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Bodies-Language: Immanence in Gilles Deleuze's Foucault , in K. D. Martin and A.-C. Drews, eds., Inside. Outside. Other. The Body in the Work of Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2016.

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"Bodies-Language: Immanence in Gilles Deleuze's Foucault", in K. D. Martin and A.-C. Drews, eds., Inside. Outside. Other. The Body in the Work of Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2016.
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  Published in K. D. Martin and A.-C. Drews, eds.,  Inside. Outside. Other. The  Body in the Work of Gilles Deleuze and Michel Foucault  , Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, !"# $f%rthc%&ing'. C%ntact: g.c%llett-(!)*+ent.ac.u+   Bodies-Language: Immanence in Gilles Deleuze’s Foucault  uillau&e C%llett, niersit/ %f Kent Thought - Being 0t is alwa/s i&p%rtant t% re&e&ber that Deleu1e neer argued f%r the pri%rit/ %f the b%d/%er th%ught, 2ust as he neer pri%ritised being %er thin+ing. Deleu1e3s a%wed uni%cal%nt%l%g/ re4uires us t% ulti&atel/ neutralise the e4ui%cit/ %f being and thin+ing, but n%t b/subsu&ing the& under an %erarching c%ncepti%n %f the One  transcending the& b%th, whichwe find in Alain Badi%u3s 5e%-Plat%nic Deleu1e. "  0f uni%cit/ &eans an/thing in Deleu1e3s%nt%l%g/ it is first %f all as a uni%cit/ %f difference , a uni%cit/ %f n%thing else than the er/difference between being and thin+ing, a difference which $un-'  grounds  the& b%th b/ pri%ritising the difference between the& %er either being %r thin+ing when ta+en separatel/.  0f the/ can be said t% be %ne, it is %nl/ t% the e6tent that the/ are perpetuall/ bridging thisunc%llapsible distance between the& thr%ugh an 7instantane%us e6change8 (  %r a pr%cess %f 7weaing.8 9 "  Alain Badi%u,  Deleuze: The Claor of Being  , transl. b/ %uise Burchill $Minneap%lis: niersit/ %f Minnes%ta Press, ";;; <";;)='.   >hile Deleu1e spea+s in the ?!s %f uni!ocal "eing  , he &a+es it clear that we sh%uld n%t c%nflate it with%nt%l%g/ #ua  the stud/ %f being tout court  : 7Phil%s%ph/ &erges with %nt%l%g/, but %nt%l%g/ &erges with theuni%cit/ %f Being8 $illes Deleu1e, The $ogic of %ense  $%nd%n: C%ntinuu&, !!9 <";?;=', p. !#', which we&ust deduce is thus different in +ind fr%& %nt%l%g/, and indeed Deleu1e spea+s at ti&es %f the 7ni%cit/ %f sense8 $Deleu1e, %gic %f @ense, p. ?' rather than %f being. (  illes Deleu1e and li6 uattari, What is &hiloso'hy( , transl. b/ raha& Birchill und ugh T%&lins%n$%nd%n: Vers%, ";;9 <";;"=', p. (. 9  Deleu1e and uattari, Phil%s%ph/E, p. (F illes Deleu1e,  Foucault  , transl. b/ @eGn and $%nd%n:C%ntinuu&, !!? <";?=', p. ;. This is an e6plicit allusi%n t% the Plat%nic and 5e%-Plat%nic weaing %f theintelligible and the sensible, f%r instance as f%und in Pl%tinus. @ee als% illes Deleu1e  )*'ressionis in &hiloso'hy: %'inoza , transl. b/ Martin H%ughin $5ew I%r+: J%ne B%%+s, ";; <";?=', pp. ")9-?. "  As such, f%r Deleu1e being and thin+ing, the b%d/ and th%ught, are c%ntinu%usl/ engaged in arelati%n %f e#uality  and een re!ersi"ility , as he puts it in What is &hiloso'hy( , despite beingand continuing to "e  radicall/ heter%gene%us di&ensi%ns. 0n this te6t the 7plane %f i&&anence8 #    which is h%w Deleu1e will fra&e this difference t%wards the end %f his career   is presented as a tw%-sided 7reersible8 f%ld %f th%ught-nature, a plane that c%-articulates  +o,s  and  &hysis- the i&age %f th%ught and the &atter %r substance %f being. ?  Th%ught cann%t be i&&anent to  a full and self-c%&plete nature, f%r this w%uld be t% h/p%stasise nature as atranscendent Being which precedes and is capable %f e6isting independentl/ %f th%ught3sc%nstructie and pr%ductie f%rce. i+ewise, unless th%ught is freed fr%& the transcendentf%r&s %f the @ub2ect and the Lg%, and unless it is re-l%cated t% a c%&pletel/ i&pers%naltranscendental field ani&ated b/ n%n-hu&an f%rces and relati%ns %f f%rce, th%ught3sc%nstitutie p%wer %er the w%rld re&ains &erel/ phen%&enal rather than %nt%l%gical. ) %r Deleu1e, i&&anence is hence the pr%per %b2ect %f phil%s%ph/ since it distinguishes itself,%n the %ne hand, fr%& the Being %f %nt%- theology  and, %n the %ther hand, fr%& the Thin+ing%f anthro'ology . Phil%s%ph/ is neither anthr%p%l%g/ n%r the%l%g/F rather it is what we cancall the ontological   stud/ %f i&&anence #ua  e4ual articulati%n %r dis2unctie s/nthesis   %f  being-thin+ing. ;  This is wh/ i&&anence has %nl/ eer been i&&anent t% itself, i&&anence #  Deleu1e and uattari, Phil%s%ph/E, Ch. . ?  Deleu1e and uattari, Phil%s%ph/E, p. (. 0n chapter # %f this te6t, Deleu1e and uattari c%ntend that at theleel %f ateriality , and at the leel %f fi6ed iages  tied t% pr%p%siti%nal c%ncepts, thin+ing and being,respectiel/, subsist as distinct p%wers b/ being held in a relati%n %f dualis& $l%gicall/, that %f den%tati%n,c%nstituting what the/ na&e the 7plane %f reference8'F whereas when articulated i&&anentl/ $%n a phil%s%phical7plane %f i&&anence8', being 7 "ecoes 8 in-c%rp%real and thin+ing l%ses its i&age, &erging with $%r 7bec%&ing8' this in-c%rp%real th%ught-being it e6presses. )  As M%ntebell% puts it,  &hysis  f%r Deleu1e is insubstantial and it can %nl/ be th%ught, een th%ugh it is entirel/real rather than &erel/ ideal $Pierre M%ntebell%,  Deleuze. $a 'assion de la 'ens/e  $Paris: Vrin, !!', p. ('.   Deleu1e &%bilises his n%ti%n %f the dis2unctie s/nthesis in  Difference and 0e'etition  s% as t% c%nceptualise uni%cit/ with%ut identit/ and thus with%ut the pri&ac/ %f the ne. The &an/ $difference' is s/nthesised dis2unctiel/ thr%ugh a nu&ericall/ single repetiti%n, which is itself fractured int% its f%r&all/ distinct c%nstituent differences %r repetitie instances. This is applied &%re directl/ t% the 4uesti%n %f i&&anence in The $ogic of %ense , and fr%& this we arguabl/ derie the plane %f i&&anence as uni%cal articulati%n %f thin+ing and being with%ut a ne, n%r a Man/ $n%r a Tw%'. @ee . Deleu1e,  Difference and 0e'etition , transl. b/ P. Patt%n $%nd%n: C%ntinuu&, !! <";?=', esp. Ch. F and . Deleu1e, %gic, pp. (#-(). ;  J%urabichili has als% str%ngl/ %pp%sed an %nt%l%gical interpretati%n %f Deleu1e3s w%r+, c%nsidering hi&rather as a +ind %f %nt%l%gical l%gician. ranN%is J%urabichili,  Deleuze: 1ne 'hiloso'hie de l2/!/neent    as such. This all%ws us t% b/pass the need t% ascribe t% Deleu1e either the p%siti%n %f &aterialis& %r idealis&, since his pr%2ect is ai&ed precisel/ at %erc%&ing such a binar/%pp%siti%n. urther&%re, it re4uires us t% st%p describing Deleu1e as a realist ins%far as weunderstand the ter& as naiel/ p%inting t% a full, self-%rganising p%sitiit/ %f 5ature, the Oealas self-c%nsistent in and %f itself, a self-generating atterenergy , and s% %n. 0f there is an/italis& in Deleu1e3s w%r+, it is %nl/ ins%far as nature is c%nstructed b/ n%n-hu&an th%ught.0t is particularl/ i&p%rtant t% bear in &ind the ab%e in the c%nte6t %f a %lu&e %n Deleu1e,%ucault, and the b%d/. This is because 0 clai& that the b%d/  while n%t pri%r t% th%ught  isn%netheless itself the er/ site where being and thin+ing c%-articulate t% pr%duce a plane %f i&&anence. %r instance, in his chapter %n l%gic in What is &hiloso'hy(-  Deleu1e states thateer/ state %f affairs is c%nnected t% and separated fr%& its %wn li&it, as the referent %f a pr%p%siti%n, than+s t% 7a b%d/, a lied,8 which has the capacit/ t% bring the state %f affairs inc%ntact with its %wn irtual p%tential, na&el/ c%unter-actualised eents which p%pulate the plane %f i&&anence. "!  This generatie functi%n %f the b%d/, its r%le as the site %f the f%ld %f th%ught-being, is een &%re e6plicit in The $ogic of %ense-  where Deleu1e g%es t% greatlengths t% describe precisel/ h%w the b%d/ can carr/ %ut such a tas+ $na&el/ pr%duce  sense ',using a ps/ch%anal/tic and 4uasi-structuralist fra&ew%r+. "" 0n what f%ll%ws, 0 will sh%w that this h%lds true f%r Deleu1e3s ";? b%%+  Foucault  , a te6twhich f%r&s a late tril%g/ with The Fold  34  and What is &hiloso'hy( , all three %f which buildin their %wn wa/s %n Deleu1e3s The $ogic of %ense  fr%& ";?;. >hile 0 will als% be referring $Paris: Presses niersitaires de rance, ";;9'F ranN%is J%urabichili,  $e !oca"ulaire de Deleuze  $Paris:Lllipses, !!('. "!  Deleu1e and uattari, Phil%s%ph/E, p. "#?. ""  Drawing %n the w%r+ %f the p%st-acanian @erge eclaire, Deleu1e argues in this ";?; te6t that the unc%nsci%us b%d/ articulates with the c%nsci%us &ind acc%rding t% structuralist principles r%ughl/ anal%g%us t% the signifier3s relati%n t% the signified. Being the site %f n%nsensical /et pr%t%-linguisticall/-structured sense-i&pressi%ns %r b%dil/ affecti%ns, the b%d/ is thereb/ in a priileged p%siti%n t% articulate between c%rp%real acti%ns and passi%ns, %n the %ne hand, and %n the %ther linguisticall/ e6pressed inc%rp%real 7sense-eents8 $Deleu1e3s re-w%r+ing %f the @aussurian 7sign8 as unit/ %f signifier and signified'. "  illes Deleu1e, The Fold. $ei"niz and the Baro#ue , transl. b/ T%& C%nle/ $%nd%n: C%ntinuu&, ";;( <";='. (  t% %ucault3s %wn te6ts, and alth%ugh &%st %f Deleu1e3s interpretie clai&s are t% s%&ee6tent te6tuall/ supp%rted, 0 will &ainl/ be f%cusing in this chapter %n h%w Deleu1eintegrates %ucault3s w%r+ int% his %wn %nt%l%gical pr%2ect. C%&&enting %n the alidit/ %f such an integrati%n lies %utside the sc%pe %f &/ anal/sis, th%ugh a curs%r/ glance at%ucault3s w%r+ &a+es it clear that he w%uld hae re2ected &%st %f Deleu1e3s %ert%nt%l%gisati%n %f his %wn &%re subtl/ nuanced and c%ncealed %nt%l%gical clai&s. aing said that, 0 will be particularl/ f%cusing in the f%ll%wing %n the interesting parallels%ne finds during the ";?!s between Deleu1e3s %nt%l%gical pr%2ect  as ulti&atel/ %rientedt%wards a thin+ing %f i&&anence , and %ucault3s %wn thin+ing thr%ugh %f the 4uesti%n %f n%nrelati%nalit/, particularl/ as it c%ncerns the articulati%n %f the sa/able and the isible, lesots et les choses . 0 will als% draw attenti%n t% the wa/ in which b%th thin+ers atte&pt t% usef%rce %r p%wer t% understand h%w n%nrelati%nalit/ cures int% itself t% e6press a relati%n %f adeeper s%rt, which has in b%th cases an inti&ate tie t% the b%d/ as the seat %f this curing-in%f n%nrelati%nalit/.The intellectual c%nte6t %f the ";?!s is indeed highl/ instructie when assessing the r%%ts %f  b%th Deleu1e3s and %ucault3s w%r+. During &uch %f the late ";?!s, Deleu1e3s pr%2ect %f atte&pting t% reach a p%int be/%nd the dualis& %f thin+ing and being with%ut res%rting t% atranscendent %r substantialist c%ncepti%n %f the ne, is c%uched in ter&s %f the 7dis2uncties/nthesis8 %r n%n- relation "(   %f b%dies and language, w%rds and things. 0n this sense, anddespite its being re-fashi%ned b/ hi& in his w%r+s fr%& this peri%d, we &ust actuall/ priilege rench ";?!s structuralis& when ealuating Deleu1e3s earl/ phil%s%ph/, and een "(  %r Deleu1e $c%&&enting %n %ucault', a n%n-relati%n is still a relati%n, een %ne %f a 7deeper8 s%rt $Deleu1e,%ucault, p. #('. ere Deleu1e refers t% %ucault3s This is +ot a &i'e(- transl. b/ H. ar+ness $Ber+ele/:niersit/ %f Calif%rnia Press',    p. (?, in which the latter sh%ws that 7the little thin band, c%l%urless and neutral8,which separates the figure %f the pipe fr%& the state&ent, f%r&s what %ucault  alluding t% Blanch%t $Deleu1etells us %n this page'  calls a 7n%n-relati%n8. 0t is a n%n-relati%n t% the e6tent that the state&ent $7This is n%t a pipe8', the drawing, and the c%nnectie %r designatie 7this8, all dierge fr%& the c%&&%n f%r& %f the pipe$the/ 7cann%t find a place t% &eet8 as %ucault puts it, p. (?'. 9  his &%re enduring understanding %f i&&anence. 0n particular, structuralis&3s intensificati%n%f the tensi%n between th%ught and e6perience pr%ided a wa/ %ut %f the then d%&inant phen%&en%l%gical traditi%n. Deleu1e3s criti4ue %f phen%&en%l%g/ re&ains fairl/ c%nsistent fr%& The $ogic of %ense  t% his  Foucault   and What is &hiloso'hy( F in all %f these te6ts, phen%&en%l%g/ is c%nsidered t% fail because its tw% central figures, Ld&und usserl and Martin eidegger, b%th end up falling bac+ %n %ne side %f the being-thin+ing dualis& we hae been discussing. usserl3s phen%&en%l%g/ sets itself the tas+ %f anal/sing the phen%&en%n, and thus re&ains at theleel %f thin+ing, albeit %ne it p%werfull/ re-w%r+s as c%nstitutie %f the phen%&enal w%rld,inheriting Kant3s legac/. "9  C%nersel/, f%r Deleu1e, eidegger re&ains at the leel %f Being,and at the leel %f Being3s p%wer %er thin+ing, despite hi&self rew%r+ing the  sense  %f Beingas s%&ething which %nl/ reeals itself in th%ught and thr%ugh the act %f 4uesti%ning. "#  @inceBeing is a%wedl/ distinct fr%& its w%rldl/, %ntic &anifestati%ns, it re&ains ulti&atel/transcendent in relati%n t% thin+ing, as an irrec%erable Origin . "?  Despite b%th failing t% reach the Deleu1ian c%ncepti%n %f i&&anence, th%ugh in dia&etricall/%pp%sed wa/s, usserl and eidegger are still n%netheless significant influences %n Deleu1e.usserl3s e&phasis %n the articulati%n %f thin+ing and phen%&enal "eing  , and eidegger3sn%el atte&pts t% c%nsider the relati%n %f %nt%l%gical  Being   and thin+ing, prefigure Deleu1e3s%wn atte&pts t% thin+ thr%ugh the being-thin+ing relati%n %utside the f%r&s %f Man and %d.usserl highlights th%ught3s c%nstitutie p%wer, th%ugh this is %nl/ a p%wer %er the  'henoenon  and n%t the nouenon , t% the e6tent that usserl3s phen%&en%l%gical reducti%n "9  %r a g%%d starting p%int, see  Ideas: General Introduction to &ure &henoenology- transl. b/ B. ibs%n $%nd%n: O%utledge, !" <";"(='. "#  %r references t% the  sense  %f Being, see f%r instance Martin eidegger,  Being and Tie , transl. b/ H.Mac4uarrie and L. O%bins%n $%nd%n: >ile/-Blac+well, ";) <";)='. "?  >e can sa/ that in eidegger, Being and thin+ing c%-articulate b/ &eans %f a transcendental Being itself  transcendent   t% thin+ing. %r a c%ndensed criti4ue %f eidegger3s c%ncepti%n %f the f%ld $%nt%l%gicaldifference', see . Deleu1e, Difference, pp. ))-);F see als% Deleu1e, %gic %f @ense, pp. (-9, f%r a criti4ue %f the n%ti%n that sense deries fr%& a l%st $and transcendent' 7 Origin 8, which M%ntebell% argues is an allusi%n t%eidegger $see M%ntebell%, Deleu1e, pp. 9;-#!'. #
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