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Biology - Cells, organic molecules, diffusion 1112

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1. Cells ~ Biology Edgar 10. Muscle Tissue Stomach Epithelium Beta Cells – Islets of Langerhans Adipose Tissue 13. Organic Macromolecules 21. Monomers and Polymers 29.…
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  • 1. Cells ~ Biology Edgar
  • 10. Muscle Tissue Stomach Epithelium Beta Cells – Islets of Langerhans Adipose Tissue
  • 13. Organic Macromolecules
  • 21. Monomers and Polymers
  • 29. LACTASE : LCT (Single Mutation) AMYLASE : AMY Gene (multiple copies)
  • 36. High-Fructose Corn Syrup
  • 37. Enzyme
  • 49. Concept Check <ul><li>Two molecules that can cross a lipid bilayer without help from membrane proteins are O 2 and CO 2 . What properties allow this to occur? </li></ul>
  • 54. Osmosis
  • 58. Concept Check <ul><li>This diagram represents osmosis of water across a semipermeable membrane. The U-tube on the right shows the results of the osmosis. What could you do to level the solutions in the two sides of the right hand U-tube? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Add more water to the left hand side. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add more water to the right hand side. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add more solute to the left hand side. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add more solute to the right hand side. </li></ul></ul>0
  • 59. Answer <ul><li>This diagram represents osmosis of water across a semipermeable membrane. The U-tube on the right shows the results of the osmosis. What could you do to level the solutions in the two sides of the right hand U-tube? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>c) Add more solute to the left hand side. </li></ul></ul>0
  • 60. Concept Check <ul><li>Why would water molecules need a transport protein (aquaporin) to move rapidily and in large quantities across a cell membrane? </li></ul>
  • 65. Concept Check <ul><li>If a Paramecium were to swim from a hypotonic environment to an isotonic one, would the activity of its contractile vacuole increase or decrease? Why? </li></ul>
  • 70. Jmol
  • 73. Enzymes
  • 75. Storage
  • 76. Structural
  • 77. Transport
  • 78. Hormonal
  • 79. Receptor
  • 80. Contractile & Motor
  • 81. Defensive
  • 82. Enzymes
  • 87. Make A Prediction
  • 88. Temperature and pH?
  • 98. LE 4-4a Rough endoplasmic reticulum Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Nucleus Flagellum Lycosome Centriole Not in most plant cells Peroxisome Microtubule Intermediate filament Microfilament Cytoskeleton Golgi apparatus Ribosomes Plasma membrane Mitochondrion
  • 99. LE 4-4b Not in animal cells Golgi apparatus Nucleus Central vacuole Chloroplast Cell wall Mitochondrion Peroxisome Plasma membrane Rough endoplasmic reticulum Smooth endoplasmic reticulum Ribosomes Microtubule Intermediate filament Microfilament Cytoskeleton
  • 100. LE 4-5 Chromatin Nucleolus Pore Nucleus Two membranes of nuclear envelope Rough endoplasmic reticulum Ribosomes
  • 101. LE 4-7 Smooth ER Rough ER Nuclear envelope Ribosomes Smooth ER Rough ER TEM 45,000 
  • 102. LE 4-10a-1 Plasma membrane Rough ER Lysosomes Transport vesicle (containing inactive hydrolytic enzymes) Golgi apparatus
  • 103. LE 4-10a-2 Plasma membrane Rough ER Lysosomes Transport vesicle (containing inactive hydrolytic enzymes) Golgi apparatus Engulfment of particle “ Food” Food vacuole Digestion
  • 104. LE 4-10a-3 Plasma membrane Rough ER Lysosomes Transport vesicle (containing inactive hydrolytic enzymes) Golgi apparatus Engulfment of particle “ Food” Food vacuole Digestion Lysosome engulfing damaged organelle
  • 105. LE 4-10b Lysosome Nucleus TEM 8,500 
  • 106. LE 4-10c Lysosome containing two damaged organelles TEM 42,500  Mitochondrion fragment Peroxisome fragment
  • 107. LE 4-13 Transport vesicle from ER to Golgi Rough ER Nucleus Smooth ER Nuclear envelope Golgi apparatus Lysosome Vacuole Plasma membrane Transport vesicle from Golgi to plasma membrane
  • 108. LE 4-12 LM 650  Central vacuole Nucleus Contractile vacuoles Nucleus Chloroplast Colorized TEM 8,700 
  • 109. LE 4-14 Chloroplast Stroma Inner and outer membranes Granum Intermembrane space TEM 9,750 
  • 110. LE 4-15 Mitochondrion Intermembrane space Outer membrane Inner membrane Cristae Matrix TEM 44,880 
  • 111. Figure 4.17a
  • 112. Figure 4.17b
  • 113. LE 4-18a Vacuole Walls of two adjacent plant cells Plasmodesmata Layers of one plant cell wall Cytoplasm Plasma membrane
  • 115. Table 4.19
  • 116. Table 4.19
  • 117. Table 4.19
  • 118. Resting Potential
  • 122. Action Potential
  • 125. Synapse
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