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  MEDS-044 Monitoring and Evaluation of Projects and Programmes DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS UNIT 1Quantitative Data Collection Methods and Devices5UNIT 2Qualitative Data Collection Methods and Devices23UNIT 3Statistical Tools37UNIT 4Data Processing and Analysis73UNIT 5Report Writing88 Block 4 Indira Gandhi National Open UniversitySchool of Extension and Development Studies   Dr. P.K. MohantyAdditional Secretary, Ministry of Urban AffairsNew DelhiProf. O.P. MathurNational Institute of Urban AffairsNew DelhiProf. Chetan VaidyaNational Institute of Urban AffairsNew DelhiProf. Sanyukta BhaduriSchool of Planning and ArchitectureNew Delhi.Prof. S. JanakrajanMadras Institute of Development StudiesChennai.Prof. M. P. MathurNational Institute of Urban AffairsNew Delhi.Prof. K.K. PandeyIndian Institute of Public AdministrationNew Delhi.Prof. Bijoyini MohantyUtkal University, Bhubneshwar Programme Coordinators:   Dr. Nehal A. Farooquee, Prof. B.K. Pattanaik, Dr. P.V.K. Sasidhar Course Coordinators:   Prof. B.K. Pattanaik, and Dr. P.V.K. Sasidhar, E-mail: PRODUCTION TEAM March, 2013 󰂩     Indira Gandhi National Open University, 2013 ISBN:  All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced in any form, by mimeograph or any other means, without permission in writing from the Indira Gandhi National Open University.Further information on the Indira Gandhi National Open University courses may be obtained fromthe University's office at Maidan Garhi, New Delhi. Printed and published on behalf of the Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi by theRegistrar, MPDD, IGNOU, New Delhi.Laser Typeset by Tessa Media & Computers, C-206, A.F.E.-II, Okhla, New Delhi.Printed at:Mr. B. NatarajanDeputy Registrar (Publication)MPDD, IGNOU, New DelhiMr. Arvind KumarAsst. Registrar (Publication)MPDD, IGNOU, New DelhiMr. Babu Lal RewadiaSection Officer (Publication)MPDD, IGNOU, New Delhi PROGRAMME DESIGN COMMITTEECOURSE PREPARATION TEAM Unit Writers Mr. P. Shukla (Unit 1)Saket, New DelhiDr. V. Sailaja (Unit 2)S.V. Agricultural College, New DelhiMrs. P. Pattnaik (Unit 3)New DelhiProf. V. K. Tiwari (Unit 4 and 5)National Institute of Health andFamily Welfare Editing Prof. V.K.Jain (Rtd) ( Content Editor  )NCERT, New DelhiMr. Praveer Shukla (Language Editor)New DelhiProf. B. K. PattanaikIGNOU, New DelhiDr. Nehal A. FarooqueeIGNOU, New DelhiDr. P.V.K. SasidharIGNOU, NEw DelhiProf. K. V. K. RaoDean, Infrastructure Planning SupportIIT, MumbaiProf. V. JaganathaState Institute of Urban Development, MysoreProf. P.P. BalanKerala Institute of Local AdministrationThrissur.Prof. Amita BhideTata Institute of Social Science, Mumbai.Prof. Usha RaghupatiNational Institute of Urban AffairsNew DelhiMr. Ajit P. KhatriArchitects & Town Planners Association of India,MumbaiProf. Pravin Sinclair, PVC, IGNOU, New DelhiProf. E. Vayunandan, IGNOU, New DelhiProf. B. K. Pattanaik, IGNOU, New DelhiDr. Nehal A. Farooquee, IGNOU, New Delhi.Dr. P.V. K. Sasidhar, IGNOU, New Delhi  BLOCK 4DATA COLLECTION ANDANALYSIS Block 4 on ‘Data Collection and Analysis’  with five units gives an overview of various tools and techniques of data collection and analysis needed for conductingExtension and Development research.Unit 1 on ‘ Quantitative Data Collection Methods and Devices ’   discusses themeaning and concept of quantitative data. The unit also gives a detailed accountof different methods and devises of quantitative data collection.Unit 2 on ‘ Qualitative Data Collection Methods and Devices ’ discusses themeaning and concept of qualitative data. This unit also discusses different methodsand devises of qualitative data collection.Unit 3 on ‘ Statistical Tools ’ provides information about various measures of central tendency and dispersion. It also discusses correlation and regression andalso hypothesis testing.Unit 4 on ‘ Data Processing and Analysis ’ discusses about data processingparticularly tabulation and graphical presentation. It also briefs about data coding,editing and feeding.Units 5 on ‘ Report Writing ’ discuss about various types of research reports anddetail the various components of a research report.  4 Data Collection and Analysis
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