# BEFORE EVER ADJUDICATING ON THE BALANCE OF PROBABILITY

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The balance of probabilities and CURIA ADVISARI VULT https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curia_advisari_vult Usually the role of an investigator is to determine whether alleged events occurred. To do this, the investigator needs to determine whether there
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BEFORE EVER ADJUDICATING ON THE BALANCE OF PROBABILITY EVERY JUDGE OUGHT TO REVIEW THIS: THE BRIGINSHAW ‘STANDARD OF PROOF’  IN ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LAW: ‘POINTING WITH A WAVERING FINGER’ LORETTA DE PLEVITZ[*][In Briin!"#\$% &"' Hi" C()r& "'+ &"#& \$"'r' # ,ii ,#!' in('! #'#.(n! 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'!'\$"'r' #!!'r&'+ &"#& &"' Briin!"#\$ &'!& ,#n #441 &( # ,#)!'! (/ ,ii #,.(n% in,)+in 4ri0#r1 n'i'n,' i/ &"' !i&)#.(n \$#rr#n&! i&6[;] H(\$''r% in #n '7,"#n'\$i&" &"' N'\$ S()&" W#'! S(i,i&(r-G'n'r# in Wi&"#0  H((\$#1% "' \$#! ,'#r1 i04#.'n& \$i&" Briin!"#\$ 5'in in('+ #& ''r1 &)rn:&"'r' #r' (n1 &\$( !&#n+#r+! (/ 4r((/: 5##n,' (/ 4r(5#5ii.'! #n+ 4r((/ 5'1(n+ r'#!(n#5' +()5&6 I n(\$ Briin!"#\$ i! ,i&'+ i' i& \$#! !(0' ri&)# in,#n&#.(n6 I& "#! n''r i04r'!!'+  0' &(( 0),"6 I 0'#n% i& r'#1 0'#n! n( 0(r' &"#n% ‘O"% \$' "#+ 5'9'r (( #& &"i! # 5i& 0(r' ,(!'1 &"#n \$' 0i"& (&"'r\$i!'’% 5)& i& i! !. # 5##n,' (/ 4r(5#5ii.'! in &"' 'n+6[;]F(r "'r 4#r&% G#)+r(n  (5!'r'+ &"#& &"i! \$#! ‘#n (r+in#r1 ,#!'’6[;] S"' n(&'+ &"#& Briin!"#\$ \$#! (n1 #44r(4ri#&' \$"'r' &"'r' \$#! #n #'#.(n (/ # 'r1 !'ri()! n#&)r' in # ,ii ,#!' #n+ &"' ,(n!'2)'n,'! \$'r' !)," &"#& &"' !&#n+#r+ !"()+ 5' ''#&'+6 T"i! +i+ n(&#44'#r &( 5' !)," # ,#!'6[;Q]IV THE SCOPE OF THE BRIGINSHAW PRINCIPLE IN NON-DISCRIMINATION CASEST"' r().n' #44i,#.(n (/ Briin!"#\$ &( #n.-+i!,ri0in#.(n ,#!'! i! 0i!4#,'+6 T( i)!&r#&' &"i!% I 4r(4(!' &( (( #& i&! )!' in (&"'r 3)ri!+i,.(n!6 In &"'!' 3)ri!+i,.(n!% i& i! #44i'+ (n1 &( #'#.(n! (/ !'ri()! 0i!,(n+),& 0#+' in ,ii 4r(,''+in! (r \$"'r' &"' ,(n!'2)'n,'! (\$in /r(0 # 4#r.,)#r n+in 0#1 5' 4'r0#n'n& (r +#0#in &( 4#r.'! in ,ii i.#.(n6 In 5(&" !i&)#.(n!% &"' )n+'r1in r#.(n#' i! &"' r#i&1 (/ &"' ()&,(0' /(r &"' +'/'n+#n&6A A'#.(n! (/ S'ri()! Mi!,(n+),& in Cii Pr(,''+in!>M)r+'rIn # !'n!#.(n# >Q<! ,#!'% H'&(n  A'n%[=<] A'n #''+ &"#& H'&(n "#+ 0)r+'r'+ "'r +#)"&'r M#r#r'& /(r "'r 0(n'16 M#r#r'& R(,"' "#+ 5''n "#in #n (4'n #n+ !,#n+#()! !'7)# r'#.(n!"i4 \$i&" H'&(n% \$"( \$#! ,(n!i+'r#51 1()n'r &"#n "'r6 H'&(n n'\$ &"' &'r0! (/ R(,"'’! r','n&1 0#+' \$i: 0(!& (/ "'r ,(n!i+'r#5' '!&#&' \$()+ 4#!! &( "i06 R(,"' +i'+ !)++'n1 #n+ 4#in/)1 (/ !&r1,"nin' 4(i!(nin #'r +inin \$i&" H'&(n6 H'&(n \$#! &ri'+ &\$i,' /(r 0)r+'rin R(,"'6 A& &"' r!& &ri#% "' \$#! /()n+ )i&1 5)& &"' ,(ni,.(n \$#! 2)#!"'+ (n &"' r()n+ &"#& &"'r' "#+ 5''n # 0i!&ri#6 On &"' !',(n+ (,,#!i(n% "' \$#! #,2)i9'+ 51 &"' 3)r16A'n ,"#'n'+ H'&(n’! ri"& (/ !),,'!!i(n (n &"' r()n+! &"#& 4)5i, 4(i,1 !"()+ 4r''n& # 4'r!(n \$"( i! #n(&"'r /r(0 &#in # 5'n'& )n+'r &"' +','#!'+’! \$i6 T"' i!!)'\$#! "'#r+ 51 # ,ii 3)r1 \$"i," /()n+ (n &"' 5##n,' (/ 4r(5#5ii.'! &"#& H'&(n "#+ i'+ R(,"' #n+ &"'r'/(r' ,()+ n(& in"'ri&6 H'&(n #44'#'+ &( &"' Hi" C()r&6 H' #r)'+ &"#& &"'r' \$#! in!),i'n& 'i+'n,' #n+ &"#& "i! #,2)i9# 0'#n& &"#& &"' 4)5i, 4(i,1 +i+ n(& #4416 T"' C()r& r'3',&'+ &"'!' r()n+!6 H(\$''r% i& r'),&#n&1 /()n+ /(r H'&(n (n &"' r()n+ &"#& &"'r' "#+ 5''n # 0i!+ir',.(n &( &"' 3)r1 (n &"' !&#n+#r+ (/ 4r((/6 In !)00in )4% &"' 3)+' "#+ !''0'+ &( in+i,#&' &"#& i/ &"' 3)r1 /()n+ &"' 4r(5#5ii.'! \$'r' !i"&1 \$'i"'+ ##in!& H'&(n &"'n &"'1 !"()+ n+ /(r A'n6 T"'ir H(n()r! #44r('+[=>] Di7(n ’!!&#&'0'n&! in Briin!"#\$ #n+ (r+'r'+ # r'-&ri#6;S'7)# A5)!' (/ C"i+r'nIn # !ini,#n& 4r(4(r.(n (/ ,)!&(+1 ,#!'! in &"' F#0i1 C()r& (n' 4#r'n& \$i #'' &"#& &"'(&"'r% (r # !&'4-4#r'n&% "#! !'7)#1 #5)!'+ &"' ,"i+r'n #n+ &"'r'/(r' !"()+ 5' +'ni'+ ,)!&(+1 (r #,,'!!6[=;] An in,(rr',& n+in ##in!& &"' #,,)!'+ 4#r'n& \$i n(& (n1 "#' # !'ri()! #n+ +#0#in i04#,& (n &"#& 4#r'n&% 5)& #!( (n &"' ,"i+% \$"( \$i 5' 5(&"

May 5, 2019

#### EBA420 - Número da revisão da FISPQ: A6 - Data de revisão da FISPQ: 07/01/2015 1/9

May 5, 2019
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