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DRRM 2013 Tool for Students

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    Disaster Management And Preparedness Evaluation Tool For Students Revised 2013 Page 1 UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS National Service Training Program Civic Welfare Training Service/ Literacy Training Service NSTP SECTION:___________________ DATE:_________________________ GROUP NAME:___________________ SCORE:________________________ GROUP LEADER:__________________ FACILITATOR:___________________ MEMBERS: DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND PREPAREDNESS EVALUATION TOOL FOR STUDENTS Reminders: 1.   Make sure to watch the videos, provided by your NSTP facilitator, prior to the date of your practical exam and practice them with your group mates. 2.   Read and understand e-READ Chapter 4: Disaster Management and Preparedness  3.   Things to bring: a.   Blanket (1 per group) c. Drinking water b.   Extra clothes d. Printed evaluation tool (1 per group) Skill Yes No Remarks Scene Assessment (5 Points) 1.   Ensure the safety of the emergency scene by looking for hazards that could be dangerous to you, the victim or bystanders 2.   Determine the mechanism or cause of the injury or illness and the number of victims 3.   Activate the EMS system “Man with the ___ shirt, call an ambulance”  4.   Determine unresponsiveness by tapping the victim on both shoulders and ask loudly. “Hey! Hey! Are you okay?”      Disaster Management And Preparedness Evaluation Tool For Students Revised 2013 Page 2 5.   Establish rapport with the victim by introducing yourself and explaining that you are there to help. Airway and Spine Stabilization (4 Points) 1.   Head-Tilt/Chin Lift Maneuver 2.   Jaw Thrust Maneuver 3.   Do the “finger sweep”. Wrap your index and middle finger in cloth and sweep any liquid or foreign objects seen in the mouth. 4.   Establish manual in-line spinal stabilization by bringing the victim’s head into a neutral in-line position. Have someone in the scene hold the victims head so that the nose is in line with the navel (belly button) and the neck is not bent forward or backward. Maintain this position all throughout the procedure. Breathing and Circulation Assessment (5 Points) 1.   Look for chest rise and fall 2.   Listen for sounds of air movement coming from the victim by placing your ear next to the victim’s mouth and nose   3.   Feel for air passing in and out by placing your cheek next to the victim’s mouth and nose 4.   Assess the circulation by feeling for the carotid pulse. Using the index and middle fingers, lo cate the Adam’s apple and slide your fingers to the side near you. 5.   Check for serious or profuse bleeding by looking over the victim’s entire body for blood (blood-soaked clothing or blood pooling on the floor or ground). Basic Life Support (5 Points) 1.   Position shoulders over hands with elbows locked and arms straight 2.   Give 30 chest compressions within 15-18 seconds with minimized interruption 3.   Allow the chest to return to its normal position after each compression 4.   Give 2 one-second rescue breaths while pinching nose 5.   Pulse check every 2 minutes until victim is revived or until help arrive    Disaster Management And Preparedness Evaluation Tool For Students Revised 2013 Page 3 Disability Check (11 Points) 1.   Treat all unconscious victims as if they have spine injuries until proven otherwise 2.   Recognize the signs and symptoms of fractures 3.   Apply a rigid cervical collar to the victim’s neck. 4.   Prepare the materials for splinting. Pad the splints to prevent pressure and discomfort to the victim; prepare the triangular bandages. 5.   Assess the pulse and sensation below the injury. 6.   Measure the splint to make sure it is the right size. The splint should be long enough to immobilize the entire bone plus the joints above and below the fractured site. 7.   Splint the injury in the position you found it. Immobilize the entire injured extremity plus the joints above and below the fractured site. 8.   Secure the splints with the bandages starting from the distal end of the splint to the proximal end. In slipping the bandage under the extremity, place the bandage over a separate splint and slide the splint under the extremity. 9.   Splint firmly enough to immobilize but not tightly enough to stop blood circulation or prevent lung expansion. In securing the chest with a bandage, ask the victim to inhale deeply or if unconscious, use three finger breadths as allowance for lung expansion before tying the bandage. 10.   Make sure that the bandages have no loose ends. For added protection, put some padding in between splints and the treated extremity. 11.   Reassess the pulse and sensation below the injury after you apply the splint and evaluate these signs every 15 minutes to make sure that the splint is not impeding circulation.    Disaster Management And Preparedness Evaluation Tool For Students Revised 2013 Page 4 Moving/Transporting the Victim (5 Points) Using the Spine Board Yes No Remarks 1.   The long board within arm’s reach kneel  at the victim’s side, reach across the victim and grab his or her shoulder and hip. With another first aider stabilizing the head and neck, log roll the victim toward you. Ensure synchronized movement. 2.   With the victim on his or her side, examine the victim’s back for possible cuts and injuries; then pull the backboard toward you and place it on edge against the victim’s back. 3.   Make sure that the victim is at the center of the backboard. Use the push and pull technique in moving the victim; lifting should be avoided. 4.   Strap the victim securely to the board using the triangular bandages. (As shown in the video) 5.   In moving the victim, make sure to go about it in a synchronized manner. The squad leader shall initiate the lifting using commands. Using an Improvised Stretcher (Blanket)   Yes   No   Remarks   1.   Lay out the blanket so you are standing facing the long side with the short edges to the right and left. 2.   Lay one pole about 1/3 of the way from the right side and fold the right flap of the blanket over the pole 3.   Lay the second pole on top of both layers 1/3 from the left edge 4.   Fold left flap over the top 5.   Lay the patient on top Using an Improvised Stretcher -Shirt Yes No Remarks 1.   The first rescuer grasps the litter poles on both hands 2.   While the first rescuer is grasping the litter poles, the second rescuer pulls the shirt off the head of rescuer one. 3.   All buttons should be buttoned with the possible exception of the collar and cuffs. 4.   The rescuers then reverse the procedure and switch sides. 5.   Lay the patient on top
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