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BPFR 1 Pengertian Bahan Pakan

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BPFR 1 Pengertian Bahan Pakan
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  Oleh:Adi Ratriyanto 1  P ENGERTI N   H N P  K N  Pengertian Bahan Pakan Bahan pakan (bahan makanan ternak / feed) adalah segala sesuatuyang: a. dapat dimakan, b. dapat dicerna sebagian atau seluruhnya, c. tidak mengganggu kesahatan pemakannya  FEED   PAKAN=  TERNAK  FOOD   PANGAN=  MANUSIAKompetisi ? 2BPFR_ADR  Feed vs food  The changing of feed to food BPFR_ADR3  Pembagian Bahan Pakan Berdasarkan asalnya, bahan pakan dibagi: 1. Berasal dari tanaman  Hijauan pakan (forages) Dikenal dengan istilah hijauan makanan ternak (HMT). Bahan pakandalam bentuk daun dan batang, kadang-kadang bercampur rantingdan bunga. HMT diberikan dalam keadaan segar di kandang atau dilapangan. • Rumput:  Rumput lapangan (native grass); teki, ilalang, dll  Rumput budidaya (kultur): rumput gajah, rumput raja dll • Leguminosa:  Pohon: lamtoro, turi, gliriside, kaliandra  Merambat/menjalar: calopo, centro, pueraria • Hijauanlain: daun nangka, ketela pohon 4BPFR_ADR   Jerami atau hasil sisa tanaman pertanian (roughaghes) • Sebangsa rumput: jerami padi, jerami jagung (corn stover), pucuk tebu. • Sebangsa legume: jerami kacang tanah, kacang panjang, kacangkedelai. • Tanaman lain: daun ketela rambat, daun kentang  Bebijian • Berasal dari sebangsa rumput(cerealia): jagung, sorghum, padi,gandum. • Berasal darilegume:kacang kedelai, kacang tanah, kacang hijau.  Umbi : ketela pohon, ketela rambat, kentang  Hasil sisa/samping industri pertanian • Bungkil: bungkil kelapa, bungkil kedelai, bungkil kacang, bungkil bijikapok. • Bekatul atau dedah halus hasil sisa penggilingan: padi, sorgum,gandum • Onggok • Tetes (molasses) 5BPFR_ADR
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