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Naming muscles _ Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab (BSB 141).pdf

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  9/1/2019Naming muscles | Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab (BSB 141)https://courses.lumenlearning.com/ap1x94x1/chapter/naming-muscles/1/9 Module8    :  MusclesoftheHeadandTrunk    Namingmuscles    HumanAnatomyandPhysiologyLab (   BSB    141   )    9/1/2019Naming muscles | Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab (BSB 141)https://courses.lumenlearning.com/ap1x94x1/chapter/naming-muscles/2/9 Information    Therearealotofskeletalmusclesinthehumanbody    ,  andskeletal musclesoftenhavelongandhard    -   to    -   remembernames    .  However   ,  the   musclenamesoftenreectsomethingabouttheiraction    ,  theirshape    ,  or  theirlocations    .  Ifyouknowthelogicofhowamusclenamewasderived    ,  itoftenmakesiteasiertorememberthatmuscle    ’  snameandlocation    .  Figures8    -   1and8    -   2showandTable8    -   1liststheanatomicaltermsforthe   typesofmovementsthatcanoccuraroundjoints    .  Oftenthesetermsare   incorporatedintothenamesofmusclesthatcontributetoproducingthat  typeofmovementatoneofthebody    ’  sjoints    .  Sometimesthelocationsofmuscles    ’  soriginsorinsertionsare   incorporatedintotheirnames    .  Musclesaregenerallyattachedattwo   pointsinthebody    .  Oneendispulledbythemuscletocreatemovement   .  Theendofthemusclethatcreatesmovementiscalledthe insertion    of  themuscle    .  Theotherendofthemusclestaysxedandthepartofthe   musclethatmovesismovedtowardsthisxedpoint   .  Thexedendofa   muscleiscalledthe origin    ofthemuscle    .  Figure8    -   3illustratesmuscle   originsandinsertions    .  Sometimes    ,  thewaymusclesinteractwithothermusclesare   incorporatedintotheirnames    .  Table8    -   2summarizestheanatomical termsassociatedwiththesekindsofmuscleinteractions    .  Table8    -   3summarizesmanyofthewaysthatamuscle    ’  scharacteristics   canbeincorporatedintoitsname    .    9/1/2019Naming muscles | Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab (BSB 141)https://courses.lumenlearning.com/ap1x94x1/chapter/naming-muscles/3/9 Table8     -   1   .   Anatomicaltermsdescribingmovementaroundthebody    ’   sjoints    .   TermTypeofmovementaroundthejoint   FlexionDecreasingtheanglebetweentwobones   DorsiexionDecreasingtheanglebetweenthefootandshin   Plantarexion   Decreasingtheanglebetweenthetoesandbottomof  thefoot (   pointingtoes    )   ExtensionIncreasingtheanglebetweentwobones   AbductionMovingabodypartawayfromthemidline   AdductionMovingabodyparttowardsthemidline   CircumductionMovementinacircularorcone    -   shapedmotion   RotationTurningmovementofaboneaboutitslongaxis   Supination   Rotationoftheforearmorfootsothatthepalmorsole   ismovedtofaceanteriorly   Pronation   Rotationoftheforearmorfootsothatthepalmorsole   ismovedtofaceposteriorly   InversionSoleofthefootmovedtofacemedially   EversionSoleofthefootmovedtofacelaterally   RetractionMovementintheposteriordirection   ProtractionMovementintheanteriordirection    .  ElevationLiftingabodypart  DepressionReturningabodyparttopre    -   elevatedposition     9/1/2019Naming muscles | Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab (BSB 141)https://courses.lumenlearning.com/ap1x94x1/chapter/naming-muscles/4/9 Figure8     -   1   .   Typesofmovementsaboutandaroundjoints    ,   part1   .    Figure8     -   2    .   Typesofmovementsaboutandaroundjoints    ,   part2    .   
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