Business & Economics

History of INDIAN Telecommunications

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presentation on telecom sector in INDIA
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       History Of INDIANHistory Of INDIANTelecommunicationsTelecommunications ● 1851 – First operational lines were laid by government near Calcutta. ● 1881 – Telephone service introduced in INDIA. ● 1883 – Merger with the Postal system. ● 1923 – Formation of Indian Radio Telegraph Company (IRT). ● 1932 – Merger of ETC and IRT into the Indian Radio and Cable CommunicationCompany (IRCC). ● 1947 – Nationalization of all Foreign Telecommuniations companies to form thePosts, Telephone and Telegraph (PTT), a monopoly run by the governmentsMinistry of communication. ● 1985 – Department of Telecommunications (DOT) established, an exclusiveprovider of domestic and long distance service that would be its own regulator (separate from the postal system).    ● 1986 – Conversion of DOT into two wholly government – owned companies:a) Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited VSNL for international telecommuniationsb) Mahanagar telephone Nigam Limited for service in Metropolian cities. ● 1997 – Telecom Regulatory Authority of India created. ● 1999 – Cellular services is launched in India . New National Telecom policy isadopted. ● 2000+ – DoT becomes a corporation BSNL, CAGR of around 75%, FDI :74%(2005). ● 2007-09 – world's lowest call rates, fastest growth in number of subscribers,fastest sale of million mobiles in week, world's cheapsest mobile and mostaffordable colour phones .    INDIA'S Position in Telecom SectorINDIA'S Position in Telecom Sector ● India is Second largest market in Asia afterChina, Japan & South Korea. ● Indian Telecom network is 8 th largest in theworld and 2 nd largest among emergingeconomies. ● Contribution of Telecom sector in terms of revenue is 2.1% of GDP as compared to2.8% of emerging economies.
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