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REPORTED SPEECH REPORTING STATEMENTS ã When we change a sentence from Direct Speech to Reported Speech, pronouns and possessive adjectives change according to the context. E.g. Liz said, ‘I can’t find my keys.’ When the reporting verb is in the Past Simple, we make the following changes: ã DIRECT SPEECH Present Simple Present Progressive Past Simple Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Progressive Will Can May Must Conditional Sentences Type 1 This / these Here Now Today / tonight Yesterday
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  REPORTING STATEMENTS ã When we change a sentence from Direct Speech to Reported Speech , pronouns and possessiveadjectives change according to the context.E.g. Liz said, ‘I can’t find my keys.’ ã When the reporting verb is in the Past Simple , we make the followingchanges: DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECH Present Simple  Julie said, ‘I playtennis everySaturday.’ Past Simple  Julie said (that) sheplayed tennis everySaturday. PresentProgressive  John said, ‘I’mworking.’ Past Progressive  John said (that) hewas working. Past Simple Ian said, ‘I turnedthe lights off.’ Past PerfectSimple Ian said (that) hehad turned thelights off. Present PerfectSimple Sandra said, ‘I’venever travelledabroad.’ Past PerfectSimple Sandra said (that) shehad never travelledabroad. Present PerfectProgressive Andy said, ‘I’vebeen waiting for anhour!’ Past PerfectProgressive Andy said (that) hehad been waiting foran hour. Will ‘I’ll wait for you,’said Alex. Would Alex said (that) hewould wait for me. Can Simon said, ‘I can’tfix it!’ Could Simon said (that)he couldn’t fix it. May Catherine said, ‘Imay have thisnumber.’ Might Catherine said (that)she might have hisnumber. Must Bill said, ‘I mustwork hard!’ Had to Bill said (that) hehad to work hard. ConditionalSentences Type 1 Diane said, ‘If we take ataxi, we’ll get therequicker.’ ConditionalSentences Type 2 Diane said (that) if theytook a taxi, they wouldget there quicker. This / these She said, ‘Theseshoes are verytight.’ That / those She said (that)those shoes werevery tight. Here Eric said, ‘I saw ithere.’ There Eric said (that) hehad seen it there. Now Mandy said, ‘I’ll talkto him now.’ Then Mandy said (that)she would talk tohim then. Today / tonight Dave said, ‘They’rearriving tonight.’ That day / thatnight Dave said (that) theywere arriving thatnight.  Yesterday Donald said, ‘Theyarrived yesterday.’ The previousday / the daybefore Donald said (that)they were arrivingthat night. Tomorrow Kate said, ‘I’ll seethem tomorrow.’ The next day /the following day Kate said (that) shewould see them thefollowing day. REPORTED SPEECH  Last week /month, etc Ron said, ‘I saw himlast weekend.’ The previousweek, etc. / theweek, etc. before Ron said (that) he hadseen him the previousweekend. Next week /month, etc. Paul said, ‘I’ll be inBrazil next week.’ The followingweek / month,etc. Paul said (that) hewould be in Brazil thefollowing week. REPORTING QUESTIONS ã  To change questions from Direct Speech into ReportedSpeech , we change tenses, pronouns, and other words just as in reported statements . ã Reported questions begin with the reporting verbs ask, wonder and want to know .E.g. ‘Where are you going?’ asked MarthaMarthawanted to know where I was going. ã Reported questions follow the word order of affirmative sentences, ie. subject + verb + object . There is a full stop, not a question mark at the endof a reported question .‘Do you play golf?’ he askedHe asked me if I played golf. ã When the direct question begins with a question word ( who, what, which,whose, where, when, why, how ), the reported question also begins with thequestion word.‘When are they coming back?’ she askedShe wondered when they werecoming back. ã When the direct question does not begin with a question word, but with anauxiliary verb ( do/does, did, have/has , etc.), the reported question beginswith if  or whether after the reporting verb .‘Have you seen John?’ asked MaryMary asked me if / whether I has seen John. REPORTING COMMANDS AND REQUESTS ã  To change commands from Direct Speech into Reported Speech , we use tell, order , etc. as reporting verbs. The imperative becomes a full infinitive .‘Put that down!’ he said. He told me to put that down. ã  To change requests from Direct Speech into Reported Speech , we used ask,beg , etc. as reporting verbs. The Imperative becomes a full infinitive .‘Please open a window,’ she said to me.She asked me to open a window.‘Don’t drive so fast,’ she said to him.She asked him not to drive so fast.  1 Circle the correct word. OUR FIRST BIG BREAK  My friend Jack and I are musicians and we have a small band.Last month Jack told me we would be meeting / are meeting  the owner of a club to discuss the possibility of doing a gig there. Jack said that it was / has been the big break our band hadbeen waiting for. I was thrilled and told him that we must do /had to do our best to make a good impression. The owner wanted to know what kind of music we played / areplaying and asked all sorts of questions. When all the details hadbeen discussed, we asked how much would be / we would get paid. ‘What? Youwant money too?’ was his reaction. He went on to say that he is offering / wasoffering us the opportunity of a lifetime and that we should be grateful for that. Werefused to do the gig and left.As we were walking down the road, we saw an old friend we hadn’t seen in a longtime. Our friend told us that he had been opened / had opened a new club andasked us if we would be / would have been interested in playing there. He said he would pay / was paid us $300 a week! 2 R ead   the conversation. Then complete the diary entry. Use one word in each gap. Emma: I’m really stressed! Someone at college is being horrible to me. Becky: Someone did the same thing to me once. I spoke to her and she stoppedcriticizing me. Emma: Speaking to her will make things worse! Becky: You must do something. You can’t ignore it. REPORTED SPEECHEXERCISES Emma (0) told me that she (1) ………………… really stressed. She(2) ………………… that someone at college was being horrible to(3) ………………… I said that someone (4) ………………… done thesame thing to me once. I (5) ………………… her that I’d spoken tothe girl and that she (6) ………………… stopped criticizing me.Emma said that speaking to her (7) ………………… make thingsworse. I told (8) ………………… that she (9) ………………… to dosomething and that she (10) …………………n’t ignore it.  3 Rewrite the sentences using Direct Speech. 1.Kelly told her parents that she wanted to become an actress. ‘Mum, Dad, I want to become an actress!’ said Kelly.  2.Jan suggested trying to finish the project by Friday. _______________________________________________________________ 3.Peter told Tom that he couldn’t be there on time. _______________________________________________________________ 4.Mary told us that she had never met Larry’s brother before. _______________________________________________________________ 5.Charlie said that he would be working all day that day. _______________________________________________________________ 6.My father told me that if I disobeyed, I would get into serious trouble. _______________________________________________________________ 7.My sister wanted to know what time Brian was meeting us. _______________________________________________________________ 8.The policeman ordered me to give him my passport immediately. _______________________________________________________________  4 Complete the reported statements. Nikki and Jessica met in a café two weeks ago. Now Nikki isreporting their conversation to a friend.E.g. ‘I love the food at this café,’ Jessica said. Jessica said that she loved the food at that café. 1.‘I saw Helen this afternoon,’ she told me.She told me that she’d seen Helen……………………………………2.‘I saw her yesterday,’ I said.I said that I’d seen her …………………………………………………3.‘My brother called two hours ago. He’s going to meet me here.’ I told her.I told her that my brother ………………………. ……………………………. and that he……………… ………………………………………………………4.‘We ‘re going bowling tonight,’ I said.I said that we were going bowling ……………………………………5.‘I don’t have enough money for my coffee now. I’ll pay you back next week,’ shesaid.She said that she didn’t have enough money for her coffee …………………… andthat she…………………………………………………………………………………………………. Shestill hasn’t paid me! 5   Report the following questions.  

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