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ABA Model Rules RE Professional Conduct

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ABA MODEL CODE OF PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY The Model Code of Professional Responsibility was adopted by the House of Delegates of the American Bar Association on August 1! 1 # and was amended by the House of Delegates in $ebruary 1 %&! $ebruary 1 %'! $ebruary 1 %(! August 1 %#! August 1 %%! August 1 %)! $ebruary 1 % ! $ebruary 1 )&! and August 1 )&* Contents PREFACE PREAMBLE AND PRELIMINARY STATEMENT CANON 1. A LAWYER SHOULD ASSIST IN MAINTAINING
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  ABA MODEL CODE OFPROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY The Model Code of Professional Responsibility was adopted by the House of Delegates of the  American Bar Association on August 1! 1 # and was amended by the House of Delegates in $ebruary 1 %&! $ebruary 1 %'! $ebruary 1 %(! August 1 %#! August 1 %%! August 1 %)! $ebruary 1 % ! $ebruary 1 )&! and August 1 )&*  Contents  P   REFACE    P   REAMBLE     AND  P   RELIMINARY   S  TATEMENT  C   ANON   1. A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  A SSIST     IN   M   AINTAINING   THE   I   NTEGRITY     AND  C  OMPETENCE    OF    THE   L  EGAL  P   ROFESSION    Ethical Coni! #ation  Dici$lina#% R&l   DR1'1(1Maintainin) Int )#it% an! Co*$ t nc o+ th L )al P#o+ ion  DR 1'1(,Micon!&ct  DR 1'1(-Diclo&# o+ In+o#*ation to A&tho#iti C   ANON   ,.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  A SSIST    THE   L  EGAL  P   ROFESSION     IN   F  ULFILLING    ITS   D UTY    TO  M   AE   L  EGAL  C  OUNSEL   A /AILABLE    Ethical Coni! #ation  R co)nition o+ L )al P#o0l *S l ction o+ a La% # S l ction o+ a La% #2 La% # A!3 #tiin)  Financial A0ilit% to E*$lo% Co&n l2 G n #all% Financial A0ilit% to E*$lo% Co&n l2  P #on A0l to Pa% R aona0l F  Financial A0ilit% to E*$lo% Co&n l2  P #on Una0l to Pa% R aona0l F  Acc $tanc an! R t ntion o+ E*$lo%* nt  Dici$lina#% R&l   DR ,'1(1P&0licit% in G n #al  DR ,'1(,P#o+ ional Notic 4 L tt #h a!4 O++ic  DR ,'1(-R co** n!ation o+ P#o+ ional E*$lo%* nt  DR ,'1(5S&)) tion o+ N ! o+ L )al S #3ic  DR ,'1(6Li*itation o+ P#actic  DR ,'1(7F  +o# L )al S #3ic  DR ,'1(8Di3iion o+ F  A*on) La% # DR ,'1(9A)# * nt R t#ictin) th P#actic o+ a La% #  DR ,'1(:Acc $tanc o+ E*$lo%* nt  DR ,'11(With!#aal +#o* E*$lo%* nt C   ANON   -.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  A SSIST     IN   P   RE/ENTING   THE   U   NAUTHORI;ED  P   RACTICE    OF   L  AW  .  Ethical Coni! #ation  Dici$lina#% R&l   DR -'1(1Ai!in) Una&tho#i< ! P#actic o+ La DR -'1(,Di3i!in) L )al F  ith a Nonla% #  DR -'1(-Fo#*in) a Pa#tn #hi$ ith a Nonla% # C   ANON   5.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  P   RESER/E    THE   C  ONFIDENCES     AND  S   ECRETS    OF     A  C   LIENT    Ethical Coni! #ation  Dici$lina#% R&l  DR 5'1(1P#  #3ation o+ Con+i! nc  an! S c# t o+ a Cli nt....... C   ANON   6.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  E   =ERCISE   I   NDEPENDENT   P   ROFESSIONAL  >  UDGMENT    ON   B  EHALF    OF     A  C   LIENT    Ethical Coni! #ation  Int # t o+ a La% # That Ma% A++ ct Hi >&!)* nt  Int # t o+ M&lti$l Cli nt   D i#  o+ Thi#! P #on  Dici$lina#% R&l   DR 6'1(1R +&in) E*$lo%* nt Wh n th Int # t o+ th La% # Ma% I*$ai# Hi  In! $ n! nt P#o+ ional >&!)* nt  DR 6'1(,With!#aal a Co&n l Wh n th  La% # B co*  a Witn  DR 6'1(-A3oi!in) Ac?&iition o+ Int # t in Liti)ation DR 6'1(5Li*itin) B&in  R lation ith a Cli nt  DR 6'1(6'R +&in) to Acc $t o# Contin& E*$lo%* nt i+ th Int # t o+ Anoth # Cli nt  Ma% I*$ai# th In! $ n! nt P#o+ ional >&!)* nt o+ th La% #  DR 6'1(7S ttlin) Si*ila# Clai* o+ Cli nt DR 6'1(8A3oi!in) In+l& nc 0% Oth # Than th Cli nt C   ANON   7.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  R  EPRESENT     A  C   LIENT   C  OMPETENTLY   Ethical Coni! #ation  Dici$lina#% R&l   DR 7'1(1Failin) to Act Co*$ t ntl% DR 7'1(,Li*itin) Lia0ilit% to Cli nt C   ANON   8.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  R  EPRESENT     A  C   LIENT   ;   EALOUSLY   W   ITHIN    THE   B OUNDS    OF    THE   L  AW    Ethical Coni! #ation  D&t% o+ th La% # to a Cli nt  D&t% o+ th La% # to th A!3 #a#% S%t * o+ >&tic  Dici$lina#% R&l   DR 8'1(1R $#  ntin) a Cli nt ; alo&l% DR 8'1(,R $#  ntin) a Cli nt Within th Bo&n! o+ th La  DR 8'1(-P #+o#*in) th D&t% o+ P&0lic P#o c&to# o# Oth # Go3 #n* nt La% #  DR 8'1(5Co**&nicatin) ith On o+ A!3 # Int # t  DR 8'1(6Th# at nin) C#i*inal P#o c&tion DR 8'1(7T#ial Con!&ct  DR 8'1(8T#ial P&0licit% DR 8'1(9Co**&nication ith o# In3 ti)ation o+ >&#o# DR 8'1(:Contact ith Witn   DR 8'11(Contact ith O++icialC   ANON   9.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  A SSIST     IN   I   MPRO/ING   THE   L  EGAL  S  YSTEM   Ethical Coni! #ation Dici$lina#% R&l   DR 9'1(1Action a a P&0lic O++icial  DR 9'1(,'Stat * nt Conc #nin) >&!)  an! Oth #  A!@&!icato#% O++ic # DR 9'1(-La% # Can!i!at +o# >&!icial O++ic C   ANON   :.A L  AWYER  S   HOULD  A /OID  E  /EN    THE   A  PPEARANCE    OF    P   ROFESSIONAL  I   MPROPRIETY   Ethical Coni! #ation  Dici$lina#% R&l   DR :'1(1A3oi!in) E3 n th A$$ a#anc o+ I*$#o$#i t% DR :'1(,P#  #3in) I! ntit% o+ F&n! an! P#o$ #t% o+ a Cli nt  D  EFINITIONS  S  UB>ECT   M   ATTER  I   NDE=   Preface On August 14, 1964, at the request of President Lewis F. Powell, Jr., the House of Delegates of the Aeri!an ar Asso!iation !reated a #$e!ial %oittee on &'aluation of &thi!al #tandards to e(aine the then !urrent %anons of Professional &thi!s and to a)e re!oendations for !hanges. *hat !oittee $rodu!ed the +odel %ode of Professional es$onsi-ilit whi!h was ado$ted - the House of Delegates in 1969 and -e!ae effe!ti'e Januar 1, 19/0. *he new +odel %ode re'ised the  $re'ious %anons in four $rin!i$al $arti!ulars 213 there were i$ortant areas in'ol'ing the !ondu!t of lawers that were either onl $artiall !o'ered in or totall oitted fro the %anons 253 an %anons that were sound in su-stan!e were in need of editorial re'ision 23 ost of the %anons did not lend thesel'es to $ra!ti!al san!tions for 'iolations and 243 !hanged and !hanging !onditions in our legal sste and ur-ani7ed so!iet required new stateents of $rofessional $rin!i$les.*he srcinal 5 %anons of Professional &thi!s were ado$ted - the Aeri!an ar Asso!iation in 1908. *he were -ased $rin!i$all on the %ode of &thi!s ado$ted - the Ala-aa #tate ar Asso!iation in 188/, whi!h in turn has -een -orrowed largel fro the le!tures of Judge eorge #harswood, $u-lished in 18:4 under the title of  P#o+ ional Ethic , and fro the fift resolutions in!luded in Da'id Hoffan;s  A Co&# o+ L )al St&!%  25d ed. 1863. #in!e then a liited nu-er of aendents ha'e -een ado$ted on a $ie!eeal -asis.As far -a!) as 194 +r. Justi!e 2later %hief Justi!e3 Harlan Fis)e #tone, in his eora-le address entitled Th P&0lic In+l& nc o+ th Ba#  , ade this o-ser'ation efore the ar !an fun!tion at all as a guardian of the $u-li! interests !oitted to its !are, there ust -e a$$raisal and !o$rehension of the new !onditions, and the !hained relationshi$ of the lawer to his !lients, to his $rofessional -rethren and to the $u-li!. *hat a$$raisal ust  $ass -eond the $ett details of for and anners whi!h ha'e -een so largel the su-<e!t of our %odes of &thi!s, to ore fundaental !onsideration of the wa in whi!h our $rofessional a!ti'ities affe!t the welfare of so!iet as a whole. Our !anons of ethi!s for the ost $art are generali7ations designed for an earlier era.Largel in that s$irit, the !oittee a$$ointed - President Powell in 1964 rea!hed unanious !on!lusion that further $ie!eeal aendent of the srcinal %anons would not suffi!e. =t $ro!eeded to !o$ose the +odel %ode of Professional es$onsi-ilit in res$onse to the $er!ei'ed need for !hange in the stateent of $rofessional $rin!i$les for lawers.>hile the o$inions of the %oittee on Professional &thi!s of the Aeri!an ar Asso!iation had  -een $u-lished and gi'en fairl wide distri-ution with resulting 'alue to the -en!h and -ar, the !ertainl were not !on!lusi'e as to the adequa! of the $re'ious %anons. e!ause the o$inions were ne!essaril inter$retations of the e(isting %anons, the tended to su$$ort the %anons and were !riti!al of the onl in the ost unusual !ase. #in!e a large nu-er of requests for o$inions fro the %oittee on Professional &thi!s dealt with the etiquette of law $ra!ti!e, ad'ertising, $artnershi$ naes, announ!eents and the li)e, there had -een a tenden! for an lawers to assue that this was the e(!lusi'e field of interest of the %oittee and that it was not !on!erned with the ore serious questions of $rofessional standards and o-ligations.*he $re'ious %anons were not an effe!ti'e tea!hing instruent and failed to gi'e guidan!e to oung lawers -eond the language of the %anons thesel'es. *here was no organi7ed interrelationshi$ -etween the %anons and the often o'erla$$ed. *he were not !ast in language designed for dis!i$linar enfor!eent and an a-ounded with quaint e($ressions of the $ast. *hose %anons !ontained, ne'ertheless, an $ro'isions that were sound in su-stan!e, and all of these were retained in the +odel %ode ado$ted in 1969. =n the studies and eetings !ondu!ted - the %oittee whi!h de'elo$ed the $resent +odel %ode, the %oittee relied hea'il u$on the onuental  L )al  Ethic  219:3 of Henr #. Drin)er, who ser'ed with great distin!tion for nine ears as %hairan of the %oittee on Professional &thi!s 2)nown in his da as the %oittee on Professional &thi!s and rie'an!es3 of the Aeri!an ar Asso!iation.*he Foral O$inions of the %oittee on &thi!s and Professional es$onsi-ilit were !olle!ted and $u-lished in a single 'olue in 196/, and sin!e that tie ha'e -een $u-lished !ontinuousl in loose?leaf for. 2*he nae was !hanged in 19/1 to the #tanding %oittee on &thi!s and

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Jul 22, 2017

SIFON INVERTIDO

Jul 22, 2017
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