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K9 Unit of General Santos City Police Stations

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  Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING Introduction Police have utilized dogs in their ranks for over a hundred years. Their roles and functions have changed with times to evolve with the communities they serve. Furthermore, police canine sections, much like police in general, have been designed to become more approachable than they have been in the past. This increase in approachability and their K9 units. Looking at how often a K9 team can be used in a community is one of the first things to consider when researching the implementation of unit. Its based on that necessity that the decision should be made as to whether the implementation of a K9 unit is warranted. A community that produces enough calls for K9 service will not only help maintain the high level of training that the team received, but also be able to enjoy the added safety the unit can provide in certain situations. It has been said that a single k9 team is effective as 10 patrol officers and can cover the same ground in fraction of the time when conducting certain searches. For this reason alone K9 team reduces costs and increases efficiency when attempting to locate people or property. With a faster and more cost effective location device a reduction in liability is achieved by having the ability to show that every possible resource is being used to combat crime and locate lost individuals. Additionally, police dogs of this day and age are required to fall under stricter guidelines and training to ensure that they are an appropriate fit for the community they serve.  The training that is conducted for K9 units is not only an initial certification class, but in addition involves bi-weekly classes to make certain that a K9 unit is functioning at the high level that it should be. These classes are designed to reinforce hierarchy, obedience, task focus and proficiency in specialty areas, such as narcotic searches. The initial costs of a K9 unit can be a high hurdle for a police department to negotiate, but with the help of private businesses, grants and the community, a K9 section is well within the reach of any department. Furthermore, the continuing costs of a single dog department are far less than likely expected. After the initial purchases of supplies, training needs and a vehicle, the continuing cost can be as little as a few thousand dollars a year, with the majority of the money being spent on overtime call outs. It is vital to any K9 unit to have the continued support of the public that it wishes to serve. The community can be great ally for the unit if the k9 team is used appropriately and the public is educated about its functions. Overall, a K9 unit can be a cost and task effective community supported tool that can be used to not only reduce crime, but also assist in the apprehension of criminals, locate lost individuals and educate the public about how serious their police department is about reducing crime. In this study, the researcher sought to find the level of competence of K9 unit of General Santos City Police Stations. Thus having a K9 unit in every stations can improve to lessen the crime rate in their vicinity or it hurdles the operations because of lack of training and budgets.  Statement of the Problem This study will attempt to determine the level of competence of K9 Units of General Santos City Police Stations’ Drug Enforcement Unit and the percentage of their apprehensions during the year 2017. Specifically, this will answer the following sub-problems: 1. What is the level of competence of K9 Unit in handling drug-related operations? 2. What is the percentage of their apprehensions for the year 2017? 3. Is there a significant relationship between the competence of K9 Unit and the percentage of their apprehensions? Hypothesis There is no significant relationship between the competence of K9 Unit of General Santos City Police Stations’ Drug Enforcement Unit and the percentage of their apprehensions. Significance of the Study This study would be beneficial to the following individuals: Future Researchers . This study would serve as an additional references to future researchers who are interested to correlate it to their study. This would also give them a hint to improve and create studies regarding of effectiveness of K9 unit in detecting drug related cases. Personnel . This study will enable the PNP officers to understand facts about K9s that are used to protect specific personnel, search and rescue missing  people, search for drugs and help to other important jobs in the police force. And also, to improved ways on handling K9 Units. Conceptual Framework Independent Variable Dependent Variable Figure 1. Conceptual Framework of the Study Scope and Limitation of the Study This study will be limited only on finding the level of competency of K9 Unit in drug-related operation and percentage of their apprehensions. As such, study will be conducted in General Santos City Police Operations Unit. Definitions of Terms The researchers used terms in this study which are defined operationally as follows. K9 Unit . Is a specialized group of law enforcement officers that train, care for and utilize service dogs to assist in criminal investigations. The term sometimes also includes the vehicle, when it has been specially modified for this purpose. For Level Competency of K9 Unit of GSCPOs Drug Enforcement Unit Percentage of Apprehension
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