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  Mackensie Jackson United Nations PSCI-336-01 Debate: UN Parliamentary Assembly I oppose the motion that a UN Parliamentary Assembly (UNPA) should be created that gives popularly elected representatives a formal role in global politics. It is agreeable that having a “global network of parliamentarians, non -governmental organizations, scholars, and dedicated citizens that advocates democratic representation of the world's citizens at the United Nations” will be influential to representing citizens wants and desires. At the same time, how important will this representation be within the UN system if many citizens do not care about the issue occurring or already feel as if their government is dealing with the issue effectively (UNPA Campaign, 2017) .  In addition to this, if the citizens are truly finding fault with their governments actions, there are organizations, protests, letters, and politicians that can and will come forth to vie against and ultimately influence the governmental decision back to what its citizens want. As a result, those changes that citizens had their government change can be enforced not only within that country, but in how that government chooses to operate and state their countries opinions within the UN. Luis Cabrera, who vies for a UNPA, states that, “ a central claim has been that states’ executives are well represented in global politics, but that the voice of the people’s more direct representatives is absent or too far muted to adequately convey their views and exercise oversight functions on their behalf” (Cabrera 2015, 2).  Although, if one would like to vie for a UNPA, one must first remember that the majority of citizens “lack knowledge of foreign affairs, certainly in depth” (Dahl 1999, 24). An example for this is N AFTA. According to a CBS/New  York Times poll 79 percent of those surveyed were unsure or did not know whether their Congressional representative favored or opposed NAFTA. Therefore, the creation of UNPA is not as seemingly necessary since there are so many citizens who are not sufficiently involved and knowledgeable enough to play a role in the UNPA. A counterargument to this would be that the creation of the UNPA could give citizens an incentive to become involved, but citizens may turn out to have the same viewpoints as their governmental officials have for their country. Another point is that Pouliot argues, “the joint practice of multilateralism creates mutually recognizable patterns of action among global actors” (Pouliot 2011, 21). This implies that through multilateralism, governments can and will find slow-moving consensus, but the simple act of working on solving issues together brings about a pattern that can build upon similar actions for helping others. For example, even though Syria remains an issue because of the UN’s slow -moving action to end the civil war occurring within that country, the parties within the system still recognize Syria’s need for humanitarian aid and thus, come to consensus on the matter of continual aid for the country. One may argue that the response is insufficient, however, the UN having a response period shows the ability of nations to work together towards helping other nations when they are in need. While it can be argued that a UNPA would increase democratic representation and legitimacy, as argued above, it would be difficult to represent citizens within the UNPA and citizens may not care enough or have enough knowledge in order to play a role in the UN. Furthermore, multilateralism works when it comes to different states sharing their countries viewpoints and working together to solve global issues without needing the involvement of the UNPA. That is why I oppose the motion that a UNPA should be created.  Works Cited Cabrera, Luis. “Strengthening Security, Justic e, and Democracy Globally: The Case for a United  Nations Parliamentary Assembly.” (2015). Retrieved from https://www.stimson.org/sites/default/files/Commission_BP_Cabrera.pdf   Dahl, Robert A. “Democracy’s Edge.” (1999). Retrieved from https://bridgewater.app.box.com/s/3g03kx3effckfxdbe7xkbbgodb18iok1/file/251162970527 Foley, Michael S. “Viewpoint: Yes, the antiwar movement succeeded in inhibiting further American escalation of the Vietnam War.” Retrieved from http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/uhic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?action=e&activityType=&catId=&contentModules=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&display-query=&displayGroupName=Reference&displayGroups=&documentId=GALE%7CCX2876200009&failOverType=&jsid=8c630efd03d3770a8d764ead5d27fcc3&limiter=&mode=view&p=UHIC%3AWHIC&prodId=UHIC&query=&scanId=&search_within_results=&sortBy=&source=Bookmark&u=imgacademy&windowstate=normal  Pouliot, Vincent. “Multilateralism as an End in Itself.” (2011). Retrieved from https://bridgewater.app.box.com/s/3g03kx3effckfxdbe7xkbbgodb18iok1/file/252078769381 UNPA Campaign. (2017). Retrieved from http://en.unpacampaign.org/ 
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