Distortion of Indian History

Distortion of Indian History
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  By Dr Radhasyam BrahmachariGlorification of Sher Shah:Sher Shah Suri, “The Tiger King”, founder of the Suri Dynasty, was born at arnaul in in ! #$ and died on %ay &&, !' ' at Kalin(ar) *is srcinal namewas +arid Khan) *is father *asan was a agirdar at Sasaram, ) -ll.treated by his ste/mother, he left home at an early age) *e went to aun/ur wherehe set himself to serious study and there he ac0uired good command o1er the 2rabic and 3ersian languages) Because of his abilities, he was soon a//ointed by his father to manage the family agir at Sasaram) 4!5   3icture of Sher Shah+arid Khan e6/loited this o//ortunity to accumulate riches by highway robbery and /lundering the wealth and riches of the *indus, ta7ing their women and children as ca/ti1es and selling them as sla1es, following the foot ste/s of Ba7hiyar Khal(i, the famoue warlord of , who li1ed in early !8th century 2D) -n one occasion, +arid succeeded to 7ill a tiger and hence earned the title “Sher 9tiger Khan“) The money that Sher Khan accumulated by ;riminal means hel/ed him raise a small army and hence to begin his /olitical career) <ater on, Sher Khan could consolidate his /ower by gaining the /ossession of the ;hunar +ort by marrying the widow of Ta( Khan Sarang.Khani, the Go1erner of -brahim <odi)-t may be mentioned here that ;hunar is in the %ir=a/ur District of >ttar 3radesh state, -ndia) Though a small town, ;hunar has a great influence in -ndian history) The ;hunar +ort was built by %ahara(a ?i7ramaditya, the King of >((ain, in honour of the stay of his brother Ra(a Bhrithari) 2s /er *indu records, ;hunar is the corru/t of Sans7rit ;haranadri as <ord ?ishnu had ta7en his first ste/ here in his ?aman incarnation) The /lace was also well 7nown as ainagarh)*owe1er, Sher Khan gained considerable strength after defeating the combined army of and *amayun with his own Bihari army and some 3ashtun tribes men, in !'8@) Then he defeated *umayun at the of Kanau( on %ay !@, !' A, and ascended the throne of with the title Sher Shah) *is reign barely s/anned fi1e years, but the so called secular historians of ,  who are not /re/ared to miss e1en a single o//ortunity to glorify the %uslim in1aders, /ortray it as a landmar7 in the history of the Sub.continent) They /ro(ect Sher Shah as a rare genius and say that he made many brilliant additions and im/ro1ements to the e6isting system of administration) 4&5They narrate Sher shah as an outstanding military genius, a great ci1ilian administrator and, according to them he left not e1en a single area of administrati1e syatem where he had not set u/ reforms) But to an unbiased reader, all such narrations a//ear to be nothing but coc7.and.bull stories) 2ccording to these s/ineless sla1e historians, Sher Shah had re1olutioni=ed the re1enue syatem which 27bar later on co/ied) But according another grou/ of historians, Todar %al, a Ra(/ut minister of 27barCs court, had im/lemented all such reforms connected to re1enue administration, which are now being wrongly attributed to Sher Shah) 4&5Road Building of Sher Shah:The most interesting /art of the e/isode is that, theses s/ineless historians are /ro(ecting Sher Shah as a great builder, /articularly a road builder) +rom their childhood, the students of are being taught that Sher Shah Suri had built the road which is now 7nown as the 9 ) But how far isthis correct <et us read further to find more information on this matter)During the days of undi1ided , the said ran from Sonargaon near Dha7a 9now in  u/ to the ban7 of Ri1er -ndus in ) *istorian R);) %a(umdar writes, “  Length of the road was 1,500 kos or 3,000 miles (4,800 km).”  485  According to another historian, hri At!l handra #o$, the length of the road was 1,400 miles or less than half of # %a&!mdar's fig!res )4 5 %oreo1er, R);) %a(umdar holds that the cham/ion road.builder, Sher Shah, undertoo7 construction of three more roads and com/leted them in his lifetime) “ ne road from Agra towards so!th ! to *!rhan!r (+00 miles), the second road from Agra ia hittor ! to -odh!r (00 miles) and the third road from Lahore to %!ltan (100 miles).”  4'5Thus, according to the estimate of R);) %a(umdar, the total length of all theroads built by Sher Shah stands at 8,EAA miles or $,& A 7m) These historians also say that Sher Shah /lanted trees on both sides of these  roads to /ro1ide shades for the tra1elers and, in addition to that, he set u/ sarais 9inns at an inter1al of & 7os along the roads where the tra1elers could ta7e rest) -n these sarais, Sher Shah /ro1ided se/arate accommodation facilities for the *indus and the %uslims) *e also em/loyed Brahmin and %uslim coo7s for /re/aring the meals of the *indu and %uslim 1isitors) The reader should 7ee/ in his mind that all these things Sher Shah did within ' years, des/ite his hectic military acti1ities)-t has been mentioned abo1e that the history boo7s also tell that Sher Shahascended the throne of on %ay !@, !' A, by defeating *umayun in a battlenear Kannau( and in the same year organised a military cam/aign to su//ress the re1olt of the Ga77ars in ) *e mo1ed east, the ne6t year, to su//ress a similar re1olt in in %arch, !' ! 2D) The ne6t year, he mo1ed against the Ra(/ut 7ings in central and con0uered %alwa) The 1ery ne6t year 9i)e) in !' 8 2D, he organised a cam/aign against the *indu 7ing 3uran %al and too7 control of the fort at Raisin and then mo1ed against the Ra(/ut 7ing of %arwar) -n !' he subdued the Rathore 7ing, %alde1 and in the subse0uent year, he died in an accident in !' ' 2D, in Kalin(ar)So, the rule of Sher Shah lasted only for fi1e years and out of these fi1e years, he s/ent nearly one year to gain control o1er the fort of Kalin(ore)4$5 During the rest of his reign, he was on hectic mo1ement from east to west and north to south for su//ressing re1olts or con0uering new forts) -tshould be mentioned here that the /eriod under consideration was a /eriod of /olitical chaos and lawlessness and to restore order, Sher Shah had to fight many battles and that too with /artial success) Thus the 0uestion naturally arises.Fas it /ossible for Sher Shah 9or any other ruler of that time to build such long roads within such a short s/an of time +urthermore, is it /ossible to ma7e roads, nearly $,& A Km long, today using modern technology, within a /eriod of or ' years The real story is that, 2bbas Khan, a court.chronicler of Sher Shah had written some lies to /lease and glorify his master and our historians too7 those narrations at their face 1alue, without a//lying their common sense to estimate the credibility of those blatant lies)  2 close scrutiny of e1ents, during the time of Sher Shah, also re1eals that, des/ite his 1ast efforts, he did not succeed in bringing the 1ast stretch of land, from Dha7a in Bengal and Ri1er -ndus in , under his control) So, how could Sher Shah carry out such a gigantic /ro(ect li7e ma7ing a road from Bengal to , when the territory in 0uestion was not under his su/reme control2 %uslim chronicler, Shei7h urul *a0ue, most /robably honest, who mentioned in his  /!dat!t awarikh , the road.building endea1our of Sher Shah, and wrote, “ her hah made the road which now r!ns from 2elhi to  Agra, $ c!tting trees in &!ngles, remoing ostacles and !ilt serais. *efore that time eole had to trael thro!gh the doa etween these two  laces.”  4@5 This descri/tion seems /lausible and Sher Shah could ha1e built a road, 8AA Km long, within his reign of years) -t is im/ortant to note thatthis chronicler did not mention a single word about building a road from Bengal to by Sher Shah)*owe1er, regarding the road building acti1ities of Sher Shah, 2bbas Khan,a court chronicler of Sher Shah, in his arikhiher hah , writes, “  %a$  glor$ and lessings e !on his eminent dignit$ or the conenience in traeling of oor traelers, on eer$ road, at a distance of two kos, he made a sarai (inn)6 and one road with sarais he made from the fort which he !ilt in the 7!n&a to the cit$ of , which is sit!ated in the of , on the shore of the ocean.. Another road he made from the cit$ of to *!rhan!r, which is on the orders of the kingdom of the 2ekhin, and he made one from the cit$ of to and hitor6 and one road with sarais from the cit$ of to . Altogether he !ilt 100 sarais on ario!s roads6 and in eer$ sarai he !ilt searate lodgings , oth for 9ind!s and %!s!lmans, and at the gate of eer$ sarai he had laced ots f!ll of water, that an$ one might drink6 and in eer$ sarai hesettled *rahmans for the entertainment of 9ind!s, to roide hot and cold water, and eds and food, and grain for their horses6 and it was a r!le in these sarais, that whoeer entered them receied roision s!itale to his rank, and food and litter for his cattle from :oernment.”  4#5 “ ;illages were estalished all ro!nd the sarais. <n the middle of eer$ sarai was a well and a mas&id of !rnt rick6 and he laced an imam and a
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