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A Natural History of Ornament

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A Natural History of Ornament
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  PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS Princeton and Oxford  With contributions by Michele Bacci Anna Contadini Thomas B. F. Cummins Chanchal Dadlani Daniela del Pesco Vittoria Di Palma Anne Dunlop Marzia Faietti María Judith Feliciano Finbarr Barry Flood Jonathan Hay Christopher P. Heuer Rémi Labrusse Gülru Necipo ğ lu Marco Rosario Nobile Oya Pancaro ğ lu Spyros Papapetros Alina Payne Antoine Picon David Pullins Jennifer L. Roberts David J. Roxburgh Hashim Sarkis Robin Schuldenfrei Avinoam Shalem and Gerhard Wolf  Edited by GÜLRU NECIPO Ğ LU and ALINA PAYNE HISTORIES  of   ORNAMENT FROM GLOBAL TO LOCAL  󰀲󰀰   CHAPTER 2 A NATURAL HISTORY OF ORNAMENT  uittori ci )m O nnt is . mo on si t intntion sp of ontpor ittr o f to  st y t rnt igoros proifrtion of is fti pn, oor, oss, pfort, stippd, wd, or otis ortd xtiors g. .. Vt  w to m of tis dvopmnt, d wy is it ppni now? Gs t rtionsip tn ittr  onnt n rn fnn-ty in rnt ys? An wy it is tt ony so fos of onnt v n or iti, wil otrs suc s tos ssocitd it t clssic ordrs rmn o limits? Altoug undoutdy  sig- nit ontiti ftor to onnts rtn is t mrgn of nw dit dsin prors d m- fti prosss tt v  t rtion  mipultion of sufc pns muc sir to civ t vr for, tnoo is ony pt of t sto. eirst, jst s soti s o sir to o os not nssiy  tt w wo wt to o it.  As  otivti ftor, fii fs t. on,  mor impott, tcnolo is not wys t wllspi of sir. lor on, it wors t otr wy on: sir  pr‘c‘d‘s  t vii of t rqisit tno- o, d in som ss tn ds to its invntion. o w   to wonr wy onnt s osn th“s  p- ti momnt to rntr t sn, d, ftmor, if its rpp   dsmissd s mry  pssi fd or wtr it sins som gr tr si. Rgss of t y rns tt ist tn tis, sinrs, ints, otions,  prors, ontpor inntions of onnt tn to  nit y for tisti qitis. eirst, ontmpor ittr onnt is most wys intrt it t i sf. ht y  t, or spos in  nr of p yrs, t in ost ss it rs piity s  nrov pt of t tior sn. (nnt  sf  on. on, ontpor onnt tns to iit  - ovr qi. Vrs in trtion ittr, onnt strd ond y sttr points s s t s, roof, onrs, d opnis of  id, ontmpor onnt on pps s  pn or txtr xtnd-i ovr t ntir of t id nvop.  tird ooni is  rsist to intprttion, wi is modd tiy in vios wys— t tims s  on- sios  of oinin tn onnt  pro-r; t otrs s  pont of strtis tt undmin smolic mi or dct ysis; t still otrs s  itr iiii.  fot  st tn- dnc is mifstd on  tortic lvl, prsnt in t onntions frqnty n tn ontpor onnt  tois of t ii fro t pi- osopy of Fis cz d eéix Fi. is p- tr ins vios itrtions of ts for y tistis in t it wor of Grzog & d lron in orr to por t ontors of onnts r- gn in ontmpor ittr. lor ptiy, it yzs t ontt sron t rtion of  citctr dsind to  undrstood s  collction of snstions, or wt migt  d  ntr isto, if w orow ir eris aons nrst of t tm. einy, it ss to introgt t pomi on- sqns of ontpor onnts insistn on t.  trn of tis invstigtion is t on- mntd w sf.   A NATURAL HISTORY OF ORNAMENT    󰀲󰀱 (rnmnt )omis (n migt sy tt s o s ittr s n  to ost of  to to ompy its prodtions, on- nt s pos  pro. hn t w of t Rns-s rsov of uitis, onttors isi to qstion, nin, or nirt onnts ro it rspct to citctr d only to tn to t most oios oiin tt in orr to n  stion pr-rsor. Atog uitiss nnition of on- mnts pnicious qitis ws pimily md gnst rprsnttions of ittr fon in Ro w pntis, rtr t t t ortiv ts of on- sttd ids, is xoition of t irtioni of tn onnt otifs ws to st  o sow ovr ssqnt ittr itiis. ay spti is sssion of t orrs  tir ts oo , fro tt rg t n of frso pnti oo , uitis ipiity rntit tn stion sptr onnt ssoit it t orrs  proiit pntry onnt ssoit it w or. mot  ps of w pnti wr npt, owvr: uitiss itiq fos on ird  frsos, it tir pnt for monstrosi- tis ovr ttf rprsnttions of nit tis. hn tis wy,  D‘ arch“t‘ctura  st t stg for t dvlop-mnt of  pticl lin of dscours in wic onnt ws r s nt wn it f to onfo to ppoty ojtiv sts of rson, oi, tt, d propi. hn t v rst txt of Vstn it-tr to, w ts nd t introdtion of tr sig-nit ids onni onnt: rst, tt it   poi; son, tt it   ory sspt;  tir, tt its pi sit of ontsttion is t pt- tnd d oord w.   As t s t i of t igtnt nt, itis i bs- mios boin ontin to  Fig. 󰀲 . 󰀱 . Herzog & de Meuron, Eberswalde Technical School Library, 󰀱󰀹󰀹󰀴 – 󰀹󰀹 . Eberswalde, Germany.  󰀲󰀲   ORNAMENT IN ARCHITECTURE iy on uiti prnt to rss nts tt cstigtd onnts most rious xcsss. eor boin, if onnt wr to  pt, it ndd to  rtion, modrt, d, most impott, in pi it its dnd d dlimitd rol.   aut not vn bocin isd to ois onnt togtr: tt ws  to  Aof koos, wos (nnt  bi rw t ontors of onnts troi stts for t modn g. kooss infos ssy, rst pisd in ern in , ont  powf poi gnst onnt  its ppition to ittr; to orow Ain )ns sti tn of prs, for modn citctr tis tt ws its inr  , its t wn-i, its ki ont: it oo in t iror t  not i wt it sw.   cpoi  or nt to w  p tn t onnt iv   vios fos of ss— t piitiv, t inftil, t tood, t dgnrt, t fivolous d t finin— koos fosy rot: t votion of tr is snonos it t rov of onnt fro tiiti ojts.   Vit tis pity sttnt, koos sogt to  t onnttion of on ittr too. koos ws nitr t rst nor t st to ssoit onnt it t finin, t non- drop, t dros, or t md. at tis spt of is mnt is not y prsnt fos.   Rtr, tis ptr ss to vt t onsqns of kooss s of t t rov. ay  onnt s  nt tt o sipy  srp o, i  ovry i frosti pipd ig on  , koos ws mi is itiism t  pti nd of onnt,  onnt tt smd ppi  sppnt, rtr t intr to t ojt t . ht s n tis onntion of  onnt tiz s   trfor potntiy rmov tt s fond  pti rso-n in rnt ittr.  As  s (nnt  bi ivs t iprssion tt koos is to  onnt to- gtr, it is  from is it wor tt koos ws not vrs to t opti m of oor d pn.   At rst g,  ioni wor i t ui lür, it its  wit xtior rivd ony intminty y t osion pn- ot opni, tny ss to  itnss to is tidcortiv rli c. Gowvr, if w tn to t ids intior, w nd koos xi- ti in t o t pro y  vi of i tis, s s t rn  rvtnt tt s t ptition/strs i t ii roo fro t ni roo ov g. .. ht is  fro tis xp tt for koos t ms ntr vini onstitts  pt fo of is stition, on wi is nitr fivoos nor dgnrt: t m-s oor d pn, pt d p of t w rvt-mnt, do not or t possiii of rmov tt migt  sst y  sptr ortion in ig or ow rlif. eutmor, y i connd to t ills int- ior, tis rvtnt, o it t fy st tis poy in t otr ii sps, os not intfr it t  wit pi of t is tior vtions. hnst, tior  intior  owd to oprt ord to spt ois. hn tis ontt, it is not so  (nnt  bi tt iints kooss i of t is intior, t rtr  ssy in in  tit  )inip of b. dsposi  in of nt wos t to Fofi pr is ppnt fro t ssys v titl, koos opns y idntii cpt wv-i s t oiin of citctr. hn t inni, pim- itiv m sogt str from t mnts d rtd t pt s  fom of dd. oon r,  pnt fr ws invnt to o t pts in p  o. xt pts v or t ry  prottiv fntion: ty  so t sor of t, d for koos it is t rtion of t tt spts t tist- itt fro t r ir.  tist- itt rst snss t t  intnds to riz d ss t roos  wts to rt in is ins y, tn  ooss t  in orr to onvy t t sir. ly ps of   pissi; kooss ony injntion is tt  dd sod not t to imi-tt t mti it ovrs, so wood, for xp, sod not  pnt to oo i woo. ay rspti ts s,  id r of ts   prodd: f d oror if it is  on, rvrn if  r, rspt for t powr of t stt if  govnnt p, pi if  tom, omnss if  rsidn, g if  tvn.   ht is idnt from tis sntn, d, in pti, from its siy ronisti to of id ps, tt wrs kooss dscssion of t oiins of citc- tr in t rst f of tis ssy ws int to - pr, is xpltion of ct in its scond f ws tn drty from  vn ir in of torti sp-tion, on tt sogt to dtmin t ms d nds of ittr tr. Atog kooss onn-tion of  onnt tt s   spp-
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