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Berry Class

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Berry Class A. Brambles raspberries and blackberries 1. Location a. Full sun exposure b. Protection from strong winds c. Allow for some air movement around plants 2. Soil Preparation a. Well drained, organic soils b. Use organic matter in clay soils or raised beds for better drainage 3. Purchase plants in spring from a reputable nursery a. Verified virus-free b. Usually sold bare root 4. Spacing a. Plant 2-3 feet apart suckers will fill in the rows b. Rows should be about 18 wide c. Leave room b
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  Berry Class A.   Bramblesraspberries and blackberries1 .   Locationa .   Fu ll s u n expos u reb .   P rotection from strong windsc .   A llow for some air movement aro u nd plants2 .   Soil P reparationa .   W ell drained, organic soilsb .   U se organic matter in clay soils or raised beds for better drainage3 .   Pu rchase plants in spring from a rep u table n u rserya .   Verified vir u s-freeb .   U s u ally sold bare root4 .   Spacinga .   P lant 2-3 feet aparts u ckers will fill in the rowsb .   R ows sho u ld be abo u t 18 widec .   Leave room between rows to c u ltivate and pick5 .   Trellising  most brambles need to be trellised6 .   P r u ninga .   J u ne-bearing raspberries1 .   Most varieties sho u ld not be topped2 .   W hen new growth begins remove all dead wood3 .   N o more than seven large canes for every foot of row4 .   F r u it prod u ction is on second year canesb .   Ever-bearing raspberries1 .   F or fr u it s u mmer and fall, u se pr u ning techniq u es for J u ne-bearing berries2 .   F or a heavy crop in the fall, pr u ne all canes down to 2-4, in early springc .   Blackberriessimilar to J u ne-bearing raspberries1 .   Sho u ld be topped at 2-4 to promote branching and excessive cane growth2 .   R emove older, large canes every spring to enco u rage new growth3 .   C an be pr u ned to gro u nd every other year7 .   F ertilizationa .   N itrogen is the most critical n u trient needed for healthy plants1 .   30 lbs . nitrogen per acre which is eq u ivalent to approx . 1 c u p of ammoni u ms u lfate per 10 feet of rowb .   A ll p u rpose fertilizer can be applied every 3-5 years, depending on need8 .   Irrigationa .   W ater 1-1 . 5 of moist u re per week; increase to 2-2 . 5 per week when fr u itingb .   A pply water as infreq u ently as possible, depending on soil type  c .   W ater logging--when soil becomes so sat u rated with moist u re that oxygen is nolonger available to roots (root rot)B .   Strawberries1 .   Locationneed a minim u m of eight ho u rs of s u nlight for a good cropa .   W ell-drained site high in organic matterb .   W ith good drainage they can be grown in most soil types2 .   Soil P reparationa .   Two to six inches or organic material sho u ld be incorporated 2-4 weeks before plantingb .   R aised beds aid with drainage; height sho u ld be 8-12 high; width 18-36; minim u m of 18 between rows3 .   P lant Selectiona .   U s u ally sold bareroot in springb .   Make s u re roots are moist and healthy4 .   Establishmentstrawberries are not good at competing with weedsa .   P lanting and spacing1 .   P lant a minim u m of 8 apart in a single row oar 6 in an off-set row2 .   P lanting depth is criticalsoil level sho u ld be in an area between the crown androots3 .   Best to propagate by dividing the crown; da u ghter plants (r u nners from motherplant) are less prod u ctivea .   O riginal crown m u ltiplies every year and prod u ces 7-30 new mother plantsb .   D ivide crowns in spring red u ces competition and develops healthier moreprod u ctive plantsc .   R emove r u nners and da u ghter plants to enco u rage strong crown and rootgrowth4 .   N ew plants need to be kept moist, b u t not soaked5 .   A nn u al Maintenancea .   F ertilizationstrawberries arent heavy feeders and only need a minimal amo u nt of nitrogen applied in fall after fr u it prod u ction has stopped (1 c u p ammoni u m s u lfate per10 feet of row)b .   Every 3-4 years an all p u rpose fertilizer may be needed depending on soil type6 .   P lant R otationa .   R emove and replace every 4-6 yearsb .   W hen replacing patch move to another location to red u ce insect and disease problems7 .   Types of strawberriesa .   J u ne-bearinglarge prod u ction at one timeb .   Ever-bearingtwo crops; one in early s u mmer, one in fallc .   D ay-ne u tralprod u ce once determined mat u rity level is reachedsporadic cropthro u gho u t growing season
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