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BAHAN 1

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BAHAN 1 Hayden was dismissed for 99 in the second innings in the first Test at Brisbane when he played a rash shot but this time around the Queenslander made sure of reaching the magical mark by slamming Anil Kumble for a boundary through square leg. Three of the 16 youths, who recently went to Malaysia in search of jobs and were stranded there, will now work in retail liquor outlets run by the Tamil Nadu State Marketing Corporation (TASMAC). Ten youths from Tamil Nadu — Sivaraman Muralidharan,
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  BAHAN 1 Hayden was dismissed for 99 in the second innings in the first Test at Brisbane whenhe played a rash shot but this time around the Queenslander made sure of reachingthe magical mark by slamming Anil Kumble for a boundary through square leg.Three of the 16 youths, who recently went to Malaysia in search of jobs and werestranded there, will now work in retail liquor outlets run by the Tamil Nadu StateMarketing Corporation (TASMAC).Ten youths from Tamil Nadu — Sivaraman Muralidharan, Krishnamoorthy Senthil,Sundaram Chirusdudoss, Neelamegan Muruganathan, Singaravelu Veeramani,Murugaiyan Selvendran, Kaliyamoorthy Muruganantham, Rasu Pandi, SubramaniyanMohan and Uthirapathy Gobinathan — and six from Andhra Pradesh were left highand dry by their employer, a Singaporean. Their travel papers were also seized andthe authorities harassed them.The Chief Minister, Jayalalithaa, wrote to the PrimeMinister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and the External Affairs Minister, Yashwant Sinha,on December 13, highlighting the ill-treatment perpetrated on these youths taken toKuala Lumpur by a Malaysia-based employment agency. The situation called for  immediate remedial action to be taken by the Government of India, she said. Threeof the youths, who returned, met Ms. Jayalalithaa, at the Secretariat here today andthanked her for her efforts. She ordered that they be employed as supervisors or other staff, depending on their qualifications, in the TASMAC outlets. They would be paid between Rs. 1,500 and 3,000 a month, apart from incentives, a press release said.French authorities investigating the U.S. claims of an Al-Qaeda threat on flights between Paris and Los Angeles said on Friday they had found no evidence of anyterrorist threat. The main Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris was the scene of chaos onWednesday and Thursday after the French Government decided to cancel all six Air France flights to Los Angeles following the threat tip-off from the U.S. The U.S.officials informed the French Government that they had specific intelligence that theAl-Qaeda intended to use the planes for an attack similar to the ones on September 11, 2001. The French Prime Minister, Jean-Pierre Raffarin, gave the cancellationorder following an emergency meeting with the Ministers of Transport and theInterior. The cancellation of the three outbound and three incoming flights resulted intremendous hardship to passengers. But for the odd complaint, passengers weregenerally cooperative saying they understood that security concerns were paramountand should override their comfort. U.S. officials are investigating a number of  passengers booked on one of the flights who failed to board the plane. We still havean interest in talking to those people who didn't show up, an official close to theinvestigation told the Washington Post.The U.S. officials quoted by the paper said they remained suspicious of a Tunisianman with a pilot's licence and other no-show passengers on Air France Flight 68 fromFrance to Los Angeles on Christmas Eve. However, checks in France showed that theTunisian was in Tunisia and that he was not in French anti-terrorist files.Frenchauthorities said on Friday they had found no evidence to support the U.S. suspicions,and that screening and questioning of passengers on the cancelled flights had turnedup no link to the Al-Qaeda or other militant groups. One of the likely targets,according to U.S. sources, was the city of Las Vegas, the largest target close to LosAngeles. No material or human element — no matter how slight — has beendiscovered. There have been no arrests, no detentions, no confiscations, said aFrench police source. 1  BAHAN 1 An anti-terrorist investigator told the French news agency that there were insufficient elements to justify opening a judicial inquiry .He said the U.S.intelligence given to the French counter-espionage service DST, based on wiretapsand other sources, had focused on one name that the U.S. authorities thought might be tied to the Al-Qaeda.Police said teams of two to six armed officers in civilianclothes had since Tuesday been travelling on certain flights to the U.S. asreinforcements for Air France's on-board security agents.A U.S. official speaking oncondition of anonymity said the alert had been raised because of intercepted Al-Qaeda E-mails that spoke of an attack being plotted for the Christmas holiday usingAir France planes. Other intelligence narrowed that to specific Air France flights, hesaid.For a young Briton, an innocuous holiday trip to Iraq turned into a nightmare after hewas picked up by American security forces and jailed on suspicion that he had gonethere to join the pro-Saddam resistance forces.For Ursalaan Khan, a student of Arabicstudies at Manchester University, the ordeal began when he decided to visit Iraq lastOctober during a break from a course he was then doing at the University of Alexandria in Egypt.According to him, ironically, Iraq was not even his srcinalchoice for a holiday. He had planned to visit Jordan, and then go on to Saudi Arabiaon a `pilgrimage'. But in Amman he discovered that he may have to wait for severaldays before getting a visa for Saudi Arabia.He then thought of going to Iraq, and boarded a bus bound for Baghdad-marking the start of what was to turn into a journey to hell and back''. I was there for only two or three hours. When I was walking around, the city stillseemed very tense, though I did not feel scared. I had a look round at LiberationSquare where Saddam statue was pulled down and then made inquiries about headingnorth,'' he told The Guardian recalling the hours before his nightmare began.It waswhile he was heading for Kirkuk that he was picked up at a Kurdish checkpoint andtaken to a police station in Irbil, where, he said, he was kept in solitary confinementfor a week.'' He said the security officials were `convinced' that he was in Iraq to joinAnsar al-Islam, which is said to have links with Al-Qaeda. From the outset theyrefused to accept my claim that I was a tourist. They made an assertion andconvinced themselves that it was true — that I was there to join some force and fightthe Americans. It crossed my mind then that it had not been a good idea to go to Iraqas a tourist. But the matter was out of my hands. What could I do but tell the truth?''he said.According to Mr. Khan's version, he was first transferred to a U.S. prisoner of war camp in Mosul and given an orange prison suit to wear, and then lodged in thenotorious Abu Ghraib prison.The Union Finance Minister, Jaswant Singh, today cleared 30 foreign directinvestment proposals worth Rs. 1,100 crores including that of Gabriel Trade &Investment Company's plans to set up a wholly owned arm for Rs. 900 crores.TheFDI proposals, cleared on the basis of the recommendations of the ForeignInvestment Promotion Board (FIPB), also include the U.K.-based Henderson AsiaPacific Private Equity Partner's plan to pick up 19.23 per cent in Hindustan Timesgroup company HT Media for Rs. 124 crores.Most of the FDI proposals cleared byMr. Singh pertain to chemicals and petrochem, manufacturing of auto components,media and IT sector. 2  BAHAN 1 The Hong Kong-based TCL Overseas Holdings got the Government's go-ahead for setting up a 100 per cent subsidiary in Noida for Rs. 50 crores. Dutch company Stahlalso plans to set up a subsidiary in India for an initial investment of Rs. 9 crores.Other proposals include Reebok International's plan to increase foreign holding in theIndian arm up to 93.15 per cent, Webasto AG of Germany's plan to set up a jointventure, Italindi SRL of Italy to set up a company with 99.998 per cent foreign equity participation and S-Kings Lanka Private Limited's plan for transfer of shares fromresident to non-resident and also fresh issue of shares to non-residents.The Indraprastha Gas Ltd. (IGL) share opened for trading today at the Stock Exchange, Mumbai, and the National Stock Exchange. The listing ceremony for IGLwas held at the BSE where A. K. De, Managing Director, IGL, rang the ceremonialgong to commemorate the listing of the scrip and commencement of trading for theday. At the BSE, the IGL share will be traded under B1 group.The public issue closedon December 5 at the upper end of the book-built price band of Rs. 40-48. It wasoversubscribed 35.4 times. IGL opened for trading at Rs. 110.25 per share against theoffer price of Rs. 48 on the BSE and closed at Rs. 119. On the NSE, it closed at Rs.115. IGL is a leading producer and marketeer of compressed natural gas (CNG) for the automotive sector and marketer and distributor of piped natural gas (PNG) for thedomestic and commercial sectors. The company plans to increase the PNG capacityand is putting additional infrastructure for CNG. Mr. De said IGL planned to extendservices to Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida. IGL has an infrastructure of 115 stationsand 125 km of steel pipeline.A SINGLE event helped create a timeless mystique around Swami Vivekananda.This was his address at the World's Parliament of Religions in Chicago on 11September 1893. Even to this day, his address is seen by many as a turning point inHindu re-assertion and revival. Contemporary votaries of `soft' Hindutva, from A.B.Bardhan to A.B. Vajpayee, swear by the spirit of his message in Chicago. Liberals,leftists and communalists are joined together in appropriating the legacy of Vivekananda as put forth in this address. What was so special about this piece of oration delivered to the `Sisters and Brothers of America'? In a masterful way,Vivekananda addressed three major concerns of nineteenth century India: Hinduidentity, Hindu nationalism and an equal `dialogue' between Hinduism and other faiths. At the outset, Vivekananda categorically asserted the pre-eminence of Hinduism by calling it `the mother of religions'. This claim of superiority rested onthe fact that Hinduism was that religion which had taught, and continued to teach, theworld both tolerance and universal acceptance. Not only did Hinduism believe intolerance but it also accepted all religions as true. It had never persecuted, either withsword or pen, and, in fact had given shelter to persecuted sects. Its message was thesurest antidote to sectarianism, bigotry and fanaticism. In one deft stroke,Vivekananda defined Hinduism's equation with all other faiths: They were merechildren in relation to the `mother of religions', and also were participants in aneternal seminar, where the `tutor' was Hinduism and the `tutees' were all other faiths. 3  BAHAN 1 Having dwelt on the theme of tolerance, Vivekananda now started taking other faithsto task. All other religions, asserted Vivekananda, suffer from the fatal flaws of faithin a Personal God, sectarianism, bigotry and fanaticism. This assertion flowed fromhis formal definition of religion: Religion is not talk, or doctrines or theories, nor is itsectarianism. Religion cannot live in sects and societies. It is the relation between thesoul and God; how can it be made into a society? .. Further, all religions, with thesole exception of Hinduism, depended on the historical veracity of their founders or  prophets. This invariably led to conflict. Tearing apart the prophetic tradition, hedebunks the very motives of all prophets (with the exception of the Buddha). All prophets were moved by external motives to expect reward from the outside, meaningthe material world. Their actions were not unselfish. Their language may have beenhighly evolved but their intentions were highly suspect.It was against this background that Vivekananda proposed his theory of Hindutolerance. It fits in uneasily with his earlier typology of all other religions, exceptHinduism, as participants in a process of eventful perfection. The idea of Hindusuperiority was also implicit in Vivekananda's attempt to propose such a theory. Thefirst rhetorical step in positioning a theory of Hindu tolerance was, therefore, torefrain from judging other faiths. According to Vivekananda, we tend to reduceeveryone else to the limits of our own mental universe and begin privileging our ownethics, morality, sense of duty and even our sense of utility. All religious conflictsarose from this propensity to judge others. If we indeed must judge at all, arguedVivekananda, then it must be `according to his own ideal, and not by that of anyoneelse'. It was important, therefore, to learn to look at the duty of others through their own eyes and never judge the customs and observances of others through the prismof our own standards. This was the very foundation upon which the edifice of tolerance stood. Hinduism, says Vivekananda, was built on a similar foundation, or to put it more correctly was the foundation itself.Hinduism was the repository of suchtolerance, acceptance and sympathy. The first step towards this admirable goal was tofeel that oneness. Once this was accomplished, we would be able to transcend our limited phenomenal world and become immortal. Vedanta allowed this sense of oneness while promoting an infinite variety and variation in religious thought. The implications of these discoveries about the universe are truly stunning.Cosmologists have been trying for years to confirm the hypothesis of a dark universe.Science is glad to recognise their success in this effort as the Breakthrough of theYear for 2003, said Don Kennedy, Editor-in-Chief of Science. Those proposalsentered the spotlight five years earlier, when Science's 1998 Breakthrough of theYear honoured the discovery that the universe was expanding. Such an expansionwould likely be driven by a dark energy that counters the effects of gravity.However, many cosmologists were wary of this strange idea at the time.Their doubtswere dispelled in 2003. WMAP took the most detailed picture ever of the cosmicmicrowave background — the light emitted by the universe during the first instant of its existence. By analyzing this light, researchers concluded that the universe is only 4 percent ordinary matter. Twenty-three per cent is dark matter, which astrophysicists believe is made up of a currently unknown particle. The remainder, 73 percent, isdark energy. WMAP also nailed down other basic properties of the universe,including its age (13.7 billion years old), expansion rate and density. 4

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Apr 24, 2018
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