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Jose Rizal Family Tree and History

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  Jose Rizal Family Tree and History Rizal’s are considered as one of the biggest families during their time. Domingo Lam-co, the family’s paternal ascendant was full blooded Chinese who came to Philippines from Amoy, China in the closing years of 17 th  century and married a half Chinese woman named Ines de la Rosa. Jose Rizal came from a 13-member family consisting of his parents, Francisco Mercado II and Teodora Alonso Rizal, nine sister’s and only one brother.  Don Francisco Mercado Rizal (1818-1898) was born in Binan, Laguna. He studied Latin and Philosophy at the college of San Jose in Manila. After his parent’s death, Francisco and two of his sister’s moved to Calamba. There he became a tenant farmer of the Dominican -owned hacienda and later became one of the town’s wealthiest men.  He was hardworking and independent who talk less but worked more and valiant in spirit that he was able to establish a private library and kept carriage. The name ‘Francisco’ was in high honor in Laguna for it had belonged to a famous sea captain who had been given the ENCOMIENDA of BAY for his services. Dona Teodora Alonso Y Realonda (1826-1911) was born in Meisik, Sta. Cruz Manila. studied at Colegio de Sta. Rosa in Manila. She was a woman of refined culture and character, with exemplary literary talents and with business ability she managed their store. Don Francisco Mercado Rizal and Dona Teodora Alonso Y Realonda was blessed with eleven children, two boys and nine girls. 1.   Saturnina (1859-1913) The eldest child of t he Rizal’s children, nicknamed “Neneng” who was married to Manuel T. Hidalgo of Tanauan, Batangas. 2.   Paciano (1851-1930) He was the second child and oldest brother of Rizal. He was the one who convinced Rizal to study in Europe without their parents’ permission. After Rizal’s execution in December 1896 of Bagumbayan, he joined the Philippine Revolution and became a combat general. He died at the age of 79. 3.   Narcisa (1852-1939) The third child who’s nicknamed is “Sisa” and was married to Antonio Lopez.  4.   Olympia (1855-1887) The fourth child with a nicknamed “Ypia”, who was married to Silvestre Ubaldo, a telegraph operator from Manila and was blessed with five children. She died while giving birth in 1887.   5.   Lucia (1857-1919) Married Mariano (nephew of father Consanas). Herbosa died because of Cholera and was denied of Christian burial being the brother in law of Jose Rizal. 6.   Maria (1859-1945) Her nickname was “Biang” and was married to Daniel Faustino Cruz of Binan, Laguna. The couple was blessed with five children. 7.   Jose (1861-1896) His nickname was “Pepe” the greatest Filipino hero, and peerless genius. He became the National Hero of the Philippines. He had a common law relationship with Josephine Bracken, an Irish girl from Hong Kong. They had a son but died a few hours after birth. Rizal named him Francisco in honor of his father’s name.  8.   Concepcion (1962-1865) Her nickname was “Concha” who died at the age of three. Her death was Rizal’s first sorrow in life. 9.   Josefa (1865-1945) Her nickname was “Panggoy”. She was epileptic and died spinster at the age of 80.  10.   Trinidad (1868-1952) Her nickname was “Trining”. She was the tenth child. Died a spinster and the last of the family to die. 11.   Soledad (1870-1929) The youngest child who se nickname is “ C holeng” married to Pantaleon Quintero of Calamba and was blessed with five children. Jose Rizal, the 7 th  child of the Rizal family, was born on the 19,1861 Wednesday between 11:00 and 12:00 in the town of Calamba province of Laguna, Philippines. He was baptized in the Catholic church in Calamba on June 22,1861 by the parish priest. His complete name was Jose Protacio Mercado Rizal Alonzo Y Realonda. The name Protacio was taken from the Catholic calendar which was a practice during the Spanish time, that when a child is born, he/she must be named after the saint of the day. The surname Mercado which means market in English was adopted in 1731 by his paternal great grandfather Domingo Lam-co a full-blooded Chinese merchant. His surname Rizal was given by Don Francisco which is closer to the Spanish word Racial which means “ Luntiang B ukirin” related to his work as hacienda  owner/farmer. Alonzo was the surname of Rizal’s mother and Realonda was used by Dona Teodora which is the surname of her grandmother. At the age of three he began to join religious processions, novena in the church and at the age of five he has able to read the Spanish Bible with the help of his mother. Jose loved most his little sister Concha (Concepcion) who was next to him. Unfortunately, Concha died at the age of three and for the first time he shed tears for love and grief, which is said to be his first sorrow. Dona Teodoro, Rizal’s mother was his first teacher, barely three years old Rizal learned the alphabet from his mother. He was thought how to read and write in Spanish. As he grows older, his parents employed private tutors to give him lesson at home. His first teacher was Maestro Celestino and the second was Maestro Lucas Padua. Leon Monroy, a former classmate of Rizal’s father, became the boy’s tutor. This old teacher lived at the Rizal’s home and instructed Jose in Spanish and Lat in. He did not live long. He died five months later. After Monroy’s death, the hero’s parents decided to send their gifted son to a private school in Binian.  Since childhood, Rizal showed an unusual talent in art and literature the described verses on loose sheets of paper and on the textbooks of his sisters. His mother, who was a lover of literature noticed his son’s inclination and gift for writing poetry. At the age of eight years old Rizal wrote his first poem in the native language entitled, “Sa Aking   Mga Kababata” in English To My Fellow Children. Rizal’s Academic Background At the age of three, he learned to read and write the alphabet, prayers from his mother, Dona Teodora. His mother encouraged him to express his ideas and sentiments in verse like poem and poetry. His memorable tale from his mother is the “Story of the Moth”. He read more than 1,000 books in their family library, that’s why he gains interest in reading and literature. He also had skills in painting, sketching and sculpture when he was still young. “Sa Aking Mga Kababata” is his first poem at the age of eight with the theme of “Love of One’s Language”. Uncle Manuel encourage Rizal to learn swimming, fencing, wrestling, and sports. Cousin of Teodoro Uncle Jose taught Rizal how to paint, sketch and sculp. Uncle Gregorio encourage Rizal to have love in education, Brother of Teodora. Maestro Celestino was Jose’s first tutor while Maestro Lucas Padua was his second tutor teacher. Leon Monroy taught Rizal of Rudiments of Latin and Spanish for almost five months. After the death of Leon Monroy, Rizal was sent to a private school in Binan, Laguna. Maestro Joaquin Aquino Cruz taught Rizal in Latin and Spanish in Binan, Laguna after Leon Monroy death.   Jose Rizal had his early education in Calamba and Binan. It was a typical schooling that a son of an illustrator family received during his time, characterized by the four R’s - reading, writing, arithmetic and religion. Jose Rizal entered in Ateneo De Manila in 1872. He belonged to the class composed of Spaniards, mestiza and Filipino. His teacher was Father Jose Bech. To improve his Spanish Rizal took private lessons in Santa Isabel College. He graduated on March 23, 1877. He received the degree of bachelor of arts with highest honor, not a valedictorian. After graduating he continued his education at UST. He decided to shift to a medical course. During his first term in 1877-1878 in UST, he studied Cosmology, Metaphysics, Theodicy and History of Philosophy. It was during the school term 1878-1879 that Rizal pursued his studied in medicine. During his last year at the University, Rizal had obtained global grade of notable in all of his subjects, and he was the second-best student in a decimated class of seven who passed the medicine course. After which, Rizal decided to study in Spain. His departure going Spain was kept secret from Spanish Authorities, friars and even his parents especially his mother doesn’t know that he will go to Spain because it is surely that his mother will not allow him to go. To avoid detection, he used the name Jose Mercado. On November 3, 1882, he enrolled in Universidad Central de Madrid taking up two courses Philosophy and Letters, and Medicine. On June 21,1884, he conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine. Unfortunately, he was not able to submit the thesis required for graduation nor paid the corresponding fees. With that, he was not awarded his Doctor’s Diploma. He also finished his studies in Philosophy and Letters by the Universidad Central de Madrid June 19, 1885 with the rating of excellent. Jose Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialized in ophthalmology. Among all branches, he chose this specialization because he wanted to cure his mother’s failing eyesight. In 1885, after studying at the Universidad Central de Madrid, Rizal who was then 29 years old went to Paris to acquire more knowledge in ophthalmology. On February 3, 1886, after gathering some experience in ophthalmology, he left Paris and went to Heidelberg, Germany. He worked at the University Eye Hospital under the direction of Dr. Otto Becker, a distinguished German ophthalmologist. On April 22, 1886, Rizal wrote a poem entitled “A los Flores de Heidelberg” (To the Flowers of Heidelberg) because he was fascinated by the blooming flower s along the Neckar River, which was the light blue flower called “Forget me Not”. On August 14, 1886, Rizal arrived in Leipzig on history.  Jose Rizal earned a licentiate in medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid, where he also took courses in philosophy and literature. It was in Madrid that he began writing Noli Me Tangere. He also attended classes in the University of Paris and in 1887, he completes his eye specialization course at the University of Heidelberg. It was also in that year that Rizal’s  first novel was published in Berlin Manila newspaper published both Spanish and Tagalog.
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