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B. Zissu, Horbat Egoz, Excavations and Surveys in Israel 19 [1999]. p. 85 and figs on Hebrew part.pdf

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Early Roman Period Tombs and Graffito at Horvat Egoz: A brief preliminary report published in Excavations and Surveys in Israel, 19, 1999, following documentation of a looted and badly vandalised cemetery from the Early Roman period at H. Egoz (south
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  probably  used  for  storage.  Store  jars  were  found  in situ  on  ;i  (loor  of  beaten earth  mixed  \\iih  crushed chalk  discovered  south  of  ihis  room  (Loci  1)052. D058). The  construction method  ;iml  the  small  Muds suggest  thai  in  Phase  C  ihe  building  served  for the practice  of a  cult  connected  with  the  nearby  tombs. \\hilc  in  Phase  I)  ihe  complex  was  used  as aresidence.  In  the  Marly  Islamic  period  (9lh-llih ccniuricsCK).  the  pottery  finds  indicaled  that  s<  >mc pans  of the  building  continued  to  IK-  ulili/ed  for habitation. /• if>n  re  cup ions. l~o.  Ashqelon Afridar.  Pkm  ol  building 171.  Ashqeloii.  Afridai.  Stratum C  the  p<x>l  and  Mir rounding  \\:iu-r  installations looking  s(  >mli Horbat  Egoz /it  <i:  I  k hrrvv  M-ainri: pp.  12.VI2-U Rock-tut  c:ivcs  which  wen-  hivacfu-d and  robbed  i  losr  to  I).  Kgo/  (map ref.  I  HOS  |(Kr2;  HSI  t:2^)  \\erc  identified by A.  Kk in  of  the   nil tor  die Prevention  of  Antiquities Kohhcries.  In  SepU-mtxT  I990  the  tombs  were  documented  In  II. /issu  on  In-half  ol the  Antiquities  Amhoriu  .  with  ihe assistance  ot A.  Kk in,  A. and N.  Gniicer  and A.  /JSMJ. \\ashed-in  soil making documentation  difficult. These  seven  tombs were  hewn  on an  east-west axis  and  were  entered  through  a  rectangular  shaft (length  l.t-1.8  m,  width  O.o-U.S  in:  depth  un- known  ). As  little  soil  had  accumulated  in  Tomb  IV, ii  was  possible  to  discern  at the  bottom  of the  shaft a  rock-cut  compartment  (width  c.  0/>  m)  with  a vaulted  ceiling,  hewn  parallel  to  the  south  \\all. The  rectangular  si  one  slabs  recovered  in the  heaps of  soil  left  by  tlie  tomb  robbers  probably  oncred the  bottom  of the  shaft:  no  finds  \\ere  recovered.These  lombs probably  served  the Jewish  popu- lation  of the  site  toward the end of the  SecondTemple  period.  The  tombs  attest  to two  burial practices:  a  family  burial  ca\  and  individual  buri- als  in  shaft  tombs.  The  custom  of  burial  in  shaft tombs  is  attested  at Kh.  ( v )umran.  Jerusalem  and lieil  Safafa  HSl  18:9-1-95).  where  ii  has  Iven suggested  thai  the  interred should  be  identified  as members  of  ihe  l-ssene  communiiv. Kit;lu  burials (l ; ig.  172) \\x-re  identified—a  luirial cave  I)  and  seven  shall  tombs  (II-VIII)—which were  hewn  into  the  chalky  rock on the  north  slope of  a  ridge  some  100  m  east  of  H.  Kgo?:. Burial  Ci\  (I)  consisted  of an  entrance  cham- lx.-r  U .  2.S  x  2.^  m)  \\hose  ceiling had  collapsed leading  to an  almost  square  burial  chamber U .  2.6x  2.8  in) with  nine  kok bini  \\ith  \aulled ceilings cut  into its  walls  (a\er.  si/e:  lenglli 1.9  in. \\idlh  ().(>  m.  height  0. m). The  washed-in  soil which  had  accumulated  on the  floor  of ihe  cave contained,  a few  cooking-pot  body  sherds,  a few ossuary  fragments  and  human  skeletal  material. The  heaped-iip  soil  dumped  by  ifie  robbers  in  from of  ihe  cave  contained  non-diagnostic  fragments  of cooking  pots  and  ribbed  store  jars. A  schematic wreath was  incised  on  ihe  south wall  of the  enlrance  chamber;  a  similar  incised design  \\as  identified in  another  burial  cave  at  1.1. |{gox  ( 1:M  i:2S).  Two  schematic  ncfcsb  designs (Fig.  P4)  caned,  under  the  wrcalh  imitated  monu- ments  erected on  tombs  of the  Second  Temple period. 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