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Gomes A. S. e Wanderley E. G..: Elicitando requisitos em projetos de software educativo, WIE’2003, Campinas (SP)

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Gomes A. S. e Wanderley E. G..: Elicitando requisitos em projetos de software educativo, WIE’2003, Campinas (SP); Elicitando requisitos em projetos de Software Educativo Alex Sandro Gomes, Eduardo Garcia Wanderley Centro de Informática – Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) Caixa Postal 7851 – 50.732-970 – Recife – PE – Brazil {asg, egw}@cin.ufpe.br 1 Abstract. The article describes technique of educational
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Imahazlkjb vi|yaxazbx ig pvboizbx ji xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub- ^AI‑6008- Hlgpaklx $XP!3 Imahazlkjb vi|yaxazbx ig pvboizbx ji Xbez~lvi Ijyhlzaub   Lmit Xlkjvb Nbgix- Ijylvjb Nlvhal ^lkjivmiq Hikzvb ji Akebvgìzahl ‘ Ykauivxajlji Eijivlm ji Pivklgfyhb $YEPI!Hlatl Pbxzlm >49< ‘ 90+>86'1>0 ‘ Vihaei ‘ PI ‘ Fvlam slxn- in~w@hak+yepi+fv <   Lfxzvlhz+ Zdi lvzahmi jixhvafix zihdka|yi be ijyhlzabklm xbez~lvivi|yavigikzx imahazlzabk+ Lyzdbvx hlmm zdi lzzikzabk ebv zdi ijyhlzabklmxbez~lvi mb~ pijlnbnahlm |ylmazq+ Plvz be zdi pvbfmig ax nikivlzij fq zdi pbbv vi|yavigikzx ajikzaeahlzabk+ L pvbhixx akzinvlzij lkj xqxziglzah be vi|yavigikzx imahazlzabk ax xdb~k+ Lk lppmahlzabk bk zdi jiuimbpgikz be xbez~lvi ebv zilhdakn ljjazauix xzvyhzyvix ~amm fi lvnyij  +  Vixygb+ B lvzanb jixhviui záhkahlx ji imahazlîèb ji vi|yaxazbx plvl xbez~lvixijyhlzaubx+ Lyzbvix hdlglg l lzikîèb plvl l flatl |ylmajlji pijlnønahl jixbez~lvix ijyhlzaubx+ Plvzi jb pvbfmigl á nivljl piml ajikzaeahlîèbi|yaubhljl ji vi|yaxazbx+ Lpvixikzl'xi yg pvbhixxb akzinvljb i xaxzigìzahbji imahazlîèb ji vi|yaxazbx ji xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub+ Xivì jaxhyzajl xyl lpmahlîèbkb jixikubmuagikzb ji yg xbez~lvi plvl b ikxakb ji ixzvyzyvlx ljazaulx <+ Akzvbjyîèb Kb akçhab jbx lkbx 10- Hlvvldiv $<110! hbkhmyçl ji ebvgl pixxagaxzl |ylkzb àxitpihzlzaulx ji xyvnagikzb- kyg zigpb fviui- ji xbez~lvix ijyhlzaubx ji fbl |ylmajljipijlnønahl+ B lyzbv bfxivulul- à ápbhl- |yi ”l pvbjyîèb ji xbez~lvi ji |ylmajljizáhkahl i- glax lakjl- ji |ylmajlji pijlnønahl- á glax hbgpmitl jb |yi xi aglnakluldì pbyhb zigpb- ji zlm gbjb |yi jaeahamgikzi xyvnavì- ji ebvgl vìpajl i ixpbkzækilygl |ylkzajlji ji xbez~lvi ji |ylmajlji+‗ $afaj+- p+ 85!+Yg jbx gbzaubx jl jaeahymjlji ig pvbjyav xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub ji |ylmajljiplvihi ixzlv manljb lb elzb |yi kb pvbhixxb ji hbkhipîèb dì ygl jaeivikîl xankaeahlzaulikzvi lx vipvixikzlîùix |yi jixankivx- pvbnvlgljbvix i pvbeixxbvix zïg lhivhl jbxpvbhixxbx ji ikxakb i lpvikjalnig $Glkjim- <11>!+L glabv plvzi jbx xaxziglx plvihi xiv hvaljl l plvzav ji pvbpbxaîùix lj dbh jiixpihalmaxzlx+ B jixikubmuagikzb ji lpmahlîùix ijyhlzaulx á dì gyazb zigpbhbkxajivljb hbgb xikjb ygl lzauajlji |ylxi lvzixlklm+ Ig yg lvzanb |yi lklmaxlpyfmahlîùix jb ^AI kbx ÿmzagbx lkbx- Nbgix- Zijixhb i Hlxzvb'Eamdb   $pvimb! gbxzvlg    |yi gixgb lx xbmyîùix ijyhlzaulx nivljlx ig hikzvbx ji pix|yaxl zikjig l lfbvjlv bpvbfmigl jb jixikubmuagikzb ji lpmahlîùix ijyhlzaulx ji ebvgl kèb xaxzigìzahl+Xinykjb Zhdbykacaki $6006!- b pvbfmigl hikzvlm jl iknikdlval ji xbez~lviijyhlzaub ixzì lxxbhaljb lbx imigikzbx |yi b jixankiv jaxpùi i kèb á yg pvbfmigl jbzapb? b pvbnvlgljbv el b |yi b ijyhljbv ixpihaeahl+ L akzivlîèb ikzvi pvbnvlgljbvix iijyhljbvix á pvbfmigìzahl jiuajb àx jaeahymjljix ig hbgplvzamdlv hbkhiazbx jlxjaeivikzix ìvilx+Ig gyazbx pvboizbx ji lpmahlîùix ijyhlzaulx- bx gbjimbx hbnkazaubx jivieivïkhal xbfvi lpvikjalnig i jixikubmuagikzb dyglkb xèb akjahljbx xbf ebvgl jivieivïkhal nivlm i jikbzlg- lpiklx- b zapb ji lfbvjlnig xinyajl $Zhdbykacaki- 6006!+Ixxl lpvixikzlîèb nivlm kèb bvaikzl kig akemyikhal kb jixank jbx xaxziglx+ B lyzbv hazlyg hbkoykzb ji vlvbx xaxziglx- hyol hbkhipîèb vimiul pvbfmiglx ji lpvikjalnig ijixikubmuagikzb |yi xèb jixhvazbx kbx gbjimbx ji vieivikhal+B bfoizaub jixzi lvzanb á b ji lpvixikzlv yg pvbhixxb ji iknikdlval ji xbez~lviijyhlzaub |yi pivgazi lfbvjlv b jixikubmuagikzb ji ygl lpmahlîèb ijyhlzaul- ik|ylkzbpvbfmigl ji iknikdlval ji xbez~lvi- kygl zikzlzaul ji imagaklv b glabv kÿgivb jijihaxùix lj dbh - xyfxzazyakjb'lx pbv ixpihaeahlîùix fig eykjlgikzljlx+ Hbg axxb-ixpivl'xi hvalv akzivelhix ijyhlzaulx ji fbl |ylmajlji pijlnønahl+Ixzi lvzanb ixzì bvnlkaljb jl xinyakzi ebvgl+ Kl xiîèb 6- jaxhyzagbx b pvbhixxbji hvalîèb ji xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub i jigbkxzvlgbx l vimiuækhal ji ygl imahazlîèb jivi|yaxazbx akahalm fig eiazl+ Kl xiîèb 8- lpvixikzlgbx yg pvbhixxb vlhabklm jiajikzaeahlîèb ji vi|yaxazbx kb pvboizb ji zlax xaxziglx+ Kl xiîèb :- á lpvixikzljb ygitigpmb pvboizb kb |ylm yzamaby'xi ixxi gázbjb+ Kl xiîèb 9- hbkhmyçgbx lhivhl jbagplhzb jb pvbhixxb ji imahazlîèb kl hvalîèb jb xbez~lvi+ 6+ Iknikdlval ji Xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub Ikzikjigbx xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub hbgb xikjb l hmlxxi ji akzivelhix ijyhlzaulx byhbkoykzb ji lvzielzbx hvaljbx plvl eykhabklvig ik|ylkzb gijaljbvix ig lzauajljixijyhlzaulx ji ebvglîèb ig ìvilx jaxzakzlx jb hbkdihagikzb+ Pbjig lakjl xiv uaxzbhbgb lvzielzbx yxljbx lyzbkbglgikzi pimbx lpvikjaix hbgb akxzvygikzb àlpvikjalnig ji lmnb+ Akzivelhix ijyhlzaulx xivuig hbgb giab à kinbhalîèb jixankaeahljb i à hbkxzvyîèb ji hbkdihagikzbx ixpihçeahb ig hbkzitzbx ixpihçeahbx+ Leykîèb ji yg xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub á l ji pvbgbuiv lpvikjalnig plvl b yxb- glxzlgfág lklmaxlv l lpvikjalnig ji hbkhiazbx ixpihçeahbx |yi bhbvvig hbg b yxb jbxbez~lvi+ Pbvzlkzb- kèb xi zvlzl lpiklx lpvikjiv l EL_IV lmnb hbg l akzivelhi$Vaiglk- <115!- glx ji lpvikjiv l majlv hbg l akzivelhi plvl LPVIKJIV lmnyghbkhiazb+ Ig byzvlx plmluvlx- lx akzivelhix ijyhlzaulx hbkzigpmlg xiyx vi|yaxazbx|ylkjb bx yxyìvabx lpvikjig l yxì'mlx- i lb elï'mb lpvikjig lmnb by lmnyg hbkhiazb+Lx akzivelhix ijyhlzaulx akziveivig- pbvzlkzb- kb jixikubmuagikzb hbnkazaub jbxyxyìvabx- zikjb agplhzb kl lpvikjalnig ji hlgpbx hbkhiazylax jizivgakljbx$Uivnklyj- <11>!+Nbgix- Zijixhb i Hlxzvb'Eamdb $pvimb! bfxivulg |yi ygl |yixzèb agpbvzlkziikubmuikjb b jixikubmuagikzb ji lpmahlîùix ijyhlzaulx ixzì kl ixpihaeahajlji jbxvi|yaxazbx kèb'eykhabklax ji yxyìvabx- |yi- gyazlx uiix- plvihig pbyhb akzinvlmaljbxkixzi jixikubmuagikzb+ B hbkoykzb ji vi|yaxazbx jiui bfxivulv kèb xø lxpihzbx jb    pvbhixxb ji lpvikjalnig jbx lmykbx- glx zlgfág lxpihzbx jb pvbhixxb ji gijalîèb lxiv pvbgbuajl pimb pvbeixxbv- b |ylm pbji fikieahalv'xi ji eykhabklmajljix ixpihçeahlxjb xaxzigl- hbgb b vinaxzvb ji plxxbx by l pváual bvnlkalîèb ji xi|ýïkhal jipvbfmiglx+ Jl gixgl glkiavl- eykhabklmajljix- gyazb vçnajlx by pbyhb ljlpzlzaulx-pbjig zbvklv yg lgfaikzi pbv jiglax javizaub i aklji|yljb lbx pvbeixxbvix i xylxpvìzahlx $Makx i Nbgix- 6008!+Imahazlîèb ji Vi|yaxazbx hbkxaxzi kl ajikzaeahlîèb jbx vi|yaxazbx kihixxìvabx àagpmigikzlîèb ji yg xaxzigl+ Ixzi pvbhixxb iknmbfl lzauajljix ji jixhbfivzl-vieaklgikzb- gbjimlnig- jbhygikzlîèb- ixpihaeahlîèb i glkyzikîèb jb hbkoykzb jivi|yaxazbx+ B pvbhixxb jl Iknikdlval ji Vi|yaxazbx pbji lakjl xiv jauajajb klxlzauajljix ixzvyzyvljlx ji Imahazlîèb- Lkìmaxi i Kinbhalîèb- Ulmajlîèb i Nivikhalgikzb$Cbzbkql i Xbggivuammi- <114!+ B miulkzlgikzb ji vi|yaxazbx ji yg xaxzigl ákbvglmgikzi eiazb pbv iknikdiavbx+ Ig xyl ebvgymlîèb bvanaklm vihbgikjlul'xi |yi lmaxzl ji vi|yaxazbx ebxxi hbkxzvyçjl pimb yxyìvab yxlkjb xyl maknylnig+ Zvlflmdbxvihikzix zikzlg agpmahlv akzikxlgikzi b yxyìvab kb pvbhixxb ji ajikzaeahlîèb jivi|yaxazbx ji yg xaxzigl+Dì jauivxlx jaeahymjljix ikhbkzvljlx pbv iknikdiavbx ji xbez~lvi plvl imahazlvvi|yaxazbx ig jbgçkabx gyazbx ixpihçeahbx+ L lfbvjlnig glax zvljahabklm lakjl bhbvviji ebvgl kèb'xaxzigìzahl- pbv giabx ji lklmaxi xagpmix by pbv giab ji ikzviuaxzlx eiazlxhbg bx hmaikzix i yxyìvabx+ Kb ikzlkzb- ikzviuaxzlx kèb xèb xyeahaikzix plvl hlpzlv bxvi|yaxazbx ji yg xaxzigl- oì |yi iml kèb pivgazi lb pix|yaxljbv ziv lhixxb l akebvglîùixpvihaxlx jb piveam jbx yxyìvabx by jb hbkzitzb ji yxb jb kbub lvzielzb+ Uìvabx lxpihzbxagpbvzlkzix plvl b xaxzigl pbjig plxxlv jixpivhifajbx- by gixgb kèb zivig xyljiuajl agpbvzækhal nlvlkzajl hbg ixzl záhkahl+ Lmág ji b ikubmuagikzb jbxikzviuaxzljbx $hmaikzix i yxyìvabx! eahlv vijyajb+L glabv jaeahymjlji plvihi ixzl vimlhabkljl ig maxzlv yg hbkoykzb lji|yljb jivi|yaxazbx i kl hvalîèb ji hlxbx ji yxb |yi lzikjl àx vilax kihixxajljix jbx yxyìvabx+ Lgbjimlnig akahalm ji yg xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub ixzl vimlhabkljl à lpvikjalnig jbxhbkhiazbx uaxljbx- l pvìzahl ji ikxakb kb hbkzitzb ji yxb i lb hyvvçhymb $GlhJbynlmm iX|yavix- <11:!+ Ygl pvagiavl hlvlhzivçxzahl jixxi hbkoykzb ji vi|yaxazbx á |yi imivihifi akemyïkhal jb zapb ji jbgçkab ji hbkdihagikzb plvl l |ylm l akzivelhi ixzì xikjbhvaljl+ Ig xinykjb mynlv- vi|yaxazbx i ixpihaeahlîùix jiuig miulv ig hbkxajivlîèb lixzvyzyvl jl lzauajlji jbx jaeivikzix yxyìvabx |yi yzamalvèb l akzivelhi $Makx i Nbgix-6008!+ Plvl lhijiv l jljbx pvihaxbx xbfvi l lzauajlji hbnkazaul- xiol vimlhabkljl lbjbgçkab $lpvikjalnig!- xiol vimlhabkljl lb hbkzitzb ji ikxakb $lzauajlji!- el'xikihixxìvab |yi l lfbvjlnig jb xyoiazb xiol bvaikzljl pbv gbjimbx hbnkazaubxlji|yljbx+ L xinyav á jixhvazb yg pvbhixxb ji imahazlîèb ji vi|yaxazbx ji jbgçkab$lpvikjalnig! i ji hbkzitzb $lzauajlji! plvl pvboizbx ji xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub+ 8+ Imahazlîèb ji Vi|yaxazbx ji Xbez~lvi Ijyhlzaub Jljl l hbgpmitajlji jl klzyvil jbx elzbvix dyglkbx ikubmuajbx kb pvboizb ji yg xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub- gixgb záhkahlx xaxzigìzahlx lpvixikzlg pvbfmigl ig xylitihyîèb+ Kb pvboizb ji zlax xaxziglx- hbkebvgi uaxzb- dì ygl nvlkji ulvaijlji ji zapbxji vi|yaxazbx l xivig ajikzaeahljbx- vimlhabkljbx lb jbgçkab $lpvikjalnig jihbkhiazbx! i lb hbkzitzb ji yxb $lzauajlji!+ Bx vi|yaxazbx |yi xivèb lfbvjljbx kixzilvzanb xèb jbax- |yi ajikzaeahlvigbx hbgb xikjb? jbgçkab i lzauajlji+ L gbjimlnig    hbnkazaul jl lîèb pivgazi lhijiv l akebvglîùix xbfvi b jbgçkab- xyl lpvikjalnig+ Oì lgbjimlnig hbnkazaul ji lzauajljix pivgazi ajikzaeahlv vi|yaxazbx vimlhabkljbx àxpvìzahlx xbhalax klx |ylax plvzahaplg bx yxyìvabx hbg lvzielzbx xagamlvix à|yimix igjixikubmuagikzb+ L lkìmaxi ji lgfbx bhbvvi gijalkzi bvaikzlîùix ji gbjimbx-lfbvjlnikx hbkxzvyzauaxzlx+Kl Eanyvl < lpvixikzlgbx yg jalnvlgl ji lzauajlji jb pvbhixxb |yi zigbxlpmahljb kb pvboizb ji jauivxlx lpmahlîùix ijyhlzaulx+ <+ Ajikzaeahlîèb jb jbgçkab>+ Lkìmaxi jlpvìzahl ji ikxakb Yxlkjb Zibvaljl Lzauajlji 8+ Lkìmaxi jllpvikjalnig jb jbgçkabS Kèb WHbkzitzbS Xlml by Mlfbvlzøvab W5+ Lkìmaxi jb yxbbg yg xø yxyìvabS Jixczbp W1+ Ajikzaeahl kihixxajljix jihbkzitzb ji yxb:+ Ajikzaeahl kihixxajljixvimlhabkljlx lb jbgçkab9+ Nivlîèb ji pvbzøzapbxhikìvabx ji yxbNivl pvbzøzapb ihikìvab2S Xag WS Kèb W<0+ Nivlv hlxbx ji yxb flxiljbx klxkihixxajljix jbx yxyìvabxAkçhab jl IknikdlvalJbgçkab hbkdihajb2Jbhygikzb ji Vi|yaxazb6 i 8+ Lklmaxi i Pix|yaxl Fafmabnvìeahl xbfvil lpvikjalnig jb jbgçkabS Plvhalm W6+ Pix|yaxl Fafmabnvìeahl xbfvi llpvikjalnig jb jbgçkabS Xag W Cyolml $600<! 4+ Lkìmaxi jl Hbmlfbvlîèbl jaxzækhalS IlJ W GbjimbHbkxzvyzauaxzl$Nbgix-<111!   Eanyvl < ' Emytb jb Pvbhixxb ji Hvalîèb ji yg Xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub B pvbhixxb ikhbkzvl' xi jixhvazb jl ebvgl glax nikávahl pbxxçuim+ Xyl lpmahlîèbig pvboizbx ixpihçeahbx bhbvvi |ylkjb vixpbkjigbx l zvïx pivnykzlx? |ylkzb xi xlfixbfvi l lpvikjalnig jb jbgçkab2 Á kihixxìvab hvalv i ixzyjlv b yxb ji pvbzøzapbx2 \yizapb ji hbkzitzb ji yxb jiui xiv lklmaxljb2 Jixhviuigbx b pvboizb ji ygl akzivelhiijyhlzaul hvaljl plvl b ikxakb ji hbkhiazbx jb hlgpb jlx ixzvyzyvlx ljazaulx $Uivnklyj-<11>!+ 8+<+ Ajikzaeahlîèb jb Jbgçkab B pvagiavb gbgikzb ji yg pvboizb ji yg xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub hbvvixpbkji àajikzaeahlîèb jb jbgçkab l xiv uiahymljb- ig zivgbx ji hbkhiazbx by hlgpbxhbkhiazylax+ Ikzikjigbx pbv jbgçkab b hlgpb hbkhiazylm l xiv lpvixikzljb kl akzivelhi+B jbgçkab ji lpmahlîèb ji yg xbez~lvi pbji xiv jaxzakzb hbgb nibgizval i maknylnigji pvbnvlglîèb+ Plvl b pvboizb ji yg xbez~lvi ijyhlzaub xèb ajikzaeahljbx bx jbgçkabxjixji b akahab jb pvboizb+ Bx vi|yaxazbx ixzèb vimlhabkljbx hbg b |yi l akzivelhi jiuipvbuiv ig zivgbx ji lpvikjalnig+Ig pvagiavb mynlv- xèb ixxlx akzivelhix |yi xivuig plvl uiahymlv xazylîèb iualfamalv hbkzitzbx kbx |ylax lx lîùix jbx yxyìvabx xèb pbxxçuiax+ Ig xinykjb mynlv-
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