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CONTENTS CONTRIBUTORS ABOUT THE REPORT ABOUT UNEP UNEP’S SPORT AND ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME ENVIRONMENT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES FOREWORD EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 6 8 10 10 11 12 14 PART ONE: GREENING THE OLYMPICS CHAPTER 1: THE BIDDING PHASE, THE BEIJING 2008 ENVIRONMENTAL COMMITMENTS AND THE GREEN OLYMPICS’CONCEPT 1.1 THE BID 1.2 THE BID COMMITMENTS TABLE 1.1: ENVIRONMENTAL GOALS FOR BEIJING BID COMMITMENTS 1.3 THE GREEN OLYMPICS CONCEPT FIGURE 1.1: THE FOUR ANIMAL MASCOTS OF THE BEIJI
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   CONTENTS CONTRIBUTORS6ABOUTTHEREPORT8ABOUTUNEP10UNEP’SSPORTANDENVIRONMENTPROGRAMME10ENVIRONMENTANDTHEOLYMPICGAMES11FOREWORD12EXECUTIVESUMMARY14 PARTONE:GREENINGTHEOLYMPICS23 CHAPTER1:THEBIDDINGPHASE,THEBEIJING2008ENVIRONMENTALCOMMITMENTSAND24THEGREENOLYMPICS’CONCEPT241.1THEBID241.2THEBIDCOMMITMENTS26TABLE1.1:ENVIRONMENTALGOALSFORBEIJINGBIDCOMMITMENTS271.3THEGREENOLYMPICSCONCEPT29FIGURE1.1:THEFOURANIMALMASCOTSOFTHEBEIJINGGAMES30FIGURE1.2:THEGREENOLYMPICSLOGO30CHAPTER2:ORGANIZATIONALSTRUCTUREANDINVOLVEDPARTIES312.1THEBEIJING2008ORGANIZINGCOMMITTEEFORTHEGAMESOFTHEXXIXOLYMPIAD(BOCOG)312.2BOCOG’SORGANIZATIONALSTRUCTUREANDTHEENVIRONMENT322.3BEIJING2008PROJECTCONSTRUCTIONHEADQUARTERSOFFICE352.4BEIJINGMUNICIPALGOVERNMENT362.5STATEENVIRONMENTALPROTECTIONADMINISTRATION(SEPA)36TABLE2.1:MAINENVIRONMENTALTASKSANDRESPONSIBILITIESOFSELECTEDGOVERNMENTAGENCIES37CHAPTER3:THECITYOFBEIJINGANDTHEOLYMPICSYSTEM383.1THECITYOFBEIJING383.2THECOMPETITIONVENUESANDTHEIRPOST-OLYMPICUSE39   CHAPTER4:GREENINGTHEGAMES404.1THEGREENOLYMPICCONCEPT404.2THEENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENTSYSTEM404.3ENVIRONMENTANDTHEOLYMPICVENUES42TABLE4.1:VENUESANDTHEIRPOST-OLYMPICUSES44TABLE4.2:VENUESANDENVIRONMENTALTECHNOLOGY504.4THEOLYMPICVENUES:ENERGY54FIGURE4.1:ILLUSTRATIONOFBEAM-PIPEILLUMINATIONTECHNOLOGY544.5THEOLYMPICVENUES:TRANSPORT57FIGURE4.2:PUBLICTRANSPORTNETWORK58FIGURE4.3:PUBLICTRANSPORTATIONCHART58TABLE4.3:VEHICLESBYTYPEANDCAPACITY594.6THEOLYMPICVENUES:WATER604.7THEOLYMPICVENUES:WASTEANDCLEANING614.8THEOLYMPICVENUES:ENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENTATBUILDINGSITES63TABLE4.4:INVESTMENTINSWEEPINGANDWASHINGVEHICLES2003-200664TABLE4.5:TOTALMUNICIPALAREAMECHANICALLYSWEPTANDCLEANED644.8.1:THEOLYMPICVILLAGE654.8.2:THESHUNYIROWINGANDCANOEINGVENUE48FIGURE4.4:WATERTREATMENTCONCEPTATTHESHUNYIROWINGANDCANOEINGVENUE674.9THEOLYMPICVENUES:ENVIRONMENTALLYFRIENDLYMATERIALS684.10THEOLYMPICVENUES:OZONELAYERPROTECTION70TABLE4.6:ODSPHASE-OUTTARGETS70TABLE4.7:CHINAOZONECOUNTRYPROGRAMME71TABLE4.8:ODSPHASE-OUTINBEIJING724.11THEOLYMPICVENUES:GREENCOVERAGE73TABLE4.9:LANDUSEINTHEOLYMPICFORESTPARK754.12TORCHRELAY754.13PROCUREMENT774.14ACCOMMODATION774.15CATERING78   4.16MARKETING794.17EDUCATIONANDCOMMUNICATION80 PARTTWO:GREENINGBEIJING84 CHAPTER5:AIRQUALITY865.1.1:GREENINGBEIJING865.1NATIONALAIRQUALITYSTANDARDS87TABLE5.1:STANDARDIINATIONALAIRQUALITYSTANDARDS88FIGURE5.1:NUMBERSOFDAYSWITHAIRQUALITYEQUALORABOVENATIONALSTANDARD,1998-2006885.2ANNUALCONCENTRATIONSOFAIRPOLLUTANTSINTHECITYOFBEIJING89FIGURE5.2:ANNUALMEANOFSO 2 CONCENTRATIONINBEIJING,2000-200689FIGURE5.3:ANNUALMEANFORNO 2 CONCENTRATIONINBEIJING,2000-200689FIGURE5.4:ANNUALMEANFORCOCONCENTRATIONINBEIJING,2000-200690FIGURE5.5:ANNUALMEANFORPM 10 CONCENTRATIONINBEIJING,2000-200690FIGURE5.6:LEVELOFPOLLUTANTS,BEIJING,JAN.TODEC.200691FIGURE5.7:LEVELOFCOCONCENTRATION,BEIJING,JAN.TODEC.2006925.2.1:WHOAIRQUALITYGUIDELINES925.3AIRQUALITYINBEIJINGINTHEMONTHOFAUGUST200693FIGURE5.8:NO 2 CONCENTRATIONINAUGUST,2006COMPAREDTOWHOGUIDELINES93FIGURE5.9:SO 2 CONCENTRATIONINAUGUST2006,COMPAREDWITHWHOGUIDELINES94FIGURE5.10:DAILYPM10CONCENTRATIONAUGUST,2006COMPAREDWITHWHOGUIDELINES94CHAPTER6:TRANSPORT95TABLE6.1:NUMBEROFVEHICLESINBEIJINGBYTYPE956.1VEHICLEEMISSIONS96TABLE6.2:VEHICLESINBEIJING,2001-200696TABLE6.3:DATEOFIMPLEMENTATIONOFEMISSIONSTANDARDSINCHINAANDEUROPE97TABLE6.4:NUMBEROFVEHICLEINSPECTIONS,2001-2004976.2ROADINFRASTRUCTURE99FIGURE6.1:NEWROADANDBRIDGECONSTRUCTION,BEIJING996.3PUBLICTRANSPORTINFRASTRUCTURE100FIGURE6.2:BUSRAPIDTRANSITLINES,BEIJING101   FIGURE6.3:EXPECTEDURBANRAILTRANSPORTATIONNETWORKIN2008101TABLE6.5:RAILLINESCURRENTLYINOPERATION,BEIJING1016.4PUBLICGROUNDTRANSPORTATION102FIGURE6.4:BEIJINGBUSFLEETBYFUELTYPE102FIGURE6.5:TAXISCOMPLYINGWITHEUROIIIVEHICLEEMISSIONSSTANDARDS,20071036.5FUELCELLBUSES105TABLE6.6:FCBPROJECTDATAUPTOAPRIL2007105CHAPTER7:ENERGYANDINDUSTRY1067.1ENERGYCONSUMPTIONINTHEINDUSTRIALSECTOR106TABLE7.1:PRIMARY/SECONDARY/TERTIARYINDUSTRYRATIOINBEIJING1077.2NATURALGASCONSUMPTION109FIGURE7.1:NATURALGASPURCHASEDBYTHEBEIJINGGASGROUP,1998-2006110FIGURE7.2:NUMBEROFHOUSEHOLDSSERVEDBYNATURALGAS,1998-2006110TABLE7.1:NATURALGASCONSUMPTIONFORECAST,BEIJING,2006-20201117.3COAL-FIREDBOILERS1127.4GEOTHERMALENERGY1137.5INDUSTRIALENVIRONMENTALPOLICIES114CHAPTER8:WATER1178.1WATERSOURCES1188.1.1ENVIRONMENTALQUALITYFORSURFACEWATERS1218.2WATERQUALITY122TABLE8.1:DRINKINGWATERQUALITY1238.2.1:NO.9WATERWORKSDRINKINGWATERTREATMENTPLANT1238.3WASTEWATERMANAGEMENT125TABLE8.2:SEWAGETREATMENTCAPACITY,BEIJING,2001-2005126FIGURE8.2:RATEOFWASTEWATERREUSEINURBANAREAS1278.3.1:DINGHEWASTEWATERTREATMENTPLANT128CHAPTER9:SOLIDWASTE1309.1URBANWASTEMANAGEMENT130
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