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BIOMATERIALS Ing Plasticos

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  BIOMATERIALS Autor Edwin Alexander Parra GutiérrezIngeniería MecánicaMateria Ing. Plásticos  Whatare theyBio Materials BIOMATERIALS CAN BE DEFINED AS COMMON BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS SUCH AS SKIN, WOOD, OR ANY ELEMENT THAT REPLACES THE FUNCTION OF TISSUES OR LIVING ORGANS.ARE MATERIALS USED TO BE INCORPORATED OR IMPLANTED INTO A LIVING SYSTEM TO REPLACE OR RESTORE SOME FUNCTION BY REMAINING IN PERMANENT OR INTERMITTENT CONTACT WITH BODY FLUIDS.  TYPES OF BIOMATERIALS  Throughout the classification by generations of biomaterials we can find the following categories of biomaterials interspersed. These categories give us a general idea about their behavior regardless of the type of material (Metal, ceramic, composite, etc) or its dimensions (macroscopic, microscopic, nanoscopic, etc)  Bioactive: A bioactive material is one that provides a specific biological response at the interface of the material, which results in the union between the material and the tissues. These they react chemically with the medium, resulting in the formation of a strong interfacial bond between the implant and the host tissue.  Biodegradable: They are designed to gradually degrade and in this way can be replaced by the host tissue. The constituents of these degraded materials must be accepted by the organism and an adjustment between the degradation of the biomaterial with the formation of own tissue.  Inert: They are used in direct contact with the bone tissue and osseointegration is sought, that is to say the direct structural and functional union between the bone tissue and the surface of the implant. The most widespread material is titanium and its alloys.  CLASSIFICATION  Here are some ways to classify biomaterials, keeping in mind the number of possible classifications that exist:
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