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basic chinese grammar.pdf

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    2011  CTCFL  University of Oxford 12/11/2011  Elementary Chinese Grammar  础 语语法    Elementary Chinese Grammar 基础汉语语法   2011   2 with exercises and website spport http://www.ctcfl.ox.ac.uk/Lang%20work/Grammar%20database/Grammar_database_content.htm  ©Centre for teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language University of Oxford    Elementary Chinese Grammar 基础汉语语法   2011   3 Content The graphic parsing method for Chinese language Stative verbs   Slight-pause mark The verb 是  shì to be Use of 这 and 那  The possessive indicator 的  de The descriptive indicator 的  de Formation of plural pronouns The use of 姓  xìng and 叫  jiào Question words The interrogative 呢  ne 呢  ne used for emphasis 什么 , 哪儿  and 谁  Question words used for numbers Choice-type questions of verb 不 verb Choice-type question with the negation 没  ( 有 ) Choice-type questions with 还是  The short answers for yes and no The position of time words in Chinese sentences Binominal verbs and verb-object patterns Greeting words  Elementary Chinese Grammar 基础汉语语法   2011   4 Repetition of greeting words Prefixes 老  and 小  The Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) sentence patterns Numbers in Chinese     Counting numbers   Reading out aloud a number   Written form for numbers Verb 一   下   Co-verbs and co-verb phrases   Measure words 太  expresses excessiveness Pronoun/noun + 这儿  or 那儿  Telling the time Modal verbs  Asking ages The use of the particle   着    Aspects     Use of the 正在   … 呢  sentence pattern   The aspect for the completion of actions      过   expressing experiences of actions in the past Position words with   在 , 是   and   有  The use of 请   Verbs that take two objects
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