Eye of Horus

Eye of Horus 1 Eye of Horus This article is about the ancient Egyptian symbol. For the video game, see Eye of Horus (video game). The Wedjat, later called The Eye of Horus An Eye of Horus or Wedjat pendant The Eye of Horus is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health. The eye is personified in the goddess Wadjet (also written as Wedjat, [1][2] or Udjat , [3] Uadjet, Wedjoyet, Edjo or Uto). It is also known as ''The Eye of Ra''. [4] The name Wadjet
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  Eye of Horus1 Eye of Horus This article is about the ancient Egyptian symbol. For the video game, see Eye of Horus (video game). The Wedjat, later called The Eye of HorusAn Eye of Horus or Wedjat pendant The Eye of Horus is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection,royal power and good health. The eye is personified in the goddess Wadjet (also written as Wedjat  , [1][2] or Udjat  , [3]   Uadjet  , Wedjoyet  ,  Edjo or Uto ). It is also known as ''The Eye of Ra''. [4] The name Wadjet is derived from wadj meaning green , hence the green one , and was known to the Greeks and Romans as uraeus from the Egyptian iaret meaning risen one from theimage of a cobra rising up in protection. [5]  Wadjet was one of theearliest of Egyptian deities who later became associated with othergoddesses such as Bast, Sekhmet, Mut, and Hathor. She was thetutelary deity of Lower Egypt and the major Delta shrine the per-nu was under her protection. Hathor is also depicted withthis eye.Funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. The Wadjet or Eye of Horus is the central element of seven gold, faience, carnelian and lapis lazuli bracelets found onthe mummy of Shoshenq II. The Wedjat was intended to protectthe pharaoh [here] in the afterlife and to ward off evil. AncientEgyptian and Near Eastern sailors would frequently paint thesymbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel. [6] Horus Horus was the ancient Egyptian sky god who was usually depicted as a falcon, most likely a lanner or peregrinefalcon. [7] His right eye was associated with the sun god, Ra. The eye symbol represents the marking around the eyeof the falcon, including the teardrop marking sometimes found below the eye. The mirror image, or left eye,sometimes represented the moon and the god Djehuti (Thoth). wedjet  € Eye of Horusin hieroglyphs In one myth, when Set and Horus were fighting for the throne after Osiris's death, Set gouged out Horus's left eye.The majority of the eye was restored by either Hathor or Thoth (with the last portion possibly being suppliedmagically). When Horus's eye was recovered, he offered it to his father, Osiris, in hopes of restoring his life. Hence,the eye of Horus was often used to symbolise sacrifice, healing, restoration, and protection. [8]  Eye of Horus2 As hieroglyph and symbol There are seven different hieroglyphs used to represent the eye, most commonly ir.t in Egyptian, which also hasthe meaning to make or do or one who does . In Egyptian myth the eye was not the passive organ of sight butmore an agent of action, protection or wrath. Mathematics Arithmetic values represented by parts of the Eyeof HorusFractions drawn as portions of a square. Further information: Egyptian fraction and 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16 + € € €In Ancient Egyptian most fractions were written as the sum of two ormore unit fractions (a fraction with 1 as the numerator), with scribespossessing tables of answers (see Rhind Mathematical Papyrus 2/ntable). [9] Thus instead of 3/4, one would write 1/2 + 1/4.Different parts of the Eye of Horus were thought to be used by theancient Egyptians to represent one divided by the first six powers of two:The right side of the eye = 1/2The pupil = 1/4The eyebrow = 1/8The left side of the eye = 1/16The curved tail = 1/32The teardrop = 1/64The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus contains tables of 'Horus EyeFractions'. [10] Studies from the 1970s to this day in Egyptian mathematics haveclearly shown this theory was fallacious and Jim Ritter definitelyshowed it to be false in 2003. [11] The evolution of the symbols used inmathematics, although similar to the different parts of the Eye of Horus, is now known to be distinct. Gallery Wooden case decoratedwith bronze, silver, ivoryand goldFaience vessel, Besholding EyesCollection of amulets in theBritish Museum Room 62Earthenware Wedjat amulet ondisplay at the Louvre, c.500  €  300 BCE  Eye of Horus3 Scarab. The Walters Art MuseumHathor showing her sacredeye inherited fromWedjat  ã depicted in the  Papyrus of Ani References [1]Pommerening, Tanja, Die alt‚gyptischen Hohlmaƒe ( Studien zur Alt€gyptischen Kultur  , Beiheft 10), Hamburg, Helmut Buske Verlag, 2005[2]Silverman, David P. Chapter 14 Egyptian Art .  Ancient Egypt  . Duncan Baird Publishers, 1997. p.228[3]Alessandro Bongioanni & Maria Croce (ed.), The Treasures of Ancient Egypt: From the Egyptian Museum in Cairo , Universe Publishing, adivision of Rizzoli Publications Inc., 2003. p.622. According to the editors, Udjat was the term for amulets which used the Eye of Horusdesign.[4] Wãrterbuch der €gyptischen Sprache 1, 268.13[5] The Routledge Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses , George Hart ISBN 0-415-34495-6[6]Charles Freeman, The Legacy of Ancient Egypt  , Facts on File, Inc. 1997. p.91[7]Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt  . Thames & Hudson. p. 202.[8]Pinch, Geraldine (2004).  Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses, and Traditions of Ancient Egypt  . Oxford University Press.pp. 131  €  132[9]Zaslavsky, Claudia (1993).  Multicultural Mathematics: Interdisciplinary Cooperative-Learning Activities , p.20. ISBN 9780825121814.[10][10]p. 165[11]Jim Ritter, „ Closing the Eye of Horus: the Rise and Fall of 'Horus-Eye Fractions' …, in Under One Sky: Astronomy and Mathematics in theancient Near East  , ed. J. Steele and A. Imhausen, M†nster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2002, p. 297-323. See also V. Katz (ed.), The Mathematics of  Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Islam: A Sourcebook  , Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007 et E. Robson & J. Stedall (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to  Eye of Horus .  Article Sources and Contributors4 Article Sources and Contributors Eye of Horus   Source : Contributors : -Ril-, 041744, 112horsegirl, 66DREAMERNCIK, 83d40m, A. Parrot, A412, Aarghdvaark, Advance,Aitias, Aleenf1, Alensha, Andy M. 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Lewis, John Cline, Kafziel, Katayoku no Tenshi Sefirosu, Kay Dekker, KayeLewis, Ketiltrout, Kintetsubuffalo,Kkarcher, Kusluj, LOL, Laereth, Langing, Leoboudv, Leolaursen, Leushenko, Life of Riley, Littleolive oil, Lmteo, Lotje, LtNOWIS, MXMissles, ManiF, Marjani721, Martpol, Master Of Ninja,Masterpiece2000, Materialscientist, Mayur, McGeddon, Mentifisto, Michael Hardy, Mild Bill Hiccup, Milogardner, Minna Sora no Shita, Mmcannis, Mordicai, MrSativa, Mungo Kitsch,MusikAnimal, Mygerardromance, Natox, NawlinWiki, Nealmcb, Nightenbelle, Nightscream, Nishantkumar19, Oatmeal batman, Ocee, Ohconfucius, OrangeLantern99, PL290, Pascal.Tesson,Paul Barlow, Peak, Philip Trueman, Piano non troppo, Pignut, Plustravel, Poulit, RDBury, Rangek, Reach Out to the Truth, Reago19, Reddi, Redeagle688, Redtigerxyz, Rushbugled13, RuudKoot, RyanGerbil10, Salix alba, Samuelhaldane, Sandstein, SchfiftyThree, Sephiroth storm, Shoeofdeath, SidP, Skoglund, Slakr, Smithma18, Snow steed, Sopoforic, Taco325i, Tahir mq,Tchoutoye, Technopat, Tesi1700, That Guy, From That Show!, The Haunted Angel, Thoudini, Tide rolls, Tom harrison, Troy 07, Twthmoses, V2oxviesta, V3rt1g0, Vishahu, Vojvodaen,VolatileChemical, Wafulz, Widr, Wizdom, Wowshanerocks, WriterHound, Wrp103, Xorandnotor, YUiCiUS, ZFT, Zondor, ‰rate, 425 ,Š‹Œ ㎊ anonymous edits Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors File:Eye of Horus bw.svg   Source :  License : Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike Contributors : Jeff Dahl File:Wedjat (Udjat) Eye of Horus pendant.jpg   Source :  License : Copyrighted free use  Contributors : Jon Bodsworth File:Oudjat.SVG   Source :  License : Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Contributors : User:BenduKiwi File:Eye of Horus square.png   Source :  License : Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors : Hyacinth File:Egypte louvre 068 coffret.jpg   Source :  License : Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0 Contributors :Aoineko, Clio20, EDUCA33E, JMCC1, Mmcannis, Neithsabes, Perhelion, Ranveig, Tedmek, 2 anonymous edits File:Faience vessel with Bes.jpg   Source :  License : Copyrighted free use Contributors : Jon Bodsworth File:Eye of Horus collection.JPG   Source :  License : Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors :User:Fˆ File:Eye Horus Louvre Sb3566.jpg   Source :  License : Public Domain Contributors : User:Jastrow File:Canaanite - Scarab with Udjat Eyes - Walters 4239 - Bottom.jpg   Source : Udjat _Eyes_-_Walters_4239_-_Bottom.jpg  License : unknown Contributors : JMCC1, Kaldari File:Hathor with sacred eye in papyrus.JPG   Source :  License : Public Domain Contributors : 83d40m Image:Commons-logo.svg   Source :  License : logo Contributors : Anomie License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 // 
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