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Memorial-on-behalf-of-the-Respondent.pdf

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  7 th  Pro Bono National Environment Law Moot - 2013   MEMORIAL ON BEHALF OF THE RESPONDENTS BEFORE THE HON’BLE SUPREME COURT OF RAMBO   Original Writ Jurisdiction P UBLIC I NTEREST L ITIGATION   W.P.   (C IVIL )    N O .    ___   OF 2013 U  NDER A RTICLE 32  OF THE C ONSTITUTION OF R  AMBO   In the matter of Article 19 and Article 21 of Constitution of Rambo P RO  B ONO  E  NVIRO  S OCIETY …………….………………………………..P ETITIONER    v. U  NION  O F  R  AMBO  A  ND  A  NR  . ………....…………………………………. R  ESPONDENTS   UPON SUBMISSION TO THE HON’BLE  CHIEF JUSTICE AND HIS COMPANION JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT OF RAMBO MEMORANDUM ON BEHALF OF THE RESPONDENTS  7 th  Pro Bono National Environment Law Moot - 2013 i MEMORIAL ON BEHALF OF THE RESPONDENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................ i   List Of Abbreviations .............................................................................................................. iii   Index Of Authorities .................................................................................................................. v   Statement of Jurisdiction............................................................................................................ x   Statement of facts ...................................................................................................................... xi   Statement of Issues ................................................................................................................ xiii   Summary of Arguments .......................................................................................................... xiv   Arguments Advanced................................................................................................................. 1   I.   WHETHER THE PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION FILED AGAINST UNION OF RAMBO AND MARCO INTERNATIONAL LTD. IS MAINTAINABLE. ....................... 1   II.   WHETHER THERE HAS BEEN VIOLATION OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE. ................................................................................. 1   II.1.    No special right guaranteed to the indigenous people under the Constitution .... 1   II.2.   Right to movement of the People of Rambo ........................................................ 2   II.3.    No violation of Article 19 of indigenous people ................................................. 2   II.4.    No violation Article 21 of the Constitution ......................................................... 3   II.5.    No forced assimilation or isolation, so no requirement of rehabilitation ............ 5   III.   WHETHER UNION OF RAMBO AND MARCO INTERNATIONAL LTD. CAN BE MADE LIABLE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION .................................... 6   III.1.   Location of Construction Unit at a proper place .................................................. 6   III.1.1.   Construction of sea wall permitted under The Coastal Regulation Zone  Notification, 2011 .......................................................................................................... 6   III.1.2.   Construction Unit in sensitive area ............................................................... 7   III.2.   Marco International Ltd. not liable for Pollution ................................................. 7   III.2.1.    No liability for Air Pollution ........................................................................ 7   III.2.2.    No liability for Noise Pollution .................................................................... 8   III.3.   Union of Rambo not liable for climate change in Pongean Sea .......................... 8    7 th  Pro Bono National Environment Law Moot - 2013 ii MEMORIAL ON BEHALF OF THE RESPONDENTS III.3.1.   Report released by the NGO  Pro Bono Enviro Society not valid ................. 8   III.3.2.    Not enough scientific data to validate decrease in number of sea turtles ..... 9   III.3.3.   The State is not liable for the haze over the Pongean Sea ............................ 9   III.4.   Union of Rambo and MIL not liable to pay compensation ................................. 9   III.4.1.   Applicability of Doctrine of Public Necessity .............................................. 9   Prayer ....................................................................................................................................... 11    7 th  Pro Bono National Environment Law Moot - 2013 iii MEMORIAL ON BEHALF OF THE RESPONDENTS LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS  ¶ Para  ¶¶ Paras AIR All India Reporter All Allahabad Art. Article Cal Calcutta CITES Convention Of International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora,1975 CMS Convention on Migratory Species,1983 Del Delhi Ed. Edition ICCPR International Convention on Civil and Political Rights,1966 ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,1966 ILO International Labour Organisation IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature Mad Madras   MIL Maraco International Ltd. Ori Orissa  p. Page No. P AT  Patna PIL Public Interest Litigation
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