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  REPORT ON STARTEGY OF IT SYSTEM IN BHEL INTRODUCTION:   Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited  ( BHEL ) is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India in the energy-related and infrastructure sector which includes Power, Railways, Telecom, Transmission and Distribution, Oil and Gas sectors and many more. BHEL was established more than 50 years ago, ushering in the indigenous Heavy Electrical Equipment industry in India. The company has been earning profits continuously since 1971-72 and paying dividends since 1976-77. The programming was done on program boards by EDP Operators. No sophisticated programming languages were used in these machines. Mundane applications like Payroll, General Ledger, and Priced Ledger System etc. were processed on these machines. Computer facilities at Structural Engg. Research Center, Roorkee, Delhi University and at ICL computers at ORG, Baroda were used both for business & Engineering applications. Locally, programmable calculating machines were used in Engineering Divisions. Programs were specifically made for these machines and stored on magnetic cards of 2-3 inches in size. Programs taken to main frame computers in Roorkee, Delhi & Baroda were all written and punched on paper cards. JCL’s and data for running those programs were also punched on cards. Those of us, who had worked as whole or part time programmers then, had nightmarish experience of card mixing and card rejection by card reader and several iterations of card punching, compilation, error correction & keypunching taken in the program development. This time around, powerful desktop computers with exceptional graphics capabilities nicknamed Workstations were already coming up. Interactive CAD & CAM Packages ported on these machines were being increasingly used by designers & engineering functions. Two number Nexus-3500 Workstations with Unigraphics CAD-CAM package & Ansys Finite Element Analysis Package were procured in the Year 1990. Incorporation of isolated systems created islands of applications & need was felt to integrate the systems & for this a setup of powerful central servers were envisaged. ICIM series 39 Mainframe Computer along with 5 nos. microprocessor based frontend servers with connectivity to over campus wide terminals were installed in the Year 1992. Following years saw proliferation & integration of systems. These times around most of the critical processes from issue of Work Order to Dispatch of the Machine were computerized & on-line applications started making inroads to data capturing at source. Most of the batch applications started giving way to on-line systems.  This time around the scene was changing rapidly in the CAD-CAM field also and it was necessary to equip our design engineers & draftsmen with rapid design development tools in the shape of interactive CAD-CAM packages. In 1995 10 Nos. Indigo 4000/ Indy 4600 workstations with Ideas Design & Analysis Package & Ansys Finite Element Package were introduced along with 20 Nos. Drafting station with  AutoCAD. One Intergraph Machine with Interactive Part programming for NC machines was also procured. All these machines dispersed over engineering & NCT departments. These were put on a single 10 MB Thick/ Thin Ethernet backbone. A separate CAE center was established to provide special attention to CAD-CAM-CAE area. By the year 1996, need was felt to procure additional powerful database servers due to increasingly demanding on-line applications. Three more servers were added and ICIM series-39 phased out from 1996 to 1999. The Y2K problem made most of the hardware in business applications area obsolete. Meanwhile popularity and use of PCs were proliferating, replacing terminals due to new applications like word-processing replacing typewriters. The use of e-mail made requirement of more desktops. In engineering area, there has been complete change over to digital drafting and all manual drawing boards have been phased out. Since 2000, there have been inscrutable changes in the Information Infrastructure with E-Transformation Of Extended Business as the focul point. A dynamic B2B portal has been placed on Internet, which provides desired information live from databases to our stakeholders - Customers,  Vendors, Sub-contractors & our employees on move. A Comprehensive Production Management System which caters to L1 to L5 level planning & execution has been launched in most of the Production Areas &  Automatic Indenting has been implemented for both Direct & Indirect Materials. L1-L2-L3 Project Monitoring Systems, Business Operations Synthesis System (BOSS), Quality through Measurement Portal, Customer Complaint System, Root Cause Analysis, Web based Turnover System are only a few of full fledged systems developed for the web environment. This is in sync with our strategy to leverage web for all type of information decimation both on intra as well as extra net. Ahead of already planned migration of systems to Oracle from 2004-2005 onwards, Hardwar Information Structure is only a few steps behind ERP & Certain Areas such as QTM, ahead of IT. In order to sustain ever-increasing system & user interaction, database server was upgraded in 2004. A SAN storage system (36 GB) was also put in place. Demographics As of 2001 India census. Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited Ranipur had a population of 43,252. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited Ranipur has an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 86% and female literacy of 75%. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.    Products:    Steam turbine    Gas turbine    Hydro Turbines    Steam Generators    HRSG- Heat recovery steam generator    Transformers    Locomotives    Circuit Breakers    Pumps    Motors- BOTH AC AND DC, LT AND HT    Generators    ESP - Electrostatic precipitator    Pulverisers    Oil field equipments    Valves    Boiler drum    Headers    Economizer    Water wall panel    Super heater    Re-heaters    Heat exchangers    Pressure vessels    Armed recovery vehicle    Battery Operated Vehicles    Air preheater    Wind mill    Fan (mechanical)    Super rapid gun mount    Soot Blowers Besides manufacturing these products, BHEL also takes up the onsite erection, commissioning and testing of these equipments. By the end of 2009, it will have a total capacity of 15,000 MW   Project Sites: BHEL at present is executing several projects some of them are as follows    NCTPP DADRI 2X490 MW    INDRA GANDHI SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT 3X500 MW    PRAGATI STAGE III-BAWANA(1500 MW)    Harduaganj Thermal Power Station (2X250 MW)    GHTP, LM Bathinda    Kosti Sudan    GLTPP    ANPARA-D (2X500 MW)    MTPS,MEJIA    KHSTPP(NTPC),Kahalgaon 3X500 MW    GVK GOINDWAL (2x270 MW)    KUTCH LIGNITE POWER STATION    SURAT LIGNITE POWER STATION    NTPC MAUDA POWER PLANT (2X500 MW)    NTPC SIPAT POWER PLANT 2X500 MW    NTPC FARAKKA (1X500 MW)    HMEL BHARINDA    NTPC BARH STAGE-1 (ESP) & STAGE 2 - 2X 660 MW    NTPC KOLDAM (5X200 MW)in collaboration with Toshiba,Japan.    NLC barsingsar (2x150MW) lignite based    NTPC RIHAND STAGE-3 2X500 MW    MALWA POWER PROJECT 2X600 MW    NEW PARLI POWER PROJECT    NORTH CHENNAI POWER PROJECT    NTPC VINDHYANCHAL STAGE IV 2X500 MW    UKAI THERMAL POWER STATION    SRINAGAR HYDRO POWER PROJECT    VIJAYAWADA THERMAL POWER STATION 1X500 MW    MAITHON RIGHT BANK POWER PROJECT 2X525 MW    WARANGAL THERMAL POWER STATION 1X500 MW    ALLAIN DUHANGAN HYDRO POWER PROJECT 2X96 MW BHEL is the largest engineering and manufacturing enterprise in India in the energy-related/infrastructure sector, today. BHEL was established more than 40 years ago, ushering in the indigenous Heavy Electrical Equipment industry in India - a dream that has been more than realized with a well-recognized track record of performance. The company has been earning profits continuously since 1971-72 and paying dividends since 1976-77.
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