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Paschasius Radbertus and Pseudo-Isidore: The evidence of the Epitaphium Arsenii, in: Rome and Religion in the Medieval World. Studies in honor of Thomas F.X. Noble, ed. V.L. Garver and O.M. Phelan (Farnham, 2014), 149-178.

Paschasius Radbertus and Pseudo-Isidore: The evidence of the Epitaphium Arsenii, in: Rome and Religion in the Medieval World. Studies in honor of Thomas F.X. Noble, ed. V.L. Garver and O.M. Phelan (Farnham, 2014), 149-178.
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  Thom,is FX. Noble Rome and Religion in the edieval World Studies in Honor of Thomas F.X. Noble Edited by VALERIE L. GARVER Northern Illinois University, USA AND OWEN M. PHELAN Mount Saint Jvlary's University, USA I\ -J t \ TC  .\ll rocn·ed. No part of rhis publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval ,\ L ur tLrnsmirted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise without the prior permission of he publisher. ;.,kw L C.ifl'cr and Owen M. Phd.rn have asserted their right under the Copyright, Designs .. i.d P m:ms :\n, 1988, to be identified as the editors of this work. :'t:b]1,hed bv Publishing Limircd \\ n Court .bsr Ashgate Publishing Company 110 Cherry Street l 1 Jll<'J1 \{,-,,1d f .i:-nh.un Z Cl;c) セ }_ngLnd Suite 3-1 Burlington, VT 05401-3818 USA British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data c;,r.tbgw: record for this book is available from the British Library Hie Library of Congress has cataloged the printed edition as follows: .rnJ religion in rhc medieval world; srudies in honor of Thomas F.X. Noble I edited by \'.1Lric L. Garver and Owen M. Phelan. p.1::;c1 cm. -(Church, faith and culrure in rhe medieval \ ;'est) I1k:u,k, bibliogr.iphic.1 references and index. hBl\ 'rS- l--172+2112-8 (hardcover -ISBN 978-1-4724-2113-5 (ebook) - SBN cr8-l-F2-t-211+2 (epub) 1. Rome (ltaly)-History-476-1420. 2. Rome (Italy) ;- "t'"' -+76-1-120-Sources. 3. Rome (Italy )-Religious life and customs. 4. Religion-Social ' 1•cd>- t.1h-·Rome-Hi1rnry-To 1500. 5. Church hisrory-Middle Ages, 600-1500. 6. Papacy l-l;,ror\'··1(, I )\lO. -. Rome (lraly)-Inrellecrual life. 8. Material culrure-Iraly-Rome-History , .; l ill ' . Puliric.J culrnrc-Ir.ily-Rome-Hisrory-To 1500. 10. Noble, Thomas F. X. I. l ' c·r \·.1kric L (V.1lerie Louise), 1972-II. Phelan, Owen Michael. ;)(,SJ l.RC.25 201-1 ·1_;- l)i -2 0-1-dc23 セ ''-:il-1-2i21128 (hbk) l 1 ,hl\ ,1-si.,-2-121135 (cbk- PDF) 1\i.'-'-' • 1 -s 1-1-2-±211-12 (ebk - cPUB) • °\ MIX , J Paper from 2013045829 , i resportis1bl& sources . Fsc• co13985 Printed in the United Kingdom by Henry Ling Limited, ,1t the Dorset Press, Dorchester, DTl lHD Contents List of Plates Notes on Contributors Acknowledgments Thomas FX. Noble: An Appreciation Valerie L. Garver ,znd Owen lvl. PheLm Bibliograph_y of he U'Orks of Thomas FX. Noble, 1974-2013 Discipuli Nobifis 1 "Whatever Mystery May be Given w My Heart": A Latenr Image in Araror's History of he Apostles 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Giselle de Nie Getting to Know Virgil in the Carolingian Age: The Vit11 Publii Virgilii john J Contreni Why Not to Marry a Foreign Woman: Stephen Ill's Letter to Charlemagne U7tzlter Pohl Opposition to Pilgrimage in the Reign of Charlemagne? Janet L. Nelson The Sources of Textiles and Vestments in Early Meqieval Rome Maureen C. Miller Christening, the Kingdom of the Carolingians, and European Humanity john Van Engen The Astronomer's Life of Louis the Pious David Ganz Paschasius Radbertus and Pseudo-Isidore: The Evidence of the Epitaphiu.m Arsenii Mayke de Jong ;;>.: : :z xv xvii xxi xx vii 1 21 47 65 83 101 129 149  R1m1e .zml Rdigio11 in the ;l,JedievtI JVorfd C:.1re of Rdics in Ear11 Medieval Rome Jztl1.i jfJ Smith . 179 Rome and the Popes in the Construction of Institutional History mJ Identity in the Early Middle Ages: The Case of Leiden u Scaliger MS 49 207 RostZmond AlcKitterid..: I I l l \\'.'h,1t's in a Psalm? British Library, MS Arundel 60 and the Stuff of Prayer 235 Kuhd Fulton Brozen Prulegomenon to a Study of he Vienna Coronation Gospels: Common Knowledge, Scholarship, Tradition, Legend, Myth 253 f_,uura1ce 1Vees 1 Toward Evolurion: 1he Structure of Scientific Revolutions and the Receptions of he Libri Carolini in the Seventeenth Century XtZrl F Aforrison 1,_, • \f.muscrip .1 \" /;u/e_,. 275 335 337 2 3 4 List of Plates St. Catherine at Maaseik, Belgium, casuLz of Sts. Harlin dis and Relindis, pattern of he "David silk" reconstructed, eighth-early ninth century (Mildred Budny) Vatican City, Museo Sacro of the Biblioteca Aposrolica Vatica1M, Annunciation, compound twill silk from Constantinople, eighth-early ninth century (Scala/ Art Resource, NY) Vienna Coronation Gospels, front cover, early sixteenth century (Welcliche Schatzkammer der Hofburg, Kunsthistorisches Museum, s.n.) (Photo Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien) Vienna Coronation Gospels, Evangelist John and ッ of his Gospel, first quarter ninth century (Weltliche Scharzkammer der Hofburg, Kunsthistorisches Museum, s.n., fols. l 78v- l 79r) (Photo Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien) 5 Alfred Reth el, fresco in the Kronungsfostsaal of he Rathaus in Aachen, showing Otto Ill kneeling before the enthroned corpse of Charlemagne, 1847 (Photo Peter Curlis, 1943, © Zentralinstitut fur Kunsrgeschichte) 6 Adhemar of Chabannes, drawing of Charlemagne's tomb and palace chapel at Aachen, before 1033 (Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, cod. Reg. lat. 263, fol. 235r) (Photo Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana) 7 Adhemar of Chabannes, drawing of he head of Charlemagne, before 1033 (Paris, Bibliotheque nationale de France, cod. Lat. 5943A, fol. 5r) (Photo Bibliotheque nationale de France) 8 Adhemar of Chabannes, drawing of St. Eparchius of Angouleme with self-portrait, before 1033 (Paris, Bibliorheque nationale de France, cod. lat. 3784, fol. 99v) (Photo Bibliotheque nationale de France)  Chapter 8 Paschasi11s Radbertus and Pseudo-Isidore: The Evidence of the Epitaphium Arsenii J\;favke de Jona ,/ セ b Ihe Field of Lies and Pseudo-Isidore In June 833, the conflict between Louis the Pious and his three eldest sons that Jud been building for the past year came to a head. Armies converged upon the Rorfelt near Colmar, in Alsace, a place that would become known as "the Field of Lies," because Louis's supporters went over in droves to the camp of his eldest son Lothar and his brothers. TI1ose on the side of he rebel sons, however, interpreted this massive desertion as a divine judgment which justified the public penance that had been imposed on Louis in the autumn of 833. God had obviously withdrawn his favor from this mighty emperor. 1 One of those who continued to advocate this view, long after the event, was Paschasius r a monk of Corbie and a highly accomplished biblical scholar, who was the abbot of this monastery between 843/44 and 849/53. 2 In retirement, having relinquished his ab bacy, he embarked on the second book of his Epitaphium Arsenii. Radbert had already completed the first book of this funeral eulogy in the years immediately after his abbot Wala's death in 836. A cousin of Charlemagne, Wala had been a powerful secular magnate until 814, when, denied the favor of the new emperor, he left the political arena, was tonsured, and entered Corbie, where he none the Mayke de Jong, 7he Penitenti,zl St,1te. a 1md Atonement in the _Age ojLouis the Pious (8N-8-JO) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 224-49; Courtney M. Booker, Put Convictimts: The Perltmce rifLouis de Pious ,md the Decline r /the C1rolingi,1rzs (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009), pp. 140-82. 2 On P:1schasius Radberrus' biography, sec Ludwig Traube, Prooemium, MGH Poetae 3, pp. 39-40 (hereafter, Traube, Prooemium); Henri Peltier, Pascme R,zdbert, ,zbbe de Corbie. Contribution ,i letude de l,z uie 11zonmtique et de ltz pensee chretienne 1W).· temps ull'olingiens (Amiens: L.-H. Durhoir, Editeurs, 1938); David Ganz, Corbie in the Carolingimi Rcn,1iss1znce, Beihefre der Francia 20 (Sigmaringen: Jan 1horbecke Verlag, 1990), pp. 29-33; Henry Mayr Harting, "Two Abbots in Politics: \'V'ala of Corbie and Bernard of Clairvaux", 'frrzns,utions r?/ the Ro_v,zl Historic,d Society 5(,±o) (1989): 217-37; Mayke de Jong, "Familiarity Lost: On the Context of the Second Book of the Epitaphium Arsenii:' in lvbrtin Gravel and Soren Kaschke, r'ck, Politischc Theologic wzd Gcschichtc :mtcr L11d11'1j, rlcm l+01nmc11/ Hi.itOi/'C ct th1 5 ologie politiq11cs 011_1 Louis le Pirnx, Relectio, Karolingische Pcrspektiven/Perspectives carolingiennes/Carolingian P ·ctivcs 2 (Ostfildc1-n: 'TI1mbcckt: '/crbg, frnthcGrning).  150 Rome 1md Religion in the lvf World less continued to be a force to be reckoned with; in 821-22, he and his half brother Adalhard were reconciled with the emperor; in 826, Wala succeeded Adalhard as abbot of Corbie. 3 His monastic name was Arsenius. The Epitaphium is a sophisticated literary work, constructed as a dialogue between three monks of Corbie, of which Radbert himself (as "Pascasius") was the narrator. 4 Whereas the first book concentrated on Wala's role as an abbot, the second explained and justified his conduct during the two rebellions against Louis the Pious of830 and 833. The main thrust ofRadbert's argument was that, despite his involvement in these uprisings, Wala had been a model of loyalty to his emperor. This second book has greatly influenced the modern concept of the uprising of 830 as a "loyal palace rebellion;' carried out by those committed to defending the unity of the Christian empire. 5 It is also one of the central sources 3 Karl Heinz Kruger, "Zur Nachfolgereglungvon 826 in den Klostern Corbie und Corvey;' in Norbert Kamp and Joachim Wollasch, eds., Tradition als historische Kraft: Festschrifi Karl Htzuck (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1982), pp. 181-96. See also Brigitte Kasten,Adttlhard von Corbie. Die Biographic eines karolingischen Politikers und Klostervorstehers, Studia humaniora 3 (Dusseldorf: Droste Verlag, 1986); Lorenz Weinrich, TVt:zla, Graf,' Monch und Rebell: Die Biographie eines Karolingers, Historische Studien 386 (Lubeck and Hamburg: Matthiessen Verlag, 1963 ), pp. 53-9. 4 On the EpitaphiumArsenii, see: Peter von Moos, Consolatio. Studien zur mittellateinischen Trostliteratur iiber den Tod und zum Problem der christlichen Trauer, 4 vols., Munstersche Mittelalter-Schrifi:en 3 (Munich: Fink, 1971-72), vol. 1, pp. 140-42, and vol. 2, pp. 100-101; Walter Berschin, Biographic und Epochenstil im lateinischen Mittelalter, vol. 3, Karolingische Biogr,1phie, 770-920 (Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1991), pp. 318-25; David Ganz, "The Epitaphium Arsenii and Opposition to Louis the Pious;' in Peter Godman and Roger Collins, eds., Charlemagne's Heir: New Perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious (814-840) (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), pp. 537-50; David Ganz, Corbie in the Carolingian Renaissance, 112-20; Chiara Verri, "II libro primo dell'Epitaphium Arsenii di Pascasio Radberto;' Bulletino dell'Istituto Storico Italiano peril Medio Evo 103 (2001/2002): 33-131; Booker, Past Convictions, pp. 42-50; De Jong, Penitential State, pp. 102-11; Mayke de Jong, "Becoming Jeremiah: Radbert on Wala, Himself and Others;' in Richard Corradini et al., eds., Ego Trouble: Authors and their Identities in the Early Middle Ages, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Mitttelalters 15 (Vienna: Verlag der Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschafi:en, 2010), pp. 185-96.; Mayke de Jong, "'Heed That Saying of Terence': On the Use of Terence in Radbert's Epitaphium Arsenii;' in Carolingian Scholarship and lvfartianus Capella: Ninth-century Commentary Traditions on lvfartianus's De nuptiis in Context, Cultural Encounters in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages (CELAMA) 12, ed. Mariken Teeuwen and Sinead O'Sullivan (Turnhout: Brepols, 2010), pp. 273-300; Matthew Kempshall, Rhetoric and the fVriting of History (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011 ), pp. 196-208. I am currently writing a book-length study of he text: Epitaph far an Era: Paschasius Radbertus and His L1ment ar yf{zla (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming). 5 For a pertinent critique of this concept, and an extensive bibliography of the relevant German historiography, see Steffen Patzold, "Eine loyale Palastrebellion' der'Reichseinheitspartei'? Zur 'Divisio imperii' von 817 und zu den Ursachen des Aufatandes gegen Ludwig den Frommen im Jahre 830;' Friirnittelzlterlithe Studien 40 ( 2006): 43- 77.
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