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Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering AUTOMATIC CAR PARKING SYSTEM By AMRITA BASU (0809732006) BHANU VERMA (0809732029) HEMENDRA KUMAR PANDEY (0809732040) KUMAR PRASENJIT (0809732048) Under the guidance of Mr. SURESH SHARMA (Assistant Professor) Galgotias College Of Engineering & Technology G.B. Technical University ABSTRACT The aim of this project is to make an automatically controlled car parking system. This is a microcontroller based project. In this system every user is provide
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    Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering  AUTOMATIC CAR PARKING SYSTEM   ByAMRITA BASU (0809732006) BHANU VERMA (0809732029)HEMENDRA KUMAR PANDEY (0809732040) KUMAR PRASENJIT (0809732048)Under the guidance of Mr. SURESH SHARMA(Assistant Professor) Galgotias College Of Engineering & Technology   G.B. Technical University  ABSTRACT The aim of this project is to make an automatically controlled car parking system. This is amicrocontroller based project. In this system every user is provided with a card through whichthe entry and exit of the car is controlled and parking location is decided. At the gate a RFdetector system is employed having LCD screen. The system detects the incoming cars andoutgoing cars and decides the parking location and also displays information like balance of thecard and recharge options of the card. Each card is provided with a unique password and whenthe correct password is entered a welcome message and parking location is displayed on theLCD and gate of parking is open for predefined time.Now a day at many places manual parking system is present which has manydisadvantages. The manual car parking system is very time consuming and with the increase of number of registrations in parking area, it has many inevitable problems. When the numbers of cars to be parked is large and frequency of entry and exit of cars is high, the manual parkingsystem fails. The RF controlled car parking system has its unique and obvious advantages overmanual parking system. It is very efficient method of controlling the entry and exit of car andkeeping the record of each car, balance in the card and other account information. It removesthe delays, correctly keeps the account information when the frequency of cars is high. It alsoeliminates the chances of theft of cars. From all these it is justified that it’ s a very helpfulsystem in controlling the parking of cars and should be utilized at every parking area.HARDWARE REQUIREMENT:    HT12E Decoder    RF Encoder    PIC Microcontroller    EEPROM memory    Buzzer    LCD    Sensors    KeypadSOFTWARE REQUIREMENT:    Assembly language programming of microcontroller  LITERATURE SURVEY In order to develop an Intelligent Parking System that will accommodate the goals anddemands of Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) in the twenty-first century, it is important tounderstand the state-of-the art in-depth literature search was conducted to locate IPS systems inthe design, implementation, and evaluation stages. The studies located can be classified into thefollowing topics: (1) venues utilizing IPS, (2) basic IPS system requirements, and (3) IPSevaluations. The venues utilizing IPS range from universities to airports. The specific projectschosen to review for each particular venue reflect the state-of-the-art in the United States andEurope giving a good background of what current intelligent parking systems entail. Becausethe state-of-the-art is generally uniform among projects (in design, implementation, orevaluation), the basic system requirements are reviewed from all papers in part (2). Part (3)explores the overall perception of IPS systems from motorist to operator perspective. Part (3)also explores the nature of human factors in any behaviour changing system (such as an IPS)and how they relate to ITS utilization.   1. Venues utilizing IPS1.1 Saint Paul Advanced Parking Information System. In Saint Paul, Minnesota, an AdvancedParking Information System was deployed in late 1995 and early 1996 as a test case under theMinnesota Guidestar Program. Minnesota Guidestar provides overall direction for the Minnesota Department of Transportation’s (MnDOT) ITS p rogram by providing a focus forstrategic planning, project management, and evaluation.1.2 Phoenix Event Parking and Traffic Information System. In Phoenix, Arizona, an IntelligentParking System is in the design stages, which is similar to the system deployed in Saint Paul inthat it provides special event guidance. The system is part of AzTECH, a regional ITS plancurrently deployed in the Phoenix area.2. Basic IPS RequirementsThe basic system that coordinates a multiple facility intelligent parking system contains thethree main elements of (1) parking facility equipment, (2) central computer and connections,and (3) signage.2.1 Parking Facility Equipment. The parking facility equipment is used to monitor ingress andegress of vehicles at all parking facility entrances and exits. Electrical relays can be attached togate closing detectors forming loop detectors allowing only one vehicle to pass through the gateat a time.2.2 Central Computer and Connections. The central computer in an intelligent parks multiplefacility application controls the operations of the entire system. Because it should be designedfor operator intervention, the central computer also allows parking facility and variable messagesign monitoring.  2.3 Signage. The key type of sign in an intelligent parking system is the variable message sign.Variable message signs are changeable LED display signs. They can be static signs withvariable message inserts that display number of parking spaces or messages like FULL orOPEN, or full matrix signs that can display any special message to motorists. Both types areutilized to provide for the dissemination of real-time information.3. IPS Evaluations3.1 Phoenix Pre-Design Strategy. In order to develop an event parking and traffic informationsystem that would work for everyone involved in the new Sunburst plan (from stake holders topatrons), an in-depth review of previous plans, focus groups, interviews, a trial period, and theNational ITS Architecture were employed.3.2 Frankfurt, Germany: Pre/Post-Deployment Surveys. In Frankfurt, Germany, a morebehavioural survey was implemented to examine if pre-deployment ideas concerning parkingguidance information (PGI) system were similar to actual perceptions after the system wasdeployed.3.3 MnDOT Post-Deployment Surveys. The Minnesota APIS was also evaluated post-deployment to evaluate motorist perceptions. Motorist surveys were distributed in the form of amail-back questionnaire: 9500 were distributed during special events, 139 totals were returned.3.4 Behavioural Aspects of Parking. All cities designing, deploying, or evaluating systemsdiscussed in this review have sound needs for intelligent parking systems.
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