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Foundations of Physics from Galileo and Newton to Modern Ideas of Synergy

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Foundations of Physics from Galileo and Newton to Modern Ideas of Synergy
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    Foundations of Physics from Galileo andNewton to Modern Ideas of Synergy Ida AcobianInstitute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law,Yerevan, Armenia    Galileo and the Concept of Inertia Perhaps Galileo's greatest contribution to physics was his formulation of the concept of  inertia : anobject in a state of motion possesses an ``inertia'' that causes it to remain in that state of motionunless an external force acts on it. The idea of inertial motion became a cornerstoneof Newton's laws of motion. Newton's First Law of Motion Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an externalforce is applied to it. Foundations of Modern Science ãBy foundations we will understand srcins and beginnings of Science. Physics of Galileoand Newton starts from The Law  . This is First Law of Newton, Law of Inertia . Newtoncalls it  postulate .3.Galilieo notices that inertial systems do not exist in Nature since any physical body isunder action of many forces, which could be eliminated only mentally.ãStrictly speaking Modern Science begins with Logic , or with Science about Laws of Thought: A ≡ A, A  is the object lacking in inner activity.ãWe should remember that Physics of Aristotle was based on the “principle of perfectionof circular motion” as said Galileo.ãIt is very important to note that Ancient perception was based not on the Identity law, buton thelaw of analogies of Hermes Trismegistus. 1564 - 1642Newton1643 - 1727    Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus 1.It is true, without falsehood, and mostcertain.2.What is below is like that which is above,and what is above is like that which isbelow, to accomplish the miracle of theone thing.    АА Symmetry in Logic ãAristotle’s Law of Identity;A ≡ AThis is first simplest definition of symmetry.ãThis law of formal Logic or law of consistency in thinking underlies allmathematical science in its classical part. In due course this lawrevealed tendency to “localization” in specified intervals of abstraction.ãIf law of consistency is based on absoluteSymmetry, then logicalthinking isasymmetric, i.e. it should consist of only “right” or truepropositions and nowhere be “left” or false ones. Aristotle384 - 322 BC
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