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B11SB 490

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Unit 5 Plants: Anatomy, Growth, and Functions Are You Ready? Knowledge and Understanding 1. Plants and animals rely on each other. Analyze Figure 1 and answer the following questions: (a) Name the chemical process that occurs within the leaves of green plants. Write a chemical equation for this process. (b) Name the chemical process that occurs within the mitochondria of living cells. Write a chemical equation for this process. (c) The process in part (a) provides two important substances that
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  Unit 5 490 Unit 5  2.Create two columns and label them with the headings AsexualReproduction and Sexual Reproduction.Place the following terms underthe correct heading:vegetative,flower,grafting,pollen,ovary,stem cuttings,runners,meiosis,mitosis,seeds,cloning,hermaphroditic,eggs,fruit,bud-ding,fragmentation,and genetic variation. Are You Ready? Knowledge and Understanding 1.Plants and animals rely on each other.Analyze Figure 1 and answer the fol-lowing questions:(a)Name the chemical process that occurs within the leaves ofgreenplants.Write a chemical equation for this process.(b)Name the chemical process that occurs within the mitochondria of living cells.Write a chemical equation for this process.(c)The process in part (a) provides two important substances that theanimal obtains from the plant.Name the two substances.(d)The process in part (b) provides two important substances that theplant obtains from the animal.Name the two substances. Figure 1 Plants: Anatomy,Growth, andFunctions  Plants: Anatomy,Growth,and Functions  491 3.Draw a diagram similar to Figure 2 in your notebook and add arrowsindicating the direction ofmovement (the pathway) ofwater as it enters,moves within,and exits the plant.In addition,label as many plant partsas you can.4.Referring to Table 1 ,match each plant tissue or organ in the first columnwith its function in the second column.5.Use specific,detailed examples to justify the following statement:Mitosis plays an important role in both growth and reproduction.6.Choose two specific plants that normally grow in very different locations.(a)Describe the general soil and climatic conditions in those locations.(b)Explain how each is able to survive these different conditions.(c)Also suggest a type ofplant which would not likely be able to survivein each location. Inquiry and Communication 7.(a)Describe a diagnostic test for carbon dioxide gas which uses the indi-cator bromthymol blue.(b)Design an experiment that would employ this test to determinewhether a living aquatic plant absorbs carbon dioxide from its envi-ronment.Describe the experiment as a series ofnumbered steps.8.Choose any kind ofplant (e.g.,cactus,moss plant,pine tree,dandelion)and describe how its particular features enable it to survive in a particularenvironment.9.What climatic and soil variables strongly influence what types ofplants areable to grow in a given location? Table 1 Tissue or organFunction 1.fern sporangium(a)absorbs water and anchors moss plants2.xylem(b)contains the female sex cells3.phloem(c)contains nutrients for an embryo plant and young seedling4.rhizoid(d)manufactures carbohydrates5.ovary(e)contains seeds6.pollen(f)carries water and dissolved materials from roots to leaves7.fruit(g)where meiosis produces spores8.cotyledon(h)attracts pollinators9.green algae in lichens(i)carries carbohydrates within the plant10.flower(j)transfers male gametes in seed plants Figure 2
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