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  The Comparison of Language Use between Transmigrant Sundanese and Origin Sundanese Introduction to Cultural Study Subject By: Ayu Lestari 16111048 Mustika Reza Amelia 16111032 Yuliana Esmeralda 16111062 S1 English Literature Universitas Teknokrat Indonesia Bandar Lampung 2019  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Indonesia is a multicultural country like no other in the world. It has hundreds of cultures spreading across Sabang until Maraoke. Each culture has its own uniqueness; they have different language, different tradition and habit. Even there are islands that habited by more than one culture, Java Island for example. In Java itself, people in the western side of the island mostly Sundanese, meanwhile in the middle and eastern of the island are Javanese. Those differences make Indonesia like no other country in the world. Moreover, Indonesia is the fourth most populated country in the world. Even though the population is one of the highest in world, but the distribution of its population is not even. Take an example of Java Island; Java is the most populated island in the country. As the center of Indonesian republic, Java Island has population more than other islands, which make uneven spread of population of the country. Due to that uneven population spread, about fifty years ago Indonesian government has made a program to spread the population to other island. This program known as Transmigration  is a government effort to spread Indonesian population from the densest island to less dense island. In accordance with that program, people from the densest island move to less dense area not only just bring their family, they also bring their culture with them. One of their cultures is language, and even if they are in the different island from their srcin ancestor they still speak their ancestor language. When they arrive to their destination area, they  preserve their culture until generations later. One of the culture that effected by this transmigration program is Sundanese. For generations, Sundanese descendants in the new area still preserve their culture, especially their language. But because they live distinctly from their srcinal area, they develop their own culture differently from their srcin. In this case, people who transmigrate or the trans-migrant sometimes speak differently from people in their srcinal homeland. 1.2 RESEARCH QUESTION a. How Sundanese language is used by both of transmigrant sundanese and srcin sundanese?  b. What factors that cause the disrinction itself apper between both of transmigrant and srcin sundanese? 1.3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVE To describe how Sundanese language is used by both of transmigrant sundanese and srcin sundanese and describe what factors that cause the disrinction that apper between both of transmigrant and srcin sundanese.  CHAPTER TWO THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK 2.1 PREVIOUS STUDY The first previous study is a journal by Devi Mulatsih entitle “   Inovasi Bentuk Dalam Bahasa Sunda Di Kampung Puyuh Koneng, Desa Kencana Harapan, Kecamatan Lebak Wangi,  Kabupaten Serang, Provinsi Banten ” . In this journal discuss about Sudanese has nine dialects or variations, namely the dialect of Bandung, Banten, Cianjur, Purwakarta, Cirebon, Kuningan, Sumedang, Garut, and Ciamis. From the ninth dialect that used Sudanese lulugu is a frequent dialect of Bandung used as the language of instruction in school. The nine dialects have differences and similarities. This study discusses forms (full lexical innovation and  phonetic innovation) that occurred in the use of Sudanese in Koneng Puyuh Village, Kencana Harapan Village, Lebak Wangi District, Serang Regency, Banten Province. This area was chosen because people in this region generally use two languages in everyday life is Sudanese and Javanese. From this journal the researcher take the information related to the dialeg in Sundanese as a guidence to understand the dialeg of sundanese from each region in West Jave. The second previous study is a journal by Siti Rahmawati entitle “ Geografi Dialek Bahasa Sunda Di Kecamata Parungpanjang, Kabupaten Bogor (Kajian Dialektologi Sinkronis). ”  In this journal talk about the research is motivated by a public error in understanding language used so often there will be confusion and misinterpretation the meaning of the vocabulary. The purpose of the research is to get a picture general linguistic conditions through the  process of describing and mapping, adding to the treasury, retaining the Sundanese language, adding treasure of language, especially dialectology. Therefore, from this research the researcher understanding about the use of the dialeg sudanese based on the geografical condition that influence the speaker. 2.2 SOCIOLINGUISTIC The sociolinguistic approach examines the relationship of language and society by linking two fields that can be studied separately, namely the formal structure of language by sociology and the structure of society (Wardhaugh 1986: 4; Holmes 1994: 1; Hudson 1980: 2). Socio-linguistics as a linguistic branch views or places the position of language in relation to language users in society. Everything that is done by humans in speaking will always be influenced by the situation and conditions around it. The researcher will analyze the Dialect, language variety (politeness), and Vocabulary Richness. CHAPTER THREE METHOD OF RESEARCH In this research we use qualitative research method to support our research. This is an important thing to do. Then, the researcher designs some steps to enable analyzing this  research. Research design gives explanation how and where the sources or data are gotten in this paper. Here the researcher uses library study and descriptive qualitative research. Both methods are used by the researcher to find out the data and information from library research and interview that closely related to the analysis. A.   Research design This research is categorized as descriptive qualitative research because the research basically aims by describing the data in the form of text. Qualitative research also given by Creswell (1998:15) Qualitative research is an inquiry process of understanding based on distinct methodological traditions of inquiry that explore a social or human problem. This research is qualitative research. Arikunto (2006: 12) states The study design is a proposal to solve the  problem and is an activity plan created by researchers to solve the problem, so will obtained valid data in accordance with the purpose research”. The characteristics of qualitative research is descriptive which means that the result of this research subject (data and data source) have to be described in the form of text. B.   Informantand location This research was conducted in transmigrant Sundanese and Sundanese srcin with researcher taken by purposive sampling that is technique of taking data source with certain consideration which considered can give data maximally. That is the person who is considered most know about what we expect (Sugiyono 2012). C.   Data collection techniques Data collection is done to search for and gathering all information on everything which is needed by researchers in finding the answer of the problem formulation so that it can be drawn a conclusion. In this research method data collection used is interview. Interview are frequently asked questions or meetings with someone for a conversation. Interview method in this context means obtaining a fact by doing direct communication (Q & A orally) to the study respondents. Interview in research is structured interview and unstructured.  D. Data analyzing technique Qualitative data analysis is defined as working with data which includes organizing, classifying, synthesizing, and understanding the data, and also determining the data will be  presented ( Bogdan and Biklen, 1982:145) considering this definition in this research the  prosedures of data analysis were as follows: 1. Search the respondences 2. Observation 3. Interview 4. Clasification 5. Evaluation 6. Concluding


Oct 7, 2019


Oct 7, 2019
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