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Globalizarea Sistemelor Financiare. Analiza Proceselorde Incurajare a Dezvoltarii Financiare Si in Tarile Emergente

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Globalizarea Sistemelor Financiare. Analiza Proceselorde Incurajare a Dezvoltarii Financiare Si in Tarile Emergente
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  Cuprins INTRODUCERE.............................................................................................................................2CAPITOLUL I: GLOBALIZAREA ECONOMICĂ.......................................................................41.1. Aspecte gener!e pr # n$ %en&'en(! $e g!&)! *re.............................................................41.2. E%ecte!e %en&'en(!( $e g!&)! *re....................................................................................+1.2.1. Ten$ n,e $e ns')!( -n e#&!(,  %en&'en(!( $e g!&)! *re......................................+1.2.2. E%ecte!e p&* t #e !e g!&)! *r ..................................................................................../1.2.0. E%ecte!e negt #e !e g!&)! *r .................................................................................11.2.4. E%ecte ' cr&  'cr&ec&n&' ce !e g!&)! *r ........................................................121.0. G!&)! *re p e,e!&r % nnc re..........................................................................................101.0.1. Esen,  trst(r !e p e,e!&r % nnc re g!&)! *te.....................................................101.0.2. P&! t c % nnc r3'&netre s() 'pct(! g!&)! *r ..................................................141.0.0. E#&!(t !e se'n % ct #e !e %!((r !&r #!(tr 3 % nnc re ntern, &n!e...................1+CAPITOLUL II: PIE5ELE 6INANCIARE 7N ECONOMIILE EMERGENTE 8I 7N TRANZI5IE..................................................................................................................................212.1. 9 ste'e % nnc re !e ec&n&' !&r e'ergente  -n trn* , e.............................................212.1.1. Apr ,  p e,e!&r $e cp t!...........................................................................................212.1.2. Trst(r spec % ce cest&r p e,e...................................................................................222.1.0. Deter' nnte !e $e*#&!tr p e,e!&r $e cp t!..........................................................2+2.2. Perspect #e!e p e,e!&r $e cp t! $ n ec&n&' !e e'ergente  -n trn* , e.........................22.2.1 6 nn,re pr n nter'e$ (! p e,e!&r $e cp t!.............................................................22.2.2 9cenr !e $e*#&!tr p e,e!&r $e cp t!....................................................................2/2.2.0. M grre cp t!(!( $ nspre ec&n&' !e e'ergente  -n trn* , e ctre p e,e!e ntern, &n!e..........................................................................................................................02CAPITOLUL III: ANALIZA PROCE9ELOR DE INCURA;ARE A DEZ<OLTARII 6INANCIARE. PROPUNERI DE RE6ORMĂ A 9I9TEMULUI 6INANCIAR INTERNA5IONAL......................................................................................................................040.1. 9t) ! re $e stn$r$e  c&$(r ntern, &n!e..................................................................040.2. I'p! cre sect&r(!( pr #t -n pre#en re  gest &nre cr *e!&r % nnc re.....................04.0. Mecn s'e $e pr&tec, e s&c ! pentr( st) ! tte % nnc r...........................................0=0.4. Re%&r' nst t(, !&r % nnc re ntern, &n!e...................................................................0/0.+. Ac&r$(r $e c&&perre '&netr  % nnc r reg &n!e..................................................0>CONCLUZII.................................................................................................................................42BIBLIOGRA6IE...........................................................................................................................40 1  INTRODUCERE M&tt& ! (!t 'e!&r $&( $ecen ? ter'en(! $e g!&)! *re re & $ #ers tte $e ccep, (n ?cee ce c&nst t( e & s(rs $e c&n%(* e. At(nc c@n$ se re%er ! g!&)! *re? ec&n&' t  &'en $e %cer se g@n$esc ' !es ! ntern, &n! *re cresc@n$  p e,e!&r? $ c ceten$ n, ctre & ' pr&n(n,t ntegrre ec&n&' c  % nnc r. C&n%&r' $e% n , e %&!&s te -n'e$ ec&n&' ce? g!&)! *re se re%er ' !es ! n #e!(! ntegrr ntern, &n!e. D n cest p(nct $e #e$ere? nter$epen$en, tre)( e -n,e!es c & c&nsec n,  cest( pr&ces $e ntern, &n! *re?  n( c & $e% n , e. D ntr3& perspect # st&r c? g!&)! *re % nnc r n( este (n %en&'en n&(? -ns'p!&re s ct(! este %r prece$ent. 6!((r !e $e cp t! e st $e '(!t #re'e. 7n t 'p?n('er&se st($ ( $e'&nstrt c %!((r !e $e cp t! $e c(' & s(t $e n s(nt c&'pr) !e c(ce!e $ n * ( $e * . L ce ep&c -ns? (n n('r ! ' tt $e ,r  sect&re prt c p( ! n(' t g!&)! *re % nnc r. 6!((r !e $e cp t! er( $est nte -n pr nc p! spr  n(!( %!((r !&r c&'erc !? ceste %!((r !(( ce! ' $ese %&r' &)! g, (n !&r  er( pe ter'en!(ng. 7n (!t ' n ? -n c ($ 'pres e gener!e pr # n$ g!&)! *re % nnc r? s ste'(!% nnc r ntern, &n! re -nc (n n #e! ns(% c ent $e ntegrre? r seg'entre p e,e!&r $ecp t! pers st. 7n ce! t 'p -ns? cest %en&'en este gre( re#ers ) !  cest $t&r trecente $ereg!e'entr  s ste'e!&r % nnc re? pr&gres(!( ten&!&g c $ n $&'en (! ser# c !&r % nnc re  $e c&'(nc, ? prec('  $ #ers t, cn!e!&r $e $ %(*re  g!&)! *r % nnc re.Re*(!tt ! $e*#&!tr ec&n&' ce $ n (!t 'e!e sec&!e? re!, !e % nnc r3'&netre ntern, &n!e ( c(n&sc(t & ep!&* e p(tern c ' !es -n ce $e3 $&( prte  sec&!(!( .Gr$(! t&t ' r $ ct $e ntegrre ! p e,e!&r % nnc re ntern, &n!e - p(ne 'prent $ n p! ns(pr '&$(!( $e $er(!re  $e &r entre  %!((r !&r % nnc re ntern, &n!e. G!&)! *re% nnc r este (n pr&ces re#ers ) ! cre pr&$(ce '&$ % cr str(ct(r!e  %(nc, &n!e -nns')!(! ec&n&' e '&n$ !e. 7n ceste c&n$ , ? -n,e!egere '&$(!( $e %(nc, &nre  p e,e % nnc re ntern, &n!e?  'ecn s'e!&r  nstr('ente!&r spec % ce ceste ? c&nst t( e &c&n$ , e $e )*  $e*#&!tr ec&n&' ce  ! pr&gres(!( gener!. 7n c&ntet(! ct(!? -n cre&r ce &per, (ne c&'erc ! ntern, &n!  n$ %erent $e gr$(! s( $e c&'p!e tte n( se '  p&te $er(! %r cces(! $ rect ! p , % nnc r ntern, &n!? c(n&tere ceste  $e ctre&pert&r ec&n&' c nteres, $e & $e*#&!tre  %cer !&r !&r -n p!n ntern, &n! $e# ne&)! gt&r e.Acest !(crre -ncepe -n  n! * (ne!e perspect #e s(pr pr&ces(!( $e g!&)! *re  p& pre* nt & 'g ne $e ns')!(  s ste'(!( '&netr % nnc r ntern, &n!. A#@n$ & 2  str(ct(r ) ne c&nt(rt  & r e $ st nct $e 'n %estre? re!, !e % nnc re ntern, &n!e s(nt$e %pt & pre!(ng re  re!, !&r ec&n&' ce pr(te -ntre $ %er te!e ,r . Ce!e ' 'p&rttespecte #(te -n #e$ere -n st($ (! '&$(!( $e 'n %estre  $er(!re ! %!((r !&r % nnc r3'&netre ntern, &n!e?  pe cre !(crre $e %, - pr&p(ne s !e n! *e*e -n $et! ( s(nt: nst t(, !e % nnc re ntern, &n!e c( #&c, e (n #ers!? e#&!(,  s ste'(!( '&netr  ntern, &n!? rn'ente!e '&netre ntern, &n!e e stente -n pre*ent? pr nc p!e!e nstr('ente (t ! *te pe p e,e!e % nnc re ntern, &n!e? nter'e$ ere % nnc r  r&!(!ceste  -n $er(!re %!((r !&r % nnc re ntern, &n!e. 3  CAPITOLUL I: GLOBALIZAREA ECONOMICĂ 1.1. Aspecte gener!e pri in# $en%&enu! #e g!%'!i(re Ec&n&'  ntern, &n! este 'rct $e & '(!t t($ ne $e '(t, $e %&n$ crere'&$e!e* ,est(r $e nter$epen$en, pe )* cr&r e %(nc, &ne*. De*#&!tre s&c et, ntern, &n!e  $ptre c&nt n(  str(ct(r !e ec&n&' ce ! '&$ % cr !e rp $e ce ( !&c pe p!n '&n$ ! p!se* prct c t&te n, (n !e -ntr3(n pr&ces c&nt n(( $e restr(ct(rre  trn* , e. D&( %&r,e pr nc p!e? $ n' ce  -n nter$epen$en,? c&n$(c cest pr&ces  n('e: 3 $@nc re pr&ces(!( $e g!&)! *re  ec&n&' e '&n$ !eF 3 pr ,   $e*#&!tre rn'ente!&r ec&n&' ce reg &n!e.G!&)! *re p&te % $e% n t c % n$ ce ' -n!t %&r' $e ntern, &n! *re ct # t, ec&n&' ce. Ten$ n,e!e $e g!&)! *re se 'n %est -n ec&n&'  '&n$ ! pe ' '(!te p!n(r : ! ntegrr s ste'(!( ntern, &n! $e pr&$(c, e? ! ntegrr (n&r p e,e $e 'r%(r s( ser# c ? !c&n#ergen,e p&! t c !&r ec&n&' ce !e ec&n&' !&r n, &n!e. 6en&'en(! g!&)! *r p&ten,e* ' '(!t r&!(! n%&r', e c res(rs $ec s #  $e*#&!tr ec&n&' ce -n etp ct(!.G!&)! *re repre* nt pr&ces(! $e -ntreptr(n$ere t&t ' ccent(t -ntre ec&n&' !en, &n!e. Ne -n$rept' spre (n n&( s ste' ec&n&' c '&n$ ! g!&)!? (n$e nter$epen$en,ec&n&' c $ ntre ,r repre* nt e!e'ent(! esen, !.  Internaţionalizarea producţiei  este c&ns $ert n ' pr&ces(!( $e g!&)! *re. 7n c$r(! pr&ces(!( $e ntern, &n! *re  pr&$(c, e ? $e %pt $e g!&)! *re  pr&ces(!( $e pr&$(c, e?c&rp&r, !e trnsn, &n!e repre* nt e!e'ent(! esen, !. 7n str@ns !egt(r c( ntern, &n! *re pr&$(c, e ? (n !t %ct&r ! g!&)! *r -!repre* nt comerţul internaţional  ? % n$ ce! ' #ec %!( ! c rc( t(!( '&n$ ! $e#nst $e pr&$(c,  g!&)!  p(tern c $&' nt $e c&'pn !e trnsn, &n!e 1 .Inst t(, &n! *re c&'er,(!( ntern, &n! $(p ce! $e3! $& !e R*)& M&n$ !  #(t$rept c&nsec n, pr nc p! re$(cere tr %e!&r? -n spec ! ! pr&$(se!e 'n(%ct(rte? cee ce  per' s ,r !&r -n $e*#&!tre s c@t ge n&  n& p e,e. <!&r % cre &p&rt(n t, !&r &%er te pr n pr s' g!&)! *r s3 c&nst t( t -ntr3(n %ct&r $ n' *t&r ! c&'er,(!( ntern, &n!. C( t&te ceste? e#&!(,  c&'er,(!( ntern, &n! -n (!t ' n  %&st 'rct $e cr *e!ecre ( #(t !&c -n $ %er te reg (n !e !(' . Pr&ces(! g!&)! *r  $e'&nstrt & $t -n p!(s c nter$epen$en,e!e $ ntre stte s(nt ' str@nse c &r c@n$  c n 'en n( este n#(!ner) ! -n %,%en&'ene!&r negt #e cre %ecte* & reg (ne s( !t. <&!('(! ep&rt(r !&r '&n$ !e? c@t  ! 1  D(' tr(? Ptr ce? Comerţ şi globalizare.  E$ t(r A9E? B(c(ret ? 20 4
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