Cbse Class 8 Syllabus for Civics Embibe 5 8

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  VIII C LASS  VIIIR ULE   OF  L AW   AND  S OCIAL  J USTICE Rationale  The theme of law and social justice for Class VIII attempts to connect constitutional values and vision to the reality of contemporary India and to look at the constitution as an inspiring andevolving document. Some provisions of the constitution relating to fundamental rights, parliamentary form of government, role of the judiciary and economic role of government are the topicsdiscussed in this light. The attempt is to move from listing rules and functions to discussing someof the key ideas underlying the working of these institutions. The role of people as desiring andstriving for a just society and hence responding and evolving laws and structures that govern us isbrought forth. Objectives  The specific objectives of the course, where it is not clear from the rationale of the approach, areindicated beside the themes to be taught in the course. Level  184  ThemesThemesThemesThemesThemes ObjectivesObjectivesObjectivesObjectivesObjectives U NIT  1: The Constitution  This unit   focuses on the Constitution through firsthighlighting why there is a need for laws and thenshowing how the Constitution is the framework thatdetermines the making of laws in this country. Aspectsof secularism as well as economic justice are highlighted with respect to the Constitution. Section 1  The Role of the Constitution and the Need for LawsãOn need for laws discussed through an examplelike dowry,ãRole of Constitution in determining the authority/legitimacy of the law,ãLaws and Dissent: Salt Satyagraha and a post-1947example such as anti-liquor agitation. Section 2 ãVision set forth in the Indian Constitution with afocus on secularism.ãOn how an ideal of the Constitution translatesinto a law ãOn how ideals of secularism got translated intofundamental rights.ãOn Fundamental rights as human rights.ãOn Fundamental Duties.ãOn whether the fact that a law exists to securecertain rights mean that in effect these rights havebeen realised for all. This will be discussed witexamples from current efforts of variousmarginalised communities to realise their rights. U NIT  2: Parliamentary Government In this unit the functioning of parliamentary government and the roles and responsibilities of the various individuals involved in explained in context. Inaddition the workings of the central government areexplained through the steps involved in passing a new law that arose out of people’s struggles. To enable students to:ãdevelop an understanding of the rule of law andour involvement with the law,ãunderstand the Constitution as the primary sourceof all our laws,ãunderstand laws as evolving and subject to change.ãunderstand the vision and the values of theConstitution,ãdevelop an appreciation of human rightsguaranteed in the Constitutionãappreciate our continuous involvement with theconstitution as a living document To enable students to:ãunderstand why India chose a parliamentary formof govt,ãgain a sense\rationale of the essential elements of the parliamentary form of government,ãanalyse the role of people’s agency in placing demands for legislation, 185 Syllabus  for Classes at the  Elementary Level   ThemesThemesThemesThemesThemes ObjectivesObjectivesObjectivesObjectivesObjectives Section 1 ãReasons why parliamentary form chosen in India.ãMain features of composition of parliament andits role in debating a bill.ãAccountability of the government to the parliament.ãRole of President, PM and the Council of Ministers. Case Study  : Debate between Nehru and RajendraPrasad on the real powers of the President. Section 2 Understand central government through issue of minimum wages or other struggles keeping following in mind:- Translation of felt need into law and the critical features of the legislation.- Implication of law. U NIT  3: The Judiciary  This unit focuses on understanding the judiciary throughtracing a case from the lower to the higher courts. Italso examines the difference between civil and criminalcases and the difference between the police and thecourts as well as provides information on an FIR. Section 1 ãThe structure and process followed by the judiciary: Trace a case from lower to higher courts.ãDistinguish between civil and criminal cases.ãIndicate the rationale of the process Section 2  Difference between the roles of the police and thatof the courts.ãRole of the Public Prosecutor.ãOn an FIR: filing one, on the illegality of the policenot accepting an FIR and the Supreme Court’sdirective on this.ãunderstand the ways in which the government andother groups respond to such issues. To enable students to:ãunderstand the main elements of our judicialstructure,ãappreciate the need for the processes followed,ãunderstand what an FIR is and how to file one. Syllabus  for Classes at the  Elementary Level  186  ThemesThemesThemesThemesThemes ObjectivesObjectivesObjectivesObjectivesObjectives U NIT  4: Social Justice and the Marginalised  This unit focuses on issues of social justice and themarginalised. It first provides an understanding of whatis meant by ‘marginalised’ groups. It then discusses in-depth the issue of untouchability and reservations. Section 1  A brief explanation of what is meant by marginalised.Include how various communities (SC, ST, OBC,minorities) fit in.ãForms of social inequality – Constitutionalprovisions relating to social justice.ãEffect of social inequalities on economic inequalities.ãOn Reservations. Section 2 Different forms of untouchability that continue to existãThe law on manual scavenging with reference toexisting realities in rural and urban areas. U NIT  5: Economic Presence of the Government Introduction of various ways by which governmentis engaged in developmental activities, especially ininfrastructure and social sectors.Explain with an example from this area why weneed the government, how is the provision done, how does it impact upon people. To enable students to:ãunderstand what is meant by marginalised,ãgain a critical understanding of social and economicinjustices,ãdevelop skills to analyse an argument from themargianlised point of view. To enable students to:ãthink about the role of government in the economicsphere,ãsee some links between people’s aspirations\ needsand role of government. 187 Syllabus  for Classes at the  Elementary Level 
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