Science

Biomolecule ISC Carbohydrates

Description
1. Biomolecules Charbohydrates – 2.  Non- nitrogenous Hydrates of Carbon Composed of Carbon[C] Hydrogen[H] Oxygen[O] Most Carbohydrates have H and O in…
Categories
Published
of 22
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  • 1. Biomolecules Charbohydrates –
  • 2.  Non- nitrogenous Hydrates of Carbon Composed of Carbon[C] Hydrogen[H] Oxygen[O] Most Carbohydrates have H and O in ratio 2 : 1  𝐶 𝑚(𝐻2 𝑂) 𝑛 Example : Sugar ,Starch and Cellulose Charbohydrates
  • 3. Carbohydrates Mono Saccharides Oligo SSaccharides Poly Saccharides
  • 4. MonoSaccharides • Simplest Carbohydrates • Cannot be hydrolized into simpler compounds
  • 5. Contain Aldehyde Group Contain Keto Group
  • 6. Oligo Saccharides • They can be hydrolyzed into a few monosaccharide units • Their Linkage is called Glycosidic Linkage. Di-Saccharides • 𝐶12 𝐻22 𝑂11 • Sucrose Tri-Saccharides • 𝐶18 𝐻32 𝑂16 • Ralfinose Tetra- Saccharides • 𝐶24 𝐻42 𝑂21 • Stchylose
  • 7. Poly Saccharides:- • Hydrolyzed to many (100-1000) of mono-saccharides units Homo Poly Saccharides • Strach, Cellulose • (𝐶6 𝐻10 𝑂5) 𝑛 Hetero Poly Saccharides • Inulin
  • 8. • Inulin
  • 9. Reducing - Sugars  The Saccharides which reduces Fehling’s Solution nd Tollen’s reagent are reducing sugars  All mono-saccharides are reducing sugars
  • 10. Non-reducing - Sugars  The Saccharides which do not reduces Fehling’s Solution nd Tollen’s reagent are reducing sugars
  • 11. Di-saccharides and Poly-Saccharides are non- reducing sugars
  • 12. Structure Of Glucose
  • 13. Structure Of Glucose
  • 14.  OH in left side 𝛼-D Glucose  OH in right side 𝛽-D Glucose  Such pair of optical isomer which differ in configuration only in C1 atom are anomers  Fischer Projection Anomers
  • 15.  Six membered ring  Haworth projection formulae Pyranose
  • 16. Test For Glucose
  • 17. Test For Glucose
  • 18. Structure Of Fructose
  • less18 Patching

    Aug 16, 2017
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks