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Factors affecting the learning of English as a second language macroskills among Tongan secondary students

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Factors affecting the learning of English as a second language macroskills among Tongan secondary students
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  Edith Cowan University  Research Online $ee: Doc!ora!e and Ma!er$ee1994 Factors aecting the learning of English as a secondlanguage macroskills among Tongan secondary students Mele F. Latu  Edith Cowan University $i $ei i po!ed a! Reearch Online.h%p://ro.ec".ed".a"/!hee/1110 Recommended Ci!a!ion La!", M. F. (1994). Factors aecting the learning of English as a second language macroskills among Tongan secondary students . Re!rie#edfrom h%p://ro.ec".ed".a"/!hee/1110  Edith   Cowan   University   Copyright   Warning   You   may   print   or   download   ONE   copy   of    this   document   for   the   purpose   of    your   own   research   or   study.   The   University   does   not   authorize   you   to   copy,   communicate   or   otherwise   make   available   electronically   to   any   other   person   any   copyright   material   contained   on   this   site.   You   are   reminded   of    the   following:      Copyright   owners   are   entitled   to   take   legal   action   against   persons   who   infringe   their   copyright.      A   reproduction   of    material   that   is   protected   by   copyright   may   be   a   copyright   infringement.   Where   the   reproduction   of    such   material   is   done   without   attribution   of    authorship,   with   false   attribution   of    authorship   or   the   authorship   is   treated   in   a   derogatory   manner,   this   may   be   a   breach   of    the   author’s   moral   rights   contained   in   Part   IX   of    the   Copyright   Act   1968   (Cth).      Courts   have   the   power   to   impose   a   wide   range   of    civil   and   criminal   sanctions   for   infringement   of    copyright,   infringement   of    moral   rights   and   other   offences   under   the   Copyright   Act   1968   (Cth).   Higher   penalties   may   apply,   and   higher   damages   may   be   awarded,   for   offences   and   infringements   involving   the   conversion   of    material   into   digital   or   electronic   form .  -r- ,- :_  /•; - Factors affecting the learning of English as a Second Language macroskills among Tongan secondary students By -. '-,- ____ ' ; G セ Mete Fakatava Latu ,,, • ' .. ・ Grad. Dip. Arts (Language Studiek) ... · • • • • , • · • ·•••······ •.. · M  -,- ;- . _ , ,, .· ·.·. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for·.· · tMAvvard of Master of Arts in Applfad Linguistics at the Faculty -"-- --_· -- ,- - of Arts, Edith Cowan University t) :: ᄋ  USE OF THESIS The Use of Thesis statement is not included in this version of the thesis.  Abstract This study aimed at determining factors which might have impact on the learning of English as a second language macroskills (reading, writing, listening, and speaking) by Tongan secondary learners. The study was correlational in design and it worked from a synthetic perspective in that it looked at the way in which many aspects of anguage are interrelated to make the whole language system. The study looked at learning English language macroskills from a multiple interdisciplinary perspective taking into consideration linguistic, psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic factors and classroom and bilingual education perspectives. The framework for language use required the Ieamer to know the grammar (linguistic competence) of English and also to have the knowledge of how to use it appropriately in a variety of contexts. The subjects of the study were 100 Form 5 ESL Secondary students and 24 Form 5 ESL Secondary teachers. The three main instruments used were a test and a questionnaire for the students and a questionnaire for the teachers. Students' performance in the four English language macroskills were correlated with their perception of factors hypothesised to be associated with their learning of those English language rnacroskills at school (bivariate correlations). Standard multiple regressions were also performed (with only a few of the investigated factors selected as independent variables) to determine how much ofthe variance in the students' performance c•m be accounted for by the selected variables. Seven factors were shown to have significant correlations with the students' learning of English macroskills at secondary school. They were: the age ofthe students; their perceived ability in English; frequency of use of English with non- Tongan speakers; use ofEnglish to read for enjoyment; use of English for communication at home; integrative motivation; and career aspirations. The multiple regressions showed that 40% to 50% of the variances in reading, writing and listening could be accounted for by the same seven factors. iii
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