c󰁩a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰁮d󰁯, c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, a󰁳 󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃵e󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭a󰁳. Pa󰁬a󰁶󰁲a󰁳Pa󰁬a󰁶󰁲a󰁳Pa󰁬a󰁶󰁲a󰁳Pa󰁬a󰁶󰁲a󰁳󰀭󰀭󰀭󰀭c󰁨a󰁶ec󰁨a󰁶ec󰁨a󰁶ec󰁨a󰁶e: C󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯; 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬; Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 E󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁲 I󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶a. THE PROFISSIONALIZATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATTHE PROFISSIONALIZATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATTHE PROFISSIONALIZATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATTHE PROFISSIONALIZATION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATIONIONIONION TEACHER TEACHER TEACHER TEACHER AND AND AND AND ITS INCLUSIVE ITS INCLUSIVE ITS INCLUSIVE ITS INCLUSIVE PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITYPROFESSIONAL ACTIVITYPROFESSIONAL ACTIVITYPROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY AAAAbbbb󰁳󰁳󰁳󰁳󰁴󰁲ac󰁴󰁴󰁲ac󰁴󰁴󰁲ac󰁴󰁴󰁲ac󰁴:::: T󰁨e ada󰁰󰁴ed 󰁰󰁨󰁹󰁳󰁩ca󰁬 ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁳 a󰁮 a󰁲ea 󰁴󰁨a󰁴 󰁮eed󰁳 be󰁴󰁴e󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁱󰁵a󰁬󰁩󰁦󰁩ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳. T󰁨e 󰁧󰁲󰁯󰁷󰁴󰁨 󰁯󰁦 󰁮eed󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁯c󰁩e󰁴󰁹 󰁲e󰁬a󰁴ed 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨e 󰁳󰁯c󰁩a󰁬 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁰e󰁯󰁰󰁬e 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁬 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁩e󰁳, 󰁴󰁨e c󰁯󰁮ce󰁲󰁮 a󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁮d 󰁴󰁨e 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨e ac󰁴󰁩󰁶e 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬󰁳 󰁨a󰁳 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁷󰁮 a󰁮 󰁩󰁮c󰁲ea󰁳e. T󰁨󰁵󰁳, 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨e 󰁲e󰁬a󰁴ed 󰁲ea󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁳, 󰁷e a󰁩󰁭 󰁴󰁯: a) a󰁮a󰁬󰁹󰁺e 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰e󰁲󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁮ce 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨e 󰁴eac󰁨e󰁲󰁳 󰁯󰁦 P󰁨󰁹󰁳󰁩ca󰁬 Ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶e ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁧󰁲a󰁭󰁳; b) 󰁶e󰁲󰁩󰁦󰁹 󰁴󰁨e 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁵e󰁮ce󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨e 󰁴eac󰁨e󰁲󲀙󰁳 󰁰e󰁲󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁮ce dea󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁫󰁩󰁮d 󰁯󰁦 ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁧󰁲a󰁭󰁳. A c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁳ed 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁮a󰁩󰁲e 󰁯󰁦 12 󰁯󰁰e󰁮 a󰁮d c󰁬󰁯󰁳ed 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁷a󰁳 a󰁰󰁰󰁬󰁩ed 󰁴󰁯 20 c󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁺e󰁮󰁳 󰁴󰁨a󰁴 ac󰁴 󰁯󰁲 󰁨a󰁶e ac󰁴ed 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 P󰁨󰁹󰁳󰁩ca󰁬 Ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰂴󰁳 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶e 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁧󰁲a󰁭󰁳. A󰁳 a 󰁲e󰁳󰁵󰁬󰁴, 󰁩󰁴 󰁷a󰁳 󰁯b󰁳e󰁲󰁶ed 󰁴󰁨a󰁴: a) 󰁴󰁨e 󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁬a󰁮󰁴a󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁮e󰁷 󰁬󰁩󰁮e󰁳 󰁯󰁦 d󰁩󰁲ec󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨e 󰁳󰁯c󰁩a󰁬 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 ca󰁵󰁳e󰁳 󰁴󰁨e 󰁯b󰁬󰁩󰁧a󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁮e󰁳󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰e󰁲󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁮ce 󰁯󰁦 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 a󰁲ea, be󰁩󰁮󰁧 ab󰁬e 󰁴󰁯 c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁳e 󰁴󰁨e de󰁶e󰁬󰁯󰁰󰁭e󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨e 󰁳󰁴󰁵de󰁮󰁴 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁬 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁩e󰁳 a󰁮d 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰eda󰁧󰁯󰁧󰁩ca󰁬 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁳a󰁬; b) 󰁴󰁨e d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮e 󰁯󰁦 Ada󰁰󰁴ed P󰁨󰁹󰁳󰁩ca󰁬 Ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁷a󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁴 a de󰁴e󰁲󰁭󰁩󰁮a󰁮󰁴 󰁦ac󰁴󰁯󰁲 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨e 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁲󰁶e󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 Re󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁴a Mac󰁫e󰁮󰁺󰁩e de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e E󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴e 󲀓 2007, 6 (3): 53󰀭58    54545454 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁯󰁦 P󰁨󰁹󰁳󰁩ca󰁬 Ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨e c󰁬a󰁳󰁳e󰁳; c) C󰁵󰁲󰁲e󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁹, 󰁴󰁨e c󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁵ed 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁳 󰁭󰁯󰁲e 󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴a󰁮󰁴 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰e󰁲󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁮ce 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨e 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶e c󰁯󰁮󰁴e󰁸󰁴; d) 󰁴󰁨e d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮e󰁳 󰁭󰁵󰁳󰁴 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁩de 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨e 󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁳󰁴󰁵de󰁮󰁴 󰁰󰁲ac󰁴󰁩ca󰁬 e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩e󰁮ce󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁯󰁲de󰁲 󰁴󰁯 dec󰁲ea󰁳e 󰁴󰁨e d󰁩󰁳󰁴a󰁮ce be󰁴󰁷ee󰁮 󰁰󰁲ac󰁴󰁩ce a󰁮d 󰁴󰁨e󰁯󰁲󰁹 󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁧 a󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁭e󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨e 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭󰁳 󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁵a󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳. Ke󰁹Ke󰁹Ke󰁹Ke󰁹󰀭󰀭󰀭󰀭󰁷󰁯󰁲d󰁳:󰁷󰁯󰁲d󰁳:󰁷󰁯󰁲d󰁳:󰁷󰁯󰁲d󰁳: C󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁩c󰁵󰁬󰁵󰁭; 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮; I󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶e P󰁨󰁹󰁳󰁩ca󰁬 Ed󰁵ca󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 INTRODU󰃇󰃃OINTRODU󰃇󰃃OINTRODU󰃇󰃃OINTRODU󰃇󰃃O A ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁰a󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁵 󰁰󰁯󰁲 d󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳a󰁳 󰁭󰁵da󰁮󰃧a󰁳 e a c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁵󰁭 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳a da󰁲 󰁳󰁵b󰁳󰃭d󰁩󰁯󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁯 e󰁳󰁴󰁵da󰁮󰁴e de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca, 󰁱󰁵e 󰁶e󰁮󰁨a a 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨a󰁲 c󰁯󰁭 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰃣󰁯 e󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁲, 󰃩 󰁦󰁵󰁮da󰁭e󰁮󰁴a󰁬 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁵󰁭a 󰁶󰁩da acad󰃪󰁭󰁩ca. C󰁯󰁭 a 󰁰e󰁲ce󰁰󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁱󰁵e a 󰁳󰁯c󰁩edade e󰁳󰁴󰃡 󰁭󰁵da󰁮d󰁯, e a 󰁰a󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁲 d󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁯, 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁯 󰁯󰁬󰁨a󰁲 de󰁶e c󰁯󰁮󰁳e󰁧󰁵󰁩󰁲 de󰁴ec󰁴a󰁲 󰁱󰁵e a󰁳 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 󰁴a󰁭b󰃩󰁭, a ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁰e󰁲cebe󰁵 󰁱󰁵e 󰁳e󰁲󰁩a 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰃡󰁲󰁩a a 󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁬e󰁭e󰁮󰁴a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de a󰁬󰁧󰁵󰁭a󰁳 d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a󰁳 󰁱󰁵e 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁦a󰁺󰁩a󰁭 󰁰a󰁲󰁴e d󰁯 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯, 󰁳e󰁮d󰁯 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰃭da 󰁮a󰁳 󰁧󰁲ade󰁳 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁩c󰁵󰁬a󰁲e󰁳 da󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 a d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁬 󰁯󰁵 ada󰁰󰁴ada c󰁯󰁭 󰁯 󰁯b󰁪e󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁯 󰁵󰁭 󰁭e󰁬󰁨󰁯󰁲 󰁰󰁲e󰁰a󰁲󰁯 da 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯󰁳 e󰁳󰁴󰁵da󰁮󰁴e󰁳, 󰁦󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁯󰁳 ed󰁵ca󰁮d󰁯󰁳, 󰁰a󰁲a a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 󰁰e󰁳󰁳󰁯a󰁳 c󰁯󰁭 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁩󰁳. Ob󰁳e󰁲󰁶a󰁮d󰁯 a󰁳 󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁩ca󰃧󰃵e󰁳 da 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩ca 󰁰eda󰁧󰃳󰁧󰁩ca 󰁮a ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca, 󰁯󰁳 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯󰁳 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e e󰁲a󰁭 e 󰁳󰃣󰁯 󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁺ad󰁯 󰁮a󰁳 󰁧󰁲ade󰁳 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁩c󰁵󰁬a󰁲e󰁳 da󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳󰁩dade󰁳, c󰁯󰁮󰁳e󰁧󰁵e󰀭󰁳e 󰁮󰁯󰁴a󰁲 a e󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁱󰁵e a ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁶e󰁭 󰁳󰁯󰁦󰁲e󰁮d󰁯. P󰁯󰁲󰃩󰁭, 󰁭e󰁳󰁭󰁯 a c󰁯󰁭 d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a 󰁦a󰁺e󰁮d󰁯 󰁰a󰁲󰁴e d󰁯 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯 da󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 󰁦ac󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴a󰁮d󰁯 a a󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁳󰁩󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, a 󰃡󰁲ea da ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca ada󰁰󰁴ada a󰁩󰁮da 󰁳󰁯󰁦󰁲e 󰁵󰁭a de󰁦a󰁳a󰁧e󰁭 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁦a󰁬󰁴a de de󰁳󰁰󰁲e󰁰a󰁲󰁯 de 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳, 󰁦a󰁬󰁴a de 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁲e󰁳󰁳e e a󰁴󰃩 󰁭e󰁳󰁭󰁯 de 󰁦a󰁬󰁴a de c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁰a󰁲󰁴e d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 da 󰃡󰁲ea. A 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁵󰁭 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁴e󰁭 󰁵󰁭 󰁰a󰁰e󰁬 󰁦󰁵󰁮da󰁭e󰁮󰁴a󰁬 󰁰a󰁲a a 󰁳󰁵a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 󰁯 de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 d󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯ce󰁳󰁳󰁯 de a󰁰󰁲e󰁮d󰁩󰁺a󰁧e󰁭 de 󰁳e󰁵󰁳 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯󰁳. P󰁯de󰀭󰁳e d󰁩󰁺e󰁲 󰁱󰁵e 󰃠 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁭e󰁩󰁲a󰁭e󰁮󰁴e cabe a 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳󰁩dade, 󰁱󰁵e 󰁴e󰁭 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁦󰁵󰁮󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁲󰁩a󰁲 󰁲ec󰁵󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁳 󰁨󰁵󰁭a󰁮󰁯󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁯 de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 da󰁳 a󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁩dade󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 (PELLEGRINI,1988, 󰁰.250). Sabe󰀭󰁳e 󰁱󰁵e a a󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁳󰁩󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁵󰁭 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁮a ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁴e󰁭 󰁱󰁵e 󰁳e󰁲 󰁵󰁭 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 c󰁩e󰁮󰁴󰃭󰁦󰁩c󰁯 e 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩c󰁯 󰁱󰁵e de󰁶e 󰁳e ba󰁳ea󰁲 󰁮a󰁳 󰁴󰁲󰃪󰁳 d󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁳󰃵e󰁳, a󰁴󰁩󰁴󰁵d󰁩󰁮a󰁬, c󰁯󰁮ce󰁩󰁴󰁵a󰁬 e 󰁰󰁲󰁯ced󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴a󰁬, 󰁯 󰁱󰁵e a󰁵󰁸󰁩󰁬󰁩a󰁲󰃡 󰁮a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁵󰁭 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁲e󰁦󰁬e󰁸󰁩󰁶󰁯. O 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 󰁲e󰁦󰁬e󰁸󰁩󰁶󰁯 󰃩 a󰁱󰁵e󰁬e 󰁱󰁵e 󰃩 ca󰁰a󰁺 de a󰁮a󰁬󰁩󰁳a󰁲 a󰁳 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰃳󰁰󰁲󰁩a󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩ca󰁳, de 󰁲e󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁶e󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭a󰁳, de 󰁩󰁮󰁶e󰁮󰁴a󰁲 e󰁳󰁴󰁲a󰁴󰃩󰁧󰁩a󰁳, a󰁰󰁯󰁩a󰁮d󰁯󰀭󰁳e e󰁭 󰁮a c󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁩b󰁵󰁩󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲a󰁴󰁩ca󰁮󰁴e󰁳 e d󰁯󰁳 󰁰e󰁳󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁳ad󰁯󰁲e󰁳 (ALTET e󰁴 a󰁬  , 2001, 󰁰.26). A󰁬󰁴e󰁴 e󰁴 a󰁬   (2001) a󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁭a󰁭 󰁱󰁵e 󰁯 󰁰a󰁰e󰁬 d󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 de󰁶e e󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁩󰁲 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁲e󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁮de󰁲 a󰁯󰁳 de󰁳a󰁦󰁩󰁯󰁳 󰁳e󰁭 󰁰󰁲ecede󰁮󰁴e󰁳 da 󰁴󰁲a󰁮󰁳󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰃡󰁲󰁩a d󰁯 󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴e󰁭a ed󰁵cac󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬. E 󰃩 a 󰁭󰁵da󰁮󰃧a de ca󰁲ac󰁴e󰁲󰁩󰁺a󰃧󰃣󰁯 e󰁭 󰁲e󰁬a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰃠 c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁧󰁲ade󰁳 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁩c󰁵󰁬a󰁲e󰁳 d󰁯 c󰁵󰁲󰁳󰁯 de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁰󰁯de󰁲󰃡 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁩b󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴a󰁲 e󰁳󰁳a e󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁮a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬. A󰁩󰁮da A󰁬󰁴e󰁴 e󰁴 a󰁬   (2001) c󰁩󰁴a󰁭 󰁱󰁵e 󰁮a 󰁭a󰁩󰁯󰁲󰁩a d󰁯󰁳 󰁰a󰃭󰁳e󰁳 󰁯c󰁩de󰁮󰁴a󰁩󰁳, 󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 e󰁳󰁴󰃡 e󰁭 󰁶󰁩a de 󰁰a󰁳󰁳a󰁲 de e󰁸ec󰁵󰁴a󰁮󰁴e 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬.  J󰃡 󰁱󰁵e 󰁮a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de󰁳󰁳e󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁮c󰁩󰁰a󰁬 󰁦󰁯c󰁯 e󰁲a󰁭 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 e󰁸ec󰁵󰁴a󰁮󰁴e󰁳 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 c󰁯󰁭e󰁮󰁴a B󰁲󰁯c󰁫󰁨󰁯󰁦󰁦 (1979), c󰁩󰁴ad󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁲 Pe󰁬󰁬e󰁧󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩 (1988), a ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca, c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁵󰁭a 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰃣󰁯, de󰁶e 󰁳e a󰁰󰁯󰁩a󰁲 e󰁭 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 󰁱󰁵e 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵a󰁭 a󰁰e󰁮a󰁳 a 󰁨ab󰁩󰁬󰁩dade de e󰁸ec󰁵󰁴a󰁲, 󰁭a󰁳 a ca󰁰ac󰁩dade de 󰁰a󰁳󰁳a󰁲 e󰁳󰁳a󰁳 󰁨ab󰁩󰁬󰁩dade󰁳 a 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁲a 󰁰e󰁳󰁳󰁯a c󰁯󰁭 󰁯 󰁯b󰁪e󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁯 de 󰁬e󰁶󰃡󰀭󰁬a󰁳 a󰁯 󰁰󰁬e󰁮󰁯 de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 de 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 ca󰁰ac󰁩dade󰁳 󰁭󰁯󰁴󰁯󰁲a󰁳. C󰁯󰁭 󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁯, 󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 a󰁰󰃳󰁳 󰁴e󰁲 󰁰a󰁳󰁳ad󰁯 󰁰e󰁬a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁴e󰁮d󰁯 󰁴a󰁮󰁴󰁯 e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩ca󰁳 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁴e󰃳󰁲󰁩ca󰁳, e󰁳󰁴󰃡 a󰁰󰁴󰁯 a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭󰁵󰁬a󰁲 e 󰁯󰁲󰁧a󰁮󰁩󰁺a󰁲 a󰁳 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 a󰁵󰁬a󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁭e󰁬󰁨󰁯󰁲 a󰁴e󰁮de󰁲 a󰁳 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 de 󰁳e󰁵󰁳 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯󰁳 󰁲e󰁳󰁰e󰁩󰁴a󰁮d󰁯 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩󰁦󰁩c󰁩dade󰁳. Ne󰁳󰁳e 󰁳e󰁮󰁴󰁩d󰁯, 󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬, 󰃩 c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩de󰁲ad󰁯 󰁵󰁭 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩c󰁯 󰁱󰁵e ad󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁵, a󰁴󰁲a󰁶󰃩󰁳 de 󰁬󰁯󰁮󰁧󰁯󰁳 e󰁳󰁴󰁵d󰁯󰁳, 󰁯 󰁳󰁴a󰁴󰁵󰁳 e a ca󰁰ac󰁩dade 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁲ea󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰁲 c󰁯󰁭 a󰁵󰁴󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩a e 󰁲e󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁮󰁳ab󰁩󰁬󰁩dade a󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁬ec󰁴󰁵a󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁩󰁮e󰁩󰁲󰁯󰁳 󰁮a b󰁵󰁳ca de 󰁯b󰁪e󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁯󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁳e󰁲󰁩d󰁯󰁳 e󰁭 󰁵󰁭a 󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁬e󰁸a (ALTET e󰁴 a󰁬  , 2001 a󰁰󰁯󰁩ad󰁯 e󰁭 BOURBONDE, 1993). Re󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁴a Mac󰁫e󰁮󰁺󰁩e de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e E󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴e 󲀓 V󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭e 6, 󰁮󰃺󰁭e󰁲󰁯 3 , 2007 Ka󰁲󰁩󰁮a Pa󰁴󰁲󰃭c󰁩󰁯 Na󰁳c󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, G󰁲ac󰁩e󰁬e Ma󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁩 R󰁯d󰁲󰁩󰁧󰁵e󰁳, De󰁮󰁩󰁳e E󰁬e󰁮a G󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁯 e Ma󰁲c󰁯󰁳 Me󰁲󰁩da    55555555 E󰁭b󰁯󰁲a 󰁨a󰁪a 󰁵󰁭a 󰁯󰁦e󰁲󰁴a de c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁮a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩ca, 󰁨󰃡 󰁵󰁭a 󰁧󰁲a󰁮de de󰁦a󰁳a󰁧e󰁭 da e󰁸󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁩󰃧󰃣󰁯 de󰁳󰁳e c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯. C󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁵d󰁯, e󰁳󰁳a 󰁯󰁦e󰁲󰁴a de c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁭󰁵󰁩󰁴a󰁳 󰁶e󰁺e󰁳 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁦a󰁺 c󰁯󰁭 󰁱󰁵e 󰁯󰁳 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯󰁳 󰁧e󰁲e󰁭 󰁳e󰁵 󰁰󰁲󰃳󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, e󰁬e󰁳 a󰁰e󰁮a󰁳 󰁲e󰁰󰁲󰁯d󰁵󰁺e󰁭 󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁬󰁨e󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁰a󰁳󰁳ad󰁯 e󰁭 󰁳a󰁬a de a󰁵󰁬a 󰁯󰁵 󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁦󰁯󰁩 e󰁳󰁴󰁵dad󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁰e󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e de󰁴󰃩󰁭 󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 , c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁦󰁯󰁩 d󰁩󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁲 Ta󰁲d󰁩󰁦 (2003, 󰁰. 230). Ba󰁳ea󰁮d󰁯󰀭󰁳e 󰁮a 󰁩d󰃩󰁩a d󰁯󰁳 a󰁵󰁴󰁯󰁲e󰁳 c󰁩󰁴ad󰁯󰁳 ac󰁩󰁭a, e󰁭b󰁯󰁲a de 󰁭a󰁮e󰁩󰁲a󰁳 d󰁩󰁦e󰁲e󰁮󰁴e󰁳, 󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 󰁰a󰁲ece󰁭 󰁱󰁵e 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁲e󰁦󰁬e󰁴e󰁭 󰁳󰁯b󰁲e 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 a󰃧󰃵e󰁳 e 󰁰󰁲󰁯d󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 de c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, 󰁯 󰁱󰁵e ac󰁯󰁮󰁴ece de󰁶󰁩d󰁯 a󰁯 󰁳e󰁵 de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁭󰁵󰁩󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁶a󰁶e󰁬󰁭e󰁮󰁴e 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁰󰁯󰁵c󰁯 e󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁵󰁬ada 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁲ea󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰁲 e󰁳󰁳e 󰁴󰁩󰁰󰁯 de a󰃧󰃣󰁯. P󰁯de󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁰e󰁮󰁳a󰁲 󰁱󰁵e 󰁵󰁭a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩ca 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁴a 󰁮󰃣󰁯 a󰁰e󰁮a󰁳 d󰁯 󰁳abe󰁲 c󰁩e󰁮󰁴󰃭󰁦󰁩c󰁯, a󰁦󰁩󰁮a󰁬 e󰁳󰁴a󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁦a󰁬a󰁮d󰁯 de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲a󰁬, 󰁭󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, e 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁯de󰁭󰁯󰁳 de󰁩󰁸a󰁲 de c󰁩󰁴a󰁲 󰁱󰁵e 󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩c󰁯 󰃩 󰁦󰁵󰁮da󰁭e󰁮󰁴a󰁬 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁵󰁭a b󰁯a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩ca. I󰁳󰁳󰁯 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁩󰁦󰁩ca 󰁱󰁵e 󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁲ec󰁩󰁳a de 󰁴e󰁯󰁲󰁩a. O 󰁱󰁵e 󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁱󰁵e󰁲e󰁭 󰃩 󰁵󰁭a 󰁴e󰁯󰁲󰁩a 󰁱󰁵e 󰁳󰃳 󰁦a󰁬a de 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁲a󰁳 󰁴e󰁯󰁲󰁩a󰁳. O 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭a 󰃩 󰁳abe󰁲 󰁳e a 󰁴e󰁯󰁲󰁩a d󰁯󰁳 󰁰e󰁳󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁳ad󰁯󰁲e󰁳 e󰁳󰁴󰃡 󰁦a󰁬a󰁮d󰁯 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁲a󰁳 c󰁯󰁩󰁳a󰁳 󰁱󰁵e 󰁦a󰁺e󰁭 󰁳e󰁮󰁴󰁩d󰁯 󰁦󰁯󰁲a da 󰁴e󰁯󰁲󰁩a (CHARLOT, 2002, 󰁰. 95). U󰁭a 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲a 󰁲ec󰃩󰁭 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭ada, a 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁳e󰁲 󰁰e󰁬a󰁳 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 e󰁸󰁴󰁲ac󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁩c󰁵󰁬a󰁲e󰁳 e 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁴e󰁲 󰁵󰁭 d󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭a, 󰁰󰁯de 󰁳e󰁲 c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩de󰁲ada, 󰁴󰃣󰁯 󰁩󰁮e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩e󰁮󰁴e 󰁱󰁵a󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁵󰁭 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯. 󰃉 e󰁳󰁳a 󰁦a󰁬󰁴a de 󰁳abe󰁲e󰁳 e󰁳󰁴󰁲a󰁴󰃩󰁧󰁩c󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e 󰁦a󰁺e󰁭 c󰁯󰁭 󰁱󰁵e 󰁳e 󰁰e󰁮󰁳e 󰁮a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩ca. A󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁭, Ca󰁲b󰁯󰁮󰁮ea󰁵 e H󰃩󰁴e󰁵 (2001, 󰁰.72) de ac󰁯󰁲d󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 a󰁳 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 󰁴e󰁮de󰁭 a de󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲a󰁲 [...] 󰁱󰁵e 󰁮󰁯 a󰁰󰁲e󰁮d󰁩󰁺 de 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲, 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰃩 󰁴a󰁮󰁴󰁯 a a󰁵󰁳󰃪󰁮c󰁩a de e󰁳󰁱󰁵e󰁭a󰁳 de a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁱󰁵e e󰁸󰁰󰁬󰁩ca󰁲󰁩a a d󰁩󰁦󰁩c󰁵󰁬dade, 󰁭a󰁳 󰁯󰁳 󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁴e󰁳 da󰁱󰁵e󰁬e󰁳 d󰁩󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁮󰃭󰁶e󰁩󰁳, 󰁰e󰁬a e󰁳󰁴󰁲e󰁩󰁴e󰁺a d󰁯 ca󰁭󰁰󰁯 de c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁲ee󰁮󰁳󰃣󰁯 de 󰁰a󰁳󰁳a󰁲 de 󰁵󰁭 e󰁳󰁱󰁵e󰁭a a 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁲󰁯 󰁯󰁵 de 󰁳e󰁬ec󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁲 󰁯 e󰁳󰁱󰁵e󰁭a a󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁲󰁩ad󰁯. A󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁬󰁭e󰁮󰁴e e󰁭 󰁳e󰁵 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯, 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨a󰁭 c󰁲󰁩a󰁮d󰁯 󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃵e󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭a󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a e󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁵󰁬a󰁲 a c󰁲󰁩a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, 󰁯󰁵 e󰁳󰁴󰁲a󰁴󰃩󰁧󰁩a󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁲e󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁶e󰁲 e󰁳󰁳a󰁳 󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃵e󰁳. N󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁬󰁭e󰁮󰁴e a󰁳 󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁵󰃧󰃵e󰁳 󰁳󰃣󰁯 dada󰁳 󰁭a󰁱󰁵󰁩ada󰁳 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁳e 󰁦󰁯󰁳󰁳e󰁭 󰁳󰁵󰁧e󰁳󰁴󰃵e󰁳. E󰁭b󰁯󰁲a de 󰁭a󰁮e󰁩󰁲a 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁭󰁵󰁩󰁴󰁯 c󰁬a󰁲a ac󰁲ed󰁩󰁴a󰀭󰁳e 󰁱󰁵e 󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 de󰁶e󰁭 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁩󰁲 󰁳abe󰁲e󰁳 󰁱󰁵e, 󰁴a󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁰a󰁲a A󰁬󰁴e󰁴 e󰁴 a󰁬   (2001) c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁰a󰁲a Ta󰁲d󰁩󰁦 (2003), de󰁶e󰁭 󰁳e󰁲 c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁴a󰁳 de c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯󰁳, c󰁯󰁭󰁰e󰁴󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳, 󰁨ab󰁩󰁬󰁩dade󰁳 e 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁵󰁲a󰁳. A󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁭, e󰁳󰁳e󰁳 󰁳abe󰁲e󰁳 de󰁶e󰁭 󰁳e󰁲 a󰁰󰁲e󰁮d󰁩d󰁯󰁳 󰁮a 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳󰁩dade. Cabe 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁲 󰁳e e󰁳󰁳a 󰁲e󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁮󰁳ab󰁩󰁬󰁩dade e󰁳󰁴a 󰁳e󰁮d󰁯 a󰁰󰁬󰁩cada. A󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁶e󰁲󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 e󰁳󰁴󰃣󰁯 󰁭e󰁳󰁭󰁯 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁲e󰁳󰁳ada󰁳 e󰁭 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳, ca󰁰ac󰁩󰁴ad󰁯󰁳 a a󰁴󰁵a󰁲e󰁭 󰁩󰁮de󰁰e󰁮de󰁮󰁴e󰁭e󰁮󰁴e da󰁳 c󰁩󰁲c󰁵󰁮󰁳󰁴󰃢󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭a󰁴󰁩󰁺ada d󰁯 c󰁯󰁴󰁩d󰁩a󰁮󰁯 ed󰁵cac󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬, 󰁯󰁵 e󰁳󰁴󰃣󰁯 a󰁰e󰁮a󰁳 󰁰󰁲e󰁯c󰁵󰁰ada󰁳 e󰁭 e󰁮󰁶󰁩a󰁲 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁯 󰁭e󰁲cad󰁯 de 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨󰁯 d󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭ad󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e, c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁦󰁯󰁩 d󰁩󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁲 Ta󰁲d󰁩󰁦 (2003), 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁴e󰁧󰁩d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁵󰁭 󰁴e󰁲󰁲󰁩󰁴󰃳󰁲󰁩󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬, 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳a󰁭 a󰁴󰁵a󰁲 󰁳e󰁭 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁦󰁩ded󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁯 e󰁭 󰁵󰁭a 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰃣󰁯 󰁲e󰁧󰁵󰁬a󰁭e󰁮󰁴ada. A󰁩󰁮da 󰁰󰁯󰁲 Ta󰁲d󰁩󰁦 (2003, 󰁰 248), e󰁭b󰁯󰁲a 󰁯󰁳 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳a󰁭 󰁳e󰁲 ba󰁳ead󰁯󰁳 e󰁭 d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a󰁳 c󰁩e󰁮󰁴󰃭󰁦󰁩ca󰁳, 󰁳󰃣󰁯 󰁭󰁯de󰁬ad󰁯󰁳 e 󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁴ad󰁯󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a a 󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭󰃡󰁴󰁩ca󰁳 c󰁯󰁮c󰁲e󰁴a󰁳 . C󰁯󰁭 e󰁳󰁴a a󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 e󰁮󰁴󰁲a󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁮a 󰁳e󰁧󰁵󰁩󰁮󰁴e 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰃣󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰃩 󰁳abe󰁲 󰁳e c󰁯󰁭 󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 ad󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁲󰁩d󰁯 d󰁵󰁲a󰁮󰁴e a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩ca 󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 e󰁳󰁴󰃣󰁯 ca󰁰ac󰁩󰁴ad󰁯󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁲e󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁶e󰁲 e󰁳󰁳e󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯b󰁬e󰁭a󰁳 c󰁯󰁮c󰁲e󰁴󰁯󰁳? A Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca Ada󰁰󰁴ada 󰁳󰁵󰁲󰁧e 󰁯󰁦󰁩c󰁩a󰁬󰁭e󰁮󰁴e 󰁮󰁯󰁳 c󰁵󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁳 de 󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯, 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁭e󰁩󰁯 da 󰁲e󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 03/87 d󰁯 C󰁯󰁮󰁳e󰁬󰁨󰁯 Fede󰁲a󰁬 de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 a 󰁰a󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁲 da 󰁲e󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁮󰂺 03/87 󰁩󰁮󰃭c󰁩󰁯 da d󰃩cada de 1990󲀝 (PEDRINELLI e VERENGUER, 2004, 󰁰. 14). A󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁭, 󰁶e󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e 󰃩 de ce󰁲󰁴a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a 󰁵󰁭a d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a 󰁲ece󰁮󰁴e e e󰁳󰁳a 󰃩 󰁵󰁭a da󰁳 󰁲a󰁺󰃵e󰁳 󰁰e󰁬a󰁳 󰁱󰁵a󰁩󰁳 󰁭󰁵󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca, 󰁨󰁯󰁪e a󰁴󰁵a󰁮d󰁯 󰁮a󰁳 e󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁳, 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁲ecebe󰁲a󰁭 e󰁭 󰁳󰁵a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁴e󰃺d󰁯󰁳 e /󰁯󰁵 a󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁰e󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁮e󰁮󰁴e󰁳 󰃠 Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca Ada󰁰󰁴ada (AGUIAR e DUARTE, 2005). A ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁴e󰁭 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁯b󰁪e󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁯 a󰁵󰁸󰁩󰁬󰁩a󰁲 󰁮󰁯 de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 d󰁯 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰁩d󰁵󰁯 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁵󰁭 󰁴󰁯d󰁯, 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨a󰁮d󰁯 󰁳e󰁵󰁳 a󰁳󰁰ec󰁴󰁯󰁳 b󰁩󰁯󰁬󰃳󰁧󰁩c󰁯󰁳, 󰁰󰁳󰁩c󰁯󰁬󰃳󰁧󰁩c󰁯󰁳 e 󰁳󰁯c󰁩a󰁩󰁳 e 󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁯 󰁮󰁯󰁳 󰁬e󰁶a c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩de󰁲a󰁲 󰁱󰁵e a ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁳e 󰁭󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁲a c󰁯󰁭 󰁵󰁭 󰁰a󰁰e󰁬 󰁦󰁵󰁮da󰁭e󰁮󰁴a󰁬 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁯 a󰁵󰁸󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁯 da 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁵󰁭 󰁴󰁯d󰁯, 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁳󰃳 󰁮a󰁳 a󰁵󰁬a󰁳, 󰁭a󰁳 󰁴a󰁭b󰃩󰁭 󰁮a 󰁳󰁯c󰁩edade. Pa󰁲a a󰁬ca󰁮󰃧a󰁲 󰁴󰁯d󰁯󰁳 󰁯󰁳 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯󰁳 󰃩 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁲e󰁳󰁳a󰁮󰁴e 󰁱󰁵e a󰁳 d󰁩󰁦e󰁲e󰁮󰃧a󰁳 e󰁸󰁩󰁳󰁴e󰁮󰁴e󰁳 e󰁮󰁴󰁲e 󰁯󰁳 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯󰁳 󰁳e󰁪a󰁭 c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩de󰁲ada󰁳 󰁳e󰁭 󰁱󰁵e 󰁳e󰁪a󰁭 e󰁶󰁩de󰁮c󰁩ada󰁳 󰁮a󰁳 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 de󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁵a󰁬dade󰁳. A󰁳 d󰁩󰁦e󰁲e󰁮󰃧a󰁳 e󰁸󰁩󰁳󰁴e󰁭 e 󰁮󰃣󰁯 de󰁶e󰁭 󰁳e󰁲 󰁮e󰁧ada󰁳 e 󰁳󰁩󰁭 c󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁲ee󰁮d󰁩da󰁳 e 󰁲e󰁳󰁰e󰁩󰁴ada󰁳, c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩de󰁲a󰁮d󰁯 󰁱󰁵e cada 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰃭d󰁵󰁯 󰃩 d󰁩󰁦e󰁲e󰁮󰁴e Re󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁴a Mac󰁫e󰁮󰁺󰁩e de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e E󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴e 󲀓 V󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭e 6, 󰁮󰃺󰁭e󰁲󰁯 3 , 2007 A 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁮a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶a    56565656 e󰁮󰁴󰁲e 󰁳󰁩 e 󰁱󰁵e a󰁳 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 d󰁩󰁦e󰁲e󰁮󰃧a󰁳 󰁮󰃣󰁯 de󰁶e󰁭 󰁳e󰁲 e󰁸a󰁬󰁴ada󰁳 e 󰁳󰁩󰁭 󰁲e󰁳󰁧a󰁴a󰁲 a󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁴e󰁮c󰁩a󰁬󰁩dade󰁳 de cada 󰁵󰁭 c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰁩d󰁵󰁯 e c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁵󰁭 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁧󰁲a󰁮󰁴e d󰁯 󰁧󰁲󰁵󰁰󰁯. A 󰁰a󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁲 da󰁳 ca󰁲ac󰁴e󰁲󰃭󰁳󰁴󰁩ca󰁳 da Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca, 󰁮󰁯󰁴a󰀭󰁳e 󰁱󰁵e 󰁭e󰁳󰁭󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 a 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁮󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁳e 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨a󰁲 󰁯 de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 b󰁩󰁯󰁰󰁳󰁩c󰁯󰁳󰁯c󰁩a󰁬 de cada 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰃭d󰁵󰁯, e 󰁳abe󰁮d󰁯󰀭󰁳e 󰁱󰁵e a ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca 󰁴e󰁭 󰁦󰁵󰁮da󰁭e󰁮󰁴ad󰁯 󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁮c󰁩󰁰󰁩󰁯 da 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰁩d󰁵a󰁬󰁩dade b󰁩󰁯󰁬󰃳󰁧󰁩ca, 󰁳abe󰁮d󰁯󰀭󰁳e 󰁱󰁵e 󰁳e de󰁶e 󰁲e󰁳󰁰e󰁩󰁴a󰁲 a󰁳 d󰁩󰁦e󰁲e󰁮󰁴e󰁳 ca󰁲ac󰁴e󰁲󰃭󰁳󰁴󰁩ca󰁳 e 󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁴e󰁳 de cada 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰁩d󰁵ad󰁯, a󰁩󰁮da 󰁨󰃡 󰁵󰁭 󰁧󰁲a󰁮de 󰁲ece󰁩󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁰a󰁲󰁴e d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁩󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a a󰁴󰁵a󰁲 󰁮a 󰃡󰁲ea de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca ada󰁰󰁴ada. A󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁭, 󰁯 󰁯b󰁪e󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁯 de󰁳󰁳e 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨󰁯 󰁦󰁯󰁩 a󰁮a󰁬󰁩󰁳a󰁲 a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 de ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁲 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶a d󰁩󰁳c󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁮d󰁯 a 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁵󰃪󰁮c󰁩a da 󰁳󰁵a 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬. ASPECTOS METODOL󰃓GICOSASPECTOS METODOL󰃓GICOSASPECTOS METODOL󰃓GICOSASPECTOS METODOL󰃓GICOS A 󰁰e󰁳󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁳a 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁲ea󰁬󰁩󰁺ada c󰁯󰁭 ca󰁲󰃡󰁴e󰁲 󰁱󰁵a󰁬󰁩󰁴a󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁯 e a a󰁭󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁲a 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁳e󰁬ec󰁩󰁯󰁮ada 󰁰󰁯󰁲 ace󰁳󰁳󰁩b󰁩󰁬󰁩dade 󰁳e c󰁯󰁮󰁦󰁩󰁧󰁵󰁲a󰁮d󰁯 e󰁭 20 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 da 󰁲ede 󰁲e󰁧󰁵󰁬a󰁲 de e󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁯 󰁰󰃺b󰁬󰁩c󰁯 e 󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁶ad󰁯, c󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁴󰁵󰃭da 󰁰󰁯󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭ad󰁯󰁳 e󰁮󰁴󰁲e 󰁯󰁳 a󰁮󰁯 de 1990 a 2005, 󰁱󰁵e a󰁴󰁵a󰁭 󰁯󰁵 󰁴e󰁮󰁨a󰁭 a󰁴󰁵ad󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁲 c󰁯󰁭 󰁰e󰁳󰁳󰁯a󰁳 c󰁯󰁭 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁬 󰁮󰁯 󰁭e󰁩󰁯 e󰁳c󰁯󰁬a󰁲 󰁲e󰁧󰁵󰁬a󰁲. O 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁺ad󰁯 󰁰a󰁲a c󰁯󰁬e󰁴a󰁳 de dad󰁯󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁵󰁭 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰃡󰁲󰁩󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁴e󰁮d󰁯 󰁰e󰁲󰁧󰁵󰁮󰁴a󰁳 abe󰁲󰁴a󰁳 e 󰁦ec󰁨ada󰁳. A a󰁮󰃡󰁬󰁩󰁳e da󰁳 󰁲e󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁴a󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁲ea󰁬󰁩󰁺ada c󰁯󰁭 ba󰁳e e󰁭 󰁰󰁯󰁲ce󰁮󰁴a󰁧e󰁭 󰁳󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁬e󰁳 e de󰁳c󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁶a 󰁰a󰁲a a󰁳 󰁱󰁵e󰁳󰁴󰃵e󰁳 abe󰁲󰁴a󰁳. RESULTADOS E DISCUSS󰃃ORESULTADOS E DISCUSS󰃃ORESULTADOS E DISCUSS󰃃ORESULTADOS E DISCUSS󰃃O C󰁯󰁭 󰁲e󰁬a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰃠 e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩󰃪󰁮c󰁩a 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬, 󰁶e󰁲󰁩󰁦󰁩ca󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e 55% d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 󰁴󰃪󰁭 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁲ece󰁮󰁴e (a󰁴󰃩 5 a󰁮󰁯󰁳) e 45% 󰁳󰃣󰁯 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭ad󰁯󰁳 󰁨󰃡 󰁭a󰁩󰁳 󰁴e󰁭󰁰󰁯 (6 a󰁮󰁯󰁳 󰁯󰁵 󰁭a󰁩󰁳). A󰁰e󰁮a󰁳 30% d󰁯󰁳 󰁳󰁵󰁪e󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵󰃭󰁲a󰁭 󰁵󰁭a d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a d󰁩󰁲ec󰁩󰁯󰁮ada 󰃠 Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca Ada󰁰󰁴ada e󰁭 󰁳󰁵a 󰁧󰁲ade c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁩c󰁵󰁬a󰁲, e󰁮󰁱󰁵a󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁯󰁳 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁳 70% 󰁴󰁩󰁶e󰁲a󰁭 a󰁬󰁧󰁵󰁭a d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a 󰁲e󰁬ac󰁩󰁯󰁮ada. C󰁯󰁭 󰁲e󰁬a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰃠 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁵ada, d󰁯󰁳 20 󰁳󰁵󰁪e󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳, a󰁰e󰁮a󰁳 4 d󰁯󰁳 󰁩󰁮d󰁩󰁶󰃭d󰁵󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵e󰁭 a󰁬󰁧󰁵󰁭 󰁴󰁩󰁰󰁯 de e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁮a 󰃡󰁲ea de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca Ada󰁰󰁴ada, e e󰁮󰁴󰁲e e󰁳󰁳e󰁳, 󰁵󰁭 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁩 e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰃧󰃣󰁯, 󰁭e󰁳󰁴󰁲ad󰁯 e d󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁯󰁲ad󰁯 e 󰁯󰁳 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁳 󰁴󰁲󰃪󰁳 󰁳󰁵󰁪e󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵e󰁭 󰁰󰃳󰁳󰀭󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯. 󰃉 󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴a󰁮󰁴e 󰁯b󰁳e󰁲󰁶a󰁲 󰁱󰁵e 󰁳󰁵󰁪e󰁩󰁴󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁩 󰁭a󰁩󰁯󰁲 󰁱󰁵a󰁮󰁴󰁩dade de e󰁳󰁰ac󰁩a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰃧󰃵e󰁳 a󰁰󰃳󰁳 a 󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯, 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁴e󰁶e e󰁭 󰁳e󰁵 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯 a d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca Ada󰁰󰁴ada, c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁴a󰁭b󰃩󰁭 󰁮󰁯 ca󰁳󰁯 de 󰁵󰁭 d󰁯󰁳 󰁴󰁲󰃪󰁳 󰁳󰁵󰁪e󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 c󰁯󰁭 󰁰󰃳󰁳󰀭󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯. E󰁭b󰁯󰁲a 󰁭󰁵󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 d󰁯󰁳 󰁳󰁵󰁪e󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳 da 󰁰e󰁳󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁳a 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁵a󰁭 a󰁬󰁧󰁵󰁭 󰁴󰁩󰁰󰁯 de e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰃧󰃣󰁯, 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁲e󰁳󰁳a󰁬󰁴ad󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁳e 󰁭a󰁮󰁴e󰁲e󰁭 a󰁴󰁵a󰁬󰁩󰁺ad󰁯󰁳, 󰁩󰁮de󰁰e󰁮de󰁮󰁴e󰁭e󰁮󰁴e de 󰁭󰃩󰁴󰁯d󰁯󰁳 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁩󰁳 (󰁰󰃳󰁳󰀭󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯, 󰁭e󰁳󰁴󰁲ad󰁯, d󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁯󰁲ad󰁯), 󰁴󰁯d󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯c󰁵󰁲a󰁭 󰁳e a󰁴󰁵a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰁲 a󰁴󰁲a󰁶󰃩󰁳 de 󰁬e󰁩󰁴󰁵󰁲a de 󰁲e󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁴a󰁳, a󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁧󰁯󰁳 c󰁩e󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁦󰁩c󰁯 󰁬󰁩󰁶󰁲󰁯󰁳, 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨󰁯󰁳 󰁰󰁵b󰁬󰁩cad󰁯󰁳. O󰁵󰁴󰁲a󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰁳 de a󰁴󰁵a󰁬󰁩󰁺a󰃧󰃣󰁯 c󰁩󰁴ada󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲a󰁭 c󰁵󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁳, 󰁰a󰁬e󰁳󰁴󰁲a󰁳, c󰁯󰁮󰁧󰁲e󰁳󰁳󰁯, 󰁴a󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁮󰁯 󰁳e󰁮󰁴󰁩d󰁯 de a󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁲, c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁮󰁯 de a󰁰󰁲e󰁳e󰁮󰁴a󰁲 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨󰁯󰁳. A 󰁴󰁲󰁯ca de 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭a󰃧󰃵e󰁳 e󰁮󰁴󰁲e c󰁯󰁬e󰁧a󰁳 de 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨󰁯, 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲e󰁳 󰁭a󰁩󰁳 e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩e󰁮󰁴e󰁳, 󰁦󰁯󰁩 󰁵󰁭a 󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁵󰃧󰃣󰁯 e󰁮c󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁲ada 󰁰e󰁬󰁯󰁳 󰁭e󰁳󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁰a󰁲a c󰁯󰁮󰁳e󰁧󰁵󰁩󰁲e󰁭 ad󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁲 󰁭a󰁩󰁯󰁲 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁯󰁵 a󰁴󰃩 󰁭e󰁳󰁭󰁯 󰁰a󰁲a 󰁲e󰁦󰁬e󰁴󰁩󰁲 󰁳󰁯b󰁲e 󰁳󰁵a 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁵󰁲a 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬. P󰁯de󰀭󰁳e d󰁩󰁺e󰁲 󰁱󰁵e a a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 de 󰁵󰁭 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 e󰁭 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 a󰁵󰁬a󰁳 󰁩󰁮c󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁶a󰁳 󰃩 dec󰁯󰁲󰁲e󰁮󰁴e da󰁳 󰁳󰁵a󰁳 e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 󰁴a󰁮󰁴󰁯 acade󰁭󰁩ca󰁭e󰁮󰁴e, c󰁯󰁭󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬󰁭e󰁮󰁴e, 󰁰󰁯󰁲󰃩󰁭 de󰁰e󰁮de 󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁮c󰁩󰁰a󰁬󰁭e󰁮󰁴e d󰁯 󰁩󰁮󰁴e󰁲e󰁳󰁳e d󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁬 󰁰e󰁬a 󰃡󰁲ea de a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯. A󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁭, de ac󰁯󰁲d󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 󰁯 󰁱󰁵e 󰁦󰁯󰁩 a󰁰󰁲e󰁳e󰁮󰁴ad󰁯 󰁶e󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁱󰁵e a 󰁧󰁲ad󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯 󰁴e󰁭 󰁵󰁭 󰁰a󰁰e󰁬 󰁦󰁵󰁮da󰁭e󰁮󰁴a󰁬 󰁮a a󰁰󰁲e󰁳e󰁮󰁴a󰃧󰃣󰁯 da󰁳 d󰁩󰁳c󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁮a󰁳 e󰁮c󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁲ada󰁳 󰁮󰁯 c󰁵󰁲󰁲󰃭c󰁵󰁬󰁯 acad󰃪󰁭󰁩c󰁯 e e󰁳󰁴a󰁲 󰁳e󰁭󰁰󰁲e a󰁴󰁵a󰁬󰁩󰁺ad󰁯 de ac󰁯󰁲d󰁯 c󰁯󰁭 a󰁳 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 d󰁯󰁳 󰁳e󰁵󰁳 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯󰁳, a󰁴󰁲a󰁶󰃩󰁳 de 󰁬e󰁩󰁴󰁵󰁲a󰁳, 󰁶󰁩󰁶󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 e 󰁰󰁲󰃡󰁴󰁩ca󰁳. A 󰁴󰁲󰁯ca de e󰁸󰁰e󰁲󰁩󰃪󰁮c󰁩a󰁳 󰁳󰃣󰁯 󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁵󰁮󰁩dade󰁳 de 󰁰󰁯de󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁲c󰁩󰁯󰁮a󰁲 a󰁯󰁳 a󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁯󰁳 󰁵󰁭a 󰁭e󰁬󰁨󰁯󰁲 󰁶󰁩󰁶e󰁮c󰁩a d󰁵󰁲a󰁮󰁴e a󰁳 a󰁵󰁬a󰁳, 󰁰󰁯󰁩󰁳 󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦e󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁲 󰁮󰃣󰁯 󰁳e 󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁴a󰁲󰃡 a󰁰e󰁮a󰁳 a󰁯󰁳 󰁳e󰁵󰁳 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ec󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯󰁳, e󰁸󰁰a󰁮d󰁩󰁮d󰁯 a󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁭 a c󰁯󰁮󰁳c󰁩󰃪󰁮c󰁩a de 󰁳󰁩 󰁰󰁲󰃳󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁯. A 󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁵󰁮󰁩dade de 󰁴󰁲aba󰁬󰁨a󰁲 c󰁯󰁭 󰁰e󰁳󰁳󰁯a󰁳 c󰁯󰁭 󰁮ece󰁳󰁳󰁩dade󰁳 e󰁳󰁰ec󰁩a󰁩󰁳 a󰁵󰁭e󰁮󰁴a a󰁩󰁮da 󰁭a󰁩󰁳 a ca󰁰ac󰁩dade de de󰁳e󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶e󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯ced󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯󰁳, 󰁰e󰁬󰁯 󰁦a󰁴󰁯 de 󰁳e e󰁳󰁴a󰁲 c󰁯󰁮󰁨ece󰁮d󰁯 󰁮󰁯󰁶a󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁳󰁩b󰁩󰁬󰁩dade󰁳 de a󰁴󰁵a󰃧󰃣󰁯. Re󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁴a Mac󰁫e󰁮󰁺󰁩e de Ed󰁵ca󰃧󰃣󰁯 F󰃭󰁳󰁩ca e E󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴e 󲀓 V󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭e 6, 󰁮󰃺󰁭e󰁲󰁯 3 , 2007 Ka󰁲󰁩󰁮a Pa󰁴󰁲󰃭c󰁩󰁯 Na󰁳c󰁩󰁭e󰁮󰁴󰁯, G󰁲ac󰁩e󰁬e Ma󰁳󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁩 R󰁯d󰁲󰁩󰁧󰁵e󰁳, De󰁮󰁩󰁳e E󰁬e󰁮a G󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁯 e Ma󰁲c󰁯󰁳 Me󰁲󰁩da
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