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BHAGVAD GITA CHAPTER 7 FLOWCHARTS

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1. BHAGVAD GITA CHAPTER 7 FLOWCHARTS Compiled by Dr. Medicherla Shyam Sunder Kumar samc108@gmail.com 2. Based on teachings of Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami…
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  • 1. BHAGVAD GITA CHAPTER 7 FLOWCHARTS Compiled by Dr. Medicherla Shyam Sunder Kumar samc108@gmail.com
  • 2. Based on teachings of Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami
  • 3. Swami Paripoornananda Saraswathi
  • 4. Swami Paripoornananda Saraswathi
  • 5. Chapter 7 : KNOWLEDGE OF THE ABSOLUTE Vijnana Yoga (Yoga of Pure and Applied(Yoga of Pure and Applied Wisdom).Wisdom). {30 Slokas / Verses} Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami
  • 6. This chapter has variously been called Jnana-Yoga (Yoga of Pure Wisdom), Vijnana Yoga (Yoga of Applied Wisdom) and Jnana-Vijnana Yoga (Yoga of Pure and Applied Wisdom). http://www.advaita-vedanta.co.uk/index.php/7-content/bhagavad-gita/87-bhagavad-gita-commentary-chapter-7 A similar sounding title was given to Chapter iv. There the perennial nature of wisdom as distinct from a mere system of rational philosophy covered by Samkhya in Chapter xi was made evident. Chapter v gave further primacy to the way of wisdom, while Chapter vi brought the discussion to a personalized focal point in the name of a universalist yogi.
  • 7. Jnana is paroksha-jnana or theoretical knowledgetheoretical knowledge from the study of the scriptures ViVijnana isjnana is visesha jnana orvisesha jnana or aparoksha jnana,aparoksha jnana, i.e.,i.e., direct knowledge of the Self throughthrough Self-realizationSelf-realization (spiritual experience(spiritual experience or anubhava.or anubhava. Chapter 7. The Yoga of Jnana and Vijnana (Yoga of Wisdom and realization) (The following explanation is by Swami Shivananda The Divine Life Society, Rishikesh.)
  • 8. An understanding of the absolute nature of reality; not in the language of pure philosophy, but as given to intuition or by the contemplative method of synthesis by bringing counterparts under one vision. http://www.advaita-vedanta.co.uk/index.php/7-content/bhagavad-gita/87-bhagavad-gita-commentary-chapter-7 JNANA (PURE WISDOM) VIJNANA (APPLIED KNOWLEDGE) wisdom refers to theory specialized knowledge refers to practice PURE APPLIED P[HILOSOPHY WAY OF LIFE Wisdom by itself would be incomplete without this natural counterpart which implies a savoir faire or a knowledge of what to do in every situation the applied knowledge comprises merely existential aspects of reality, where laws of nature operate, and referred to as the lower nature of the Absolute in Verse 4.
  • 9. As this Discourse deals with such direct Knowledge derived from experience, it is entitled Vijnana Yoga. Since the knowledge of saguṇa-īśvara (jñānam) and that of nirguṇa-īśvara (vijñānam) are highlighted in this chapter, it is called jñānavijñāna-yoga.. http://practicalphilosophy.in/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/GitaaSaaram.pdf
  • 10. Text 6.47Text 6.47 explains that A yogi who always thinks of Me in devotion is the best (“mad gaten antaratmana...”) Text 7.17.1 explains how to do so Text 6.476.47– concentrate on Him In full faith Faith comes from knowledgeFaith comes from knowledge Without knowledge one may doubt KrishnaWithout knowledge one may doubt Krishna’’s positions position Therefore, in Chapters 7 to 127 to 12 – Krishna presents the “knowledge of himself” as Supreme Personality of Godhead, to inspire and strengthen Bhakti. Text 7.1 stresses on ‘Hearing’ – Acquiring knowledge by descending process, as the only process http://ebooks.iskcondesiretree.com/pdf/Bhagvad_Gita_Notes_Complete_Gauranga_priya_prabhu/BGNotes%20v3.1.pdf Connection between Chapter 6 and Chapter 7
  • 11. A. Knowing Krishna by Hearing about Him (7.1-3) B. Knowing Krishna as the Source of all Material and Spiritual Energies (7.4-12)(7.4-12) C. Basic Description of the Three Modes, and the Need get out of them by Surrendering to Krishna (7.13-14)(7.13-14) D. Two Different classes of people. The Impious Who don’t Surrender, and the Pious Who do (7.15-19)7.15-19) E. Others Who have Little or No Knowledge (7.20-25)(7.20-25) F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (7.26-(7.26- 30)30) Gita - Chapter 7 -.Outline of sections:
  • 12. Gita - Chapter 7 -.Outline of sections: A. Knowing Krishna by Hearing about Him (7.1-3) B. Knowing Krishna as the Source of all Material and Spiritual Energies (7.4-12)(7.4-12) C. Basic Description of the Three Modes, and the Need get out of them by Surrendering to Krishna (7.13-14)(7.13-14) D. Two Different classes of people. The Impious Who don’t Surrender, and the Pious Who do (7.15-19)7.15-19) E. Others Who have Little or No Knowledge (7.20-25)(7.20-25) 7.17.1. These are the fundamental practices of Krishna consciousness: practice yoga in full consciousness of Krishna mind attached to Krishna Achieved through hearing about Krishna Then one becomes “asamsayamsamagram” IPrabhupada says he should now start the practice of devotional service, in 9 forms. F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (7.26-30)(7.26-30) 7.2.7.2. Now Krishna says He is going to reveal how we can achieve that state of having our minds attached to Him. The basic idea is that everything is His energy, and the more we can see things in that way the more we achieve “mayy asakta manah.” It involves knowledge both phenomenal and noumenal, and is the end of knowledge as it naturally includes knowledge of Krishna and His form and personality. 7.37.3. Even though it is such nice knowledge it is very rare. “sa mahatma sudurlabhah” 7.19 The first person described is the person trying to realize Brahman. They are rare, but even more rare are the devotees Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami
  • 13. Gita - Chapter 7 -.Outline of sections: A. Knowing Krishna by Hearing about Him (7.1-3)(7.1-3) B. Knowing Krishna as the Source of all Material and Spiritual Energies (7.4-12) C. Basic Description of the Three Modes, and the Need get out of them by Surrendering to Krishna (7.13-14)(7.13-14) D. Two Different classes of people. The Impious Who don’t Surrender, and the Pious Who do (7.15-19) E. Others Who have Little or No Knowledge (7.20-25) F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (7.26-30) a. There are two energies at play in the world — material and spiritual. Both are Krishna’s. (7.4-5). b. Krishna is the origin of all this, so there is no truth higher than Him. (7.6-7)(7.6-7) c. Krishna gives some specific examples to help us achieve “mayy asakta manah”. Note that they are all very fundamental things (7.8-11).(7.8-11). Having told us that everything is strung on Him He will now explain how. d. Summary — everything is like that. One and different from Him. 7.4.. First Krishna gives a very broad description of things in relation to Him. He starts out with the entire material energy. It is all His, and if we can always remember that when we are looking about us we will be “mayy asakta manah.” 7.7.5.5. Not only is everything material His energy, but everything spiritual is also. 7.77.7. He is the sustaining principle, “like pearls strung on a thread,” unseen, butwithout Him everythingwould be a mess. mattah — than Me parataram — higher na — not anyat — other 7.87.8. These are very basic and important things. Everything is being sustained by the sun and water. Omkara is the fundamental Vedic mantra etc 7.9.7.9. Fragrance — example of different types of flowers. The different fragrances came from the earth, which is the reservoir of all fragrances, and K Ša is the source of all that. 7.10-11.7.10-11. These are also very important fundamental principles of existence, and they are all coming from Krishna 7.127.12. Here Lord Krishna makes it very clear that it is actually His energy, not exactly Him in person. Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami Prakriti’ (7.4) ‘Jiva’ (7.5) ‘Ishvara’ (7.6 – 7.7)
  • 14. TWO KINDS OF NATURE OF THE LORD [7.4-5]. Principle 1: Consciousness which is called Atma which is unconditioned, un-influenced, un-circumscribed by the time and space. •Principle 2: Whole creation in causal matter form called Maya •To put it in simple words, we can now conclude that Consciousness and Maya existed in causal form before creation. http://srimadbhagvatgita.blogspot.com/2013/07/bhagavad-gita-chapter-7-jnaana-vijnaana.html
  • 15. 1ST STAGE 2ND STAGE 3RD STAGE In the first stage, man's desires instinctly run after sense- enjoyments and the gratification of lust and greed. In the second stage, desire becomes ennobled to the higher plane of selfless acts of service, generosity, and benevolence. It is then purified of its former evil. In the third and last stage, desires disappear from the mind when man realizes the true Self. Then there are no desires, good or bad. There are three distinct stages in the development of man. It is true that Self-realisation is not possible without giving up all desires But man's development is traceable from bad to good, and from good to the free state of Moksha. Here the Lord speaks of the second stage. GITA Ch 7 , Verse 11
  • 16. Gita - Chapter 7 -.Outline of sections: A. Knowing Krishna by Hearing about Him (7.1-3) B. Knowing Krishna as the Source of all Material and Spiritual Energies (7.4-12) C. Basic Description of the Three Modes, and the Need get out of them by Surrendering to Krishna (7.13-14) D. Two Different classes of people. The Impious Who don’t Surrender, and the Pious Who do (7.15-19) E. Others Who have Little or No Knowledge (7.20-25) F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (7.26-30) 7.13.7.13. Arjuna asks that if everything is coming from You, why don’t all the people know this fact. So Krishna answers by speaking this verse. 7.14.7.14. One must surrender to K Ša. Then one will get out of this trap. Otherwise one will not, because the energy one is fighting is divine. They don’t know He is the controller of the modes, and that they are His energies, they think that He is under the modes. Maya devi is known as Rudrani — one who can make you cry forever. when Krishna says “mam eva” He points to His chest emphatically. “The whole world” is deluded by the modes, and therefore don’t recognize Krishna. But those who surrender to Him get out of maya. Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami
  • 17. Gita - Chapter 7 -.Outline of sections: A. Knowing Krishna by Hearing about Him (7.1-3) B. Knowing Krishna as the Source of all Material and Spiritual Energies (7.4-12) C. Basic Description of the Three Modes, and the Need get out of them by Surrendering to Krishna (7.13-14) D. Two Different classes of people. The Impious Who don’t Surrender, and the Pious Who do (7.15-19)(7.15-19) E. Others Who have Little or No Knowledge (7.20-25) F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (7.26-30) a. The impious rascals and fools NON DEVOTEENON DEVOTEE (7.15) b. The pious who do surrenderThe pious who do surrender.. But there are gradations among them which are important to note. (7.16-19) the four types 7.16. (Describe)Examples of each type: A.distressed — Gajendra B.desirer of wealth — Dhruva C.curious — Saunaka Rsi D.jnani — Sukadeva and the 4 Kumaras “Arjuna asks why, if surrendering to Krishna is so important, some people do and others don’t." A & B are materialistic The C class is in between The D the jnani is niskama — all he wants is to realize the Absolute. So the A,B,C have to come to the higher level, otherwise they will eventually fall down. 7.17. Krishna here makes it clear why the jnana-bhakta is most dear to Him of the four. “Mama priyah”. He is dear to Krishna. 7.18. We shouldn’t think that the others are useless. 7.19. After many births and deaths the jnana-bhakta finally surrenders fully to Krishna This is in contrast to the prema bhakta who is described in the 12th chapter. There Krishna says that for such devotees He is the swift deliverer from the ocean of birth and death. Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami
  • 18. •Kṛṣṇa divides the entire humanity into 5 groups. 7.167.16 THE DEVOTEES OF 4 TYPESTHE DEVOTEES OF 4 TYPES 7.17.155 -The lowliest of those are those nonbelievers A.-ārtha is one who worships the Lord when he is in distress GajendraGajendra B.Arthārthī •is one who worships the Lord for •material prosperity. ••Dhruva MaharajDhruva Maharaj C.Jijñāsu, who is discriminative enough to discern the limitation of everything else, seeks the Lord through knowledge. Saunaka RsiSaunaka Rsi D.Jñānī is one who has reached the destination of his life’s journey by discovering his identity with the Lord Sukadeva and the 4 KumarasSukadeva and the 4 KumarasA & B are materialistic The C class is in between all he wants is to realize the Absolute. the A,B,C have to come to the higher level, otherwise they will eventually fall down
  • 19. Gita - Chapter 7 -.Outline of sections: A. Knowing Krishna by Hearing about Him (7.1-3) B. Knowing Krishna as the Source of all Material and Spiritual Energies (7.4-12) C. Basic Description of the Three Modes, and the Need get out of them by Surrendering to Krishna (7.13-14) D. Two Different classes of people. The Impious Who don’t Surrender, and the Pious Who do (7.15-19) E. Others Who have Little or No Knowledge (7.20-25)(7.20-25) F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (26-30) 7.20. (Describe) They worship according to their conditioned natures, to fulfill desires for bodily pleasure. 7.21. Krishna is saying that it is actually Him who is arranging to fulfill these desires. 7.22. Same point. 7.23. He describes them as “alpa medhasam”, small intelligence. A.. The Demigod worshippers (7.20-23)(7.20-23) 7.24. The demigod worshippers were described as “less intelligent,” but the impersonalists are “abuddhayah” — no intelligence! 7.25. After saying all this about these people Krishna makes it clear that He reserves the right not to be revealed to all these people. It is interesting that He uses the term “yogamaya”. It is used in different contexts. B. The Impersonalists (7.24-25(7.24-25 Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami
  • 20. Gita - Chapter 7 -.Outline of sections: A. Knowing Krishna by Hearing about Him (7.1-3) B. Knowing Krishna as the Source of all Material and Spiritual Energies (7.4-12) C. Basic Description of the Three Modes, and the Need get out of them by Surrendering to Krishna (7.13-14) D. Two Different classes of people. The Impious Who don’t Surrender, and the Pious Who do (7.15-19) E. Others Who have Little or No Knowledge (7.20-25) F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (26-30)(26-30) F. The Bewilderment of the Living Entity and his Freedom through Knowledge of Krishna (7.26-30 ) The idea of knowing Krishna at the time of death forms the basis for the next chapter. The terms used in the last two verses are going to be referred to by Arjuna in the beginning of it. Brahma, adhyatma, karma, adhibhuta, adhidaiva, adhiyajna. 1. Krishna contrasts His nature with that of the conditioned souls (7.26-27) 2. Those of the conditioned souls who can become free (7.28) 3. A 4th type of sakama devotee (yoga misra) (7.29) 4. Knowing Krishna at the time of death (7.30) 7.30. One should know Krishna as the 1-adibhuta — governing principle of material manifestation 2-adhidaiva — governing all the demigods 3-adiyajna — governing all sacrifices Then one can know him, even at the time of death. 7.29. The description of the yoga misra bhakta. 7.28. By the mercy of the pure devotees the conditioned souls can be delivered. “This elevation is possible in Krishna consciousness in the association of pure devotees, for in the association of great devotees one can be delivered from delusion.” 7.26. Krishna is in a unique position. 7.27. The conditioned souls are in abad position. They are bewildered by dualities, based on the subjective perceptions. Bhagvad gita Study by Bhakti Caitanya Swami
  • 21. OM SHANTI OM SHANTI OM SHANTI Om- let all the deficiencies of this PPT go away Tat- let this give Bhagavan great happiness Sat- let this give true lasting benefits
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