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Badminton

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Badminton Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock (also known as a shuttle, bird, or birdy) with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. A rally ends once the shutt
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  Badminton Badminton is aracquet sportplayed by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by anet. Players score points by striking ashuttlecock (also known as a  shuttle , bird  , or  birdy ) withtheir racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. Eachside may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. A rally ends once theshuttlecock has struck the floor.The shuttlecock (or shuttle) is a feathered projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties causeit to fly differently from the balls used in most racquet sports; in particular, the feathers createmuch higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball. Shuttlecockshave a much higher top speed, when compared to other racquet sports. Because shuttlecock flightis affected by wind, competitive badminton is played indoors. Badminton is also played outdoorsas a casual recreational activity, often as a garden or beach game.Since 1992, badminton has been anOlympic sportwith fiveevents: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair consists of a man and awoman. At high levels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobicstamina, agility, strength, speed and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring goodmotor coordinationand the development of sophisticated racquet movements. C ontents [ hide] y   1 History and development  y   2 Laws  o   2.1 Playing court dimensions  o   2.2 Equipment laws  o   2.3 Scoring system and service     2.3.1 The basics     2.3.2 Details     2.3.3 Lets  y   3 Equipment  o   3.1 Racquets  o   3.2 Strings  o   3.3 Grip  o   3.4 Shuttlecock   o   3.5 Shoes  y   4 Strokes  o   4.1 Forehand and backhand  o   4.2 Position of the shuttlecock and receiving player    o   4.3 Vertical position of the shuttlecock   o   4.4 Other factors  o   4.5 Deception  y   5 Strategy  o   5.1 Doubles  o   5.2 Singles  o   5.3 Mixed doubles  y   6 Governing bodies  y   7 Competitions  y   8 Records  y   9 Comparisons with other racquet sports  o   9.1 Comparisons of speed and athletic requirements  o   9.2 Comparisons of technique  o   9.3 Distinctive characteristics of the shuttlecock      9.3.1 Aerodynamic drag and stability     9.3.2 Spin  y   10 See also  y   11 References  y   12 Books  y   13 External links  [ edit] History and development Game of Battledore and Shuttlecock in 1 8 04     Ba ttledore an d Shuttlecock  . 1854, from the Joh n LeechArchive [ 1]  The beginnings of Badminton can be traced to mid-1 8 th centuryBritish India, where it wascreated byBritishmilitary officers stationed there. [ 2] Early photographs show Englishmen addinga net to the traditionalEnglishgame of  battledore and shuttlecock . Being particularly popular in the British garrison town Poona (nowPune   ), the game also came to be known as  Poo na . [ 2] [ 3]  Initially, balls of wool referred as ball badmintonwere preferred by the upper classes in windy or wet conditions, but ultimately the shuttlecock stuck. This game was taken by retired officers back to England where it developed and rules were set out.As early as 1 86 0,Isaac Spratt, a London toy dealer, published a booklet,  Ba dmi n to n    Ba ttledore - a   n ew g  a me , but unfortunately no copy has survived. [ 4]  The new sport was definitively launched in 1 87 3 at theBadminton House,Gloucestershire, owned by theDuke of Beaufort. During that time, the game was referred to as The Game of Badminton, and the game's official name became Badminton. [ 5]  Until 1 887 , the sport was played in England under the rules that prevailed in British India. TheBath Badminton Club standardized the rules and made the game applicable to English ideas. The basic regulations were drawn up in 1 887 . [ 5] In 1 8 93, the Badminton Association of England published the first set of rules according to these regulations, similar to today's rules, andofficially launched badminton in a house called Dunbar at 6 Waverley Grove,Portsmouth,England on September 13 of that year. [6 ] They also started theAll England Open BadmintonChampionships, the first badminton competition in the world, in 1 8 99.  The International Badminton Federation (IBF) (now known asBadminton World Federation)was established in 1934 withCanada,Denmark ,England,France, the Netherlands,Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales as its founding members.Indiajoined as an affiliate in 193 6 . TheBWF now governs international badminton and develops the sport globally.While set out in England, competitive men's badminton in Europe has traditionally beendominated by Denmark. Indonesia, South Korea, China and Malaysia are among the nations thathave consistently produced world-class players in the past few decades and dominatedcompetitions on the international level, with China being the most dominant in recent years. [ edit] Laws The following information is a simplified summary of the Laws, not a complete reproduction.The definitive source of the Laws is the BWF Statutes publication, [7 ] although the digitaldistribution of the Laws contains poor reproductions of the diagrams. [ edit] Playing court dimensions Badminton court,isometricviewThe court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are usually marked for bothsingles and doubles play, although the laws permit a court to be marked for singles only. Thedoubles court is wider than the singles court, but both are the same length. The exception, whichoften causes confusion to newer players, is that the doubles court has a shorter serve-lengthdimension.The full width of the court is 6 .1 metres (20 ft), and in singles this width is reduced to5.1 8 metres (1 7 ft). The full length of the court is 13.4 metres (44 ft). The service courts aremarked by a centre line dividing the width of the court, by a short service line at a distance of 1.9 8 metres ( 6 ft 6 inch) from the net, and by the outer side and back boundaries. In doubles, theservice court is also marked by a long service line, which is 0. 76 metres (2 ft 6 inch) from the back boundary.

vishal shekhar

Dec 2, 2017

5.docx

Dec 2, 2017
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