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Keegan+Parameters+of+Style+in+Irish+Music

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  ________________________________________________________________________________________ Keegan, Niall. The Parameters of Style in Irish Traditional Music . Inbhear, Volume 1, Issue 1. © Inbhear, Journal of Irish Music and Dance, 2010. www.inbhear.ie p63 ! # %&'&(#!#') *+ )!,-# ./ .'.) !'&0.!.*/&- (1).2 /3455 677849: 193;7<=3>? @A -3B7<3CD  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 I would like to thank Sandra Joyce for all her assistance in the completion of this article. I also would like to offer my special thanks to Jack and Jimmy Coen for the use of the excerpt from their wonderful recording Traditional Irish Music on Flute and Guitar  , available from Ossian USA (http://www.ossianusa.com).  ________________________________________________________________________________________ Keegan, Niall. The Parameters of Style in Irish Traditional Music . Inbhear, Volume 1, Issue 1. © Inbhear, Journal of Irish Music and Dance, 2010. www.inbhear.ie p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`< AABO< #'*+ I T(*6* L AQaO< b/'+6*+ b/'*$4+*34 L AN O *+6 @*5/'+3' F3E1&&.1;4 L ANNO *+6 (+6''6 E.,4*&$*) E'.&$c(/\ d(/'*++ L*+ (+$'/+*$(.+*& ./;*+()*$(.+ 34*/;'6 -/(+3(-*&&% 5($4 $4' /.&' .7 -/.,.$(+; $/*6($(.+*& 8/()4 ,1)(3< (+ -*/$(3&*/ $4/.1;4 * )$/13$1/' .7 3.,-'$($(.+)O *)C) *6e16(3*$./) $. '+;*;' $4() $%-' .7 *+*&%)() '2'/%[$(,' $4'% */' -1$ $. 5./C L8 5(&& 6()31)) $4' )$/13$1/' .7 *+ *6e16(3*$(.+ 7./, &*$'/ (+ $4' */$(3&'O ). 54*$ 8 *, -/')'+$(+; 4'/' () 4*/6&% +'5 (+ *+%$4(+; 01$ ($>) '?$'+$ *+6 3.,-/'4'+)(.+9 b/'+6*+ b/'*$4+*34 5/($') *0.1$ $4() )./$ .7 *+*&%)() $4*$ */' *--*/'+$ (+ * )'$ .7 -'/7./,*+3' V/1&')> 4' )*%) S4' -'/7./,'/ -&*%(+; * $1+' ./ )(+;(+; * ).+; () +.$ 3.+)3(.1) .7 $4')' /1&')< e1)$ *)< 54'+ 5' )-'*C< 5' */' +.$ 3.+)3(.1) .7 $4' /1&') .7 -1+3$1*$(.+ ./ .7 $4' )-'&&(+; .7 $4' 5./6) 5' */' 1)(+;9 Lb/'*$4+*34 AA`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e1)$ $4' )$%&' *+*&%)() .7 $4' )$16'+$ *$ D+(2'/)($% E.&&';'< E./C ./  ________________________________________________________________________________________ Keegan, Niall. The Parameters of Style in Irish Traditional Music . Inbhear, Volume 1, Issue 1. © Inbhear, Journal of Irish Music and Dance, 2010. www.inbhear.ie p65 $4' D+(2'/)($% .7 @(,'/(3C *+6 (+6''6 $4() () $4' 3.+$'?$ 54'/' *+*&%)() 4*) $4' ,.)$ )(;+(7(3*+3'9 I7 3.1/)'< $4() ,.6' .7 '?*,(+(+; * ,1)(3 -/*3$(3' 6.') ),*3C .7 $/*6($(.+*& ,1)(3.&.;(3*& *+*&%)()< * )$%&' .7 ,1)(3.&.;% $4*$ )'',) $. 0'3.,' (+3/'*)(+;&% 1+-.-1&*/9 =$4+.,1)(3.&.;()$ *+6 V+'5 ,1)(3.&.;()$)> $'+6 $. /'e'3$ $4' )$16% .7 .0e'3$ *;*(+)$ -/.3')) 01$ 2'/% .7$'+ ($ () $4'% 54. ;'+'/*$' )134 * 6(34.$.,%9 f*&' G*/5..6 5./C) */.1+6 $4')' 3.+3'-$) 54'+ 4' 5/($')g h-'/4*-) 5' .1;4$ $. &..C *$ 4.5 -'.-&' &'*/+ $. &()$'+ $. X *+6 4.5 $4'% &'*/+ $. -&*% X $4'(/ 3.,,1+($%>) ,1)(3< /*$4'/ $4*+ $. 7.31) .+ 54*$ ($ () $4'% &()$'+ $. ./ -&*%9 S4' -/.3')) .7 1+6'/)$*+6(+; *+6 '+;*;(+; (+ ,1)(3*& 0'4*2(.1/ ,*% 0' ,./' 1+(2'/)*& $4*+ $4' 3.+$'+$ .7 ,1)(3*& C+.5&'6;' ./ *3$(.+9 LG*/5..6< AN`< -9iajO E'/$*(+&%< $. 2('5 ,1)(3 *) -/.3')) /*$4'/ $4*+ 1)' $4' ,'$*-4./(3*& )$/13$1/(+; .7 ,1)(3 *) * $4(+; $. 0' *+*&%)'6 () 7*/ ,./' -/.613$(2'9 b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e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k9 h*&& */$ () ,*;(3 X *+6 $4*$ *) 5'>2' 0''+ $.&6 *6 (+7(+($1, 7/., #*1))1/' .+ 6.5+< +.$4(+; 3*+ 0' /'613'6 $. 5./6)< +.$ '2'+ 5./6)9 W/($(+; *0.1$ 5/($(+; () *&). &(C' 6*+3(+; *0.1$ */34($'3$1/'9k LE4/()$;*1 aBBi< -9M `O  ________________________________________________________________________________________ Keegan, Niall. The Parameters of Style in Irish Traditional Music . Inbhear, Volume 1, Issue 1. © Inbhear, Journal of Irish Music and Dance, 2010. www.inbhear.ie p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  I/+*,'+$*$(.+ a9   Z4/*)(+; j9   :/$(31&*$(.+ M9   K*/(*$(.+ i9   8+$.+*$(.+ `9   S.+' N9   f%+*,(3) Q9   T'-'/$.(/' A9   f1/*$(.+ B9   =,-4*)() 9   #-''6 a9   8+)$/1,'+$*$(.+ j9   8+)$/1,'+$ )-'3(7(3 $'34+(H1') S4' &()$ *0.2' (+ ($)'&7 () * 3*$';./(3*& *0)$/*3$(.+ .7 ;/.1-) .7 $'34+(H1') 1)'6 0% (+)$/1,'+$*&()$) -&*%(+; 8/()4 $/*6($(.+*& 6*+3' ,1)(39 S4' ,',0'/) .7 $4')' 3*$';./(') 54(34 $'+6 $. /'&*$' ,./' $. $4' ,1)(3(*+>) -4%)(3*&
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