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N1011 02 Electricity

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Electrical Energy in Malaysia
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  ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN MALAYSIA SUBJECT : SOSTENIBILITAT GROUP : N1011 ORDER OF GROUP : 2 AUTHOR : BIN YAACOB, MOHAMMAD ISHAIRI BIN NURHAZLI, AHMAD DANIAL BINTI WARNIS, WIRDA ZAFIRA DIRECTING PROFESOR :  JAUME MIRET TOMAS DATE : 10/ 10/ 2014  Escola Politècnica Superior d’Enginyeria de Vilanova i la Geltrú, UPC  Sostenibilitat 2015  1 INDEX 1.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………… 2 1.2 Objective and physical and time scale …………………………………………… .. … 3 2. State of the art 2.1 Electricity ………………………………………………………………………… 4 2.1.1 Generation of electricity ……………………………………………… 4 2.2 Electrical consumption and its uses from years to come ………………… ...12 2.3 Electric power transmission and distribution... ……………………………… 14 3. Stakeholders 3.1 Costumer  ………………………………………………………………… .. …… 25 3.2 Tenega Nasional Berhad (TNB) …………………………………………… ...25 3.3 Government …………………………………………………………………… .26  Escola Politècnica Superior d’Enginyeria de Vilanova i la Geltrú, UPC  Sostenibilitat 2015  2 1.1 INTRODUCTION Electric energy is in high demand all over the world and is increasing through the years. This energy is depended by people from everywhere across the globe. As we are in the 21 st  century, electricity is as a basic necessity as water and shelter. Take Malaysia, a developing country, for instance, mostly all of the citizens are in need of electricity. In fact, we cannot live without it. In approximation, every household contains a lot of home appliances that cannot operate without electricity.  Also, individually, a single Malaysian owns at least a mobile phone, not considering tablets and laptops which also need the energy to be use. Unlike other kinds of energy such as nuclear energy cannot be used in Malaysia as there are difficulties such that there is no space to provide for nuclear plants in the country. Also, thermal energy is also in use but although fossil fuels, which provides thermal energy, is in a gigantic amount, for a long period of time, it will be used up. Therefore, electrical energy in Malaysia needs to be as limitless as possible for people to strive for a better future. This assignment provides explanation on how electricity can be sustained for future generations to come and keep it sustainable for a very long time using methods that is suitable to use in Malaysia and that does not harm the ecological footprint of the country  Escola Politècnica Superior d’Enginyeria de Vilanova i la Geltrú, UPC  Sostenibilitat 2015  3 1.2 OBJECTIVE, PHYSICAL AND TIME SCALE Our aim is to help produce a more sustainable energy in Malaysia for future use. It is also to provide information on:   How electrical energy is produced in Malaysia   The amount of energies is used to produce electrical energy   The percentage of electrical energy uses in domestic and industrial sectors in Malaysia   Sources of electrical energy in the country   How to make electrical energy to be renewable. Physical scale of study We have chosen Malaysia as our scale in this project to study the sustainability of the current types of energy recourses. This is because:   Malaysia is a developing country and the needs of electrical energy is increasing exponentially.   The production of electrical energy from non-renewable sources which Malaysia is currently using is not sustainable for an extended of time. Time scale of study The range that we have chosen as our scale is from the year 1978 to 2012 as there are a lot of data recorded in this period of time. We also provide forecast of the state of demands and sales of electricity in the year 2030 with informations obtained from Asia Pacific Research Centre (APERC).
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