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I Live by the Invisible: the Published and Unpublished Screenplays of Ray Bradbury

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I Live by the Invisible: the Published and Unpublished Screenplays of Ray Bradbury
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  󰁉 󰁌󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁂󰁹 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁉󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥󰀺 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁐󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁕󰁮󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁓󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 P󰁨󰁩󰁬 N󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁯󰁬󰁳 󰁉󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁔󰁨󰁥 A󰁭󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁮 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁲 R󰁡󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁩󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁫󰁮󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁲󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁦󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁳󰁹, 󰁳󰁣󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁲󰁯󰁲. L󰁥󰁳󰁳 󰁷󰁥󰁬󰁬 󰁫󰁮󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁥󰁴󰁲󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳, 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. H󰁥 󰁷󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁢󰁥 󰁫󰁮󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁯󰁣󰁣󰁡󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁲, 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁯󰁮 󰁡 󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁦󰁵󰁬 󰁯󰁦 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡 󰁤󰁯󰁺󰁥󰁮 󰁯󰁲 󰁳󰁯 󰁔󰁖 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳. I󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁬󰁡󰁳󰁴 󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳, 󰁡 󰁮󰁵󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤, 󰁭󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁬󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁥󰁳 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁳󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁬 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁳. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁥 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁨󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁵󰁳, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁰󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁥 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁸󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁸󰁴 󰁯󰁦 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬󰁬 󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫. S󰁯󰁭󰁥, 󰁨󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲, 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁬󰁥 󰁯󰁲 󰁮󰁯 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 2010 󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁥 󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳󰀺 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁃󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥󰁴󰁥 󰁅󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 1  󰁩󰁳 󰁡 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁥󰁸󰁡󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳: 󰁩󰁴 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁸󰁴 󰁯󰁦 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 1950 󰁳󰁣󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬, 󰁡 󰁳󰁥󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁡󰁤󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 M󰁡󰁲󰁳󰀭󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁤󰁩󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁵󰁮󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳 󰁢󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹; 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰁯 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁰󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳, 󰁡󰁣󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁨󰁯󰁷 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁹 󰁣󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁢󰁥󰁩󰁮󰁧, 󰁯󰁲 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁩󰁮 󰁷󰁨󰁹 󰁮󰁯 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁥󰁩󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴󰁳. I󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁡󰁰󰁥󰁲, I 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁫󰁥󰁹 󰁦󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁳 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁭󰁹 󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮  󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳, 󰁤󰁲󰁡󰁷󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁮 󰁢󰁯󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡 󰁭󰁵󰁣󰁨 󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁯󰁤󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁵󰁮󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤   󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁵󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴󰁳 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 C󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁦󰁯󰁲 R󰁡󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 S󰁴󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁡󰁴 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮󰁡 󰁕󰁮󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁹. 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁡󰁬󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴󰁳 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁪󰁵󰁳󰁴 󰁡 󰁦󰁲󰁡󰁧󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁡 󰁶󰁡󰁳󰁴 󰁡󰁭󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥 󲀓 󰁵󰁮󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁵󰁮󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁤 󲀓 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧. F󰁡󰁲 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁢󰁥󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁮 󰁵󰁮󰁵󰁳󰁵󰁡󰁬 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁪󰁥󰁣󰁴, 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁨 󲀜󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥󲀝 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁳 󰁳󰁥󰁥󰁭 󰁴󰁯 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭 󰁡󰁮 󰁵󰁮󰁳󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁶󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁮󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁦󰁡󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁡󰁲 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁥 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁳. G󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁵󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁵󰁡󰁬 󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁩󰁭󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁩󰁣 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫, 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁴󰁵󰁤󰁹 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁵󰁮󰁣󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁭󰁳 󰁢󰁹 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁢󰁹 󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁳󰁵󰁧󰁧󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁥. 󰀱󰀮   󰁏󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁷󰀺 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁍󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁗󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁳 󰁯󰁮 󰁓󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮 1  B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹, R. (2009) 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳󰀺 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁃󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥󰁴󰁥 󰁅󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 . B󰁵󰁲󰁴󰁯󰁮 MI: S󰁵󰁢󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁮.  B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁳 󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁡 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁤 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁩󰁸󰁴󰁹 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳, 󰁡󰁳 󰁷󰁥󰁬󰁬 󰁡󰁳 󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁹 󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁥󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳, 󰁰󰁯󰁥󰁴󰁲󰁹, 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁡󰁹󰁳. I󰁮 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁩󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁳 󰁰󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁳, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁡󰁰󰁥󰁲 󰁷󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥 󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁳󰁥. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁬 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁴, 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁳 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁯 2 , 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁹󰁯󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁰󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮. I 󰁷󰁩󰁬󰁬, 󰁨󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲, 󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁷󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁷󰁥󰁢 󰁯󰁦 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳, 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁮 󰁯󰁵󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁢󰁥 󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁵󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰. F󰁩󰁧󰁵󰁲󰁥 1 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁷󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁳 󰁡󰁧󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁴 󰁡 󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁧󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 (󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹, 󰁳󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁬󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁄󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁗󰁩󰁮󰁥  󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁄󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁨 󰁩󰁳 󰁡 󰁌󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁂󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁳󰁳  󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁤). 󰁆󰁩󰁧󰁵󰁲󰁥 1󰀺 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹'󰁳 󰁍󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁎󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁳 (󰁳󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁬󰁳 󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹) H󰁡󰁬󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁳 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮: 󰁆󰁡󰁨󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁴 451  󲀓 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 1966, 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 F󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁯󰁩󰁳 󰁔󰁲󰁵󰁦󰁦󰁡󰁵󰁴 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁡 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁢󰁹 󰁔󰁲󰁵󰁦󰁦󰁡󰁵󰁴 󰁡󰁮󰁤 J󰁥󰁡󰁮󰀭L󰁯󰁵󰁩󰁳 R󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁤 2   F󰁯󰁲 󰁦󰁵󰁲󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮, 󰁳󰁥󰁥: N󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁯󰁬󰁳, P. (2007) 󲀜A S󰁹󰁭󰁰󰁡󰁴󰁨󰁹 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 S󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁳: R󰁡󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 BBC R󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁯, 1951󲀓1970.󲀝 󰁒󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁯 󰁊󰁯󰁵󰁲󰁮󰁡󰁬 4, 󰁮󰁯. 1󲀓3 (󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 N󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 2007; 󰁣󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥 2006) N󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁯󰁬󰁳, P. (2008) 󲀜R󰁡󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 BBC R󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁯: 1971 󰁴󰁯 2007.󲀝 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁎󰁥󰁷 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁒󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁷   󰁮󰁯. 1 N󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁯󰁬󰁳, P. (2011) "R󰁥󰀭P󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 M󰁡󰁲󰁳: B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹'󰁳 M󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 S󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁮 M󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁡 A󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󲀝 󰁩󰁮  H󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁲󰁩󰁸, H.󰁖., R󰁡󰁢󰁫󰁩󰁮, E.S. & S󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁲, G.E. (󰁥󰁤󰁳.) 󰁖󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁳󰀺 󰁅󰁳󰁳󰁡󰁹󰁳 󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁒󰁥󰁤 󰁐󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁥󰁴 󰁩󰁮 󰁆󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁓󰁣󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 . J󰁥󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁮, NC: M󰁣F󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁤  󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳  󲀓 󰁢󰁲󰁯󰁡󰁤󰁣󰁡󰁳󰁴 󰁩󰁮 1980, 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 M󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁥󰁬 A󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁮, 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁡 󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁢󰁹 R󰁩󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁤 M󰁡󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁓󰁯󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁗󰁩󰁣󰁫󰁥󰁤 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁗󰁡󰁹 󰁃󰁯󰁭󰁥󰁳  󲀓 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 1983, 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 J󰁡󰁣󰁫 C󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁴󰁯󰁮, 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁡 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁢󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁈󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁔󰁲󰁥󰁥 󲀓 󰁢󰁲󰁯󰁡󰁤󰁣󰁡󰁳󰁴 󰁩󰁮 1992, 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 M󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁯 P󰁩󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁯, 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁡 󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁢󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁗󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁭󰁥 󰁡 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁷󰁡󰁲󰁤, 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥: 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹, 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁩󰁳 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁤. I󰁮 󰁦󰁡󰁣󰁴, 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁭󰁵󰁣󰁨 󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥󰁸 󰁩󰁳 󰁧󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁮, 󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁭󰁰󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. I󰁮 󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁹 󰁣󰁡󰁳󰁥, 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁥󰁳 󰁡 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫  󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁯  󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁧󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 1972 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁈󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁔󰁲󰁥󰁥  󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁳󰁴 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁧󰁥. B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹, 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁮󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁲 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤. H󰁥 󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁦󰁵󰁬󰁬 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁯󰁲 C󰁨󰁵󰁣󰁫 J󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁳. A󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁲 J󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁳 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁦󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁪󰁥󰁣󰁴, B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁲󰁥󰀭󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬. F󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹, 󰁡󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁹 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳, 󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰀭󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁴 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁦󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁤 (1993) 󰁦󰁯󰁲 H󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁡 B󰁡󰁲󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡 3 . 󰁓󰁯󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁗󰁩󰁣󰁫󰁥󰁤 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁗󰁡󰁹 󰁃󰁯󰁭󰁥󰁳  󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁧󰁥, 󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󲀓 󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁥 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁈󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁔󰁲󰁥󰁥 󰀭 󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁳󰁥󰁳 󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁡󰁢󰁯󰁵󰁴 󰁷󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁷󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴 󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁧󰁩󰁮󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁡 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹, 󲀜󰁔󰁨󰁥 B󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁫 F󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁩󰁳󲀝, 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁩󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁡 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁄󰁡󰁲󰁫 󰁃󰁡󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁶󰁡󰁬  , 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁦󰁯󰁲 G󰁥󰁮󰁥 K󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁹 4 . 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁮󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁥󰁤, 󰁳󰁯 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁲󰁥󰀭󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬, 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 1962. H󰁥 󰁳󰁵󰁢󰁳󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁹 󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁡 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬, 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁤 (1983). I󰁦 󰁷󰁥 󰁦󰁯󰁬󰁬󰁯󰁷 H󰁵󰁴󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁯󰁮󲀙󰁳 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󲀓 󲀜󰁡󰁮 󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤, 󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥, 󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁡 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󲀝 5  󰀭 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭 󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁳 󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁢󰁥󰁣󰁡󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁩󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 (󲀜󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁢󰁹 R󰁡󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀝). H󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁩󰁳 󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁪󰁵󰁳󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁭󰁵󰁣󰁨 󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁵󰁮󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁤 󰁄󰁡󰁲󰁫 󰁃󰁡󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁶󰁡󰁬   󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹, 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁹󰁯󰁵 󰁷󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁮󰁯󰁴 󰁦󰁩󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁮󰁹󰁷󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬. 󰁆󰁡󰁨󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁴 451 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁹 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁩󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁮. I󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁡 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁨󰁡󰁤 󰁮󰁯 󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁩󰁴. H󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲, 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁢󰁡󰁣󰁫󰁧󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁤. B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁨󰁡󰁤 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁡 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁩󰁮 1954, 󰁦󰁯󰁲 C󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁳 L󰁡󰁵󰁧󰁨󰁴󰁯󰁮, 󰁡󰁬󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁵󰁮󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁥󰁤. 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁹 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳 󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲, 󰁨󰁥 󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥 (󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁥󰁤) 󰁡 󰁮󰁥󰁷 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. C󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁬󰁹, 󰁡󰁬󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬, 󰁨󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳 󰁡 󰁫󰁥󰁹 󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁴 󰁤󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁣󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁨󰁡󰁤 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 󰁔󰁲󰁵󰁦󰁦󰁡󰁵󰁴 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮. I󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁹󰁴󰁩󰁣 󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁲 C󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁥 󰁤󰁩󰁥󰁳 (󰁯󰁲 󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁵󰁭󰁥󰁤 󰁤󰁥󰁡󰁤) 󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁴󰁥 󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁡󰁲󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥. I󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭, 󰁨󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲, 󰁳󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁮󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁣 󰁳󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁳. B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁡󰁤󰁯󰁰󰁴󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁡 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁴󰁬󰁹 󰁡󰁣󰁫󰁮󰁯󰁷󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁧󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁢󰁯󰁲󰁲󰁯󰁷󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁔󰁲󰁵󰁦󰁦󰁡󰁵󰁴 6 . 󰁔󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁆󰁡󰁨󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁴 451 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁧󰁥, 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡 󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁵󰁮󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁳 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁨󰁩󰁭󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁦 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 1990󰁳 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁬󰁥󰁡󰁶󰁥󰁳 󰁵󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳 , 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁢󰁥 󰁡 󰁳󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁣󰁡󰁳󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰀭󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯󰀭󰁔󰁖 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮, 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁮󰁳 󰁯󰁵󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁥 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁡 󰁶󰁡󰁳󰁴 󰁡󰁭󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫, 󰁮󰁯󰁴 󰁳󰁯 󰁭󰁵󰁣󰁨 󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁡󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰀭󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁩󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲. I󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫, B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁤󰁲󰁡󰁷󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 3 E󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁲, J.R. (2005) I󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹, R. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁈󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁔󰁲󰁥󰁥. L󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. C󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁯 S󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁳: G󰁡󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁴 P󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳, 󰁰󰁰13󰀭33. 4  B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹, R. (2011) 󰁄󰁡󰁷󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁄󰁵󰁳󰁫󰀺 󰁃󰁡󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁔󰁲󰁡󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁳 . C󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁯 S󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁳: G󰁡󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁴 P󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳. 5  H󰁵󰁴󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁯󰁮, L. (2006)  󰁁 󰁔󰁨󰁥󰁯󰁲󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁁󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 . N󰁥󰁷 󰁙󰁯󰁲󰁫: R󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁧󰁥, 󰁰170. 6  B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹, R. (1996)  󰁚󰁥󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁁󰁲󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁗󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 . S󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁡 B󰁡󰁲󰁢󰁡󰁲󰁡, CA: J󰁯󰁳󰁨󰁵󰁡 O󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁬, 󰁰75.  󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁮󰁥󰁷 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳. 󰁔󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁳 󰁡󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁢󰁬󰁥 󰁷󰁥󰁢 󰁯󰁦 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁣󰁡󰁳󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 I 󰁷󰁩󰁬󰁬 󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁦󰁵󰁲󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁤󰁳. 󰀲󰀮   󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳 󰀲󰀮󰀱   󰁎󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳  󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 1950. I󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁡 󲀜󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 7 󲀝 󰁯󰁲 󰁡 󲀜󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹 󰁣󰁹󰁣󰁬󰁥 8 󲀝, 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁵󰁰 󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁬󰁹 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳. B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁩󰁴 󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󲀜󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁦󰀭󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁡 󰁮󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬 9 .󲀝 I󰁴 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁮󰁯 󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁬󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁡󰁧󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴, 󰁮󰁯󰁲 󰁡 󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁬󰁥 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁡󰁲 󰁮󰁡󰁲󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥. I󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁡󰁤, 󰁩󰁴 󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁹󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁯󰁣󰁣󰁵󰁰󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁣󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 M󰁡󰁲󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 󰁡 󰁰󰁡󰁴󰁣󰁨󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫 󰁯󰁦 󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 E󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁨 󰁰󰁥󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁨󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁳 󰁯󰁦 M󰁡󰁲󰁳. B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳  󰁡󰁤󰁯󰁰󰁴󰁳 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁳, 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁯󰁦 E󰁲󰁮󰁥󰁳󰁴 H󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁷󰁡󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁔󰁨󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁳 󰁗󰁯󰁬󰁦󰁥. I󰁮 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󰀺 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁌󰁩󰁦󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁆󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮, E󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁔󰁯󰁵󰁰󰁯󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁤󰁲󰁡󰁷 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁡󰁲󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁯󰁲󲀙󰁳 H󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁷󰁡󰁹󰀭󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁥 󲀜󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁳󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁡󰁢󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳󲀦 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁮󰁡󰃯󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁴󰁨󰀭󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴󲀦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁶󰁯󰁩󰁣󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁥󰁭󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁢󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁢󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁴󰁨, 󰁭󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁤󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁬 󰁴󰁯 󰁤󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁬 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁣󰁡󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁥󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁣󰁴.󲀝 I󰁮 󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳, 󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨, 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁹 󰁤󰁥󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁴 󰁡 󰁗󰁯󰁬󰁦󰁥󰀭󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁥 󰁳󰁹󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁸 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁩󰁳 󲀜󰁬󰁹󰁲󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁲󰁨󰁡󰁰󰁳󰁯󰁤󰁩󰁣󲀦󰁭󰁥󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁩󰁳 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁹 󰁢󰁹 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥.󲀝 D󰁡󰁶󰁩󰁤 M󰁯󰁧󰁥󰁮 10  󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁤󰁲󰁡󰁷󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 H󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁷󰁡󰁹, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁳 󰁵󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁦󰁡󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁡󰁲 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 H󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁷󰁡󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁵󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁢󰁹 󰁨󰁩󰁭. I󰁦 󰁷󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁦 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧, 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁩󰁳 󰁡 󰁨󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁬󰁹 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁰󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁣󰁴 󰁯󰁦 H󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁷󰁡󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁯󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁡 󰁣󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁣 󰁩󰁭󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁣󰁹, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁵󰁳󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󲀜󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁛󲀦󰁝 , 󰁤󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁰󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁛󲀦󰁝 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁧󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁰󰁳󰁥󰁳 11 󲀝 󰁩󰁮 󰁡 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁳 󰁉󰁮 󰁏󰁵󰁲 󰁔󰁩󰁭󰁥  󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁥 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁵󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧. B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁧󰁯󰁥󰁳 󰁳󰁯 󰁦󰁡󰁲 󰁡󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁵󰁧󰁧󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁡󰁬󰁬 󰁯󰁦 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁯󰁷󰁮 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁤󰁳 󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁥 󰁡 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁲󰁩󰁢󰁵󰁴󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁯󰁲󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁡 󰁡󰁧󰁥, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁷󰁡󰁴󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁈󰁵󰁮󰁣󰁨󰁢󰁡󰁣󰁫 󰁯󰁦 󰁎󰁯󰁴󰁲󰁥 󰁄󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁡󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁥󰁥 12 . 󲀜A󰁬󰁬 󰁯󰁦 󰁭󰁹 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁣󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁥 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁴 󰁯󰁦󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁛...󰁝 E󰁡󰁣󰁨 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁡󰁰󰁨 󰁩󰁳 󰁡 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁴 13 ,󲀝 󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁹󰁳. H󰁥 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁨󰁡󰁰󰁳 󰁥󰁸󰁡󰁧󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁬󰁹 󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁯󰁯󰁫󰁳 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁰󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬, 󰁗󰁯󰁬󰁦󰁥󰁩󰁡󰁮, 󰁦󰁬󰁯󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁥󰁳 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁦󰁡󰁲 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁢󰁥󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁬󰁹 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁥. H󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲, 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁬󰁬󰁯󰁷󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁵󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳,   7  F󰁯󰁲 󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁭, 󰁳󰁥󰁥 D󰁵󰁮󰁮, M. & M󰁯󰁲󰁲󰁩󰁳, A.R. (1995) 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁃󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁥 󰁎󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁬󰀺 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁓󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁓󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁔󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 . B󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁮, MA: 󰁔󰁷󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁥. 8  󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁭 󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 E󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁲, J.R. & 󰁔󰁯󰁵󰁰󰁯󰁮󰁣󰁥, 󰁗. F. (2004) 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰀺 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁌󰁩󰁦󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁆󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮. K󰁥󰁮󰁴, OH: K󰁥󰁮󰁴 S󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁥 󰁕󰁮󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁹 P󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳, 󰁰358. 9    󰁚󰁥󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁁󰁲󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁗󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 , 󰁰93. 10  M󰁯󰁧󰁥󰁮, D. (1986) 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹  . B󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁮, MA: 󰁔󰁷󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁥, 󰁰󰁰32󰀭33. 11  S󰁥󰁥󰁤, D. (2009) 󰁃󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁣 󰁆󰁩󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 . L󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁯󰁬: L󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁯󰁬 󰁕󰁮󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁹 P󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳, 󰁰73. 12 J󰁯󰁨󰁮󰁳󰁯󰁮, 󰁗.L. (1980) 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹  . N󰁥󰁷 󰁙󰁯󰁲󰁫: F󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁣󰁫 󰁕󰁮󰁧󰁡󰁲, 󰁰135. 13  Q󰁵󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁗󰁡󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁮, B. (1990) 󲀜A󰁴 󰁗󰁯󰁲󰁫 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 B󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁳󰁳 󰁯󰁦 M󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁰󰁨󰁯󰁲󲀝, 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁯󰁧  153, A󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁬 1990, 󰁰31.  B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁤 󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮. H󰁩󰁳 󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁥 󰁉󰁴 󰁃󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁆󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁏󰁵󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁓󰁰󰁡󰁣󰁥 (1953), 󰁥󰁰󰁩󰁳󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁦  󰁁󰁬󰁦󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁈󰁩󰁴󰁣󰁨󰁣󰁯󰁣󰁫 󰁐󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳  (1956󰀭62) 󰁡󰁮󰁤 J󰁯󰁨󰁮 H󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁮󲀙󰁳 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁍󰁯󰁢󰁹 󰁄󰁩󰁣󰁫   (1956). 󰀲󰀮󰀲   󰁓󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁹 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁣󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁹 󰁯󰁦 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁶󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁵󰁳 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳  󰁩󰁳 󰁬󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁭󰁥󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧. F󰁩󰁧󰁵󰁲󰁥 2 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁷󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁫󰁥󰁹 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳. 󰁆󰁩󰁧󰁵󰁲󰁥 2󰀺 󰁍󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳  󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁹 󰁣󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁹 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁰󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁃󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁣󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁩󰁮 1957, 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁡 󰁔󰁖 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁣󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁒󰁥󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁆󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁓󰁰󰁡󰁣󰁥 14 . 󰁔󰁨󰁲󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁳󰁥󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁰󰁩󰁬󰁯󰁴 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴󰁳 15 , 󰁡 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁰󰁴 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁹󰀭󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁹 󰁥󰁰󰁩󰁳󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁳 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁤󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁤 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 K󰁩󰁲󰁫 D󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁬󰁡󰁳󲀙󰁳 B󰁲󰁹󰁮󰁡 P󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 16 . I󰁴 󰁩󰁳󰁮󲀙󰁴 󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁡󰁲 󰁷󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁷󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁷󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧, 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁮󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁴. 󰁗󰁩󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁮 󰁡 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲, B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁢󰁡󰁣󰁫 󰁡󰁴 󰁷󰁯󰁲󰁫 󰁤󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁯󰁰󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁤 󰁰󰁩󰁬󰁯󰁴 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁯 󰁡 󰁦󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁥 󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁭 󰁦󰁯󰁲 MGM 17 , 󰁡 󰁴󰁡󰁳󰁫 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁯󰁣󰁣󰁵󰁰󰁩󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁭 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁡 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲. O󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁡󰁧󰁡󰁩󰁮, 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁮󰁯󰁴 󰁣󰁬󰁥󰁡󰁲. A󰁬󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁫󰁥󰁰󰁴 󰁭󰁯󰁳󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴 󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁡󰁬󰁳 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁯󰁤, 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁳 󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁵󰁲󰁶󰁩󰁶󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁣󰁯󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥. 14   󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁯󰁮󰁬󰁹 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁯󰁵󰁳 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁒󰁥󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 S󰁰󰁡󰁣󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁯󰁵󰁳󰁬󰁹 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁯 1955. 󰁗󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁡󰁭 F. N󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮'󰁳 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁃󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁯󰁮  (󰁰󰁰249󰀭50) 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁥󰁳 󰁳󰁯󰁭󰁥 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴 󰁰󰁡󰁧󰁥󰁳 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁵󰁳, 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁹 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁲󰁩󰁢󰁵󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 B󰁲󰁹󰁮󰁡 P󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳, 󰁷󰁨󰁩󰁣󰁨 󰁤󰁩󰁤󰁮󲀙󰁴 󰁪󰁯󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁬 1958. J󰁯󰁨󰁮 C. 󰁔󰁩󰁢󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁳 ( 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁎󰁥󰁷 󰁒󰁡󰁹 󰁂󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁒󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁷   #1 󰁰74) 󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁰󰁯󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁴󰁯 1955, 󰁢󰁵󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁢󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁹 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁩󰁮󰁧 N󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮. 15   󰁓󰁰󰁡󰁣󰁥 󰁔󰁲󰁡󰁶󰁥󰁬   (󰁶󰁯󰁬5 󰁮󰁯 4 J󰁵󰁬󰁹 1958) 󰁱󰁵󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 󰁡󰁳 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁷󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁡 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁤 󰁰󰁩󰁬󰁯󰁴 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴. 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴 󰁩󰁳 󰁭󰁯󰁳󰁴 󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁥󰁬󰁹 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁸󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁴 1958 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁰󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󲀜A󰁮󰁤 󰁔󰁨󰁥 M󰁯󰁯󰁮 B󰁥 S󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁬 A󰁳 B󰁲󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴󲀝 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁵󰁳󰁣󰁲󰁩󰁰󰁴 󰁡󰁴 󰁴󰁨󰁥 C󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁦󰁯󰁲 R󰁡󰁹 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹 S󰁴󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁥󰁳. 16  I󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁢󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁰󰁡󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁢󰁹 󰁴󰁨󰁥 K󰁩󰁲󰁫 D󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁬󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁶󰁥, 󰁗󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁮 C󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁦󰁯󰁲 F󰁩󰁬󰁭 & 󰁔󰁨󰁥󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲 R󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨, 󰁕󰁮󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁗󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁮 󰀭 M󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁯󰁮. 17  󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁩󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁤󰁯󰁣󰁵󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁰󰁨󰁡󰁳󰁥 󰁩󰁳 B󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁹󲀙󰁳 󰁳󰁩󰁸󰁴󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁰󰁡󰁧󰁥󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁳 󰁦󰁲󰁯󰁭 26 J󰁵󰁬󰁹 1960.
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