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Development and service of the Boeing B 17 Bomber

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Development and service of the Boeing B 17 Bomber
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  Running head: DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICE OF THE BOEING B-17 BOMBER 1De!e"#$%en& and 'e(!i)e #* &he B#eing B-17 B#%+e(, Na%e:C#u('e:In'&(u)&#(,' Na%e:Da&e:  DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICE OF THE BOEING B-17 BOMBER  Introduction Thi' (e'ea()h $a$e( i' a+#u& &he de!e"#$%en& #* &he B#eing B-17 B#%+e(. a +#%+ing $"a&*#(% &ha& /a' u'ed +0 &he S a(%0 ai( *#()e' du(ing &he 2#("d 2a( 3 The B#eing B-17B#%+e( /a' a *#u( engine /a( ai()(a*& &ha& /a' de!e"#$ed in &he 1456'3 A"'# n#/n a' &heF"0ing F#(&(e''. &he B#%+e( /a' a $(#du)& #* a d#)&(ine &ha& #))u((ed /i&hin &he S A(%0 Ai( F#()e &ha& )a%e &# +e n#/n a' &he ni&ed S&a&e' A(%0 Ai( C#($' 8SAAC9 in 1413 Thed#)&(ine /a' n#/n a' '&(a&egi) ai( $#/e( and i& ad!#)a&ed *#( &he u'e #* "#ng-(ange +#%+e(' &#'&(ie &he ene%0,' &e((i&#(03 A& &he $ea #* &he A%e(i)an in&e(/a( $e(i#d. &he(e /a' a gene(a" n#&i#n &ha& &he SAAC +#%+e(' )#u"d #n"0 +e u'ed again'& &he ene%0 in!a'i#n *"ee&3 A& &ha& &i%e. &he SAAC +#%+e(')#u"d n#& (ea)h high &a(ge&'3 The SAAC /a' &hen u(ged &# )#%e u$ /i&h an a!ia&i#n de'ign&ha& )#u"d 'u$$#(& g(#und &(##$' and +e '&(a&egi) a' /e""3 Thi' i' /ha& "ed &# &he de!e"#$%en& #* &he B#eing B-17 B#%+e( /hi)h "a&e( e!#"!ed &# &he B-43 Thi' B#eing /a' a%#ng &he /#("d,'*i('& %#de(n +#%+e( %aing a de+u& en&(0 in&# 'e(!i)e in 14573 A& &ha& &i%e. &he ne/ B#eing B-17 B#%+e( /a' ea'0 &# *"0 and i& +e)a%e &he )(e/,' *a!#(i&e3 The B-17 had an #u&'&anding +#%+a(d%en& $"a&*#(% and /a' de'igned a' a 'e"*-de*ending +a&&"e $"ane3 The +#%+e( had a'e(!i)e )ei"ing &ha& /a' g(ea&e( &han an0 #* &he /a( /ea$#n' &ha& &he A""ied )#n&e%$#(a(ie' u'ed3The B#eing B-17 B#%+e( /a' %ain"0 u'ed *#( '&(a&egi) &a(ge&' in)"uding *a)&#(ie'.(ai"/a0 hu+'. indu'&(ie'. '&#(age *a)i"i&ie' and #&he( in*(a'&(u)&u(e "ie $e&(#"eu% (e*ine(ie'3 I& +e)a%e an e**i)ien& +#%+e( ai()(a*& /i&h an e**e)&i!e /ea$#n '0'&e% (e)#(ding &he highe'&nu%+e( #* d(#$$ed +#%+' a%#ng a"" &he S ai()(a*&' du(ing 2#("d 2a( 3 Sin)e i&' in&(#du)&i#n&# &he %i"i&a(0 &he B#eing B-17 B#%+e( /en& &h(#ugh a 'e(ie' #* e!#"u&i#n in&# nu%e(#u' de'ign  DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICE OF THE BOEING B-17 BOMBER 5ad!an)e'3 The B#eing B-17 B#%+e( /a' $(a)&i)a""0 &he +e'& n#/n /a( &i%e +#%+e(' &ha&SAAF u'ed3 I& g(e/ &# (e$(e'en& &he +#%+ing e**#(&' #* &he en&i(e SAAF 'e(!i)e du(ing &he/a( $e(i#d3 Thi' (e'ea()h $a$e( $u&' '$e)ia" e%$ha'i' #n &he 'e(!i)e &ha& &he B#%+e( $(#!ided &#&he SAAF du(ing 2#("d 2a( 3 Development of the Boeing B-17 Bomber The B#eing C#%$an0 /a' de!e"#$ing a di**e(en& *#u( engine ai()(a*& +#%+e(. &he 4 #( ;BLR-1 e!en +e*#(e &he B#eing B-17 F"0ing F#(&(e'' )a%e in&# e<i'&en)e3 The 4 %#de" )a%eu$ in (e'$#n'e &# a (e=ui(e%en& %ade +0 &he Ai( C#($' in ea("0 1453 The $(#$#'ed %#de" /a' a>666 %i"e (ange ai()(a*& )a((0ing a 666 "+3 +#%+ "#ad3 An#&he( )#%$an0. &he G"enn L3 Ma(&in/a' %anu*a)&u(ing a 'i%i"a( %#de" #n"0 &ha& i& /a' "a(ge( and un)#n!en&i#na"3 Thi' /a' &heM#de" 1> /hi)h /a' &/in *inned and /eighed 16>.666 "+3. an e=ui!a"en& #* a+#u& 7.?56 g3The 1> %#de" had %#n'&e( /ing'$an #* 175 *&3 /i&h 'i< engine' *#u( #* /hi)h /e(e #$e(a&ing a'&(a)&#(' and &he (e%aining &/# a' $u'he('3 The Ai( C#($' $(e*e((ed &he M#de" 4 +0 B#eing#!e( &he G"enn L3 Ma(&in 1> M#de" 8C(a!en'. 14>?93In 145> @une 4. B#eing g#& a )#n&(a)& &# +ui"d a %a''i!e *#u(-engine %#n#$"ane.;BLR-13 The (adia""0 ai( )##"ed engine' #* &he ;BLR-1 %#de" /e(e 1666$ P(a&& and 2hi&ne0R-156 &/in (#/3 I& had a )a$a)i&0 #* &en )(e/ %e%+e(' /h# )#u"d %an 'i< de*en'i!e %a)hinegun'3 The ;BLR-1 %#de" /a' '#und$(##* and )#u"d a))#%%#da&e &he )(e/ /i&h +un +ed' anda "a!a&#(03 The ;B-1> %#de" /a' "a&e( de!e"#$ed *#""#/ed +0 &he %#de" 44 /hi)h %ade i&'de+u& *"igh& in 14573 H#/e!e(. ;B-1> %#de" /a' unde($#/e(ed and /a' n#& (e$(#du)ed82hi&e)"a0. 144493  DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICE OF THE BOEING B-17 BOMBER A '%a""e( and '"igh&"0 %#de'& ai()(a*& %#de" /a' %ade /hi)h "a&e( +e)a%e &he B-173 The44 %#de" de'ign &ha& /a' in&ended /a' '"igh&"0 +igge( &han &he +#%+e(' &ha& SAAC u'ed a&&he &i%e and /a' &# ha!e &he 7>6h$ P(a&& and 2hi&ne0 h#(ne& engine'3 Thi' %#de" g#& &# *"0 *#( &he *i('& &i%e #n @u"0  145>3 In O)&#+e( &he 'a%e 0ea(. &he 44 %#de" g#& &# *"0 again in #(de( *#( i& &# +e e!a"ua&ed again'& &he B-1 %#de" +u& i& un*#(&una&e"0 )(a'hed. i""ing &/# #+'e(!e('3The 4 %#de" *ai"u(e "ed &# i&' (ee)&i#n and &he u'e #* &he %#(e *a%i"ia( B-1 M#de"3 On)e &he4 %#de" /a' (ee)&ed in *a!#( #* &he %#(e e**i)ien& B-1 %#de". &he SAAC g#& &# #(de( anai()(a*& %#de" 1B-17. /hi)h u'ed &he 2(igh& C0)"#ne engine (a&he( &han &he #(igina" P(a&& 2hi&ne0,' engine' 8Lae. 6693 The  nd  B#%+ G(#u$ g#& &# &e'& &he #(de(ed +a&)h #* ai()(a*&' *#( 'e(!i)e a& &he Lang"e0*ie"d3 In 1457. The SAAC (e)ei!ed 1 #* &he #(de(ed ai()(a*&' /hi)h g#& &# +e u'ed *#( a 'e(ie'#* 'u))e''*u" (e)#(d +(eaing *"igh&' /hi)h /e(e 'u($(i'ing"0 "#ng-(anged3 The %i''i#n /a'high"0 'u))e''*u" and g#& +e /ide"0 $u+"i)ied3 The SAAC "a&e( (e)ei!ed &he 15 &h  ai()(a*&/hi)h u'ed &he &u(+#-'u$e()ha(ged R16->1 engine' and $(e$a(ed /a0 *#( &he B-17B M#de"3Thi' 15 &h  ai()(a*& /a' &he h#&-(#d #* &he B-17 'e(ie' #* ai()(a*&'. $a(&i)u"a("0 &he B-17C3 An#&he( ai()(a*&. &he 1 &h  #ne. 1B-17 857-5?49 &ha& /a' )#n'&(u)&ed *#( g(#und &e'&ing /a' (en#!a&ede<hau'&-d(i!en &u(+#)ha(ge' g#& *i&&ed3 H#/e!e(. &he &u(+#)ha(ge' +e)a%e $(#+"e%a&i) de"a0ingi&' ')hedu"ed *"igh& *#(% 1457 &# A$(i" 4 1453 The B#eing C#%$an0 %#di*ied &he ai()(a*& u$ &#1454 in)(ea'ing i&' 'e(!i)e )ei"ing and %a<i%u% '$eed3 I& "a&e( g#& de"i!e(ed &# &he S A(%0and /a' de'igna&ed &he B-17A a' i& /a' &he *i('& #$e(a&i#na" !a(ian& 8@#hn'#n. 66193  DEVELOPMENT AND SERVICE OF THE BOEING B-17 BOMBER >The B#eing C#%$an0 $(#du)ed &he B-17B 844M9 %#de" a' &he *i('& i%$(#!e%en& #* &heB-17A3 Thi' %#de" ai()(a*& /a' *i&&ed /i&h "a(ge( (udde(' and *"a$' and u'ed &he 1.66 h$ 84>29 R-16->1 engine' and h0d(au"i) +(ae' /e(e u'ed in'&ead #* &he $(e!i#u' $neu%a&i) #ne'3The B#eing enginee(' *i<ed a 56 in %a)hine gun (e$"a)ing &he gun &u((e& in &he u$$e( n#'e #* &he%#de",' $(ede)e''#(3 The 'e$a(a&e +#%+a(die( /ind#/ g#& (e$"a)ed +0 a $"e<u'-g"a'' $ane" a&&he )en&e( #* &he n#'e )#%+ing &ha& /a' a"'# (ede'igned3 The in&e(i#( #* &he ai()(a*& /a' a"'#(ede'igned in)"uding &he )(e/ $#'i&i#n a%#ng #&he( )hange'3 In 1457. &he Ai( C#($' #(de(ed a'e(ie' #* ai()(a*&' de'igna&ed B-17B /hi)h g#& de"i!e(ed in *i!e '%a"" +a&)he' in &he "a&e 1454 &#ea("0 146 82hi&e)"a0. 144493The B-17C +#%+e( /a' an i%$(#!e%en& #* &he B-17B a"&h#ugh i& in)#($#(a&ed $(e!i#u'*ea&u(e' #* &he ai()(a*&3 The enginee(' *i&&ed in a %#(e $#/e(*u" R-16-?> engine and added'e"*-'ea"ing *ue" &ane('3 O&he( i%$(#!e%en&' in)"uded addi&i#n #* de*en'i!e a(%#(' &ha& +##'&ed&he 'a*e&0 #* &he )(e/ %e%+e('3 H#/e!e(. &hi' %#de" /a' n#& u'ed +0 &he Ai( C#($' *#( )#%+a& $u($#'e' and in'&ead. &he ai()(a*&' /e(e 'en& &# B(i&ain /he(e &he0 $e(*#(%ed un(e%a(a+"03M#'& #* &he B-17 C ai()(a*&' 'u**e(ed %e)hani)a" $(#+"e%' and &he high a"&i&ude *(#e &hei( gun'3The +#%+e( )#u"d n#& hi& &hei( &a(ge&' a& high a"&i&ude' and &he0 /e(e a"'# n#& a' 'e"*-de*en'i!ea' in&ended 8Lae. 6693The "a'& #* &he *i('& gene(a&i#n B-17 %#de"' /a' &he B-17D. #* /hi)h &he "a'&  ai()(a*&'g#& #(de(ed in 1463 The B#eing B-17D B#%+e( %#de" )a%e a+#u& *(#% de!e"#$%en& #* &he B-17C B#%+e(' &ha& /e(e n#& u'ed in an0 %i''i#n "aun)h3 The &/# !a(ian&' /e(e !e(0 'i%i"a( /i&h#n"0 %in#( )hange' d#ne +#&h in&e(na""0 and e<&e(na""03 The B-17 D engine' /e(e (ede'igned*i&&ing in )#/"ing *"a$' and &he e<&e(na" +#%+ (a)' /e(e ')(a$$ed #**3 The nu%+e( #* %a)hinegun' /a' d#u+"ed &# %ae a &#&a" a(%a%en& #* #ne 6356 in and 'i< 63>6 in %a)hine gun'3 The
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