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OPPORTUNITIES MAPPING FOR YOUNG PEOPLE IN PERI-URBAN COMMUNITIES IN AFRICA: A STUDY OF HOPLEY IN ZIMBABWE Joint Programme for Adolescent and Youth Development (JYAPD) Written by Musekiwa Samuriwo

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This report provides an evidence-based strategy for helping young people in Hopley harness existing and emerging opportunities in Hopley and the surrounding area through enterprise development. This is both a timely and necessary exercise in light of
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    OPPORTUNITIES MAPPING FOR YOUNG PEOPLE IN PERI-URBAN COMMUNITIES IN AFRICA: A STUDY OF HOPLEY IN ZIMBABWE Joint Programme for Adolescent and Youth Development (JYAPD)   Written by Musekiwa Samuriwo  2 Name of Project: (Joint Programme for Adolescent and Youth Development (JYAPD)- Hopley)  Contract No: 2018/08/U01 Reporting Organisation: Stimulus Africa Foundation  Report Written and Completed by: Musekiwa Samuriwo  Project Stage: Opportunities Mapping Final Report  City, Country: Harare, Zimbabwe  Phone: +263 772929074 Email: musisam@cyberbiz.org  3 List of figures  .................................................................................................................. 6   Abbreviations ................................................................................................................ 7   Glossary ......................................................................................................................... 7   Executive Summary ..................................................................................................... 9   General Intervention Strategies ........................................................................... 11   Introduction ................................................................................................................. 12   Background ............................................................................................................. 12   Purpose of the Opportunities Mapping and Market Assessment ................... 13   Research question: ................................................................................................. 14   Research Objectives .............................................................................................. 14   Methodology Note .................................................................................................... 14   Research Design ..................................................................................................... 14   Action Research .................................................................................................. 14   Exploratory Research (rapid market assessment) .......................................... 15   Data Collection methods ...................................................................................... 15   Participatory interviews ...................................................................................... 15   Advantages of using Participatory Interviews ............................................ 15 Desk Research ..................................................................................................... 15   Focus groups ........................................................................................................ 15   Observation .......................................................................................................... 16   Proposed tools......................................................................................................... 16   Data Presentation................................................................................................... 16   Report Structure ...................................................................................................... 16   Brief Literature Review Opportunity Mapping ....................................................... 17   What is Opportunity Mapping? ............................................................................ 17   Why Opportunities Mapping ................................................................................ 17   ...................................................................................................................................... 19   Rapid Market Assessment ......................................................................................... 20   Opportunities Market Overviews .......................................................................... 20   Hopley Snapshot ..................................................................................................... 20   The lack of critical infrastructure .......................................................................... 21   Objectives of Observational Market Assessment .............................................. 21   Key Findings ............................................................................................................. 21   Economic activities Hopley 1 ............................................................................ 21   Economic activities Hopley 2 ............................................................................ 22    4 Economic activities KwaAnthony ..................................................................... 22   Businesses in Surrounding Areas ............................................................................... 22   Southlea Park .......................................................................................................... 22   Major  Economic Activities ................................................................................. 23   Mbudzi Roundabout .............................................................................................. 23   Major Activities .................................................................................................... 23   Prices for Products and Services in Hopley and Surrounding areas .................. 25   Emergent or Potential Opportunities in Hopley ................................................. 28   Opportunities for Youths ............................................................................................ 28   Finding an opportunity in Hopley ......................................................................... 28   Key Findings ............................................................................................................. 29   Simple living standards ....................................................................................... 29   Living Expenses .................................................................................................... 29   Educational Background ................................................................................... 29   Access to Work .................................................................................................... 30   Deductions ....................................................................................................... 31 Duration of Employment .................................................................................... 31   Deductions ....................................................................................................... 32 Entrepreneurial Initiative ..................................................................................... 32   Deductions ....................................................................................................... 33 Length of time in business ..................................................................................... 33   Deductions ....................................................................................................... 34 Additional Business Findings ............................................................................... 34   Access to Communication and Technology ................................................. 35   Deductions ....................................................................................................... 35 Transport and Logistics ....................................................................................... 35   Potential Market Opportunities for youth ............................................................... 36   8 highest ranked opportunities available in Hopley by youths in the 3 focus groups: .................................................................................................................. 40   Youths: Unemployed and Disaffected ................................................................... 41   Main Challenges ..................................................................................................... 41   Entrepreneurship Challenges in Hopley ................................................................. 41   Intervention Strategy for Enterprise Development ............................................... 42   Overview .................................................................................................................. 42   Intervention Strategy based on Opportunities Mapping ................................. 42    5 Basic entrepreneurial training ........................................................................... 44   Mentorship ............................................................................................................ 44   Financial literacy and Lending practice ......................................................... 44   Developing Networks ......................................................................................... 45   Key Recommendations ......................................................................................... 45   Conclusion .................................................................................................................. 47   Bibliography ................................................................................................................ 48   Appendices ................................................................................................................ 49   Appendix A: Hopley Participatory interview questionnaire: Opportunities Mapping .................................................................................................................. 49   Educational background of beneficiaries ............................................................. 49   Work experience of beneficiaries ........................................................................... 50   Enterprise Business opportunities ....................................................................... 51   Market knowledge .............................................................................................. 55   Transport and Logistics ....................................................................................... 56   Technology and Communications .................................................................. 57   Appendix B Focus group discussions Questions ................................................ 59   Warm up questions ............................................................................................. 59   Viability .................................................................................................................. 59   Sustainability ......................................................................................................... 59   Impact .................................................................................................................. 60   Appendix C Market Assessment Framework ...................................................... 61   Validate the market ............................................................................................ 61   Sector Information ............................................................................................... 61   Appendix D opportunities Assessment Matrix ................................................. 63   Rating for opportunities assessment ................................................................. 64   List of tables Table 1 Market information of business in and around Hopely ...................................... 25 Table 2 Educational level and attainment ........................................................................ 29 Table 3 Opportunities assessment focus group results ..................................................... 36 Table 4 Opportunities Assessment Indicators .................................................................... 38
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