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  Centre for Open Education MACQUARIE UNIVERSITYNSW 2109 AUSTRALIA ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET (For Open Universities Australia students) Office Use Only** Unit Code PHI220 Unit Name Body and MindCOE USE ONLYDate Received Assignment No. 3 Assignment Title Block on consciousness Due Date 27/05/2012 Contact Info Word Count: (If Applicable) Turnitin No.:  (If Applicable) ACADEMIC HONESTY DECLARATION (this is very important please read carefully): By placing my name in this document I declare that: ã This assessment is my own work, based on my personal study and/or research; ã I have acknowledged all material and sources used in the preparation of this assessment, including any material generated in the course of my employment; ã If this assessment was based on collaborative preparatory work, as approved by the teachers of the unit, I have not submitted substantially the same final version of any material as another student; ã Neither the assessment, nor substantial parts of it, have been previously submitted for assessment in this or any other institution; ã I have not copied in part, or in whole, or otherwise plagiarised the work of other students; ã I have read and I understand the criteria used for assessment; ã The assessment is within the word and page limits specified in the unit outline; ã The use of any material in this assessment does not infringe the intellectual property / copyright of a third party; ã I understand that this assessment may undergo electronic detection for plagiarism, and a copy of the assessment may be retained in a database and used to make comparisons with other assessments in future. Work retained in a database is anonymous and will not be able to be matched to an individual student; ã I take full responsibility for the correct submission of this assessment in the appropriate place with the correct cover sheet attached and I have retained a duplicate copy of this assessment This declaration is a summary of the University policy on plagiarism. For the policy in full, pleaserefer to Student Information in the Handbook or  Student Name: Family Name ZizysGiven Name Joseph Student Number: 42351979 Date: 25/05/2012  According to Ned Block's Concepts of Consciousness , what is the relationship between phenomenal-consciousness (P-consciousness) and access-consciousness (A-consciousness)? Do you think that Block's account is plausible? Defend your answer.1500 wordsAccording to Block (Block 1995) phenomenal-consciousness is the biological given, the what it is like to have experiences at all. Access-consciousness is the consciousness of that is involved in things like knowing, thinking and believing, that is in some sense related to the cognitive aspect of the mind, to representations of the world (including the internal world of the mind). Block takes phenomenal-consciousness (hereafter Pc) to be fundamental in some sense,to represent the hard problem of philosophy of mind, while acknowledging the reality and usefulness of access-consciousness (Ac).Block suggests that we may characterize the relationship between Pc and Ac as two related but partially independent systems of the mind, that is he allows that we may be Ac of some things that have no (or very limited) Pc and vice versa. For example in the phenomena of blindsight aperson with damage to the area of the brain that permits Pc of visuals is nevertheless able to exhibit behavior indicative of Ac by being able to identify objects in their (blind) visual field without having any Pc experience of seeing them. An example of the converse case (Pc without Ac) that Block gives is the case where you realize that a noise has been going on for a  long time, but you had not 'noticed' it until now, that is you always had Pc of the noise but only had Ac (accompanied by Pc) when you noticed the noise.In simpler, and perhaps misleading terms, Block is saying that we can be aware of something without any conscious experience to go with it, as in the blindsight example, and we can be having an experience (that is something can be occurring in our consciousness) that we are unaware of, as in the example of the ongoing noise that is only noticed later to have been going on for a long time. When we have both we have conscious awareness (APc). The preceding picture is simplified somewhat from Block’s actual presentation. In order to avoid certain arguments Block feels it necessary to narrow his case somewhat in, for example, taking up the “thought experiment” version of blindsight; “super-duper-blindsight”. The reason for this isbecause it is hard to see how, on Block’s description, it would be possible to have Ac without any Pc whatsoever; there must be something it is like to grope for an answer that is felt to be only a guess at what is in the blind field, but this is not the particular Pc that Block is interested in highlighting in this case. Likewise conversely it is hard to see how any communication of onesPc experiences could be possible at all without the cognitive machinery of Ac. Nevertheless the above outline clearly indicates the distinction Block wishes to make.The arguments that Block is defending his thesis from come from other positions in the philosophy of mind. There are at least two camps regarding what constitutes consciousness; thebiological, non-reductive picture adopted most famously by the likes of Nagel (Nagel 1974) and
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