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    A GENRRAL ENGLISH RESEARCH PAPER ON: ACCEPTANCE OF EMOTONS IN LAW Semester I Submitted to: Violet Miranda (Professor of General English at NMIMS ) Submitted by: Pragya Garg First year, BBA LLB, Roll no:-36    CONTENTS Serial number Topics 1.   INTRODUCTION 2.   A SHORT HISTORY 3.   DEFINATION OF ‘EMOTION’ IN LAW   4.   ROLE OF EMOTIONS IN LAW 5.   EMOTION IN GROUP AND INSTITUTIONAL SETTINGS 6.   EMOTIONS AND JUDGES 7.   EMOTIONAL INCLINATION 8.   CONCLUSION 9.   BIBLIOGRAPHY  I.INTRODUCTION logical reasoning, science, social science and humanities has always been the basis of field of law. If we talk about ancient times, emotions were excluded and were never even taken into consideration because people thought that it was exactly the opposite of logical reasoning. As time changed, so did the perception of relationship between law and emotions, even though not entirely. Maybe that is why, there is still a hard folk knowledge portraying emotions as quick, hot, irrational bursts of feeling and that is why they are not a legitimate tool for framing any concrete decision. Law and emotion enriches understanding of the law on multiple overlapping levels: 1. Firstly, if we talk on the descript ive level, it doesn’t depend on rationality which doesn’t have a touch of emotions and cognition interacts. Moreover, it makes exploration of appropriate role of emotions with relation to identification and implementation of legal norms. 2. Second, at the level of specific doctrine, law rests on great number of assumptions, both explicit and implicit, about how emotion influences behavior and about how to channel emotion to influence decision making in desirable ways. Law and emotion scrutinizes these assumptions in light of evolving knowledge about the role of emotion in decision making across a range of disciplines. 3. Finally, law focuses on emotions on every level, whether it is internal, external, social or an essential component of institutional dynamics. Thus, there is a change in law and dynamics of institutional behavior when we throw light on collective decision making. This paper begins with a brief history of the field, followed by a definition of emotion and some caveats about terminology. It then turns to a necessarily selective overview of the topic. II. A SHORT HISTORY The emergence of modern law and emotion took place because of various reasons. Firstly, emotions became a very popular and interesting topic in certain fields like philosophy,  psychology, and sociology and even attracted various scholars belonging to these fields. Secondly, legal scholars felt that all the questions could not be answered internally and felt that there were other branches which had to be taken into consideration, thus taking an interdisciplinary turn. Finally, philosophical challenges the notions of judicial objectivity first raised by the legal realists were renewed and extended by feminists, critical race theorists, and other scholars.   III. DEFINATION OF ‘EMOTION’ IN LAW Ideally, those who deploy the category “emotion” or terms describing emotions in the legal field will clarify their working definitions, the context in which the terms are being used, and what legal consequences flow from the use of the terms. “Emotions a re a set of evaluative and motivational processes, distributed throughout the brain, that assist us in appraising and reacting to stimuli and that are formed, interpreted, and communicated in social and cultural context. They influence the way we screen, categorize, and interpret information; influence our evaluations of the intentions or credibility of others; and help us decide what is important or valuable. Perhaps most importantly, they drive us to care about the outcome of our decision making and motivate us to take action, or refrain from taking action, on the situations we evaluate.”  In short, the current consensus across disciplines is that emotions are not, as folk knowledge would have it, occasional, intense, unpredictable moods that interfere with a steady state of rationality. . IV. ROLE OF EMOTIONS IN LAW    The role of emotion in doctrine:   Doctrines often rest on implicit assumptions about emotion. For example, Calhoun (2000) argues that objections to same-sex marriage rest upon implicit assumptions about who is capable of romantic love. Bagenstos & Schlanger (2007) argue that disability law is based on unstated misapprehensions about the likely level of happiness and enjoyment of life attained by those who  become disabled. Or relatedly, doctrines may fail to acknowledge emotional effects or their consequences. Assumptions about what counts as emotion may influence legal doctrine in ways that go undetected. For example, appeals for mercy may be coded as emotional and off-limits, whereas appeals for vengeance or retribution may be coded as legal arguments.    The role of emotion in the reasoning process. Emotion influences not only the content of our perception but also the thought process of the  people. Cognitive science also realized how important emotions are when it was studying  patients with brain abnormalities that impair emotional functions, thus progressing its understanding related to the role of emotions in the decision- making process.
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