Documents

Essay Critica Literaria

Description
Description:
Categories
Published
of 6
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Related Documents
Share
Transcript
  Pacheco 1 Alfonso Pacheco Contreras Prof. Adriana Jiménez LM 1486  –   Literary Criticism 17 June 2016 The Art of Denouncing Through centuries, art has been used by minorities as a means of denouncing in order to criticize the status quo. Therefore, literature has become a tool for those who attempt to shed light on the struggles that people voiceless people suffer in a non-inclusive society. Additionally, poetry, as a literary form that takes most of its inspiration on the expression of feelings, provides a unique framework for those artists who want to rise against injustice and speak up about what the hegemonic groups do not want the public to know or question. Over the years, the hegemonic groups have had control over the population in order to manipulate the imaginary to favour their own interests. From imposing a patriarchal capitalist system to diminish the LGBT rights, the hegemonic groups have been in charge of the indoctrination of generations all over the world. According to Steger, “The imaginary sets the bar for people’s conscious or unconscious lifestyle and beliefs as a group: “I maginaries are patterned convocations of the social whole. These deep-seated modes of understanding provide largely  pre-reflexive parameters within which people imagine their social existence  —  expressed, for example, in conceptions of 'the global,' 'the national, ' 'the moral order of our time” (7).  Therefore, there are unconscious social impositions that a person has that determine the way a  person lives her or his life, especially those who have enjoyed the privileges that the  patriarchal society has to offer. In regards to the Hegemonic Masculinity concept, Connell mentions, “ It embodied the currently most honored way of being a man, it required all other men to position themselves in relation to it, and it ideologically legitimated the global subordination of women to men”  (4). Thus, there are men that pride themselves on being  Pacheco 2 superior to women to the point that they do not even realize the patriarchal values that they reproduce on a daily basis. In “Turn it Down a Notch,” Alix Olson denounces the hegemonic masculinity that is deep within the collective imaginary when it comes to criticize gender discrimination, especially when it comes from a straight forward feminist poet, by recounting through a personal experience and a poem the importance of questioning the hegemonic  power in society, art as a means of denouncing, and feminism. Olson questions the patriarchal imaginary in which society functions by analysing how reluctant those in power are to see the gender inequality that that imaginary has created. After Olson’s  presentation on a festival, the artist mentions how usual is for her to deal with male  poets whom are uncomfortable to her poetry because, as a part of a privilege percentage of society, they are not able to see or understand the struggles that women suffer. Olson remarks, “You see, we do not have sexism in my country, so a lot of your pol itics went clear over my head” (167).   The arrogance in which the male poets express how Olson’s denounces do not address them highlights how the patriarchal imaginary functions in society: A male poet who has not suffered from the oppression that a sexist society imposes on women is not aware of the real conflicts that women have to deal with on a daily basis. Therefore, if they were aware of such conflicts, it would create a clash against their construction of the imaginary in which they live since they were children. Hence, in order to establish a barrier to protect their own imaginary, the male poets seek to retain power by diminishing the relevance of Olson’s  poetry. “Poetry belongs to the page. It should be universal and up for interpretation, not so confrontational and direct. Your style is really more like theater. Perhaps you should consider  performing a play or entering into politics instead” (Olson 167).  The sense of discomfort in which the poets are regarding Olson’s poetry triggers a self  -defense mechanism in their mindset that forces them to reduce the value of Olson’s work due to the fact that it goes  Pacheco 3 against the system in which they have lived throughout their lives and the society that has favoured the male figure over the female figure for centuries. Historically, the hegemonic masculinity construction has been present in the collective imaginary. From religious myths to historical events, gender discrimination has favored men over women to the point where women were no longer relevant for society beyond sexist impositions. In Olson’s poem “That the Protagonist is Always a Man , ” the artist uses art as a means of denouncing when referring to both religious myths and historical events in order to criticize the sexism present in society. The artist states, “ The way a Father, a Son, and a Holy Spirit exclude us from/ the highest positions of power in the Catholic Church” (173).  By exposing how sexist a religious myth is, Olson’s art not only criticizes the omission of the female gender in the myth, but she also denounces a religious institution that has been in charge of imposing patriarchal values on society over decades. In regards to how the  patriarchal society has overlapped male achievements over female achievements, Olson remarks, “ How the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame describes Joan Baez as/ “the female Bob Dylan.” That she launched his career” ( 172). The fame that precedes Bob Dylan is a famous artist and the anonymity that follows Joan Baez in pop culture reinforce how gender discrimination is present in every single aspect of society. Thus, Olson’s poem highlights the gender discrimination that women have had to deal with throughout decades. Finally, by calling herself a radical feminist at the end of the poem, Olson reinforces the importance of feminism in a patriarchal society. Meyers and Pacheco describe feminism as “a philosophical and political movement which challenges patriarchal inequalities based on differentiation and marginalization according to sex or gender” (25). The artist mentions how the conversation with the male poets after the festival reinforced her spirit and her need to use, now more than ever, poetry to externalize to the world the social injustices that minorities suffer on a daily basis. The artist states, “Is why I am a radical feminist” (175). Calling herself  Pacheco 4 a radical feminist is a statement t hat transcends implicit and explicit frontiers. Olson’s determination clashes against what the status quo has imposed on women for centuries. Her conviction of expressing her art in a straight forward way is a window for others to see  beyond those social impositions. Olson remarks, “Since that time, I have refused to remain obedient to the theory that poetry should adhere to the confines of an on-the-page, up-for- interpretation, nonpoliticized prescription” (168).   Olson’s  poetry serves as a means of denouncing that leaves little room for interpretation. The artist’s work is a call for the world to open its eyes towards the patriarchal sphere in which society has been built by giving voice to the voiceless and exposing the sexist impositions within the collective imaginary. In regards to the concept of interpretation in art Lois Tyson mentions, “The immediate goal of interpretation, like the immediate psychological goal of our daily lives, is to fulfill our  psychological needs and desires” (183).  Thus, due to the fact that the collective imaginary has  been molded to obviate the social injustices that minorities suffer, especially women, Olson’s art frames the room for interpretation by directly exposing to the world how society has been created to favor patriarchal values over equality. In conclusion, poetry, as a literary form that takes most of its inspiration on the expression of feelings, provides a unique framework for those artists who want to rise against injustice and speak up about what the hegemonic groups do not want the public to know or question. Olson represents a voice for a minority. Her stand against the hegemonic masculinity construction that is deep within the collective imaginary reinforces the relevance of questioning the status quo, art and feminism. There are men that pride themselves on being superior to women to the point that they do not even realize the patriarchal values that they reproduce on a daily basis. “Turn it Down a Notch”  reaffirms the importance of denouncing the hegemonic masculinity construction within the status quo and how feminists have to struggle with the patriarchal impositions that are deep within the collective imaginary. In
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks
SAVE OUR EARTH

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

x